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The Art of War   Of The Grand Duke
Qin Shi Huangdi  ( 259 BC – 210 BC ) ,  personal name  Ying Zheng  , was king  of the Chinese  State of Qin  from  246  BC...
Ying Zheng Meng Tian Wang Jian Li Si Meng Tian  was a general ,  who distinguished himself in campaigns against the  Xiong...
After unifying China,  Qin Si  and his chief advisor  Li Si  passed a series of major economic and political reforms.
Qin Si ordered the soldiers to burn the books and bury the scholars
The construction of the Qin Great Wall took many lives and a great deal of money and materials .
In 209 BC, during the reign of Qin Er Shi  ( successor of Qin Shi Huang), peasant rebellions erupted throughout China to o...
Zhang Liang was a descendant from a noble family of State of Han during the Warring States  Period. His ancestors had been...
Legends recounted that he had once helped an old man to put on his shoes and was rewarded a book on military strategy and ...
Zhang Liang continued to have plans to reestablish Han. After Chen  Sheng started a rebellion against Qin Dynasty in 209 B...
When Liu Bang entered Xianyang, the capital of Qin, he saw that the imperial palace was a  splendid edifice filled with tr...
Liu Bang Ying Bu Xiao He Xiang Yu Han Xin After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, Xiang Yu or Xian Ji proclaimed himself Hegemo...
In the Hongmen banquet  ( a feast set up as a trap for the invited ) , Zhang Liang tried  his best to cover Liu Bang out o...
By 202 BC, the war between the Han Army headed by Liu Bang and the Chu forces led by Xiang Yu had continued for several ye...
In 202 B.C., Xiang Yu was besieged by Liu Bang's army at Gai Xia, with few soldiers and little food left. At night, he hea...
Xiang Yu brought forth a few soldiers out of the trap and arrived at the Wu River, but still  ended up with a failure. Ash...
After Emperor Han Gaozu 's death in summer 195 BC, Prince Ying ascended the throne as Emperor Hui .  Zhang Liang appeared ...
Thus if the ruler thoroughly understands  the Upper Strategy ,  he will be able to  employ the Capable and seize his enemi...
The  Three Strategies of Huang Shigong  ( 黄石公三略 )  is a text on military  strategy, one of the Seven Military Classics of ...
The  Three Strategies of Huang Shigong The  Upper Strategy  establishes the forms of propriety and rewards,  discriminates...
Hung Shi Gong Upper Strategies 1.  Popular Support 2.   Being resolute and flexible 3.  Talent and people   4.  Handling p...
1) Popular Support  -  The commander - in - chief focuses on winning the minds of the capable, remunerate the meritorious,...
2. Being Resolute And Flexible.   The soft can counter the hard, the weak can counter the strong .  Being soft at the appr...
3. Talent And People.  The basic principles of governing the state is to rely on those that are capable and the people .  ...
5. How Good Ruler Treat His People.  The  ruler who treats his people well would concentrate on agriculture and sericultur...
4. Handling People, Enemy, and Victory.   The essence of governing the state and army lies in understanding the needs of t...
6. How Good Generals Treat Their Army.   Together in danger, together in safety, his army will be united together and neve...
7. General’s Orders.  T he wise general does not rescinds an orders. Rewards and punishment must be carried out, much like...
8. Relationship Between General And His Army.   Thus a general that is not able to manage and control an army should not l...
9. How Good Generals Treat Their Army 2.   Thus the army can be seen but not withstood, can be submitted but not be conque...
10. Rewards And Punishment.   When rewards and punishment are clear, then the general's awesomeness is effected. When the ...
11. Treating Officers, Generals, And Plans.   Thus capable officers can be deferred to but not be treated arrogantly. The ...
12. Characteristics Of Good Generals.  “ The general should be of high integrity; able to be calm when needed; able to be ...
13. How To Keep Plan Secret.  When the general's plans are kept secret, enemy spies would not be effective .  If the offic...
14. Character And Temperament Of Good Generals.   If the general does not carefully contemplate his course of actions, his...
