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Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
Development issues facing India
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Development issues facing India

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  • 1. INDIA
    Issues of Development
  • 2. Introduction
    Despite being the 4th largest economy in the world, India is still classed as a developing country
    Development in terms of the following topics:
    Economic strategies
    Structure of the economy
    Caste system
    The environment
    However as the country is so large and diverse some of the problems will not apply to all of the states
  • 3.
  • 4. Background Facts
    Officially gained independence from British Colonial rule on 15th August 1947
    Population of 1,166,079,217
    The World’s largest electoral democracy
    Eligible voters: 714 million
    Overall turnout of
    59.7% (2009)
  • 5. Current situation
    Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, still significant problems of poverty
    UN-Human Development Index
    2009 HDI, Medium Human Development
    Life Expectancy of 69.89 years
    Population below poverty line of 25%
    47% of all children are malnourished and classified as underweight
    Literacy rates:
    total population: 61% (147th)
    male: 73.4%
    female: 47.8% (2001 census)
  • 6. The economic policies
    After independence in 1947 India’s economic development was dominated by socialist-influenced polices
    Large state-owned sectors
    Red tape & extensive regulations (“License Raj”)
    Country become a state isolated from the world economy
    India slowly began to open up its market through economic liberalisation (1991 economic reform
  • 7. Economic Reform
    Exports tripled between 1992-1997
    Basic food prices rapidly increased
    Reliant loans for growth, W.B.’s biggest borrower
    GDP growth between 2007-2008 = 9.0%
  • 8. Where is this wealth?
  • 9. Inequality between states
    Great differences between the development of Indian states
    Bihar/West Bengal
    Bihar has a legacy of a feudal system and a political structure riddled with corruption
    Literacy rate of 53%
    W. Bengal has implemented land reform to empower small farms, achieved economic and social success, high level of participation in politics
    Literacy rate of 69%
  • 10. Environment
    290 million Indian people are employed in agriculture(490 million)
    Occupies 48% of the land
    The success or failure of the monsoon rains makes more difference to the national income than any other figure
    Uncertainty year on year
    around crop yield
  • 11. The caste system
    Hindu system of social differentiation
    Discrimination by caste has been outlawed since independence
    In rural areas the caste system is still deeply ingrained in the culture
    Dalits are the lowest regarded caste, outcasts
  • 12. Dalits (‘The Untouchables’)
    Over 200 million
    In rural areas they are still bound by contracts to higher castes
    Often live in poor conditions and are persecuted by the rest of the community
    The caste system hinders development
    It reinforces dependency
    Maintains a large uneducated sector of the population
    Group struggle to take part in the democratic process
  • 13. Disease
    HIV/AIDS
    In 2007 there was an estimated 2.4 million Indians living with HIV (4th highest in the world)
    Affected all sections
    of society
  • 14. Conclusion
    There may be a large upper class and a growing middle-class emerging but there still remains a base of 600 million whose basic needs are not being met
    Educated, middle and upper classes need to be encouraged to invest in the rural population of India
    Unification between Indian states
  • 15. Continued
    ‘Now you have a generation of young, urban Indians who are as uncomprehending of that other India as any Westerner. They have lost the language to be able to communicate with each other. They've become a different species.’
    Arundhati Roy, Author
  • 16. Questions…
  • 17. Bibliography
    Journeyman Pictures- India’s Maoist Revolution
    P. Shurmer-Smith. India, lobalisation and change
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/6257057.stm
    http://www.worldbank.org.in/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/INDIAEXTN/0,,menuPK:295609~pagePK:141132~piPK:141109~theSitePK:295584,00.html
    Europa World year book 2009
    www.business.mapsofindia.com/india-economy/ecodevelopment.html

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