Cultural Barriers in Health Care Deliver to Muslim Women
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Cultural Barriers in Health Care Deliver to Muslim Women



Cultural Barriers in Health

Cultural Barriers in Health
Care Delivery to the Muslim
Care Delivery to the Muslim
Women of the USA
Women of the US



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  • I am currently doing an essay on Muslim woman and health. As a non-Muslim this was so helpful to the project as it gave a 'Muslim womans' view. So the project can be fair and true. Thank you.

    Champs Phoenix
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  • I allowed myself to add it to 'WOMEN in the WORLD ' Slideshare group . Feel free to join us. Thank you in advance for your participation and sharing your 'favorites'. .. With friendship from France. Bernard
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  • so true about the muslim women health info is awesome!
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Cultural Barriers in Health Care Deliver to Muslim Women Cultural Barriers in Health Care Deliver to Muslim Women Presentation Transcript

  • General Information On Islam Cultural Barriers in Health It is a monotheistic religion founded upon Care Delivery to the Muslim Abrahamic tradition Islam is the world’s 2nd largest religion world’ Women of the USA It is the fastest growing religion in the world and the United States Sultana A. Salam, MD Arabs represent only 12% of the world’s world’ McGuire VA Medical Center Muslim population MCV/VCU Dept. of Psychiatry The highest Population of Muslims reside in Indonesia 2 Islam in America Survey Results There are approximately 6 million Muslims Thirty Muslim women participated in a in the United States today short survey regarding cultural barriers to Asian-American women comprise 3.7% of Asian- provision of their own health care. the US population (2000) equaling 5.3 All of the women came from diverse million women. backgrounds including: Afghanistan, The term denoting Muslim women in Pakistan, Palestine, Morocco, South Africa, Islam is “Muslimas”. Muslimas” Algeria, Egypt, and Bosnia The women were between ages 17-5117- 3 4 Culture versus Religion Cultural Incorporation In most Muslim countries, cultural Cultural traditions have been incorporated into traditions have taken precedence over Islamic teachings, coloring and contaminating Islamic teachings. the original messages. For Example: 65% of respondents agreed and According to the survey, over 50% of strongly agreed that women of their respondents disagreed and strongly culture/country require male permission to disagreed with the statement: “In my attend medical appointments. culture, women’s health and well-being women’ well- Additionally, 40% admitted not being able to travel are considered important.” important.” without a male escort due to cultural issues. 5 6 1
  • Modesty in Islam The #1 Worry or Concern Women wear “hijab” (commonly known as hijab” According to the survey, the foremost a headscarf) for a number of reasons: concern women have when receiving To be recognized as Muslims medical treatment was overexposure. To prevent sexual harassment and Muslim women do not want their bodies chastisement by men to be overexposed for a long period of To encourage development of the inner time. self and not be depicted as a sexual object 7 8 Taboos Who Are These Women? When respondents were asked what they Lumping all Muslim women into one considered to be inappropriate concerning category is a misguided and erroneous their medical treatment, the number one perception. response was: OBGYN visits and bodily Muslim women come from different exposure to a male physician/nurse. countries with different cultural trends, Discussing sexual history languages, and educational backgrounds. Sterility can lead to rejection and divorce 9 10 How Muslim Women Perceive Uninformed/Misinformed Illness Many Muslim women are not aware of According to the survey, research their Islamic rights or what is permissive publications, and personal experience, regardless of their educational most Muslimas view illness as: background. #1 Response: Random For example: Forced marriages, female occurrence/”everybody gets sick” occurrence/” sick” circumcision, dowry, marriage following #2 Response: Negligience divorce or death of spouse, or attending #3 Response: Spiritual trial the masjid (“mosque”) for prayer. mosque” The Evil Eye 11 12 2
  • Reasons Muslimas Avoid Medical Initial Remedies Taken Care Muslimas respond to illness or medical The following factors deter women from seeking conditions in the following ways: medical treatment: 1) Fear of exposure of “sensitive” body parts sensitive” 1) Home remedies/commonly accepted 2) Lack of transportation herbal remedies 3) Language barriers 2) Prayer 4) Lack of income/insurance 3) Spiritual healers/religious symbols 5) Lack of male escort (cultural 4) Conventional methods/Doctor visits issue)/inconvenience to family members 6) Fear of being criticized/ridiculed 13 14 The Do’s and Don’ts Additional Helpful Hints Do ask if they would like Don’t confuse them with too Don’ to be evaluated in many treatment options. (The Muslimas who fall ill are exempt from authority of a physician is private. seldom challenged.) fasting in the holy month of Ramadan. Determine provision of Avoid communicating a grave diagnosis as it is viewed as preoperative instructions cruel and deprives the client of on an individual basis. hope. Muslimas are exempt from praying and Do treat pain. Do not frighten them about post-operative complications. post- ablution when they are ill/injured. Do pay attention to (Many Muslims attribute mental illness which may adverse outcomes to God’s God’ will.) present as somatization. somatization. Don’t overexamine: only Don’ overexamine: Do offer same-sex health same- examine that which is Muslimas do not take any product that is necessary and explain why. care providers. made from pork or alcohol. 15 16 Empathy and Respect For More Information… References 1. Islamic Medical Association of North America. America. Many Muslimas living in the United States are immigrants from war-stricken countries and may be war- 2. Aulwes, Jennifer. “Health Care and Muslim Women”. Planned Parenthood Women” suffering from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and other Global Partners Aug. 2004. mental illnesses. 3. Purnell, Larry. “People of Arab Heritage.quot; Guide to Culturally Competent Purnell, Avoid assumptions that Muslimas with head-coverings head- Health Care. F. A. Davis Company: Philadelphia, 2005. 62-74. Care. 62- and other Islamic attire are ignorant. Many Muslimas with professional degrees and higher 4. United States Department of Health and Human Services. education wear the “hijab”. hijab” Be aware that there is a large population of Muslimas 5. Office on Women’s Health. Women’ Health. who wear the “hijab” and were born and raised in the hijab” US. These women are fully aware of common practices 6. Kemp, Charles. “Refugee Women”. Refugees. 2006. Baylor University. 2 Women” Feb. 2007. and laws pertaining to healthcare. 7. Dr. Memoona Hasnain, Director of Research, Department of Family Hasnain, Medicine, UIC College of Medicine. 17 18 3