Retire rich retire young


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Retire rich retire young

  1. 1. Retire Rich Retire Young…<br />- An effort to make your money work harder…<br />Presented by:-<br />Vishal Thakkar<br /> M.Com, CA, MBA(fin)<br />Managing Director<br />Brianna Knowledge Resources Pvt. Ltd.<br />
  2. 2. Time & Money<br /><ul><li>Let’s begin with a story! There was a village with a drought. The Chief of the village found the two smartest men he could find and gave them each Rs.10,000. Their mission…..bring water to the people.
  3. 3. The 1st man was a hard worker and started a business.
  4. 4. The 2nd man was an investor and built a pipeline.</li></li></ul><li>And the winner is……<br /><ul><li>Not only did the second man win the contest, but he found a way to have water (money) come in even when he wasn’t working.
  5. 5. Both men started from the same background, with the same experience, and the same amount of money. The only difference was that the 1st man worked hard for his money and the second man had his money work hard for him.</li></ul>“The world is changing very fast. Big will not beat small anymore. It will be the fast beating the slow.” – Rupert Murdoch<br />
  6. 6. Retire Rich & Young…What?<br />Different People have different meanings –<br />Some say good lifestyle, no pressure to earn money etc.<br />While others say pursuing hobby, not going to work.<br />Retire Rich & Young, to us, means, <br />“subscribing to an increasing standard of living, without having increasing effort to maintain it.”<br />
  7. 7. Retire Rich & Young…Why?<br />To do what I like to do & not just work for money.<br />To pursue my hobbies, interests which were left behind in Rat Race.<br />To spend more times with Loved ones, family & friends<br />To help people, take up a social cause & to make this world a better place.<br />Whatever be the objective, we all agree that there is a need….<br />
  8. 8. Retire Rich & Young… How?<br /> That’s Precisely what this program is all about…<br /> Lets first Unlearn a few Concepts, that we have gathered during the course of our learnings in Life…<br />
  9. 9. Let’s Get a Little Practical…<br />Job Earnings<br />Other Income<br />Monthly <br />Expense <br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…3 Types of Income<br />
  10. 10. You need a little help…<br />House Rent<br />Milk<br />Petrol<br />Electricity Bill <br />Clothing<br />Household / Monthly Expense<br />Weekend Getaways<br />Habits<br />Traveling Expense<br />Eating Outside<br />Movies<br />Mobile / Telephone Bill.<br />
  11. 11. Freedom / Wealth Ratio…<br />Freedom Ratio = Other Income*<br /> Monthly Expense<br /> * The one which your money earns & you do not.<br />
  12. 12. 3 Types of Education<br /><ul><li>Academic
  13. 13. Professional
  14. 14. Financial</li></ul>Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…3 Types of Education<br />
  15. 15. What Are Assets?<br />Dream House<br />Sports Car<br />Gadgets<br />Diamond Jewellery<br /> “Anything that puts money into my pocket is an asset.”<br />
  16. 16. INCOME<br />EXPENSE <br />ASSETS<br />LIABILITIES<br />
  17. 17. What Are Liabilities?<br />Housing Loan<br />Car Loan<br />Personal Loan<br />Credit Card<br /> “Anything that takes money out of my pocket is a liability.”<br />
  18. 18. INCOME<br />EXPENSE <br />ASSETS<br />LIABILITIES<br />
  19. 19. What Is Wealth?<br /> “Wealth- Number Of Days You Can Maintain Your Current Standard Of Living If You Lose Your Main Source Of Income.”<br />Dream House <br />Sports Car<br />Foreign Trips<br />Shopping<br />Diamond Jewellery<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…<br />Assets V/s Liabilities…<br />
  20. 20. Why Middle Class Struggle?<br />INCOME<br />EXPENSE <br />LIABILITY<br />ASSET<br />
  21. 21. Let’s Take a Break…<br />
  22. 22. Savers Are Losers…<br /><ul><li> How many of you have a Savings Account…?
