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10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong

10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong



10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong

10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong



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    10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong 10 Leadership Lessons From Emperor Tang Taizong Presentation Transcript

    • 10
      Emperor Tang Taizong
      The  lessons he learned evolving from the soldier the Great Emperor
    • Emperor Taizong, although to the manor born, won the throne through indomitable will, in those backwards times when he who would be king had to lead men into wars, rather than justify them. But not until becoming the Son of Heaven did he reveal himself a leader par excellence, ushering in China’s halcyon days known as the Tang Dynasty.
    • Taizong is considered the co-founder of Tang Dynasty, not only because he encouraged his father to uprise against Sui, but also he made the biggest contribution to the establishment and consolidation of the new dynasty. In 626 he murdered his two brothers, forced his father to abdicate, and put himself upon the throne. Here are his 10 timeless leadership lessons that we must learn :
    • Lesson 1 : A model of personality and great achievement
      Taizongis regarded as an emperor of vast charisma. He always kept good vision and judgment especially in his military life, open to diverse opinion and content with any criticism, and was transformational and pragmatic in administration, frugality in life. His influence was so charming that attract a cluster of subordinates of ability followed him.
    • Taizong is a genius militarist. His leadership in military consists of carefully scout (intend to do it by himself), firmly steering on strategy, persisting defense then looking for chance to attack, standing at frontier and always acting with his soldiers. Gradually famous general desperately came to and followed him for his leading style.
    • Lesson 2 : Use both transaction & transformation leadership style
      Posterior leaders study and emulate his leadership, and the most appreciations are his political reform and flexible foreign policy. In his early reign, because Tang was vulnerable, he tried to keep border safe in friendly posture. He reminded himself frequently 'the waters can both float and capsize a vessel (Zhuangzi).' So the political reforms were designed to ensure the ship of emperor sailed on calm waters.
    • Taizong realized the power held by people, unless the peasant classes were content, they could prove to be a very dangerous opposition under the leadership of anyone prepared to make a stand against the government. It the time that a suited policy and administrative change must make.
    • Lesson 3 : See man’ ability as an apple in his eye
      Taizongis well known that he had vast capacity for recognizing and respecting a man's ability, regardless of his background, and he saw persons with ability as national treasure. YuchiJingde, a former blacksmith, became one of his ministers. Also, Qinqiong, a minor official, was appointed as a minister. Also, Weizheng, though he was a former member of his brother’s retinue.
    • Whatever historic or contemporary leadership, leader just leads his subordinates rather than lead every one. A successful leader must be the one who can distinguish man’s generalship and appoint him.
    • Lesson 4: To form right vision and judgment. 
      He often reminded himself: “ reflection of mirror correct your dressing, reflection of history tell you boom-and-bust, reflection of criticism correct your mistake.” He would like to learn lessons from precedent.  He not only listened to the opinions of others , but also seekedand acted upon good advice.
    • To seek the opinion of others before making a decision, had contribute a lot to his leadership, as well as others such as his diversity, power control and democracy. By this way his minister would never fear to provide their wisely proposals. 
    • Lesson 5 : Excise power properly.
      Separate and disaggregate power. “Subordinates granted too much power can develop into
      insurmountable problems for the throne…subordinates granted too little power will not be strong
      enough to protect the throne…neutralizing the power of subordinates so that none of them gets
      to be too strong or too weak is indeed the key to securing one’s throne”.
    • According to Taizong, make greater transparency to the government, minimize the size of officials, and maximize the efficiency are important, as well as eliminate greedy and corruption of officials.
    • Lesson 6 : Foster credit.
      He is the only emperor whose personal power is stronger than coercive power. Beside his wisdom and vision, his credit may be the key factor. His credit had paid off. It recorded that once he left 390 capital sentenced prisoner went home to serve their fathers for one year, and expected them will come back to accept death penalty. And next year, they really had come back.
    • “If the emperor indulges himself in magnificent dwelling, precious jewelry, or fine clothes, taxes will have to be increased, leading the people to flee the country to be impoverished…the dynasty is overthrown before the emperor has satisfied his wishes”.
    • Lesson 7 : Diversity contributes.
      Because he was a man colored and versatile, he knew how to respect diversity. Foreign trade, vitality and openness to new ideas, and religious tolerance marked his reign. Silk Road was inaugurated. In terms of culture, his reign was an era of literature, the brilliance of poetry during the period attests to an unparalleled and glorious flowering of creativity.
    • Lesson 8 : Inspire Others to Find Their Voice
      How would you treat the talented people around you? Somehow Taizong saw through the paradox, rising above jealousy and suspicion. He was helped by his best warrior Chang He, his best administrator Ma Zhou, and his old enemies Wei Zheng! Had his successors half the capacity for empowering their teams, the Tang Dynasty may well have lasted another thousand years.
    • The inimitable Stephen Covey says it best “ Leadership is communicating to people their worth and value so clearly that they come to see it in themselves.” Recognizing that his enemy Wei Zhenghad a leader’s dream, a fearless no-man, Taizong promoted him to grand consultant, an honor Wei repaid by serving loyally and tirelessly for the rest of his life.
    • Lesson 9 : Managers Cope with Complexity; Leaders Cope with Change
      Taizonghad a vision for China that transcended smug wool-gathering, or paranoid protectionism. By inspiring his managers with integrity, faith, and return to Confucian standards, Taizong launched a period of unparalleled economic growth. Such growth went hand in glove with a blossoming culture, promoting peace as a far more prosperous alternative to war.
    • He saw his capital Chang’an grow into arguably China’s first international city. Arab and Persian traders thronged its markets. Intellectuals from across the old world gathered in Chang’an to profess astronomy, mathematics, medicine, literature, and art.
    • Lesson 10 : Guns, Not Butter
      Taizong was the first Chinese Emperor to spurn the mandate for ostentatious displays of wealth.
      When he in turn at last lay dying, Taizong’s final words were, “Don’t build a mausoleum. Just let my tomb lie against a hill, and put some wood in it.” For a Son of Heaven, to stint on final arrangements was akin to sacrilege, yet his attendants obeyed.
    • Riddled with rashes and achy joints from his humid quarters, he would not hear of building a grand new palace. Nor would there be lavish hunting parties, sumptuous Buddhist inaugurations, or other frivolities seen by all else as the just fruits of celestial favor. He would have the kingdom’s resources deployed first for its subjects.
    • Emperor Taizong ruled for twenty-three years and brought about the most prominent era of peace and prosperity in China's feudal society. For this, he is considered to be one of the most outstanding figures among China's feudal emperors. Under the management of Tang Taizong, the Tang Empire emerged as the most powerful feudal empire in the world.
    • Thank You Very Much
      Sompong Yusoontorn