Ancient China was started from Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period (2852 B.C.-2205 B.C.) leaded by Fuxi , Nuva , and Shennong as heavenly, earthly, and human sovereign, Yellow , Zhuanxu , Di Ku , Yao , Shun as five emperors. Fuxi,Heaven Nuwa,Earth Shennong, Human Yellow Zhuanxu Di Ku Yao Shun
Shun considered his son, Shangjun ( 商均 ) , as unworthy and picked Yu, the tamer of floods, as his heir . Later he became the founder of Xia Dynasty ( 2070 BC– 1600 BC ) named “ King Yu The Great of Xia.”
King Cheng Tang of Shang Dynasty (1723 BC-1046 BC) was the first ruling king of the Shang Dynasty . He overthrew Jie , the last ruler of the Xia Dynasty. He was the head of his tribe for more than 17 years, and during that time period, he employed wise men as civil officials and revamped his government.
The last ruler of Shang Dynasty was King Zhou (1075 BC- 1046 BC) Kin g Zhou t ook Daji as his concubine in 1047 and he implemented tyranny and resulted in corruptive politics, sufferings of common people, intra - aristocrat conflict, and turbulence of the whole society .
It is said that one artificial pond at the palace was kept filled with wine, and a nearby grove always had meat hanging from the trees . Together they were called the Wine Pond and Meat Forest ( Jiu Chi Rou Lin 酒池肉林 ) , and King Zhou used them to impress his guests with his enormous wealth and his ability to waste food and drink when ordinary people starved .
The story is told of his looking down from a tower of his palace one chilly morning and seeing a barefooted old man on the bank of the nearby river, hesitating to cross . The Concubine Da Ji suggested that the old man was afraid to cross because his legs would get cold . Well, perhaps his bones were not solid enough, so the king sent a soldier to summon the old man and had his legs cut off so he could look at the bones .
Ji Chang was the father of the founder of Zhou Dynasty (1099 B.C.-771 B.C.) or later became king Wen. He planned the conquest of the current dynasty in power, the Shang Dynasty, but he died at age of 96 years before he could accomplish this .
Jiang Taigong is a popular name for Jiang Ziya or Jiang Shang , statesman and strategist . As an adviser of King Wen of the Zhou State in ancient China, he, at the age of 80, helped the young King Wu overthrow the Shang Dynasty and establish the Zhou Dynasty .
Jiang was a senior official during the reign of King Zhou of the Shang Dynasty . Since the king was muddleheaded and atrocious, and the masses had no means to live, Jiang resigned and lived in seclusion on the shore of the Wei River .
One day Ji Chang went to hunt on the northern shore of the Wei River . Ji Chang felt curious so he stepped down from the chariot and walked to the old man, only to find the man's fishhook was not bent, impossible to get any fish . He found this was the right man he was in quest of, so he said, " Before he died, my grandfather had anticipated that Zhou would become prosperous when a sage came to us . Are you the sage? My grandfather had long expected your arrival? " He returned with Taigong, sharing his carriage with him, and treated him as his mentor .
" Fishing is like attracting talents, there are three authorities to consider . Authority to bestow salary , authority to decide life and death , authority to appoint offices . All who fish, will always wish to catch something . Its nature is deep and from it, much greater principles can be discerned from it ."
Taigong assisted Ji Chang . The Western Zhou became more flourishing , so the people of other states came over and pledged allegiance one after another . After Ji Chang passed away, his son Ji Fa ( Duke Wu ) succeeded to the throne . With Jiang Shang's assistance, Duke Wu met the sovereigns of the other states in Mengjin and then they together sent an army to crusade against Shang .
In 1046 BC, seeing that the Shang government was in a shambles, Duke Wu launched an attack along with many neighboring dukes . In the Battle of Muye , the King of Wu assisted by Jiang Taigong lead an army of 50,000 defeating the huge 700,000 men of Shang through long term strategic plan and tactical warfare,and later King Zhou of Shang set his palace on fire and burned himself to death .
The battle of Muye presented the fundamental strategic maxim of wisdom in patience as in the phrase that : “The enemy will present the opportunity and the circumstances that favor you”
After the downfall of the Shang Dynasty, Ji Fa or Duke Wu established the Zhou Dynasty known as King Wu Wang Of Zhou Dynasty in history, he honored his father with the posthumous title of King Wen Wang of Zhou . He died three years later in 1043 BC .
As the most notable Prime Minister employed by King Wen and King Wu, Jiang Ziya was declared “ the master of strategy ” -- resulting in the Zhou government growing far stronger than that of the Shang Dynasty as the years elapsed. Thus making him known well as the most famous Prime Minister of all in China.
Jiang Taigong was made the duke of the State of Qi , which thrived with effective communications between the king and the people . He also assisted in building the economic state of Zhou dynasty . After some time, Jiang Taigong retired from his post before King Wu became wary of him.
During his retirement, Jiang Taigong took time to write a manuscript on how to effectively lead an empire based on his conversations with King Wen and later King Wu . This manuscript was Tai Gong Liu Tao or “ Tai Gong's Six Secret Strategic Teachings” . It consisted of advice on how to organize a potential empire, military advice describing methods of insurrection and revolution that were instrumental in the overthrow of Shang dynastic rule, and a wide range of strategic insights and tactical instructions in every arena of human activity .
Six Secret Strategic Teachings was compiled into a single body of strategic work known as Wujing Qishu or also known as The Seven Martial Classics during the Sung dynasty. It was designated as an essential material for the imperial military examinations and thus came to disproportionately affect subsequent military thought s . Separately each of these seven classics complements each other in terms of strategic leadership.
If you want to start an uprising in your strategic setting, reading this book is a good start
7) Cavalry Warriors, 8) Battle Chariots, 9) Cavalry in Battle,
10) Infantry in Battle
1) The Civil Strategic Secret : The first chapter stresses the importance of recruiting talent, managing the organization, and valuing developing a proper relationship within your client and your own organization. Once the bond of absolute trust is established, they will do almost anything for you.
2) The Military Strategic Secret: The second chapter accentuates the importance of how to prevail over the opposition and how to build a territorial domain by the following actions : Cultivating yourself and organizing your own group in order to govern your external settings and pacify the world . The concept of " conquering without a single tactical battle " is also greatly emphasized .
3) The Dragon Strategic Secret: The emphasis is on how to lead wisely through various situations by understanding and development operational command, order, and liaison .
4) The Tiger Strategic Secret: The emphasis is on the tactical essentials, including matters related to proper group - maneuvering procedures for certain scenarios .
5) The Leopard Strategic Secret: This chapter focuses on the tactical specifics for finding the critical path toward completing the objective
6) The Dog Strategic Secret: This final chapter focuses on the tactical specifics of trapping the target ( i . e . , encircling and intercepting ). There are also good points on selecting and training the desired professionals and coordinating the personnel's and resources toward the target .
Quates of Jiang Taigong “ A Worthy Man Fishes for the World, a Mere Mortal Fishes for Fish and Prawns” ~Jiang Ziya~ “ The World is not the Private Property of the Ruler but the Common Property of All ” ~Jiang Ziya~
“ The enemy will present the opportunity and the circumstances that favor you” ~Jiang Ziya~ Quates of Jiang Taigong “ Only A Ruler Who Shares The Benefits With The People And Cares For Them Will Enjoys Their Allegiance And Support, Whereas The Ruler Who Harms The People And Enjoys Luxury And Pleasure Is The Presage To Destruction And Failure ." ~Jiang Ziya~