Apologetics Lesson 2: Truth
What Is The Best Flavor Of Ice Cream?
[[Moose Tracks Image]]
Subjective Truth
True because of how a person feels
Subjective Truth
❖ About the person making the claim - the subject.!
❖ Expresses something only true for that person.!
❖ E...
Relativism
The view that all truth claims are relative to the person
Objective Truth
Truth grounded in an object
Objective Truth
❖ Corresponds With Reality!
❖ Matches Its Object!
❖ Not about feeling/preferences
Objective Truth
True for all people, in all places,
at all times to whom the claim
applies.
Objective Examples
❖ Gravity pulls objects together.!
❖ I am male.!
❖ Barack Obama is the President of the USA.
Objective Vs. Subjective
❖ Either True or False.
❖ Can be wrong.
❖ About things.
❖ True for everyone.
Objective Truth Subj...
Objective Categories
❖ Historical Events!
❖ Math & Empirical Sciences!
!
❖ Ethics and Morals!
❖ Religions
“Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective”
❖ Atheism/Materialism says that only material things exist.!
❖ Therefore, Morality d...
“Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective”
❖ No Responsibility! !
❖ Rom 1 says that people “exchange the truth of God for a
lie...
“Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective”
❖ “Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”!
❖ This is an example...
Christianity Isn’t Based On A Preference
It Is Based On Historical Fact

Either Jesus Lived A Perfect Live, Was
Crucified, And Resurrected

Or He Wasn’t.
Common Claims
❖ “There is no truth.”!
❖ “You can’t know truth.”!
❖ “You shouldn’t judge.”!
❖ “All truth is relative.”!
❖ “...
The Law of Non-Contradiction
The Law of Non-Contradiction
A thing cannot be what it is, and
what it is not, at the same time
and in the same way.
There is no Truth.
Is that True?
Claim:Claim:
Response:
If There’s No Truth, Then No Book
Written By An Atheist Can Be True Either!
You can’t know truth.
How do you know that?
Claim:
Response:
You shouldn’t judge.
That seems like a judgement.
Claim:
Response:
All truth is relative.
That’s not true for me...
Claim:
Response:
Only science can give us truth.
Is that a scientific truth?
OR
What lab experiment was done
to conclude that?
Claim:
Respon...
You shouldn’t force your morality on
people.
Is that your moral view? [Yes] Then,
why are you forcing it on me?
Claim:
Res...
Faith Vs. Reason
Faith Vs. Reason
❖ Atheists claim that their views are scientific, unbiased, and
rational.!
❖ They claim that religious vie...
Faith Vs. Reason
❖ The naturalist’s basic assumption is that there is no God.!
❖ That is not a scientific assumption.!
❖ Th...
Faith Vs. Reason
❖ “We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity
of some of its constructs, in spite of it...
Faith Vs. Reason
❖ “Evolution is promoted by its practitioners as more than
mere science. Evolution is promulgated as an i...
Faith Vs. Reason
Faith Vs. Reason
Faith Reason&
Faith
Faith
❖ Biblical Usage:!
❖ Trust, exhibited after becoming convinced by evidence.!
❖ Believing because of, not in spite of...
Faith
❖ Instead of the word, “Faith”, use:!
❖ “Trust”!
❖ “Conviction”!
❖ “Active trust in what you have good reason to bel...
Faith
❖ Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are
forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Stand up, take your stretcher, and...
Faith
❖ [Pete makes a case, then:] “...Therefore let all the house of
Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Je...
Faith
❖ Now when they heard this, they were acutely distressed
and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles,“What should...
Faith & Reason
❖ Reason: Jesus died on the cross.!
❖ Faith: Jesus’ death provides for forgiveness of sin.
Blind Faith
❖ Some say that the more we know, the less we will have to
take on faith...!
❖ Hopefully we find the bones of J...
How Do We Determine If Something Is
True?
Three Tests
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Reason!
❖ The Test Of Experience!
❖ The Test Of Practice
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Reason:!
❖ The Law Of Non-contradiction!
❖ Examples:!
❖ “The skeptic sa...
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Experience:!
❖ Does The Explanation Match The Facts Of Our
Observation?...
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Experience:!
❖ Cautions:!
❖ “God told me____”!
❖ Don’t reply on experie...
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Experience:!
❖ Experience and observation can be helpful in pointing to...
How Do We know if Something is True?
❖ The Test Of Practice:!
❖ Does It Work?!
❖ Or, Do You Have To Borrow From Other Worl...
Why Should We Understand Truth?
For The Sake Of The Gospel!
When your philosophical system does not have
God as its foundation, it will fail to explain reality.
Apologetics 2 - Truth
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Apologetics 2 - Truth

