2. Those who have knowledge of dharma say that Truth
is the highest dharma.
When the coronation of Rama is announced, Kaikeyi asks for two of the boons from
Dasaratha. She wants Bharata to be installed as the King and Rama to be sent to the forest
for fourteen years. Dasaratha should keep his promise as otherwise he will be guilty of
3. To be happy always is something which is difficult to achieve. That
is to say, happiness and sorrow alternate in one’s life and there
cannot be uninterrupted happiness alone.
Rama’s words to Kaikeyi when he saw his father deep in sorrow and in
tears at the prospect of Rama going into the forest for 14 years.
4. Once Rama gives his word, that is final and it is kept
at any cost. There is no question of repetition of the
same a second time.
Rama’s words to Kaikeyi, “O Devi! Please tell me what the King wants
of me. I promise that I will carry out whatever is his wish.
5. One who is haughty, who does not know whether what he does
is right or wrong and who has taken to the wrong path is to be
disciplined even if he is guru, parent or an elder in age or learning.
These are words addressed to Rama by Lakshamana who is angry at the turn of
events with Rama preparing himself to live 14 years in the forests because of the
boon granted by Dasaratha to Kaikeyi.
6. Only the timid and the weak leave things to destiny but
the strong and the self-confident never bank on destiny
Rama said, ”Neither Kaikeyee nor his father was responsible for his
banishment to the forests. It was all the play of destiny
7. If a person is gifting away his elephant but his heart is set on
the rope used for tying the elephant, of what use is his attachment
to the rope when he is giving away the elephant itself.
Rama says that when he is abandoning the kingdom itself what royal paraphernalia to
him is. It is like giving away the elephant and setting one’s heart on the rope with
which the elephant is tied.
8. A Veena cannot exist without its strings. A chariot cannot
exist without its wheels. Without her husband a woman can
never live happily even though she has a hundred sons.
Sita’s response to Kausalya’s advice asking her to respect and obey Rama
in spite of his being deprived of the kingdom.
9. Grief destroys one’s courage. It destroys one’s learning. It
destroys one’s everything. There is no enemy greater than grief.
These are the words of Kausalya. She had spoken harsh words to Dasratha for
sending Rama to the forests.
10. Whatever is one’s food, the same food shall be offered
to one’s gods.
Rama hears the news of Dasaratha’s death from Bharata and says that one can
offer to the departed souls only what one is having for food i.e. fruits and roots
which are the only things available in the forest.
11. It is difficult for the children to repay the debt of what the
mother and the father have done to bring them up.
Rama’s words to Vasishtha who accompanies Bharata to the forests for
bringing back Rama to Ayodhya
12. Beauty may leave the moon, Himavaan may become bereft
of snow, the ocean may transgress its shores but I will never
violate the promise given by my father.
Rama’s words to Bharata when he requests him to return to Ayodhya
and rule the Kingdom.
13. Wealth springs from dharma, from dharma comes happiness
and one gets everything from dharma. Dharma is the essence
of this world.
Sita emphasizes the importance of ahimsa and other virtues and requests
Rama to be compassionate, kind and merciful.
14. A wise man should foresee tragedy or misfortune and take
action to prevent or overcome such tragedy or misfortune well
before it strikes. Thus only he can enjoy a safe and good life.
Rama therefore forewarns Lakshmana in these words and asks him to
take Sita to a safe place.
15. There is no greater sin than coveting another
This is Maaricha’s warning to Ravana who is bent on abducting Sita and
solicits the help of Maaricha in this misadventure.
16. One who is bent on courting his death will not take
kindly to sage counsel given by his well-wishers
Sita admonishes Ravana for his despicable act and says that he will not
hear good advice as he is bent on dying at the hands of Rama.
17. Enthusiasm has great strength. There is no greater strength
than enthusiasm. There is nothing which is not attainable in
this world for the enthusiastic.
Lakshmana emphasizes that Rama should come out of his grief and be
cheerful and enthusiastic about seeking out Sita’s whereabouts.
18. Whether in sorrow or in happiness a friend is
always a friend’s support.
Sugriva’s words to Rama after he narrates his sorrowful tale to Rama.
19. To err is human, there is none who has not erred
some time or other.
Sugriva apologizes to Lakshmana and says he had erred and he would
now send his men in search of Sita.
20. Not getting dejected or depressed, skill in doing one’s job
and not losing heart in the face of difficulties – these are
the qualities which enable one to achieve one’s goals.
