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The Great World War I & II


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"A picture says more than a thousand words"

"A picture says more than a thousand words"

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  • 1. The Great World War I & II"A picture says more than a thousand words"
  • 2. The Great World War I & II World War I was a military conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918 and involved most of the world’s great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (centred around the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 15 million people were killed, making it one of the deadliest conflicts in history. World War II, or the Second World War was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers, organised into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of “Total War,” the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant action against civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in Human history, with over seventy million casualties.
  • 3. June 28, 1914 Francis Ferdinand of Austria assassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia. A country called Serbia was blamed by Austria for this murder.
  • 4. WWI BEGINS (In 1914)
  • 5. July 5, 1914 Kaiser William II promised German support for Austria against Serbia Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor, inspecting Austro-Hungarian troops
  • 6. Domino Effect July 28 -Aug 4, 1914 Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia helped Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia, France and invaded Belgium. Britain helped France.
  • 7. The Central Powers Austria-Hungarian Empire German Empire Ottoman Empire The Allied Nations Great Britain France Russian Empire VS
  • 8. August 24,1914 The BEF (British Expeditionary Force) started its retreat from the battle of Mons.Germany invaded France. Lady Elizabeth Butler
  • 9. August 26, 1914 Russian army defeated at Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes. <>
  • 10. September 6, 1914 Battle of Marne started
  • 11. October 18, 1914 First Battle of Ypres
  • 12. October 29,1914 Turkey entered the war on Germany’s side. Trench warfare started to dominate the Western Front.
  • 13. WWI (In 1915)
  • 14. January 19,1915 The first Zeppelin raid on Britain took place
  • 15. February 19, 1915 Britain bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles
  • 16. April 25,1915 Allied troops landed in Gallipoli
  • 17. May 7,1915 The “Lusitania” was sunk by a German U-boat
  • 18. May 23,1915 Italy declared war on Germany and Austria
  • 19. August 5,1915 The Germans captured Warsaw from the Russians
  • 20. September 25,1915 Start of the Battle of Loos
  • 21. December 19,1915 The Allies started the evacuation of Gallipoli
  • 22. WWI (In 1916)
  • 23. January 27,1916 Conscription introduced in Britain
  • 24. February 21,1916 Start of the Battle of Verdun. the greatest and lengthiest in world history(between Germany and France) the greatest and lengthiest in world historythe greatest and lengthiest in world historythe greatest and lengthiest in world historythe greatest and lengthiest in world historythe greatest and lengthiest in world history
  • 25. April 29,1916 British forces surrendered to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia
  • 26. May 31,1916 Battle of Jutland, the most anticipated naval battle in the history
  • 27. June 4,1916 Start of the Brusilov Offensive by Alexi Brusilov, Russian Commander
  • 28. July 1,1916 Start of the Battle of the Somme the British has suffered 420000 casualties
  • 29. July 23,1916 The 1st Buckinghamshire Battalion at Pozieres William Barnes Wollen
  • 30. August 10,1916 End of the Brusilov Offensive. It had come to a halt.By this date, the Russians had lost about 500,000 men and the Austrians 375,000 men.
  • 31. September 15,1916 First use en masse of tanks at the Somme David Pentland
  • 32. December 7,1916 Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister
  • 33. WWI (In 1917)
  • 34. February 1,1917 Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare campaign started
  • 35. April 6,1917 USA declared war on Germany “ It is not needful or possible at this time, whilst yet he lives, to say that Wilson is a Washington or another Lincoln, but he is a great American. He is one of the great presidents of American history.” Rabbi Stephen A. Wise in a tribute to Woodrow Wilson. American Leaders Speak, 1918-1920 “ No man can sit down and withhold his hands from the warfare against wrong and get peace from his acquiescence.” Woodrow Wilson 28th president of US (1856 - 1924)
  • 36. April 16,1917 France launched an unsuccessful offensive on the Western Front
  • 37. July 31,1917 Start of the Third Battle at Ypres
  • 38. October 24,1917 Battle of Caporetto – the Italian Army was heavily defeated
  • 39. November 6-20,1917 Britain launched a major offensive on the Western Front and British tanks finally won a victory at Cambrai Cambrai showed the full potential of the tank on the battlefield.
  • 40. December 5,1917 Armistice between Germany and Russia signed
  • 41. December 9,1917 Britain captured Jerusalem from the Turks
  • 42. WWI (In 1918)
  • 43. March 3,1918 The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between Russia and Germany.
