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RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
RAMAYANA
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RAMAYANA

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RAMAYANA

RAMAYANA

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  • 1. Ramayana By Sompong Yusoontorn
  • 2. Those who have knowledge of dharma say that Truth is the highest dharma. When the coronation of Rama is announced, Kaikeyi asks for two of the boons from Dasaratha. She wants Bharata to be installed as the King and Rama to be sent to the forest for fourteen years. Dasaratha should keep his promise as otherwise he will be guilty of transgressing dharma.
  • 3. To be happy always is something which is difficult to achieve. That is to say, happiness and sorrow alternate in one’s life and there cannot be uninterrupted happiness alone. Rama’s words to Kaikeyi when he saw his father deep in sorrow and in tears at the prospect of Rama going into the forest for 14 years.
  • 4. Once Rama gives his word, that is final and it is kept at any cost. There is no question of repetition of the same a second time. Rama’s words to Kaikeyi, “O Devi! Please tell me what the King wants of me. I promise that I will carry out whatever is his wish.
  • 5. One who is haughty, who does not know whether what he does is right or wrong and who has taken to the wrong path is to be disciplined even if he is guru, parent or an elder in age or learning. These are words addressed to Rama by Lakshamana who is angry at the turn of events with Rama preparing himself to live 14 years in the forests because of the boon granted by Dasaratha to Kaikeyi.
  • 6. Only the timid and the weak leave things to destiny but the strong and the self-confident never bank on destiny or luck. Rama said, ”Neither Kaikeyee nor his father was responsible for his banishment to the forests. It was all the play of destiny
  • 7. If a person is gifting away his elephant but his heart is set on the rope used for tying the elephant, of what use is his attachment to the rope when he is giving away the elephant itself. Rama says that when he is abandoning the kingdom itself what royal paraphernalia to him is. It is like giving away the elephant and setting one’s heart on the rope with which the elephant is tied.
  • 8. A Veena cannot exist without its strings. A chariot cannot exist without its wheels. Without her husband a woman can never live happily even though she has a hundred sons. Sita’s response to Kausalya’s advice asking her to respect and obey Rama in spite of his being deprived of the kingdom.
  • 9. Grief destroys one’s courage. It destroys one’s learning. It destroys one’s everything. There is no enemy greater than grief. These are the words of Kausalya. She had spoken harsh words to Dasratha for sending Rama to the forests.
  • 10. Whatever is one’s food, the same food shall be offered to one’s gods. Rama hears the news of Dasaratha’s death from Bharata and says that one can offer to the departed souls only what one is having for food i.e. fruits and roots which are the only things available in the forest.
  • 11. It is difficult for the children to repay the debt of what the mother and the father have done to bring them up. Rama’s words to Vasishtha who accompanies Bharata to the forests for bringing back Rama to Ayodhya
  • 12. Beauty may leave the moon, Himavaan may become bereft of snow, the ocean may transgress its shores but I will never violate the promise given by my father. Rama’s words to Bharata when he requests him to return to Ayodhya and rule the Kingdom.
  • 13. Wealth springs from dharma, from dharma comes happiness and one gets everything from dharma. Dharma is the essence of this world. Sita emphasizes the importance of ahimsa and other virtues and requests Rama to be compassionate, kind and merciful.
  • 14. A wise man should foresee tragedy or misfortune and take action to prevent or overcome such tragedy or misfortune well before it strikes. Thus only he can enjoy a safe and good life. Rama therefore forewarns Lakshmana in these words and asks him to take Sita to a safe place.
  • 15. There is no greater sin than coveting another man’s wife. This is Maaricha’s warning to Ravana who is bent on abducting Sita and solicits the help of Maaricha in this misadventure.
  • 16. One who is bent on courting his death will not take kindly to sage counsel given by his well-wishers Sita admonishes Ravana for his despicable act and says that he will not hear good advice as he is bent on dying at the hands of Rama.
  • 17. Enthusiasm has great strength. There is no greater strength than enthusiasm. There is nothing which is not attainable in this world for the enthusiastic. Lakshmana emphasizes that Rama should come out of his grief and be cheerful and enthusiastic about seeking out Sita’s whereabouts.
  • 18. Whether in sorrow or in happiness a friend is always a friend’s support. Sugriva’s words to Rama after he narrates his sorrowful tale to Rama.
  • 19. To err is human, there is none who has not erred some time or other. Sugriva apologizes to Lakshmana and says he had erred and he would now send his men in search of Sita.