These are the words of Angada, son of Sugriva, to his team members who
are on the mission of finding the whereabouts of Sita.
21. One should not let one’s mind to be overcome by melancholy.
Melancholy or moroseness is a very bad thing. It kills a
man just as an angered serpent kills a child.
These are the words of Angada to the Vanaras who were beginning to lose heart looking
at the vast expanse of the ocean which had to be crossed to reach Lanka where Sita was
kept in captivity.
22. Love and affection is possible only when a person is
being seen and is not out of sight in a far away place.
Soliloquies of Sita who is being threatened by the Rakshasis guarding her
to accept the advances of Ravana which Sita totally refuses to do.
23. The saying “If one continues to live, happiness and
bliss may come even after a gap of a hundred years”
seems to me an auspicious one.
Sita had earlier contemplated suicide but now she realizes that living was a good
thing because happiness will not elude one for ever.
24. To be compassionate, kind, merciful and humane
is a great virtue.
Sita’s message to Rama through Hanuman entreating Rama to show some mercy
on her and rescue her without further delay.
25. One who is angry does not distinguish between what can be
spoken and what is unspeakable. There is nothing which an
angry man cannot do meaning he can commit any crime.
There is nothing unspeakable for him. Fire cannot act on fire.
After burning down the palaces in Lanka, on further contemplation, Hanuman
realizes that a pativrata like Sita herself is like fire. How can fire act on fire?
26. The efforts of one who is unenthusiastic, weak and immersed
in sorrow cannot bring out any good and he comes to grief.
These are words of Sugriva to enthuse Rama and lift his spirits. Rama is worried
about how he and his army of vanaras will cross the ocean and reach Lanka to
fight with the Rakshasas and rescue Sita.
27. Wise men say that the root of victory is consultation
and discussion with learned and wise men.
These are words of Ravana to his ministers. Rattled by the destruction
and devastation committed by Hanuman in Lanka
28. I know the nature of one’s relatives. Relatives always rejoice
when their relatives are in trouble. Just like drops of water on
lotus leaves do not stick to the leaves, in the same way is the
friendship with people who lack character.
Vibheeshana had advised Ravana to return Sita to Rama with honour. Ravana is
not prepared to accept this sage advice. On the other hand he was terribly angry
with Vibhishana for suggesting such a course of action.
29. One’s innermost thoughts and emotions reflect on one’s physical
appearance which it is difficult to cover up however one may try to
do it. Such changes in one’s physical appearance forcefully expose
such innermost emotions and thoughts.
These are words of Hanuman to Rama who consults the vanara leaders about
accepting Vibheeshana who has come to join their side after parting company
30. The thundering of clouds which have spent all their water
does not produce any rain. But the really valiant do not
roar in vain; they show their valor in action also.
These are the words of Kumbhakarna addressed to Ravana. He sets out
to face Rama, Lakshmana and the entire army of vanaras, and vows to kill
Rama and thus once for all put an end to the troubles of Ravana
31. The one who abandons one’s own camp and joins the enemy’s
camp will be killed by the very men of his former camp after
the latter camp is completely destroyed by the former.
These are the words of Indrajit to Vibhishana when he encounters the
latter in the battle field.
32. One may have wives and relatives in every country but
one cannot have a brother like Lakshmana in every place.
Rama’s words of sorrow when Lakshmana becomes unconscious in the battle field
struck by the spear of Indrajit.
33. Those who always adhere to truth do not make false
promises. Keeping one’s promises is, surely, the mark
of one’s greatness.
Lakshamana was struck unconscious by a spear thrown at Rama by Ravana. Lakshmana
reminds him of Rama’s vow to kill Ravana who had abducted Sita. Lakshmana says that
the vow made by Rama should never become false.
34. Stealing the wealth of others, coveting another man’s wife
and doubting the integrity and character of friends - these
three lead to one’s destruction.
This is Vibheeshana’s reply to the taunts of Indrajit who encounters the
former in the battle field and rebukes Vibhishana for ditching Ravana.
35. The tears of virtuous women do not fall on the ground
in vain, meaning it will destroy those who caused them
such anguish of heart causing tears to be shed.
Mandodari, who mourns the death of Ravana, says Ravana met this fate because
of the tears shed by Sita who was apativrata and whom Ravana anguished by his
36. Anger is the enemy which takes one’s life. Anger is
enemy with the face of a friend. Anger is like a very
sharp sword. Anger destroys everything.
Thank You Very Much