Hung Shi Gong Upper Strategies 15. Motivating and keeping talents 16. Preparation of war 17. Knowing the enemy 18. If rule...
15. Motivating And Keeping Talents.  Treat them with forms of propriety they like, reward them with what they love, then t...
16. Preparation Of War.   Thus the good general, in nurturing his officers, treats them no differently than himself. Thus ...
17. Knowing The Enemy.  “ The key to using the army is to first know the enemy's situation. Look into his granaries and ar...
18. If Ruler Is A Tyrant.   “ When a ruler acts like a tyrant, his subordinates will be hasty to implement harsh measures....
19. Thieving From State.  “ When the secretly greedy, displays an appearance of incorruptibility; prevarication to gain fa...
20. Source Of Chaos.  “If the officials form cliques, each advancing the interest of those whom they are familiar with; th...
21. Chaos At Roots. “Clans come together to plan something evil; people without being confered a title acts in high promin...
22. Treacherous To State.  “ Generation after generation they act treacherously, enroaching and robbing district offices. ...
23. Misfortune To State.  “When officials are many and people are few, there is no distinction between the honored and low...
24. Harming The State.  “ When the ruler like the Good but do not advance them, while he hates the Evil but does not dismi...
25. Powerful And Royal Family.  “When the ruler's relatives and the powerful families are strong and large, forming clique...
26. When Deceitful Officials Hold Superior Position.   “ When deceitful ministers hold superior positions, the entire army...
27. Causes Of Harm To Ruler.  “ When evil men of courage praise each other, they cover the ruler's eyes, obfuscate his wis...
28. How To Get Rid Of The Causes Of Harm.  Accordingly, if the ruler investigates these slanders, he will discover the beg...
Hung Shi Gong  Middle  Strategies 1.  Governing Subordinates 2.   Full authority on general 3.  Using each type of men 4. ...
1. Governing Subordinates.   The hegemons governed their officers by virtue of authority, bonding with them through trust,...
2. Full Authority On General.  “ When the army is mobilized and advances into the field, the sole authority lies with the ...
3.Using Each Type Of Men .“ Employ the wise, courageous, greedy and stupid. The wise take pleasure in establishing their  ...
4. Using The Expressive And The Benevolent .“Do not allow officers who are expressive to discuss the enemy's good point, a...
5. No Divination.  “ Prohibit mediums from divining about the army's good or bad fortune on behalf of the officers and men...
6. Employing Righteous And Wise.  “One does not employ righteous officers using solely material wealth .  This is because ...
7. Virtuous And Awesomeness.   The ruler cannot be without virtue, for if he lacks virtue his ministers will rebel. He can...
8. How Ancient Order Was Established And Destroyed.  Because the states are of similar power, neither states can overcome ...
9. The Three Strategies.   The Sage can embody Heaven and model the laws of the Earth .  The wise find their lessons in an...
Hung Shi Gong Low Strategies 1.  The capable and the sages 2.   Bringing harmony to populace 3.  Internal stability and ex...
1. The Capable And The Sages.   Therefore, if the ruler's beneficence extends to the people, the Capable will give their a...
2.   Bringing Harmony To Populace.   The governance of the Capable causes men to submit by action. The governance of the S...
3. Internal Stability And External Expansion.   One who does not ensure internal stability but focus instead on external e...
4. Setting Example.  One who indulge himself while instructing others is contrary to natural order .  One who rectify hims...
5. Way, Virtue, Benevolence, Righteousness And Prioriety.   Thus everyday our actions should be regulated by forms of prop...
6. Benefits Of Getting The Capable.   To gain Capables, the process is long. To gain the Incapable , the process is short....
7. Treating Good And Evil.   If you dismiss one good man, then all good people will lose heart. Reward an evil person and ...
8. Creating Well-ordered Government.  If those that oppose the ruler are honored, while the greedy and uncivilized are enr...
9. Sage’s Knowledge.  The Sage perceive the sources of flourishing and decline, understand what causes success and defeat,...
10. When To Use Army.  The Sage King does not take pleasure in using the army .  He mobilizes it to execute the violently ...
