Fine Arts: Assignment 10 Symbols and Signs noticed in religious art of Middle Ages and Christian themes in art.
Symbolism <ul><li>A symbol is something that represents something else, either by association or by resemblance. It can be a material object or a written sign used to represent something invisible. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious symbolism is the use of text, images, procedures, or actual physical objects to represent an idea or belief. The most common example is the use of objects to symbolize the faith itself, as in the use of a cross to represent Christianity, or the Star of David to represent Judaism </li></ul>
Jerusalem Cross <ul><li>This cross represents Christ's command to spread the Gospel around the world, a mission that started in Jerusalem. It was part of the coat of arms of the short-lived Jerusalem Kingdom (1099-1203 A.D.). </li></ul>
Christian Cross <ul><li>The Christian cross is the best-known religious symbol of Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the cross is associated with the gibbet on which Jesus was executed, the article will consider the probable form of that gibbet, as well as cross symbols used before Christianity, the shapes of Christian depictions of the cross, and the metaphorical use of the word "cross". </li></ul>
Christian Symbolism <ul><li>There are many more symbols used in religion. For example, in Christianity the sacraments (holy communion, baptism, ordination and marriage) are symbols of spiritual change in the participants. </li></ul><ul><li>In communion, the bread and wine are symbolic of the body and shed blood of Jesus, which are themselves also symbolic of the salvation of the recipient. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Christian symbols include the dove (symbolic of the Holy Spirit), and the sacrificial lamb (symbolic of Christ's sacrifice). </li></ul>