  1. 1. Apologetics Lesson 2: Truth
  2. 2. What Is The Best Flavor Of Ice Cream?
  3. 3. [[Moose Tracks Image]]
  4. 4. Subjective Truth True because of how a person feels
  5. 5. Subjective Truth ❖ About the person making the claim - the subject.! ❖ Expresses something only true for that person.! ❖ Each individual decides right and wrong.
  6. 6. Relativism The view that all truth claims are relative to the person
  7. 7. Objective Truth Truth grounded in an object
  8. 8. Objective Truth ❖ Corresponds With Reality! ❖ Matches Its Object! ❖ Not about feeling/preferences
  9. 9. Objective Truth True for all people, in all places, at all times to whom the claim applies.
  10. 10. Objective Examples ❖ Gravity pulls objects together.! ❖ I am male.! ❖ Barack Obama is the President of the USA.
  11. 11. Objective Vs. Subjective ❖ Either True or False. ❖ Can be wrong. ❖ About things. ❖ True for everyone. Objective Truth Subjective Truth ❖ Neither True or False. ❖ Can’t be wrong. ❖ About feelings. ❖ True for me.
  12. 12. Objective Categories ❖ Historical Events! ❖ Math & Empirical Sciences! ! ❖ Ethics and Morals! ❖ Religions
  13. 13. “Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective” ❖ Atheism/Materialism says that only material things exist.! ❖ Therefore, Morality doesn’t really exist! ❖ It’s something we make up.
  14. 14. “Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective” ❖ No Responsibility! ! ❖ Rom 1 says that people “exchange the truth of God for a lie”. ! ❖ People want to live how that want to live, without an absolute authority.
  15. 15. “Moral/Ethical Claims Are Subjective” ❖ “Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”! ❖ This is an example of the “Self-Refuting Idea”! ❖ It applies to itself, & contradicts itself, so it must be false.! ❖ Reply: “What if that isn’t true for me?”
  16. 16. Christianity Isn’t Based On A Preference It Is Based On Historical Fact