11. Powerful Family.  When prominent, powerful families gain control of governance, the ruler's awesomeness is weakened . ...
12. Capable And Depraved Officers.   When the capable officers are brought to inside the government, depraved ones will be...
13. Rulers and Officers.   When the major ministers doubt the ruler, evil will accumulate and gather. If minister usurp th...
14. Treating The Capables.   If one is to hurt the Capables, such actions can hurt the three generations. If someone does ...
15. Treating Populace.   Profiting one person at the expenses of a hundred, the people will leave the city. Profiting one ...
<ul><li>There are three points which should be mastered : </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate  hard  and  soft  approaches .  This...
Thank You Sompong Yusoontorn
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The Grand Duke 's Art Of War

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It explains the fall of Qin Dynasty and Zhangliang, the military strategist of Emperor Han.

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  • Transcript of "The Grand Duke 's Art Of War"

    1. 1. The Art of War Of The Grand Duke
    2. 2. Qin Shi Huangdi ( 259 BC – 210 BC ) , personal name Ying Zheng , was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 246 BC to 221 BC during the Warring States Period. He became the first emperor of a unified China in 221 BC. He ruled until his death in 210 BC at the age of 50 .
    3. 3. Ying Zheng Meng Tian Wang Jian Li Si Meng Tian was a general , who distinguished himself in campaigns against the Xiongnu and in the construction of the Great Wall of China . Wang Jian was Military leader, who led the Qin army in seizing Handan, the capital city of the State of Zhao; Defeated state of Yan, Zhao, and Chu. Li Si was Qin Shi’s Chief Advisor.
    4. 4. After unifying China, Qin Si and his chief advisor Li Si passed a series of major economic and political reforms.
    5. 5. Qin Si ordered the soldiers to burn the books and bury the scholars
    6. 6. The construction of the Qin Great Wall took many lives and a great deal of money and materials .
    7. 7. In 209 BC, during the reign of Qin Er Shi ( successor of Qin Shi Huang), peasant rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin Dynasty, plunging China into a state of Anarchy . Zhao Gao began even to sidelined the second Qin Emperor and lead the empire governance to decline greatly . His mismanagement of the state led to widespread rebellion and ruin the very foundations that former Qin Rulers had taken hundred of years to build . Qin Er Shi Zhao Gao
    8. 8. Zhang Liang was a descendant from a noble family of State of Han during the Warring States Period. His ancestors had been the prime ministers of the State of Han for five generations. He had once planned an assassination against Qin Shi Huang to avenge the emperor's destruction of Han in 230 BC and in planning so he spent his entire family fortune on hiring assassins. However, the employed assassin mistakenly destroyed the decoy vehicle. He was then forced to flee.
    9. 9. Legends recounted that he had once helped an old man to put on his shoes and was rewarded a book on military strategy and tactics known as The Grand Duke's Art of War , with which he advised Liu Bang. Zhang Liang receiving a handscroll of generalship from Huang Sh i Gong
    10. 10. Zhang Liang continued to have plans to reestablish Han. After Chen Sheng started a rebellion against Qin Dynasty in 209 BC, he gathered about a hundred men and planned to join Chen's temporary successor when he met Liu Bang. He was impressed by Liu, and chose to join him.
    11. 11. When Liu Bang entered Xianyang, the capital of Qin, he saw that the imperial palace was a splendid edifice filled with treasures and beautiful women . Naturally, he wanted to stay there, but his advisors Zhang Liang and Fan Kuai persuaded him not to wallow in enjoyment and luxury, otherwise he would lose the loyalty of his people .
    12. 12. Liu Bang Ying Bu Xiao He Xiang Yu Han Xin After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, Xiang Yu or Xian Ji proclaimed himself Hegemon - King of Western Chu. Liu Bang was also granted the title of &quot; King of Han &quot; by Xiang Yu, when Xiang split the former Qin empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms, and he was known by this Title before becoming Emperor of China.
    13. 13. In the Hongmen banquet ( a feast set up as a trap for the invited ) , Zhang Liang tried his best to cover Liu Bang out of danger . Later he continued to assist Liu in winning every battle with his wisdom and strategies .
