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Ricker Spatial Knowledge and Information Canada

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Award Winning Presentation, Spatial Knowledge and Information Canada in Fernie, British Columbia March 2011. Sponsored by GEOIDE.

Award Winning Presentation, Spatial Knowledge and Information Canada in Fernie, British Columbia March 2011. Sponsored by GEOIDE.

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  • The Overview: Why am I writing this? Why are you listening? Define pervasive and ubiquitous computing -ubiquitous computing-putting powerful tools in peoples hands. Ability to add and access information on the fly. The Problem: Why is it an issue? Apps are being produced like clock work. The only measure of success is the number of downloads. Need to test the effect on spatial and environmental learning What can we learn from these popular apps? What could be added to facilitate learning? Define and situate these key terms Provide some examples from the literature and from real life Talk about future research
  • The Overview: Why am I writing this? Why are you listening? Define pervasive and ubiquitous computing -ubiquitous computing-putting powerful tools in peoples hands. Ability to add and access information on the fly. The Problem: Why is it an issue? Apps are being produced like clock work. The only measure of success is the number of downloads. Need to test the effect on spatial and environmental learning What can we learn from these popular apps? What could be added to facilitate learning? Define and situate these key terms Provide some examples from the literature and from real life Talk about future research
  • “ VGI applications are those in which people, either individually or collectively, voluntarily collect , organize and/or disseminate geographic information and data in such a manner that the information can be used by many others” (Tulloch, 2008: 161). 6/10 aware of LBS and 4/10 use them at least once a week
  • I am interested in this synergistic relationship as it relates to learning about place and understand this unique places relationship with other places. The Gap: Why is this insufficient? LBS and VGI are increasingly being used together Need to identify potential benefits and drawbacks of using them together future research directions using these methods together These are relatively new mediums of participation The combinations of LBS and VGI are happening ‘organically’ but researchers have done little to find out how these two combine and what are the results of this combination
  • Have LBS and VGI become more than their early definitions?
  • Here we categorize different types of LBS and VGI to better understand the complexities involved. Point out here that the passive or automated is regarded as threatening to critical GIScience however it maybe considered most accurate and potentially valuable to GIScientists concerned with accuracy of VGI
  • Here we categorize different types of LBS and VGI to better understand the complexities involved. Point out here that the passive or automated is regarded as threatening to critical GIScience however it maybe considered most accurate and potentially valuable to GIScientists concerned with accuracy of VGI
  • How/is (mobile) interface technology influencing environmental perception and geographic learning?
  • How/is (mobile) interface technology influencing environmental perception and geographic learning?
  • Its not just about the device or the interface its about what it facilitates. They are designed to be used to access information or volunteer it dictates the network of individuals document or report a citizen sensed sample of environmental conditions. Does that collective network of information represent a distributed/collective mental model of environmental conditions like like we have started to see with businesses. Its not your own information you are leveraging it is the entire network. Hive mentality? Something about negotiated environmental topology (nick hedley original) NET! The result. Negotiated between sensors, representation of reality by those automated sensors, Everything is negotiated- sensors, changing information access economy and this needs to change the way we think about geomatics and accessing geomatics!!
  • dire
  • dire
  • dire
  • Its not just about the device or the interface its about what it facilitates. They are designed to be used to access information or volunteer it dictates the network of individuals document or report a citizen sensed sample of environmental conditions. Does that collective network of information represent a distributed/collective mental model of environmental conditions like like we have started to see with businesses. Its not your own information you are leveraging it is the entire network. Hive mentality? Something about negotiated environmental topology (nick hedley original) NET! The result. Negotiated between sensors, representation of reality by those automated sensors, Everything is negotiated- sensors, changing information access economy and this needs to change the way we think about geomatics and accessing geomatics!!
  • I am interested in this synergistic relationship as it relates to learning about place and understand this unique places relationship with other places. The Gap: Why is this insufficient? LBS and VGI are increasingly being used together Need to identify potential benefits and drawbacks of using them together future research directions using these methods together These are relatively new mediums of participation The combinations of LBS and VGI are happening ‘organically’ but researchers have done little to find out how these two combine and what are the results of this combination
  • Here we categorize different types of LBS and VGI to better understand the complexities involved. Point out here that the passive or automated is regarded as threatening to critical GIScience however it maybe considered most accurate and potentially valuable to GIScientists concerned with accuracy of VGI
  • See Gartner book Way too many spatial cognition papers to talk about here
  • We are investigating these forms of LBS and VGI using a MAR interface. Here we categorize different types of LBS and VGI to better understand the complexities involved. Point out here that the passive or automated is regarded as threatening to critical GIScience however it maybe considered most accurate and potentially valuable to GIScientists concerned with accuracy of VGI
  • First we need to distinguish between each of these terms. Unlike fixed cartographic representations of space, cognitive maps are developed in a piecemeal fashion over time (Davies et al., 2010; Montello, 1992).