  • 44. March 21,1918 Germany broke through on the Somme
  • 45. March 29,1918 Marshall Foch was appointed Allied Commander on the Western Front Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the chief Allied delegate at the armistice negotiations
  • 46. April 9,1918 Germany started an offensive in Flanders
  • 47. July 15,1918 Second Battle of the Marne started. The start of the collapse of the German army
  • 48. August 8,1918 The advance of the Allies was successful
  • 49. September 19,1918 Turkish forces collapsed at Megiddo
  • 50. October 4,1918 October 29,1918 Germany asked the Allies for an armistice Germany’s navy mutinied
  • 51. October 30, 1918 November 3,1918 Turkey made peace Austria made peace
  • 52. November 9,1918 Kaiser William II abdicated
  • 53. November 11,1918 Germany signed an armistice with the Allies – the official date of the end of World War One.
  • 54. WWI ENDS (In 1918)
  • 55. “Blaming Germany's military defeat on the 1918 Revolutions, He considered Jews the culprit of Imperial Germany's downfall and subsequent economic problems as well.”
  • 56. 15 Years Later (In 1933)
  • 57. I speak in the name of the entire German people when I assure the world that we all share the honest wish to eliminate the enmity that brings far more costs than any possible benefits... It would be a wonderful thing for all of humanity if both peoples would renounce force against each other forever. The German people are ready to make such a pledge. Adolf Hitler - 14th October 1933 “ ”
  • 58. National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi)
  • 59. He came back with the “ Power ”.
  • 60. 1933 Adolf Hitler is elected Chancellor of Germany. He abolishes democracy and becomes a dictator. The party’s name is National Socialist German Workers Party. (Nazi)
  • 61. 1935 The German military enters the neutral Saar region, Hitler resumes conscription to the German military.
  • 62. 1936 The German military enters the demilitarized Rhine region.The German-Italian "Axis" is formed. “These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the “Rome-Berlin Axis”. Rome-Berlin Axis
  • 63. 1937 Japan, which already occupies Manchuria, invades central China
  • 64. 1938 Hitler annexes Austria and western Czechoslovakia.
  • 65. - Hitler annexes Austria and western Czechoslovakia. March 1939 Czechoslovakia surrenders to imminent German invasion
  • 66. April 1939 Hitler cancels the German-British naval agreement and the German-Polish non-aggression pact. Italy invades Albania.
  • 67. July 1939 Polish intelligence passes all its knowledge about the German Enigma machine to British and French intelligence
  • 68. August 1939 Germany and Russia sign non-aggression pact, secretly agreeing to invade Poland and share it. German U-boats and battleships sail to the Atlantic Ocean for war. Non-aggression pact However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union.
  • 69. WWII BEGINS (In 1939)
  • 70. September 1,1939 Germany invades Poland, World War 2 begins.
  • 71. September 3,1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  • 72. September 8,1939 The US remains neutral but president Roosevelt declares "limited national emergency".
  • 73. September 17,1939 September 27,1939 October 6,1939 Russia invades Poland Warsaw surrenders The last remaining Polish forces surrender
  • 74. November 30,1939 Russia invades Finland
  • 75. WWII (In 1940)
  • 76. March 12,1940 Russia-Finland war ends. It convinces Hitler that the Russian military is ineffective. Joseph Stalin of Russia Adolf Hitler of Germany
  • 77. April 8,1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway
  • 78. May 10,1940 Germany invades France, Holland, Belgium, Luxemburg.Winston Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister.
  • 79. May 27,1940 June 4,1940 Evacuation of British and French forces to Britain at Dunkirk begins. The evacuation at Dunkirk ends. 338,000 troops were rescued. Churchill declares that Britain will never surrender.
  • 80. June 10,1940 Italy declares war on the collapsing France and on Britain.
  • 81. June 14,1940 June 22,1940 German troops march into Paris France surrender
  • 82. June 18,1940 June 27,1940 Russia invades Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Russia annexes the eastern regions of Romania.
  • 83. July 1,1940 July 10,1940 July 18,1940 Germany invades the British Channel islands. The Battle of Britain air campaign begins. Churchill declares this is Britain's finest hour.
  • 84. August 8,1940 August 15,1940 The Luftwaffe begins to bomb British early warning radars The Luftwaffe loses 76 aircrafts in one day
  • 85. August 25,1940 British night bombers bomb Berlin
  • 86. Sept 3,1940 Hitler changes the Luftwaffe's objective from destroying the Royal Air Force to bombing London. This allows the R.A.F to recover and win the battle of Britain.