    14. 14. By 202 BC, the war between the Han Army headed by Liu Bang and the Chu forces led by Xiang Yu had continued for several years . At the Battle of Gaixia, Liu Bang besieged Xiang Yu's 100,000 soldiers with his army of 300,000, an absolute advantage over Xiang Yu .
    15. 15. In 202 B.C., Xiang Yu was besieged by Liu Bang's army at Gai Xia, with few soldiers and little food left. At night, he heard the Chu songs created by Zhang Liang and sung by the Han army from all sides in his tent, knowing that it was useless to fight any more. He drank while singing sad melodies aloud. His concubine sang along: &quot;The Han army is everywhere now. My king has been trapped, how can I hope to live!&quot; After that, the concubine killed herself with a sword.
    16. 16. Xiang Yu brought forth a few soldiers out of the trap and arrived at the Wu River, but still ended up with a failure. Ashamed of facing up to the people in his hometown, Xiang Yu committed suicide by cutting the throat on the side of the Wu River. Therefore, Chu-Han Contention came to an end with the winning of Liu Bang’s Han army.
    17. 17. After Emperor Han Gaozu 's death in summer 195 BC, Prince Ying ascended the throne as Emperor Hui . Zhang Liang appeared to have no involvement with the administration of Emperor Hui, and he died in the summer of 189 BC .
    18. 18. Thus if the ruler thoroughly understands the Upper Strategy , he will be able to employ the Capable and seize his enemies . If the ruler thorougly understands the Middle Strategy , he will be able to employ and control his generals, unite his people . If he thorouglyly understands the Lower Strategy , he will be able to discern the sources of flourish and decline and understand the regulations for governing a state .
    19. 19. The Three Strategies of Huang Shigong ( 黄石公三略 ) is a text on military strategy, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China. Huang Shi Gong is believed to be the 'teacher' of Zhang Liang, the advisor and right - hand man of Liu Bang the emperor, that defeated Xiang Yu, and establish the Han Dynasty . As the name of the title states, there are three chapters in this military work and they are as follows : Upper Strategy Middle Strategy Lower Strategy The Three Strategies of Huang Shigong
    20. 20. The Three Strategies of Huang Shigong The Upper Strategy establishes the forms of propriety and rewards, discriminates between the evildoers and the valiant, and makes clear what is success and defeat . The Middle Strategy marks out the differences in virtue and behavior and manifest changes in the balance of power . The Lower Strategy arrays virtue and morals, looks into security and danger, and makes clear the calamity of harming the Capable .
    21. 21. Hung Shi Gong Upper Strategies 1. Popular Support 2. Being resolute and flexible 3. Talent and people 4. Handling people, enemy, and victory 5. How good ruler treat his people 6. How good generals treat their army 7. General’s orders 8. Relationship between general and his army 9. How good generals treat their army 2 10. Rewards and punishment 11. Treating officers, generals, and plans 12. Characteristics of good generals 13. How to keep plan secret 14. Character and temperament of good generals
    22. 22. 1) Popular Support - The commander - in - chief focuses on winning the minds of the capable, remunerate the meritorious, and having his will adopted by the masses .
    23. 23. 2. Being Resolute And Flexible. The soft can counter the hard, the weak can counter the strong . Being soft at the appropriate extent can be a virtue, being inappropriately hard can be a menace . The weak is what the people will help, those that pretend to be strong is what people will resent . Soft, hard, weak and strong, to each has its appropriate place, and one should combining these four and use them where it is most appropriate .
    24. 24. 3. Talent And People. The basic principles of governing the state is to rely on those that are capable and the people . If you trust those that are capable and employ the people as if they are your four limbs, then all your plans will be accomplished . Your measures will follow on each other as natural as your four limbs or the way the joints work with each other, without any hindrance . Liu Bang is always kind to his subordinates and let them work on their responsible skills and knowledge.
    25. 25. 5. How Good Ruler Treat His People. The ruler who treats his people well would concentrate on agriculture and sericulture and not disturb the people during their vital seasonal occupations. He would also keep taxes and imposition to a minimum, not exhausting their wealth.
