10 Life Lessons King Naresuan The Great Siam reached its greatest territorial extent and influence.
King Naresuan was a great warrior king. 400 years ago, there was the great king of Ayutthaya kingdom (Thai) who dared to change the destination of nation. At the age of nine, he had been taken as hostage to Burma for 6 years. He liberated Ayutthaya from Burma while he was the Crown Prince. He led the soldiers into battles to defend the country against Burmese invasions many times.
King Naresuan was the royal grandson of Queen Sri Suriyothai. King Naresuanwas born in April 25,1555 at Phisanulok and was the son of King Mahathammarachaand Queen PhraWisutKasattri of the Suwannaphum dynasty of Ayutthaya, who was a daughter of MahaChakkrapat and Queen Sri Suriyothai, who is famous for having given up her life in the defense of her husband in a battle during the Burmese-Siamese War of 1548.
King Naresuanwas taken hostage at 9 years old. In 1564 the tiny kingdom of Ayutthaya invaded by Hongsawadeeand the nine-year-old Prince Narethanded over as a hostage to the Hongsawadee king in order to ensure his conquered country’s continued fealty. The Hongsawadee king took a liking to this kid and had him trained in the arts of war, language, religion and politics.
Prince Naret, along with other captive princes from other kingdoms, were educated in martial arts and war strategy of Burmese and Portuguese style. He was later noted for his new tactics that enabled him to gain victory over the Burmese. Prince Naretthen found himself under competition with Bayinnuang's grandson (Nanda Bayin's son) Minchit Sra.
King Naresuanwas released to Ayutthaya at 16 years old. In 1569, the great Burmese king “Bayinnuang” was able to take Ayutthaya and installed MahaThammarachathirat as the King of Ayutthaya. After seven years of captivity, Prince Naretwas released to Ayutthaya in exchange for his sister Supankanlaya as Bayinnuang's concubine.
Reign as King of Ayutthaya at 1590 King Naresuan made his brother the White Prince the Uparaja with equal honor as Naresuan himself. Here are his 10 life lessons that we should learn :
Lesson 1 : Eager to learn since the childhood At the age of nine, he had been taken as hostage to Burma for 6 years. Prince Naret, along with other captive princes from other kingdoms, were educated in martial arts and war strategy of Burmese and Portuguese style. He was later noted for his new tactics that enabled him to gain victory over the Burmese.
Lesson 2 : Eager to win with clever strategy The young prince was sent to Pegu to represent his father in paying homage to King Nandabayin, who had succeeded Bayinnaung at the end of 1581. Legend has it that, Naresuan participated with his troops in a Burmese expedition against a Shan state and succeeded in taking a city after the Burmese crown prince and another prince had failed to do so.
Lesson 3 : Show people the brave heart Soon, relations between Pegu and Ayudhya worsened. In 1583, reports reached Naresuan that the Burmese were constructing a road toward Ayudhya. He killed LakWaiTammu, the Burmese general and marched back to Ayudhya. Naresuan now clearly was in defiance of the Burmese court.
Lesson 4 : Declare freedom to the homeland In 1583 King Naresuan was informed that the Burmese planned to ambush and kill him. Upon finding out, Naresuanexecuted the plotters and declared Ayutthaya free and sovereign from Hongsawadee.
Lesson 5 : Love family and country In 1590, Naresuan'sfather died and he became King Sanphet II. King Naresuan made his brother the White Prince the Uparaja with equal honor as Naresuan himself. This was because he didn’t have to worry about managing the country and had full time to fight with the enemies. He was capable of putting the right man to the right job.
Lesson 6 : Have willing to work hard King Naresuan sacrificed his life to work outside the grand palace and died at the north of Siam. If you’re not willing to work hard, you don’t even have a chance at success. This is only made possible through sheer hard work and determination. We should not be scared of heavy task, but rather take pleasure in accomplish task that seemed insurmountable.
Lesson 7 : Lead by example He led the soldiers into battles to defend the country against Burmese invasions many times. He is also widely known among the Thais nowadays for his heroic efforts. He led the assault of a Burmese camp by climbing the wooden stockade with the blunt side of a saber in his mouth.
Lesson 8 : Enforce strict discipline He took the offensive against Burma and also dealt with the Cambodians who made a series of raids. King Naresuan extended Ayutthaya's territory to include Lanna, Lanchang, Cambodia and some parts of Burma. He enforced strict discipline on his soldiers and the people. During his reign, Ayutthaya was a very secure and powerful state.
Lesson 9 : Expand connection Apart from being a great warrior, King Naresuan also played a significant role in foreign relations and trade. Realizing the importance of foreign trade, he sent envoys to China and Spain, and cultivated friendly relations with the Europeans.
Lesson 10 : Turn obstacles into opportunities During the battle, the elephants of Naresuan and Ekathotsarot went mad and ran into the midst of the Burmese. Naresuanthen urged Minchit Sra to fight with him. The personal battle between Naresuan and Minchit Sra was known as Yuttahadhi, the Elephant battle. After narrowly missing Naresuan and cutting his hat MinchitSra was slashed to death on the back of his elephant.
“My brother, why do you hide yourself in the canopy shadows? Let us fight the elephant battle for our own honors. No future kings will do what we are going to do.” King Naresuan said to Minchit Sra
King Naresuan deserved the honor of being "the Great". He not only restored the national independence but also made Siam such a powerful country that no enemy threatened the walls of Ayutthaya again for a period of one hundred seventy three years.