  17. 17. Either Jesus Lived A Perfect Live, Was Crucified, And Resurrected
 Or He Wasn’t.
  18. 18. Common Claims ❖ “There is no truth.”! ❖ “You can’t know truth.”! ❖ “You shouldn’t judge.”! ❖ “All truth is relative.”! ❖ “Only science can give us truth.”! ❖ ”You shouldn’t force your morality on people.”
  19. 19. The Law of Non-Contradiction
  20. 20. The Law of Non-Contradiction A thing cannot be what it is, and what it is not, at the same time and in the same way.
  21. 21. There is no Truth. Is that True? Claim:Claim: Response:
  22. 22. If There’s No Truth, Then No Book Written By An Atheist Can Be True Either!
  23. 23. You can’t know truth. How do you know that? Claim: Response:
  24. 24. You shouldn’t judge. That seems like a judgement. Claim: Response:
  25. 25. All truth is relative. That’s not true for me... Claim: Response:
  26. 26. Only science can give us truth. Is that a scientific truth? OR What lab experiment was done to conclude that? Claim: Response:
  27. 27. You shouldn’t force your morality on people. Is that your moral view? [Yes] Then, why are you forcing it on me? Claim: Response:
  28. 28. Faith Vs. Reason
  29. 29. Faith Vs. Reason ❖ Atheists claim that their views are scientific, unbiased, and rational.! ❖ They claim that religious views are prejudiced and based on blind faith.
  30. 30. Faith Vs. Reason ❖ The naturalist’s basic assumption is that there is no God.! ❖ That is not a scientific assumption.! ❖ That is a religious assumption.
  31. 31. Faith Vs. Reason ❖ “We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of its failure to fulfill many of its extravagant promises of health and life, in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a prior commitment, a commitment to materialism.” 
 - Richard Lewontin
 American evolutionary biologist
  32. 32. Faith Vs. Reason ❖ “Evolution is promoted by its practitioners as more than mere science. Evolution is promulgated as an ideology, a secular religion--a full-fledged alternative to Christianity, with meaning and morality. I am an ardent evolutionist and an ex-Christian, but I must admit in this one complaint. . . the literalists [i.e., creationists] are absolutely right. Evolution is a religion.” - Michael Ruse
 
 Professor of history and philosophy and author of many books on Darwin.
  33. 33. Faith Vs. Reason
  34. 34. Faith Vs. Reason
  35. 35. Faith Reason&
  36. 36. Faith
  37. 37. Faith ❖ Biblical Usage:! ❖ Trust, exhibited after becoming convinced by evidence.! ❖ Believing because of, not in spite of.! ❖ Faith & facts are both necessary.
  38. 38. Faith ❖ Instead of the word, “Faith”, use:! ❖ “Trust”! ❖ “Conviction”! ❖ “Active trust in what you have good reason to believe is true.” - Greg Koukl
  39. 39. Faith ❖ Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Stand up, take your stretcher, and walk’? But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,” – he said to the paralytic – “I tell you, stand up, take your stretcher, and go home.”
 - Mark 2:9-11 (NET)
  40. 40. Faith ❖ [Pete makes a case, then:] “...Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ…
  41. 41. Faith ❖ Now when they heard this, they were acutely distressed and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles,“What should we do, brothers?” Peter said to them, “Repent, and each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” - Acts 2:36-38 (NET)! ❖ "Repent", Used 32 times in the NT!
  42. 42. Faith & Reason ❖ Reason: Jesus died on the cross.! ❖ Faith: Jesus’ death provides for forgiveness of sin.
  43. 43. Blind Faith ❖ Some say that the more we know, the less we will have to take on faith...! ❖ Hopefully we find the bones of Jesus!
  44. 44. How Do We Determine If Something Is True? Three Tests
  45. 45. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Reason! ❖ The Test Of Experience! ❖ The Test Of Practice
  46. 46. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Reason:! ❖ The Law Of Non-contradiction! ❖ Examples:! ❖ “The skeptic says that it is impossible to know anything.” A thing cannot be what it is, and what it is not, at the same time and in the same way.
  47. 47. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Experience:! ❖ Does The Explanation Match The Facts Of Our Observation?! ❖ Examples:! ❖ There aren’t many Flat Earth Society members left...! ❖ Christian Science.
  48. 48. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Experience:! ❖ Cautions:! ❖ “God told me____”! ❖ Don’t reply on experience when presenting the gospel.! ❖ Experience can help you know, but not show.
  49. 49. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Experience:! ❖ Experience and observation can be helpful in pointing to an absolute, but we should not base beliefs solely on it.
  50. 50. How Do We know if Something is True? ❖ The Test Of Practice:! ❖ Does It Work?! ❖ Or, Do You Have To Borrow From Other World Views?! ❖ Examples:! ❖ How should a person from each world view react to having their iPhone stolen?
  51. 51. Why Should We Understand Truth?
  52. 52. For The Sake Of The Gospel!
  53. 53. When your philosophical system does not have God as its foundation, it will fail to explain reality.

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