    26. 26. 4. Handling People, Enemy, and Victory. The essence of governing the state and army lies in understanding the needs of the people and managing the affairs of the state.
    27. 27. 6. How Good Generals Treat Their Army. Together in danger, together in safety, his army will be united together and never be split apart. The army can be employed but cannot be tired out. This is because of his beneficence, he ceaselessly gathers them together, with his plans he constantly unites them.
    28. 28. 7. General’s Orders. T he wise general does not rescinds an orders. Rewards and punishment must be carried out, much like how Heaven and Earth work, without fail. Only then the general can employ the men. When the officers and soldiers follow orders, the army can then be deployed out.
    29. 29. 8. Relationship Between General And His Army. Thus a general that is not able to manage and control an army should not lead his troops, a rebellious army should not be used against an enemy.
    30. 30. 9. How Good Generals Treat Their Army 2. Thus the army can be seen but not withstood, can be submitted but not be conquered. If the general lead the men in person, the soldiers will become the most valiant under Heaven.
    31. 31. 10. Rewards And Punishment. When rewards and punishment are clear, then the general's awesomeness is effected. When the proper officials are obtained, then the officers and amen are obedient. When those that are capable are entrusted with responsibility, enemy states will be fearful.
    32. 32. 11. Treating Officers, Generals, And Plans. Thus capable officers can be deferred to but not be treated arrogantly. The generals can be pleased but not be doubted. Plans can be complexed but it must not be doubted.
    33. 33. 12. Characteristics Of Good Generals. “ The general should be of high integrity; able to be calm when needed; able to be fair and strict; able to accept criticism; able to judge disputes; able to attract and employ capable men; able to select and accept advice; able to know the customs of states able to map mountains and rivers; able to discern defiles and obstacles; and able to handle military authority. ”
    34. 34. 13. How To Keep Plan Secret. When the general's plans are kept secret, enemy spies would not be effective . If the officers and masses are united, then the hearts of the army is unified . If the attack is swift, the enemy will not be prepared .
    35. 35. 14. Character And Temperament Of Good Generals. If the general does not carefully contemplate his course of actions, his strategist will abandon him. If the general is not brave, his officers and men will be terrified. If the general moves the army recklessly, the army will not be imposing. If his anger implicates the innocent, the whole army will be in fear
    36. 36. Hung Shi Gong Upper Strategies 15. Motivating and keeping talents 16. Preparation of war 17. Knowing the enemy 18. If ruler is a tyrant 19. Thieving from state 20. Source of Chaos 21. Chaos at roots 22. Treacherous to state 23. Misfortune to state 24. Harming the state 25. Powerful and royal family 26. When deceitful officials hold superior position 27. Causes of harm to ruler 28. How to get rid of the causes of harm
    37. 37. 15. Motivating And Keeping Talents. Treat them with forms of propriety they like, reward them with what they love, then those you seek will come . But if you treat them with what they like initially, but later regret doing so,then they will not remain with you . If you reward them and afterward regret it, then officers will not listen to your commands . If you tirelessly effect propriety and rewards, the officers will fight to lay down their life for the ruler .
    38. 38. 16. Preparation Of War. Thus the good general, in nurturing his officers, treats them no differently than himself. Thus he is able to unite everyone and gain complete victory.