  23. 23. What is the Rate of Interest that you get on your Savings Account…?
  24. 24. What about the average Inflation Rate…?
  25. 25. Do You recommend Fixed Deposits…?</li></ul>“If Savers are Losers, Borrowers would Win”<br />Lets Look at borrowing…<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…Savers are Losers<br />
  26. 26. Arbitrage<br /><ul><li>Your Re.1 at work at the bank.
  27. 27. Rs.10 for every Re.1. By RBI Rules, banks can lend out Rs.10 for every Re.1 that you give them. Meaning they have made up Rs.9 of borrow able money out of thin air. Where do I get some of that?
  28. 28. They say open an account with us and we’ll give you anywhere from 1% to 5% interest. We’ll even give you stuff!
  29. 29. Then they then turn around and lend you the money right back saying borrow money from us and we’ll only charge you 10% to 27% interest.
  30. 30. And that is why banks have beautiful fountains, golden chandeliers, and marble floors. Your money paid for it!</li></li></ul><li>Your Expense, Bank’s Income<br />YOU<br />THE BANK<br />INCOME<br />INCOME<br />EXPENSE<br />EXPENSE <br />ASSETS<br />LIABILITIES<br />ASSETS<br />LIABILITIES<br />Your Mortgage<br />Your Mortgage<br />
  31. 31. What is your interest rate……. really?<br /><ul><li>Buy Rs.100,000 Home, make a down payment of 20% (Rs.20,000) and borrow the remaining balance Rs.80,000 at 8% interest with a 30 year term fixed loan.
  32. 32. In five years you will pay a total of Rs.35,220 to the bank, Rs.31,276 for interest (that is only Rs.3,944 for Principal Repayment).
  33. 33. With the loan taken to term, 30 years, you will have paid Rs.211,323 total principal and interest (Rs.131,323 paid in interest).
  34. 34. Rs.131,323 more like 160% not 8%.
  35. 35. You’re getting the truth, just not the whole truth.</li></li></ul><li>Top Two Money Eaters…<br />TAXES & Death are the two things which we cannot avoid, so we defer them ALAP.<br />INFLATION is number two evil that eats away our money like a rodent<br />
  36. 36. Why do we follow the crowd?<br />We are going to read your mind. That’s right read your mind! Ready…..<br />Pick a # between 1 and 10.<br />Now multiply that # by 2.<br />Add eight to that #.<br />Divide that # by 2.<br />Now subtract the # you started with from that #.<br />Now what ever # you have in your mind, match it up with its corresponding letter in the alphabet. i.e. 1=a, 2=b, 3=c, d=4, etc.<br />O.K., Now think of a country that starts with that letter. I’ll give you a second.<br />Having a hard time……….think Europe………….how about Denmark? You’re thinking of D right, you did get 4? At least you should have if you did the math right. How did we do that? <br />
  37. 37. We follow the crowd because it’s easy and because we are just good at it!<br /> No matter what number you were thinking of the equation would have led you to the number 4. When we invest, we are doing the same. The numbers start out differently, FDs, Post Office, PPF, KVP, IVP, NSC, Mutual Funds, yet your results are the same……...…dismal.<br />
  38. 38. How Do We Get Out?<br />“Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, a brilliant scientist who won the Noble Prize twice in his lifetime, stated, “Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen, but thinking what nobody has thought.” People often make the mistake of asking people who are trapped inside the same box (or way of thinking) how to get out of the box. What they don’t realize is, the instructions on how to escape that box are written on the outside.<br />* Andrew, Douglas (2005). Missed Fortune 101 Warner Business Books, pg. 122<br />
  39. 39. Practice What They Preach?<br /><ul><li>Ask your banker/financial planner these questions!
  40. 40. Where is the majority of your money coming from? i.e. commission, fees, salary vs. investments.
  41. 41. How long did it take you to become a broker?