  • 87. Sept 13,1940 Italy invades British-held Egypt from Libya, the North African campaign begins.
  • 88. Sept 15,1940 The largest Luftwaffe daytime bombardment, it loses 56 aircraft
  • 89. Sept 27,1940 Japan joins The Axis
  • 90. Oct 7,1940 German troops enter their Ally Romania, Germany's only source of oil which is threatened by Russia
  • 91. Nov 11,1940 British carrier aircraft sink Italian fleet in Taranto's harbor.Yamamoto in Japan is impressed by their success.
  • 92. Nov 20,1940 Hungary and Romania, both military dictatorships, join The Axis.
  • 93. Dec 9,1940 British forces in Egypt counter attack the Italians and advance along the Libyan coast
  • 94. WWII (In 1941)
  • 95. Jan 12,1941 Mar 3, 1941 Hitler sends Rommel and the Afrika Korps to help the Italians in North Africa Rommel attacks the British forces in North Africa.
  • 96. Mar 5, 1941 Apr 6,1941 Apr 17,1941 Apr 27,1941 May 20,1941 May 31,1941 British troops arrive at Greece to support it. Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece British forces evacuate Greek mainland to Crete German troops occupy Athens German paratroopers and airborne troops invade Crete by air British forces in Crete surrender.
  • 97. April 13,1941 After military clashes, Japan and Russia sign non-aggression pact. MatsuokaMatsuokaMatsuokaMatsuoka
  • 98. June 22,1941 July 3,1941 July 16,1941 July 21, 1941 Germany invades Russia. Hitler orders "maximum cruelty" against civilians, which results in fanatic Russian resistance. Joseph Stalin orders the "scorched earth" strategy. German army group "Center" takes Smolensk, just 220 miles from Moscow.The Luftwaffe bombs Moscow Operation Barbarossa begins when 4.5 million troops of the Axis powers invade the USSR along an 1,800 mile front. (Clark II)
  • 99. July 24,1941 Japan invades French Indo-China (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) Matsuoka
  • 100. July 29,1941 Hitler, eager to occupy the rich Ukraine first, orders to stop army group Center's advance to Moscow and to transfer its two tank armies to army groups "North" and "South". This is perhaps Hitler's greatest mistake. The German Generals argue in vain against it.
  • 101. July 31,1941 Hermann Goering orders the SS to prepare "the final solution", the plan to murder the millions of European jews. The final solution. A Nazi about to shoot the last Jew left alive in Vinica Hermann Goering
  • 102. Sept 6,1941 Sept 15,1941 Sept 18,1941 Hitler orders to resume the advance to Moscow, in order to take it "in the limited time before winter". Army group "Center", is given back its two tank armies, plus a third tank army and additional air units. The long German siege of Leningrad begins. The Germans in the South occupy Kiev and reach the Crimea. Siege of Leningrad War in Russia
  • 103. Oct 2,1941 Oct 5,1941 Oct 16,1941 The final German attack towards Moscow begins (operation Typhoon). Rains stop German advance to Moscow due to deep mud which stops both tanks and infantry. Russian government leaves Moscow, the Germans occupy Odessa. Soviet refugees during German invasion
  • 104. Oct 26,1941 Nov 15,1941 The Germans occupy Kharkov With the mud frozen by the dropping temperatures, German advance to Moscow resumes.
  • 105. Nov 30,1941 Dec 6,1941 The foremost German forces reach 27km from Moscow, but can advance no further due to strong Russian resistance. At temperatures of -34C (-29F) and below, a major Russian counter attack near Moscow begins. Moscow is saved, and the Germans are pushed back. A 1941 WWII Soviet poster by Kukryniksy Artists reminding Russians about the traditions of Alexander Nevsky, Alexander Suvorov, and Vasily Chapayev
  • 106. Oct 17,1941 Dec 7, 1941 Dec 11,1941 Dec 19,1941 General Tojo becomes Japan's prime minister The Japanese Navy attacks Pearl Harbor and the Phillipines, and the US joins the war. Germany and Italy declare war on the US. Hitler orders "fanatic resistance" and appoints himself military commander-in-chief. General Tojo War in Asia
  • 107. Imperial Japan •Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan. Emperor Hirohito •General Hideki Tojo • Prime Minister •Admiral Yamamoto •planned the attack on •Pearl Harbor.
  • 108. Pearl Harbor, the tuning point of WWII, USA joined the War!