    39. 39. 17. Knowing The Enemy. “ The key to using the army is to first know the enemy's situation. Look into his granaries and armories, make an estimation of his food stocks, make a judgement call on his army's strength, seek out his natural advantages. We do all these to seek out and attack his weaknesses. ”
    40. 40. 18. If Ruler Is A Tyrant. “ When a ruler acts like a tyrant, his subordinates will be hasty to implement harsh measures. Taxes are onerous and, fines and punishment are imposed at whim and fancy, while people will mutually injure and steal from each other. Such is called a 'demised' state. ”
    41. 41. 19. Thieving From State. “ When the secretly greedy, displays an appearance of incorruptibility; prevarication to gain fame; steal from the state and distribute as his beneficience, cause confusion in the ranks; and people feign proper countenance to gain high posts. All these actions are the beginning of thievery. ”
    42. 42. 20. Source Of Chaos. “If the officials form cliques, each advancing the interest of those whom they are familiar with; the states attracts and appoints the evil and corrupt while suppressing the benevolent and capable; officials turn their backs on the state and establish their own individual interests; and men of equal rank slander each other . This is termed as 'the source of chaos' . ”
    43. 43. 21. Chaos At Roots. “Clans come together to plan something evil; people without being confered a title acts in high prominence and there are none who are not awed by him . When these practices proliferate and intertwine, they create an image of virtue, established through beneficience, snatch the authority of the existing official . Then they abuse the populace and within the state, there are a lot of clamoring while the officials conceal the truth from the ruler . This is 'causing chaos at the roots' . ”
    44. 44. 22. Treacherous To State. “ Generation after generation they act treacherously, enroaching and robbing district offices. All actions only seek their own convenience. They forge and distort documents, endangering the ruler. The y are referred to as 'state's treacherous ones'. ”
    45. 45. 23. Misfortune To State. “When officials are many and people are few, there is no distinction between the honored and lowly, the strong and the weak insult each other . If such action cannot be stopped, then their effects will affect the whole state, and the state will reap misfortune . ”
    46. 46. 24. Harming The State. “ When the ruler like the Good but do not advance them, while he hates the Evil but does not dismiss them, then those that are capable would go into seclusion, and those who are otherwise holds position. Such situation will bring harm to the state. ”
    47. 47. 25. Powerful And Royal Family. “When the ruler's relatives and the powerful families are strong and large, forming cliques and occupying positions of authority, abusing those that are of higher authority . And they are growing more powerful with the passing of time, while the ruler cannot bear to dismiss them, then the state will suffer defeat . ”
    48. 48. 26. When Deceitful Officials Hold Superior Position. “ When deceitful ministers hold superior positions, the entire army will be clamoring and contentious . These ministers rely on their awesomeness to grant personal favors, and act in a manner that offends the masses . When ruler employs such characters, he will certainly suffer disaster and calamity . ”
    49. 49. 27. Causes Of Harm To Ruler. “ When evil men of courage praise each other, they cover the ruler's eyes, obfuscate his wisdom. When both slander and praise arise together, they block the ruler's ears, making unable to discern good and bad. When they praise and cover each other, the ruler will lose the loyal. ” “ Calling Stag A Horse” created by Zhao Gao, the Priminister of Qin to separate the enemy out of his group.
    50. 50. 28. How To Get Rid Of The Causes Of Harm. Accordingly, if the ruler investigates these slanders, he will discover the beginnings of chaos . If he engages the capable and virtuous, then evil men of courage will stay away . If the ruler appoints virtuous men of experience and age, myriad affairs will be well managed . If he respectfully invites the recluses to take positions, he will attract those that are really capable . If the plans can be bring to down to all levels, then victory can be predicted . If he does not lose the heart of the people, his virtues will flourish Lui Bang, Han Gaozu
    51. 51. Hung Shi Gong Middle Strategies 1. Governing Subordinates 2. Full authority on general 3. Using each type of men 4. Using the expressive and the benevolent 5. No divination 6. Employing righteous and wise 7. Virtuous and awesomeness 8. How ancient order was established and destroyed 9. The three strategies
    52. 52. 1. Governing Subordinates. The hegemons governed their officers by virtue of authority, bonding with them through trust, motivating them with rewards. When that trust d e clined, the officers grew distant, and when rewards are inadequate, they would not submit to orders.