  • 20. Not getting dejected or depressed, skill in doing one’s job and not losing heart in the face of difficulties – these are the qualities which enable one to achieve one’s goals. These are the words of Angada, son of Sugriva, to his team members who are on the mission of finding the whereabouts of Sita.
  • 21. One should not let one’s mind to be overcome by melancholy. Melancholy or moroseness is a very bad thing. It kills a man just as an angered serpent kills a child. These are the words of Angada to the Vanaras who were beginning to lose heart looking at the vast expanse of the ocean which had to be crossed to reach Lanka where Sita was kept in captivity.
  • 22. Love and affection is possible only when a person is being seen and is not out of sight in a far away place. Soliloquies of Sita who is being threatened by the Rakshasis guarding her to accept the advances of Ravana which Sita totally refuses to do.
  • 23. The saying “If one continues to live, happiness and bliss may come even after a gap of a hundred years” seems to me an auspicious one. Sita had earlier contemplated suicide but now she realizes that living was a good thing because happiness will not elude one for ever.
  • 24. To be compassionate, kind, merciful and humane is a great virtue. Sita’s message to Rama through Hanuman entreating Rama to show some mercy on her and rescue her without further delay.
  • 25. One who is angry does not distinguish between what can be spoken and what is unspeakable. There is nothing which an angry man cannot do meaning he can commit any crime. There is nothing unspeakable for him. Fire cannot act on fire. After burning down the palaces in Lanka, on further contemplation, Hanuman realizes that a pativrata like Sita herself is like fire. How can fire act on fire?
  • 26. The efforts of one who is unenthusiastic, weak and immersed in sorrow cannot bring out any good and he comes to grief. These are words of Sugriva to enthuse Rama and lift his spirits. Rama is worried about how he and his army of vanaras will cross the ocean and reach Lanka to fight with the Rakshasas and rescue Sita.
  • 27. Wise men say that the root of victory is consultation and discussion with learned and wise men. These are words of Ravana to his ministers. Rattled by the destruction and devastation committed by Hanuman in Lanka
  • 28. I know the nature of one’s relatives. Relatives always rejoice when their relatives are in trouble. Just like drops of water on lotus leaves do not stick to the leaves, in the same way is the friendship with people who lack character. Vibheeshana had advised Ravana to return Sita to Rama with honour. Ravana is not prepared to accept this sage advice. On the other hand he was terribly angry with Vibhishana for suggesting such a course of action.
  • 29. One’s innermost thoughts and emotions reflect on one’s physical appearance which it is difficult to cover up however one may try to do it. Such changes in one’s physical appearance forcefully expose such innermost emotions and thoughts. These are words of Hanuman to Rama who consults the vanara leaders about accepting Vibheeshana who has come to join their side after parting company with Ravana.
  • 30. The thundering of clouds which have spent all their water does not produce any rain. But the really valiant do not roar in vain; they show their valor in action also. These are the words of Kumbhakarna addressed to Ravana. He sets out to face Rama, Lakshmana and the entire army of vanaras, and vows to kill Rama and thus once for all put an end to the troubles of Ravana
  • 31. The one who abandons one’s own camp and joins the enemy’s camp will be killed by the very men of his former camp after the latter camp is completely destroyed by the former. These are the words of Indrajit to Vibhishana when he encounters the latter in the battle field.
  • 32. One may have wives and relatives in every country but one cannot have a brother like Lakshmana in every place. Rama’s words of sorrow when Lakshmana becomes unconscious in the battle field struck by the spear of Indrajit.
  • 33. Those who always adhere to truth do not make false promises. Keeping one’s promises is, surely, the mark of one’s greatness. Lakshamana was struck unconscious by a spear thrown at Rama by Ravana. Lakshmana reminds him of Rama’s vow to kill Ravana who had abducted Sita. Lakshmana says that the vow made by Rama should never become false.
  • 34. Stealing the wealth of others, coveting another man’s wife and doubting the integrity and character of friends - these three lead to one’s destruction. This is Vibheeshana’s reply to the taunts of Indrajit who encounters the former in the battle field and rebukes Vibhishana for ditching Ravana.
  • 35. The tears of virtuous women do not fall on the ground in vain, meaning it will destroy those who caused them such anguish of heart causing tears to be shed. Mandodari, who mourns the death of Ravana, says Ravana met this fate because of the tears shed by Sita who was apativrata and whom Ravana anguished by his improper advances.
  • 36. Anger is the enemy which takes one’s life. Anger is enemy with the face of a friend. Anger is like a very sharp sword. Anger destroys everything. Thank You Very Much Sompong Yusoontorn

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