Transcript

  • 1. Digital Globes Gone Mobile: Potential Implications for Environmental Learning Britta Ricker Peters Nick Hedley SPATIAL INTERFACE RESEARCH LAB SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY CANADA
  • 2. Ubiquitous Computing
    • Extent of social adoption of Location-based Services (LBS), Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and digital globes has been unprecedented
    • This phenomenon is rapidly being adopted, therefore we aim to study and test apps to
    Facilitate Learning! 
  • 3. Ubiquitous Computing Facilitate Learning! 
  • 4. Key Terms
    • Digital Globes
    • Location-based Services (LBS)
    • Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI)
    • Mobile Mapping and the Geoweb
    • Spatial Cognition/Mental Maps
    
  • 5. Synergistic Relationship 
  • 6. Key Topics in VGI Literature    Topic Author/year Motivation Tulloch, 2008; Goodchild, 2007; Haklay and Singleton, 2008; Crampton, 2009; Rouse et al. 2007 Spatial Data Infrastructure Goodchild, 2007; Budhathok, et al. 2008 Critical GIS and Feminist theory Elwood, 2008 a, b; Sieber, 2007 Credibility, quality, validity Flanigan & Metzger, 2008; Sieber, 2007; The Process Corbett and Rambaldi, 2007 Specific Applications Tulloch, 2008; Miller, 2007; Gouveia & Foreca, 2008 
  • 7.    Classifications of LBS Dynamic Static Type LBS Real time updated location-based information provided to the user. Static location-based information is provided. The information does not change in real time based on events. Example Bus real-time location from GPS signal on bus, New sales or promotions, current temperature Bus schedule, Restaurant Menu, weather averages for that location 
  • 8.    Classifications of VGI Active/Manual Passive/Automated Type of VGI Real time information (qualitative or quantitative) provided by the user actively and consciously. The volunteer’s device is contributing the geographic information running in the background using the tools associated with the device (ex. GPS, Accelerometer), possibly unknowingly by the user Example Live Twitter, Checking-in via Yelp, Facebook, Foursquare, business review GPS tracking of an individual, geotagged photos 
  • 9. I wonder where a good café could be? 
  • 10. LBS Interface: Map View 
  • 11. LBS Interface: List View 
  • 12. LBS Interface: Mobile Augmented Reality 
  • 13. LBS Interface: User Reviews  Nick C. Renee S. Scott B.
  • 14. LBS Interface: Directions to business 
  • 15. VGI Interface: Check-in, or Add Information 
  • 16. VGI Interface: Check-in, or Add Information “ Ubiquitous electronics rarely contribute to our sense of group identity or resonate with us like a physical place” (Burke, 2008). 
  • 17.
    • Not about the technology itself but what it facilitates…
    • Negotiation between
    • Individuals
    • Automated Sensors
    • User networks (applications)
    • Geocoders
    The Geoweb is turning into a Negotiated Environmental Topology (NET) 
  • 18. LBS mediated experiences Perhaps LBS mediate spatial experiences resulting in a limited mental map of the world 
  • 19.    Mobile Mapping: Good and Bad Good Bad
    • Students are excited to use mobile computers.
    • Ability to access and disseminate large amounts and diverse data.
    • Exposing large populations to ideas related to GIScience! (Crampton, 2009; Haklay & Singleton, 2009 ; Goodchild, 2007; Lake & Farley, 2007; Turner, 2006).
    • Fragmented attention (Spence and Feng, 2010; Montello and Freundschuh, 2005; Willis et al., 2009).
    • Passive interaction
    • Poor memory for distance
    • Disconnect between LBS and real environment (Willis et al., 2009).
    
  • 20.
    • Willis et al.; 2009 Offers following suggestions for mobile mapping application design
      • Design a pre-task
      • Self report to encourage active engagement
      • Short tasks that can be reviewed later
      • Cue-match from LBS to real world
    There is hope! 
  • 21.    Do different forms of LBS or VGI support different forms of environmental learning? Dynamic Static LBS VGI Active Passive 
  • 22.  Synergistic Relationship 
  • 23. Exploring our protected watershed and discovering connections 
  • 24. Mobile Serious Gaming 
  • 25. Identify appropriate methods and interfaces to facilitate environmental learning with mobile computing devices while maintaining engagement with the natural environment. 
  • 26. Thank you! Questions or Comments?
    • [email_address]
    • Acknowledgements
       SPATIAL INTERFACE RESEARCH LAB SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY CANADA 