  42. 42. Can you guarantee that return on my investment? i.e. the prospectus and small writing.
  43. 43. You see, they are called brokers because they are broker then you are.</li></ul>“Wall Street is the only place that people ride to in a Rolls-Royce to get advice from those that take the subway.” – Warren Buffet<br />
  44. 44. Time Is Your Friend<br /><ul><li>Time: a young person’s biggest asset
  45. 45. Compound interest is awesome
  46. 46. For every decade that savings is delayed, the required investment triples
  47. 47. Example: Rs.500,000 at 65; 10% yield
  48. 48. Age 25: Rs. 79 per month
  49. 49. Age 35: Rs. 219 per month
  50. 50. Age 45: Rs. 653 per month
  51. 51. Age 55: Rs. 2,141 per month</li></li></ul><li>Difference is quiet significant in long run.<br />Power of Compounding<br />Growth of Rs. 100/-<br />
  52. 52. More About Time<br /><ul><li>Time diversification reduces investment volatility
  53. 53. The Rule of 72
  54. 54. 72/interest rate = doubling period
  55. 55. 72/doubling period = interest rate</li></li></ul><li>4,285<br />Harshad Mehta<br />5,001<br />Tech Boom<br />Performance of BSE Sensex - Equities not risky in long run<br />As Time Increases<br />Volatility & Range<br />Decreases<br />
  56. 56. Sensex Growth from 1979 - 2007<br />After all, in the last 25 years, we’ve seen ….<br /><ul><li>Two wars
  57. 57. At least three major financial scandals
  58. 58. Assassination of 2 prime ministers
  59. 59. At least 3 recessionary periods
  60. 60. 10 different governments and
  61. 61. An unfair share of natural disasters, yet</li></ul>However had one invested in the Sensex Rs 1 lacs in 1979 it has grown to 1.30 crs earning a return of 19% compounded annualized return.<br />
  62. 62. Rule of 72<br /><ul><li>If you Put your Money at ‘X’ % then your Money is double in (72/X) years.
  63. 63. For Eg: 1 Lac Invested for 36 Yrs</li></li></ul><li>Investing is NOT Risky…<br />What is Risky is an “Investor” & not an “Investment”<br />Fundamental Investing<br />Technical Investing<br />Buying Insurance<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…Investing Isn’t Risky<br />
  64. 64. Managing Investor’s Psyche <br />Wrong emotion dominates at wrong time<br />
  65. 65. Financial Status of Rich Person<br />INCOME<br />ASSET<br />LIABILITY<br />EXPENSE <br />
  66. 66. So what do we recommend…<br />Take the Steering Wheel in your hand…<br />Invest In Yourself First…<br />Learn the Language of Money…<br />Climb the Seven Steps of Retiring Rich & Young…<br />Make an Action Plan to religiously follow them…<br />Review your progress at reasonable intervals…<br />
  67. 67. Let’s Take a Lunch Break…<br />
  68. 68. Investment Avenues…<br />I know all of you have been waiting for this one…<br />But not too soon…<br />Let us first understand the difference between good Loan & Bad Loan<br />
  69. 69. “Here are 5 great reasons to carry a big, long mortgage and never pay it off.” - Ric Edelman, Author of The Truth About Money (1997 Book of the Year).<br />Mortgages Don’t Affect Home Value<br /> The value of your property is going to rise or fall regardless of whether or not you have a mortgage. You wouldn’t keep Rs.100,000 between the mattresses, why would you keep it in your house?<br />Your Mortgage Is The Cheapest Money You’ll Every Buy<br /> People have a ton of debt, i.e. credit cards, auto loans, student loans, etc. By far, the cheapest loan you can get is a mortgage loan. Why wouldn’t you borrow against your house at 6% acquiring more assets to increase your R.O.I., instead of borrowing with a 18% credit card.<br />
