The Life Of
On the full moon day of May, in the year 623 B.C.,
a noble prince was born in the Lumbini Park
at Kapilavatthu, on the Indian borders. He was
named Siddhattha which means “wish fulfilled”.
His father’s name was King Suddhodana, who was
the king of Kabilaphattu City. His mother’s name was
Queen Sirimahamaya who lived in Thevathaha City.
The beloved queen died seven days after his birth.
The great ascetic named Asita smiled at first and then was
sad. He smiled because the prince would eventually become
a Buddha, an Enlightened One, and he was sad owing to his
prior death and rebirth in a Formless Plane.
Seven of them raised two fingers each, predicted that the prince
would either become a Universal Monarch or a Buddha. But the
youngest, Kondanna raised only one finger and convincingly
declared that the prince would definitely become a Buddha.
The pensive child sat cross -
legged and seized the opportunity
to commence that all important
practice of intent concentration
on the breath - on exhalations
Later on Prince Siddhartha was sent to study with Visavamit
who was a famous and well-known teacher during that time. He
gained distinction in every subject and became cleverer than
When he grew up at the age of 16 years, he got married to a
very beautiful Princess named Yasodhara. Thirteen years after
their marriage, they had one son whose name was Rahula.
One day while traveling to a Royal Garden, he saw four
sights, he saw an old man, a sick man, a dead body, and a
Brahmin monk. These made him realize that only a luxurious
life could not let him reach the real happiness of life.
Siddhartha played in a sunny world of gardens and
groves, attended by dancing girls and musicians. He lived in a
world of plenty and beauty. He could have whatever he
wanted, yet he was not happy.
When he was 29 years old, the
prince shaved his hair and beard
and handing over his garments
and ornaments to Channa with
instructions to return to the
palace, assumed the simple
yellow garb of an ascetic.
“Great King, I have retired from the world for the sake of the
supreme and absolute enlightenment of a Buddha”. The King
said “You are sure to become a Buddha, but when that happens
your first journey will be to my Kingdom”.
The ascetic Gotama learned meditation from Alara Kalama and Uddaha
Ramaputta. Later he realized that his spiritual aspirations were far
higher than both of them. He realized that there was none capable
enough to teach him what he yearned for -- the highest Truth.
For six long years the ascetic Gotama made a super-human struggle and
his delicate body was reduced to almost a skeleton. Kondanna, the
youngest brahmin who predicted his future, and four sons of the other
sages – Bhaddiya, Vappa, Mahanama, and Assaji -- also joined his company.
He realized that physical fitness was essential for spiritual progress.
So he decided to nourish the body sparingly and took some coarse food
both hard and soft. The five favourite disciples felt disappointed at this
unexpected change of method. They went to Isipatana.
On the full moon day of the month Visak, Sujata caught sight of the
Future Buddha, aged 35 years old, offered him milk-porridge in a
golden bowl that was worth a hundred thousand pieces of money.
One, went back to his celestial
realm and brought his army
drawn out for battle. But the
Future Buddha won a peaceful
victory over Mara with the
practiced in his many past
Mara knew Buddha put all his efforts in trying to lure Buddha back to the
world. Buddha was steadfast and regarded everything that happened
around him as just more happenings in the world, arising and passing away
according to causes and conditions, with no abiding self to be found.
Buddha understood the world as it
is, the Buddha was perfected in
wisdom, never to be born again.
Craving and destructive desire had
been completely eradicated as a
fire goes out for lack of fuel.
Mara then summons his three
daughters and orders them to
dance in the most seductive
manner. Nothing can persuade
Buddha from his path. Finally
Mara accepts defeat and
together with his confused
Finally, under the Tree of Enlightenment, Siddhartha
became Buddha, the Enlightened One. He went on to
become a great world teacher, as Asita had
prophesied, and from his teachings, Buddhism
Buddha sat under a big tree, a
heavy rainstorm broke out.
Then appeared the Mujjalint
Naga, a seven-headed serpent
coiled itself into the form of a
seven-tiered seat for Lord
Buddha and spread his head
like an umbrella to protect the
Lord from the rainstorm.
The Buddha thus carefully
listened to Brahma and realized
that the gates of Nirvana were
wide open for all, and he was
the destined instrument to lead
it. Brahma requested Lord
Buddha to announce his Sacca
Lord Buddha advised the Bhadda Vaggi to follow the Middle Way. For
the first time he taught the Four Noble Truths and how to practice the
Eightfold Path. With the conversion of the five ascetics at the Deer
Park at Sarnath, the order of monks was established.