  • 109. With the German failure to defeat Russia, which is marked by their failure to take Moscow, and with the United States joining the war a day later, This date marks the main turning point of World War II “ ”
  • 110. The Axis Italy Germany Japan The Allied Nations Great Britain France USSR VS USA
  • 111. WWII (In 1942)
  • 112. In 1942 The wars took place mainly in 3 areas, which were Russia by Germany, Asia by Japan, and Africa by Germany.
  • 113. March 20,1942 "industrial scale" murder of jews by poison gas begins in Nazi death camps.
  • 114. Jan 2,1942 Jan 10,1942 Jan 11,1942 Jan 12,1942 Jan 25,1942 Feb 15,1942 Japanese forces occupy Manila Japanese forces invades Indonesia Japanese forces occupy Malaysia Japanese forces invade Burma Japanese forces invade the Solomon islands Singapore surrenders to the Japanese War in Asia
  • 115. April 18,1942 Doolittle's raid - US bombers bomb Tokyo.
  • 116. April 18,1942 May 6,1942 Battle of the Coral Sea. One Japanese carrier and one American carrier are sunk The last American troops in the Phillippines surrender
  • 117. June 4,1942 Jul 3,1942 Aug 7,1942 The battle of Midway. Four Japanese carriers are sunk, and one American carrier. Japan's naval superiority is lost. Japanese forces land in Guadalcanal US forces land in Guadalcanal
  • 118. Jan 13,1942 May 8,1942 Jul 28,1942 German U-boats begin to sink ships along the US East coast. The German spring offensive in southern Russia begins. Stalin forbids further Russian retreats, at any cost. War in Russia
  • 119. Aug 23,1942 Sep 6,1942 Nov 19,1942 Dec 19,1942 The German 6th army reach Stalingrad, the battle of Stalingrad begins. The German advance in Stalingrad is stopped. The Russian flanking counter attack around Stalingrad begins The Germans fail to break the encirclement of their army in Stalingrad War in Russia
  • 120. Jan 21,1942 Aug 13,1942 Sep 23,1942 Nov 8,1942 Rommel begins another offensive in North Africa Montgomery becomes commander of the British 8th army The battle of El Alamein in North Africa begins. Allied forces land in western North Africa, at Rommel's back
  • 121. WWII (In 1943)
  • 122. In 1943 The wars took place mainly in 2 areas, which were Russia by Germany, and moving Africa battle to North Atlantic ocean by Germany, and Italy was defeated.
  • 123. Feb 2,1943 July 5,1943 Sep 25,1943 October Nov 6,1943 The last German forces in Stalingrad surrender The battle of Kursk begins The Russians liberate Smolensk Allied anti submarine bases established in the Azores, in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean The Russians liberate Kiev War in Russia Germany would never go on offensive again against the USSR
  • 124. May 13,1943 May 22,1943 July 10,1943 Nov 19,1943 November The long North Africa campaign ends. The Allies control North Africa 41 German U-boats sunk in 3 weeks. Doenitz retreats all U-boats from the North atlantic The Allies invade Sicily The Marines land in Tarawa Rommel takes command of the "atlantic wall" in the French coast General Erwin Rommel
  • 125. July 25,1943 Sept 3,1943 Sept 8,1943 Mussolini is replaced and arrested. The Allies invade Italy's mainland Italy surrenders. The German forces in northern and central Italy occupy it Mussolini was arrested and executed while trying to escape to Switzerland
  • 126. Dec 1943 P-51 fighters provide all-the-way long range escort to bombers over
  • 127. WWII (In 1944)
  • 128. Jan 16, 1943 Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of western allies forces
  • 129. March Apr10,1944 Jun22,1944 Jun27,1944 The Russians advance into the Ukraine The Russians liberate Odessa The Russians advance to Belarus Cherburg is liberated War in Russia
  • 130. Jun28,1944 Aug23,1944 Spe6,1944 Oct19,1944 The Russians reach the old German-Russian border in central Poland Romania surrenders to the Russians.Its oil fields were Germany's only source of natural oil Finland and Bulgaria surrenders to the Russians The Germans evacuate Riga, Latvia Romania surrenders to the Russians
  • 131. Jun 15,1944 Jun 19,1944 Jul 24,1944 Oct 20,1944 Nov 14,1944 The Marines land in Saipan Battle of the Phillippine sea The Marines land in Tinian The Marines land in Leyte, in the Philippines.In response, the Japanese Navy begins to use Kamikaze suicide pilots. B-29 bombers begin to bomb Tokyo from bases in the Mariana islands War in Asia Battle of the Phillippine sea