    53. 53. 2. Full Authority On General. “ When the army is mobilized and advances into the field, the sole authority lies with the general. If the court interferes with advancing or withdrawing decision, the general will have difficulty attaining success. ”
    54. 54. 3.Using Each Type Of Men .“ Employ the wise, courageous, greedy and stupid. The wise take pleasure in establishing their a complishment. T h e courageous love to put their ambition into effect. The greedy fervently pursue gains. The stupid have little regard for death. Employ them through their unique character, such is the military's subtle exercise of authority. ”
    55. 55. 4. Using The Expressive And The Benevolent .“Do not allow officers who are expressive to discuss the enemy's good point, as that will delude the army . Do not allow the benevolent to control finances, for they will dispense too much to those of lower rank . ”
    56. 56. 5. No Divination. “ Prohibit mediums from divining about the army's good or bad fortune on behalf of the officers and men. ”
    57. 57. 6. Employing Righteous And Wise. “One does not employ righteous officers using solely material wealth . This is because the Righteous will not die for the malevolent; the Wise does not make plans for an obtuse ruler . ”
    58. 58. 7. Virtuous And Awesomeness. The ruler cannot be without virtue, for if he lacks virtue his ministers will rebel. He cannot be without awesomeness, for if he lacks awesomeness, he will lose his authority. A minister cannot be without virtue, for if he lacks virtue, then he has nothing with which to serve his ruler. He cannot be without awesomeness, for if he lacks awesomeness, the state will decline. But if he is too awesome, then he himself will stumble.
    59. 59. 8. How Ancient Order Was Established And Destroyed. Because the states are of similar power, neither states can overcome each other . Then there is a need to win the minds of valiant, sharing their likes and dislikes, and only after this, the stratagems should be used . Without stratagems, you have no means to resolve suspicion and settle doubts . Without being scheming and unorthodox, you have no means to destroy evildoers . Without plotting, there is no means to be successful .
    60. 60. 9. The Three Strategies. The Sage can embody Heaven and model the laws of the Earth . The wise find their lessons in antiquity . Thus the Three Strategies has been written for period of decadence . The Upper Strategy establishes the forms of propriety and rewards, discriminates between the evildoers and the valiant, and makes clear what is success and defeat . The Middle Strategy marks out the differences in virtue and behavior and manifest changes in the balance of power . The Lower Strategy arrays virtue and morals, looks into security and danger, and makes clear the calamity of harming the Capable .
    61. 61. Hung Shi Gong Low Strategies 1. The capable and the sages 2. Bringing harmony to populace 3. Internal stability and external expansion 4. Setting example 5. Way, Virtue, Benevolence, Righteousness and Propriety 6. Benefits of getting the capable 7. Treating good and evil 8. Creating well-ordered government 9. Sage’s knowledge 10. When to use army 11 . Powerful families 12. Capable and depraved officers 13. Rulers and officers 14. Treating the capables 1 5. Treating populace
    62. 62. 1. The Capable And The Sages. Therefore, if the ruler's beneficence extends to the people, the Capable will give their allegiance. If the ruler's beneficience extends to every part of his kingdom, the Sages will ally with him. Where the Capable goes to, the state will be strong. Where the Sages go to, he is able to unite all. One seeks the Capable through virtue and the Sages through the 'Way'. If the Capable depart from the state, it will become weak. If the Sages depart from the state, the state will grow depraved. Weakness is a step towards danger and depravity is a sign of doom.
    63. 63. 2. Bringing Harmony To Populace. The governance of the Capable causes men to submit by action. The governance of the Sages causes men to submit whole-heartedly. When men submit by action, the beginning can be planned and started. When men submit whole-heartedly, the end can be preserved. Physical submission (through action) can be attained through forms of propriety. Mental submission can be attained through 'music'.
    64. 64. 3. Internal Stability And External Expansion. One who does not ensure internal stability but focus instead on external expansion, will labor without success. One who focus on internal stability instead of external expansion, will labor with ease and attain lasting results.
    65. 65. 4. Setting Example. One who indulge himself while instructing others is contrary to natural order . One who rectify himself and transforms others to accords is going the Way . Contrariness is summoning chaos, going the Way is the essence of order .
    66. 66. 5. Way, Virtue, Benevolence, Righteousness And Prioriety. Thus everyday our actions should be regulated by forms of propriety. Punishing brigands and taking revenge are decisions of righteousness. The compassionate heart is an expression of benevolence. To right oneself and gain the respect of others is the path of virtue. Ensuring that all people are equal and do not lose what they have gained, this is the work of the Way Han Dynasty Compass
    67. 67. 6. Benefits Of Getting The Capable. To gain Capables, the process is long. To gain the Incapable , the process is short. Thus the wise ruler would rather take the long process than the short process, so that he is able to complete his achievements, respect the Capable and have his subordinates give their best for him. Zhang Liang is the capable of Lui Bang, who helped him establish Han Dynasty.