While Lord Buddha
was still at
Sarnath a young man called Yasa
left home out of dispassion for the
householders life. Indeed Yasa got
enlightened. Yasa ordained and
when his friends heard of
ordination. Now there were 60
Lord Buddha went to Uruvela to convert a thousand hermits headed by
the three Kassapa brothers. The thousand hermits became monks and
with this retinue, the Blessed One proceeded to Gayasisa. On arrival
there he preached to them again and they all became arahants.
The Buddha went to Rajagaha and dwelt in the Toddy Palm Grove. King
Bimbisara went there to pay his respects to the Buddha. The Venerable
Kassapa acknowledged the Buddha superiority, saying, “My
teacher, Lord, is the Lord, I am the disciple” repeatedly.
“The Doctrine shows suffering, cause of suffering, cessation of suffering
and the path leading to the cessation of suffering”. On hearing
this, Sariputta went to tell his friend the good news and Moggallana was
also established in the first holy stage of the Ariyan Path.
On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha, of the year, there
were 1,250 Sangha followers, that came to see Buddha that evening
without any schedule. All of them were “Arhantas”. The Buddha gave those
Arhantas the principles of the Buddhism, called “The Ovadhapatimokha”.
Lord Buddha arrived at Kabillapath
City gave Dhamma to the
ready to practice the Sacca
Dhamma in their life. They
announced themselves to be
male and female Buddhist.
Yasodara, Rahula's mother, was watching the Buddha from her
chamber and she saw him begging for food from house to house. So
she was overwhelmed with grief. She also held her son in her arms and
pointed to the Buddha saying “That is your father!”
As the Buddha left the palace Rahula followed him saying, “Give me my
inheritance.” Coming to the park the Buddha thought, “I shall instead
give him what I know and thus give him an excellent inheritance.” The
Buddha then asked Sariputta, one of his disciples, to ordain Rahula.
The Buddha took Phra Nandha to visit Heaven pointed out the beautiful
girls. The Buddha taught that once we saw something better, we would
say that the latter was much better. This was an endless process. Phra
Nandha realized this fact and attained Arahanta.
Mahamaya, the Buddha's mother, who was living among the devas in
the Dusita heaven, also came to listen to the Buddha's teaching.
Hearing the teaching, the Buddha's mother attained Stream Entry,
while a great number of devas attained the Path and Fruit according to
Load Buddha stood where he was and sent out his loving-kindness
towards the elephants Nalagiri, which was running towards him to
crush him down. When the elephant came near the Buddha, it stood
quietly before Him listening to the words of advice uttered by him.
“I am merciful to all living beings; But you are merciless to living
beings. Therefore I stand still and you stand not still.” Angulimala
threw away his sword knelt before him. The Buddha blessed him and
took him to the monastery, where he became Arahanta later.
Phra Devadhat was so weak and
asked his servants to carry him
on a stretch and headed for the
Vihara of Lord Buddha. On his
way to see Lord Buddha, because
of his bad past activities and his
intention to split the Bikkhu, Phra
Devadhat was consumed to death
by quick sand.
Upon hearing of His father’s imminent death, Buddha visited Kabillapath to
give His last discourse to His father. On hearing the Dhamma, King
Suddhodana attained Arahanthship. Seven days later he passed away. The
Buddha was about forty years old at the time of His father’s death.
Herein a noble disciple has absolute confidence in the Buddha, Dharma
and Sangha. A noble disciple shall be able to predict for himself that he
shall not fall back to lower states like hell, the animal world, the ghost
world and other sorrowful and unhappy states.
When the Buddha and his disciples arrived at Pava, Cunda invited the
party to a meal called sukaramaddava, or “boar's delight.” But soon
after this, the Buddha suffered from an attack of the dysentery he had
been suffering from earlier and sharp pains came upon him.
“O Subhadda, if only my disciples live rightly and follow my precepts or
training rules, the world will never be without genuine arahants.” Then
Subhadda, the last disciple in Buddha life asked to be admitted to the
order of monks and the Buddha granted his request.
Then the Buddha addressed all the monks once more, and these were
the very last words he spoke: “Behold, O monks, this is my last advice
to you. All component things in the world are changeable. They are not
lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.”
The passing away, or the final nirvana of the
Buddha, occurred in 543 BC on a full-moon day in
the month of May, known in the Indian calendar
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