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Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
Grant Concept Brij Slides
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Grant Concept Brij Slides

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  • 1. Simple Grant Writing – An Example By Brij B. Singh October 2006
  • 2. <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Research the problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- National, State, and local statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>” Funneling” - breaking down the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to the lower level (Root cause of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>problem) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Graphics/Charts to show the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine what others are doing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Innovation/Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obtain input from those being served and </li></ul><ul><li>those providing the services (Partners) </li></ul><ul><li>Collect “soft” data from various sources </li></ul><ul><li>Fill your “buckets” </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Know The Funding organization/individual </li></ul><ul><li>Sell your strengths - Capability </li></ul><ul><li>Problem (Goal Vs Current Situation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Methods/Strategies to achieve objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Outputs Vs Outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swallow your pride </li></ul>
  • 4. Principle – Sell your strengths “… without this funding, this program regardless of all the good that it does, will have to close its doors…”
  • 5. <ul><li>Principle - P.O.M. </li></ul><ul><li>Clearly identify the Problem </li></ul><ul><li>State the Objectives as reducing and </li></ul><ul><li>eliminating the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Methods to produce outputs </li></ul><ul><li>that impact outcome of the objectives </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Principle –Lack of solution is not the problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… The problem for youth driver in this community is that there is no defensive driving training program. We propose to address this problem by providing defensive driving training…” </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Principle – Strong Introductory Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Simple is better… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One paragraph identifies applicant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One paragraph on credibility of applicant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One paragraph on the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One paragraph on objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One paragraph on methodology </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Exercise: </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Statement </li></ul><ul><li>(10 minute time limit) </li></ul><ul><li>One paragraph identifies applicant </li></ul><ul><li>One paragraph on credibility of applicant </li></ul><ul><li>One paragraph on the problem </li></ul><ul><li>One paragraph on objectives </li></ul><ul><li>One paragraph on methodology </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Principle – Separate outputs from outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… The objective of this program is for 25 high school students to complete the defensive driving training courses each month…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“… The ultimate goal of the program is to eliminate or reduce injury and/or fatality caused by young drivers” </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Logic Model Concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INPUTS : resources dedicated to or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumed by the project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ACTIVITIES : what is done with the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inputs to fulfill project objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OUTPUTS : what is produced as a </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>direct result of project activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OUTCOMES : benefits or changes for </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>clients during or after project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>activities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Resources dedicated to or consumed by the project” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Staff and volunteers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Information/Knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Facilities/Tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Partners </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Activities ( Example) </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is done with the inputs to fulfill project objectives” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and present defensive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>driving skills training to youth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administer training coordination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>services. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Conduct individual student </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>assessments. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow and document progress of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>students. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is produced as a direct result of project activities” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students attend defensive driving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>training course.( # of Students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students practice defensive driving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>skills. ( # of Students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students are assessed within two </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weeks. ( How often) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students have completed skills files. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( # of students) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>“ Benefits or changes for participants during or after the project activities” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>- Students have improved driving </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>skills. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students receive appropriate driving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>license. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More students interested enrolling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the training. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less car crashes by students. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less Fatality among students. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 15. The Conceptual Chain Long-term Outcome Current Situation Interim Outcomes Goals (Why) (Problem =Current Situation Vs Goal) Initial Outcomes Objectives (What) Outputs Strategies (How) Activities Inputs
  • 16. <ul><li>Dimensions of Performance Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Economics : It relates with Inputs and Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Budget Variance </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency : It relates with productivity measures </li></ul><ul><li>Output/input Ration </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Unit Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness : It relates with Effectiveness Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Client benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Client Satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Social Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution to Goal/Objectives </li></ul>
  • 17. Five Measurable aspects of Performance Inputs Dollars Staff Technology Capital Activities Tasks Administrative Outputs Products/Services Outputs from activity Outcomes Client benefits Program consequences Impact Net impact from the Program
  • 18. <ul><li>Traffic Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>EMS </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Crashes are </li></ul><ul><li>reduced and </li></ul><ul><li>eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Crash Severities </li></ul><ul><li>are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Fatalities and serious injuries are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Roadways are safe for citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Costs related w/crash are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Educated the </li></ul><ul><li>public </li></ul><ul><li>Citation written </li></ul><ul><li>DUI Arrests </li></ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul>
  • 19. Establish an Evaluation Plan <ul><li>How will you know you’re achieving goals? </li></ul><ul><li>What will you measure? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you evaluate? </li></ul><ul><li>Who measures? </li></ul><ul><li>When will be measured? </li></ul><ul><li>What documents will you maintain? </li></ul><ul><li>When and what evaluation report? </li></ul>
  • 20. Program Evaluation Reports <ul><li>Assess how well the program has been implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the extent to which the activities have achieved the project’s goals </li></ul><ul><li>Identify gaps in services </li></ul><ul><li>Identify spin-off efforts </li></ul>
  • 21. Process Evaluation <ul><li>Why a program succeeds or fails </li></ul><ul><li>Compares program design with implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Describes and documents life of program </li></ul>
  • 22. Outcome Evaluation <ul><li>Deals with short-term, direct effects of program </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies the results of a program’s effort </li></ul><ul><li>It seeks to answer the question, “ What difference did the program make?” </li></ul><ul><li>It provides information about effects of a program after a specified period of operation </li></ul>
  • 23. <ul><li>Impact Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with long-term, ultimate effects of </li></ul><ul><li>program </li></ul><ul><li>Assess program effectiveness in terms of </li></ul><ul><li>end results, including intended and </li></ul><ul><li>unintended results </li></ul><ul><li>Also assess the net effect of a program by </li></ul><ul><li>comparing impacts with an estimate of what </li></ul><ul><li>would have happened in the absence of the </li></ul><ul><li>program </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>Possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>What is the minimum amount for which </li></ul><ul><li>you could accomplish at least part of </li></ul><ul><li>your project? </li></ul><ul><li>What constraints exist on your program </li></ul><ul><li>for making this happen? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the time window for building and </li></ul><ul><li>running your program? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are likely funders ??? </li></ul>

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