The Middle Colonies
The Middle Colonies
New york and New Jersey
• By 1660 there were northern and
southern English colonies in
North America. ...
The Middle Colonies
New york and New Jersey

• The trading posts belonging to the Dutch West India Company along the
Hudso...
The Middle Colonies
New york and New Jersey
• Because of New Netherland’s valuable seaport and river
trade, England wanted...
The Middle Colonies
New york and New Jersey
• The Duke of New York gave the southern part of the colony to
Lord John Berke...
The Middle Colonies
Pennsylvania and Delaware
• In 1680 William Penn accepted land in
America to pay off a debt King Charl...
The Middle Colonies
Pennsylvania and Delaware
• William Penn designed and supervised
the building of the city of
Philadelp...
The Middle Colonies
Pennsylvania and Delaware
• The lower counties of the Pennsylvania colony
formed their own government ...
The Middle Colonies
• The Middle Colonies
were made up of:
Delaware
New Jersey
New York
Pennsylvania
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Unit 4 pp3

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Unit 4 pp3

  1. 1. The Middle Colonies
  2. 2. The Middle Colonies New york and New Jersey • By 1660 there were northern and southern English colonies in North America. The Dutch controlled the land between the English colonies.
  3. 3. The Middle Colonies New york and New Jersey • The trading posts belonging to the Dutch West India Company along the Hudson River grew into the colony of New Netherland. The largest settlement, New Amsterdam (later called New York City), became a major seaport for shipping goods to and from the Americas. • Anyone who brought along at least 50 settlers to work the land was given a large estate along the Hudson River. These wealth landowners were called patroons. They had their own courts and laws. Settlers provided the labor and gave a share of their crops to the patroon. Families from the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, and Finland settled in New Netherland.
  4. 4. The Middle Colonies New york and New Jersey • Because of New Netherland’s valuable seaport and river trade, England wanted the land. England sent a fleet of ships to attack New Amsterdam. Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch governor, was unprepared and surrendered. The colony became a colony owned and governed by the Duke of York, brother of King Charles II. The Duke of York renamed New Amsterdam to New York. The colonists were allowed to continue to choose their own religion and to own land.
  5. 5. The Middle Colonies New york and New Jersey • The Duke of New York gave the southern part of the colony to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret around 1664. They established the proprietary colony of New Jersey. A proprietary colony is one in which the owner, or proprietor, held all the land and controlled the government. When it did not make expected profits, New Jersey was sold. New Jersey turned back into a royal colony instead of a charter colony. • It was named after an island near to England.
  6. 6. The Middle Colonies Pennsylvania and Delaware • In 1680 William Penn accepted land in America to pay off a debt King Charles owed his father. This land, the new colony of Pennsylvania, was the size of England. Penn belonged to a group of Protestant dissenters called Quakers. The Quakers were pacifists, people who refused to use force or go to war. The were also tolerant of other peoples views. • Quakers believed: (a) each person could experience religious truth directly, (b) church services and officials were unnecessary, and (c) everyone was equal in God’s eyes;
  7. 7. The Middle Colonies Pennsylvania and Delaware • William Penn designed and supervised the building of the city of Philadelphia, which is called the “city of brotherly love.” He also wrote the city’s constitution. The Native Americans respected William Penn because he believed the land belonged to them and that they should be paid for it. Penn advertised the settlement. English, Welsh, Irish, Dutch and German settlers arrived.
  8. 8. The Middle Colonies Pennsylvania and Delaware • The lower counties of the Pennsylvania colony formed their own government and operated a second colony supervised by the governor of Pennsylvania. The lower counties were called Delaware.
  9. 9. The Middle Colonies • The Middle Colonies were made up of: Delaware New Jersey New York Pennsylvania

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