  • 132. May 1944 Jun 5,1944 Jun 6,1944 Allied bombers begin to concentrate on the German fuel industry The German Navy's Enigma messages are decoded almost in real time. D-Day. American, British, Canadian forces invade France at the beaches of Normandy War in Europe the beaches of Normandy
  • 133. Jul 12,1944 Jul 20,1944 July21,1945 1st German V-1 cruise missile attack on Britain Hitler survives an assassination attempt by senior German officers with light wounds. Hitler appoints General Guderian to chief of the army (OKH).The Marines land in Guam Hitler survives
  • 134. Jul 30,1944 Aug 1,1944 Aug 15,1944 Aug 25,1944 General Gorge S.Patton breaks out of the beachhead deep into France Warsaw revolts against the Germans The Allies land in southern France Paris is liberated. General Gorge S.Patton
  • 135. August Sep 8,1944 Sep 17,1944 Oct 5,1944 Dec 16,1944 Allied fighters achieve air superiority over Germany 1st German V-2 ballistic missile attack on Britain Operation Market Garden in Holland British forces land in Greece The German attack in the Ardennes begin Allied started fighting back
  • 136. WWII (In 1945)
  • 137. Jan 23,1945 Jan 27,1945 Jan 28,1945 The Russians reach Germany itself at the Oder river The Russians liberate the Auschwitz death camp The Ardennes campaign ends the Auschwitz death camp War in Europe
  • 138. Feb 4-11,1945 Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta,
  • 139. Feb 13,1945 Apr 11,1945 The Russians occupy Budapest, Hungary.Dresden bombed. The Allies liberate the Buchenwald death camp Allied Officers & Soldiers view the carnage at Buchenwald after liberation
  • 140. Apr 13,1945 Apr 16,1945 Apr 25,1945 The Russians enter Vienna The Russians begin final advance to Berlin American and Russian forces meet The Russians enter Vienna
  • 141. Mar 6,1945 Mar 7,1945 Mar 27,1945 Apr 1,1945 Apr 10,1945 Apr 26,1945 The Allies occupy Cologne, Germany US forces cross the Rhine on the Remagen bridge V-2 missile attacks end German forces encircled in the Ruhr by the Americans The Allies occupy Hannover German defense in northern Italy finally collapse German defense in northern Italy finally collapse
  • 142. Apr 29,1945 Mussolini is executed by the Italian resistance. The Allies liberate the Dachau death camp The End of Mussolini
  • 143. Apr 30,1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker in Berlin. He appoints Admiral Doenitz as his successor.
  • 144. May 8,1945 Germany surrenders. The war in Europe ends
  • 145. Jan 9,1945 Feb 19,1945 Mar 4,1945 Mar 16,1945 Mar 27,1945 The Marines land in Luzon in the Philippines The Marines land in Iwo Jima Manila is liberated The battle of Iwo Jima ends V-2 missile attacks end War in Asia
  • 146. Apr 6,1945 Apr 7,1945 The Marines land in Okinawa. Japan orders all its forces to use Kamikaze suicide tactic The super battleship Yamato is sunk on its way to a Kamikaze fight in Okinawa
  • 147. April 12,1945 President Roosevelt dies.
  • 148. May 28,1945 Jun 2,1945 Jun21,1945 450 B-29 bombers bomb Yokohama 660 B-29 bombers bomb Japanese cities Battle of Okinawa ends
  • 149. July16,1945 Jul 16 - the US tests the atomic bomb in New Mexico.It works First atomic bomb test, near Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • 150. Aug 6,1945 Hiroshima is destroyed by an atomic bomb, named “Little Boy”. Hiroshima
  • 151. Aug 9,1945 Nagasaki is destroyed by an atomic bomb name “Fat Man”. Nagasaki
  • 152. Aug 14,1945 Aug 14 - Japan surrenders
  • 153. Sept 2,1945 Japan signs instrument of surrender. The World War 2 finally ends. Japanese foreign affairs minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Japanese Instrument Of Surrender on board USS Missouri as General Richard K. Sutherland watches,
  • 154. Sure, we want to go home. We want this war over with. The quickest way to get it over with is to go get the bastards who started it. The quicker they are whipped, the quicker we can go home. The shortest way home is through Berlin and Tokyo. And when we get to Berlin, I am personally going to shoot that paper hanging son-of-a-bitch Hitler. Just like I'd shoot a snake! General George S. Patton – (addressing to his troops before Operation Overlord) - 5th June 1944 “ ”
  • 155. Thank You Very Much Sompong Yusoontorn