    68. 68. 7. Treating Good And Evil. If you dismiss one good man, then all good people will lose heart. Reward an evil person and all evil person will be drawn to you. When the good are rewarded and the evil suffer punishment, the state will then be secure and all multitudes of good people will come.
    69. 69. 8. Creating Well-ordered Government. If those that oppose the ruler are honored, while the greedy and uncivilized are enriched, then even if there is a Sage ruler, he cannot realize a well - ordered government . If those that oppose the ruler are punished while the greedy and uncivilized are arrested, then good moral conduct will prevail in the society and myriad of evil will be eliminated .
    70. 70. 9. Sage’s Knowledge. The Sage perceive the sources of flourishing and decline, understand what causes success and defeat, have attained the crux of governing chaos and know the measure of going and and coming . Though in poverty, they would not hold a position in a doomed state . Though lowly, they will not be receive salary from turbulent state . They will go into reclusion, with ideas on good governance, and take official positions when the time comes . When they met rulers that have the same ambition and goals, they can establish extraordinary achievements . Since their achievements is lofty, their names will be praised in later generations . Lui Bang, Han Gaozu
    71. 71. 10. When To Use Army. The Sage King does not take pleasure in using the army . He mobilizes it to execute the violently perverse and punish the rebellious . The Sage King does not send troops hastily because war can seriously injure and damage many things . War is not a good thing and it is something the Heaven cannot accomodate . War should only be a last resort, and only then it accords with the Heaven . When king is in accord with Heaven, he is like fish in water . Otherwise he would be dead . Thus the king should constantly remember to be in accord with Heaven .
    72. 72. 11. Powerful Family. When prominent, powerful families gain control of governance, the ruler's awesomeness is weakened . When the power to decide life and death lies in the hands of the powerful families, the state is near its demise . If the powerful families submits to the ruler then the state can last long . If the power to decide life and death lies in the hand of ruler, the the state is secured . When people of all levels are poor, the state is impoverished . When people of all levels feels abundant, then the state will be propserous and happy .
    73. 73. 12. Capable And Depraved Officers. When the capable officers are brought to inside the government, depraved ones will be left out. When depraved officers are brought inside instead, capable officers will perished. When those that should be in are not in, those that should be outside are not outside, it is the start of disaster that can last through generations.
    74. 74. 13. Rulers and Officers. When the major ministers doubt the ruler, evil will accumulate and gather. If minister usurp the respect that should be due to the ruler, then there will be confusion in ranks. When the ruler occupies the position of of a minister, the ranks has losts its order.
    75. 75. 14. Treating The Capables. If one is to hurt the Capables, such actions can hurt the three generations. If someone does not use the Capables, he himself will suffer. If he is jealous of the Capables, his reputation can be tarnished. If someone promote or recommend the Capables, blessings will flow to his future generations. Thus the wise would seek out and advance the Capables and thereby making his name illustrious.
    76. 76. 15. Treating Populace. Profiting one person at the expenses of a hundred, the people will leave the city. Profiting one person at the expenses of ten thousands, the whole populace is thinking of leaving. Getting rid of one and profit a hundred, people will remember your munificience. Getting rid of one and profiting then thousand, the government will not be in chaos.
    77. 77. <ul><li>There are three points which should be mastered : </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate hard and soft approaches . This means a leader must be </li></ul><ul><li>both benevolent and awe - inspiring according to what is appropriate . This links to the second principle - </li></ul><ul><li>Act according to the actual circumstances. Avoid responses which are based on imagination, memory of the past, or habits acquired in other circumstances. You must rely only on observation and perception and be willing to modify plans at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Employ only the capable . This requires an accurate insight into others . </li></ul>Key Points Of The Three Strategies
    78. 78. Thank You Sompong Yusoontorn
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