Abugharaib Torture


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Abugharaib Torture

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  • Abugharaib Torture

    1. 1. Justine Hinwood and Spencer Reynolds Project report, including slide show (here), dossier and dialogue (separate download) STS390, “Media, war and peace” Spring session, 2007 Science, Technology & Society University of Wollongong
    2. 2. Torture and abu ghraib Prepared by Spenjust Consulting for the OIA Tues 09/10- 11am OUTER
    3. 3. Outline <ul><li>Introduction and why we’re here </li></ul><ul><li>Outline of concept of torture/ interrogation </li></ul><ul><li>Background on current situation </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation and US Stance </li></ul><ul><li>What this has led theorists to say </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions from us </li></ul>
    4. 4. Introduction- Us SPENJUST Consulting
    5. 5. Why are we here today?
    6. 6. TORTURE
    7. 7. Torture- Definition <ul><li>“ Any act by which severe pain or suffering (physical and mental) is intentionally inflicted upon a person.” </li></ul>
    8. 8. Why Torture? <ul><li>Obtain information or a confession </li></ul><ul><li>Punish </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidate </li></ul><ul><li>Incite fear </li></ul>
    9. 9. ABU GHRAIB
    10. 10. Abu Ghraib Prison <ul><li>Started as a prison for Sadaam </li></ul><ul><li>Taken over by Americans in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Housed inmates that were problematic or security risks </li></ul>
    11. 11. Abu Ghraib Photo Scandal <ul><li>November 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Darby Given a CD containing photos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD given to CID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photos aired on 60 Minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major investigation ensued </li></ul>
    12. 12. Some examples of the leaked photos
    13. 17. Why did this happen? <ul><li>The main reason seems to be inexperienced soldiers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A general lack of knowledge, implementation, and emphasis of basic legal, regulatory, doctrinal and command requirements” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The main reason the world knows about it is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Darby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned soldiers </li></ul></ul>
    14. 18. What was the result? <ul><li>Court case </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptionally bad publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Support withdrawn in many detention facilities by groups </li></ul>
    15. 19. Current views on Torture Legislation and US Stance
    16. 20. Geneva Convention <ul><li>Started in 1864 </li></ul><ul><li>1949 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided basic minimal protection - should not be subject to physical or mental torture or cruel or degrading corporal punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Torture unjustifiable under any circumstance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US been a party to this since 1955 </li></ul>
    17. 21. Violation of other international laws <ul><li>Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US a signatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The following can not be used to justify torture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptional circumstances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Order from a superior officer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one can be expelled to another state to be tortured </li></ul></ul>
    18. 22. <ul><li>International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US ratified it in 1992 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article 7 states ‘No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’ </li></ul></ul>Violation of other international laws
    19. 23. Current US stance <ul><li>Signatory to legislation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does this cover terrorists? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repudiation of interrogation techniques to elicit information </li></ul><ul><li>Adhering to international treatment standards </li></ul><ul><li>Military Commissions Act </li></ul>
    20. 24. Theories on Torture
    21. 25. Current theories in torture- against <ul><li>Iacopino </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffer unspeakable pain and degradation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not make individuals or societies safer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often false confessions, victimising the innocent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Torture will never serve the interests of justice because it undermines our worth and humanity” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International law- torture is never permissible </li></ul></ul>
    22. 26. Current theories in torture- PRO <ul><li>Dershowitz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Torture is good if done by the right people in the right situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower judges to issue ‘torture warrants’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit torture to non-lethal means </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yoo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution grants President unhindered discretion in wartime </li></ul></ul>
    23. 27. our suggestions
    24. 28. Our suggestions- broad <ul><li>As seen from Abu Ghraib, torture can be VERY damaging to a country </li></ul><ul><li>Torture is also damaging to individuals and a violation of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>As US is a signatory to international conventions it should follow those or withdraw from the convention </li></ul>
    25. 29. Our Suggestions- OIA <ul><li>Avoid torture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconstructive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects involved individuals markedly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a violation of human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives the US bad reputation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid torture warrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opens pathway for others to copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where do they stop? </li></ul></ul>
    26. 30. SPENJUST Consulting