  70. 70. You Might Need The Cash<br /> Financial Troubles? i.e. retirement, job loss, medical, family, marital, college, etc. Banks only like to lend money when they know it can be paid back.<br />Tax Law Encourages You To Have A Mortgage.<br /> Mortgage insurance and interest is tax deductible whereas interest on other loans are not. In essence the government rewards you with cash back for paying interest on your mortgage.<br />5. Mortgages Become Cheaper Over Time<br /> Depending on the loan you choose, your mortgage payment stays the same over time. However your income increases making the payments easier to make.<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…Good Debt V/s Bad Debt<br />
  71. 71. Investment Avenues<br />Real Assets<br />Real Estate<br />Commodities<br />Oil, Gold and Silver <br />Paper Assets<br />Stocks and Shares<br />Certificate of Deposits<br />Government and RBI Bonds<br />Foreign Exchange<br />Mutual Funds<br />Public Provident Fund<br />
  72. 72. The Beauty of Real Estate!<br />Phantom Cash Flow (Depreciation) – Make money and count it as a loss<br />Banks Lend You Money – Try that with stocks<br />Leverage – Get more for your money<br />Sec - 54 Tax Deferred Exchange – No capital gains tax<br />The Bigger the Better<br />Negotiations – Something is worth only what someone else will pay for it<br />Appreciation<br />
  73. 73. Dolf De Roos’s Four Questions<br />Q: How many Rupees worth of stock/property can you buy with Rs.10,00,000? A: Rs.10,00,000 with stocks, but with real estate a whole lot more!<br />2. Q: The moment you buy your Rs.10,00,000 worth of stock/property, how much is it worth? A: Rs.10,00,000 with stocks, but with real estate it could be a whole lot more!<br />3. Q: When you buy your Rs.10,00,000 worth of stock/property what can you personally do to increase the value? A: With stocks pray or write the C.E.O. of the company and ask him to ease up on the private jet trips. But with real estate you can paint, put in new flooring, landscape, or even add a room.<br />4. Q: Once you have bought Rs.10,00,000 worth of stock/property and it has doubled in value what must you do to enjoy the gain? A: With stocks sell them and pay capital gains, but with real estate you can sell, trade, refinance and enjoy limited and even sometimes no tax.<br />
  74. 74. Commodities<br />Buy and Sell Commodity Futures<br />New to Indian Market<br />Timing of Purchase<br />Knowledge and Skills<br />
  75. 75. Oil, Gold and Silver<br />Oil Futures can be traded as a commodity<br />Timing of Purchase<br />Knowledge and Skills<br />
  76. 76. Stocks and Shares<br />Do it on your own<br />Give in for Portfolio Management Service (PMS)<br />Discretionary V/s Non-Discretionary PMS<br />Let us do a Mass Role Play<br />
  77. 77. Which Company will you choose to invest in?<br />Name of Company: Wise Co. Prudent Co.<br />Sales Rs. Crore 1000 800 <br />Net Profit 120 200<br />Profit Margin 12% 25% <br />Equity Capital 200 500<br />Debt Funds 200 100<br />Return on Equity 60% 40%<br />There are other financial / non-financial factors that would influence investment decisions.<br />
  78. 78. Certificate of Deposits<br />Use Rule of 72 for your advantage<br />Banks, Corporates, Post-Office etc.<br />Even Indira Vikas Patra and Kisan Vikas Patra come Under this asset classification<br />Lacks Liquidity and Flexibility<br />Yields meager Return post inflation and taxes<br />
  79. 79. Government and RBI Bonds<br />Safety of Capital<br />Lowest Return<br />Mostly to Balance the Investment Portfolio<br />Tax Saving at other times<br />
  80. 80. Foreign Exchange<br />Hedging Instruments<br />Now used for Investment because of Volatility<br />Large in Base, Deep in Scope<br />Booming because of Foreign Institutional Investment Inflows<br />
  81. 81. Mutual Funds<br />Collective Investment Schemes<br />Open Ended Schemes<br />Close Ended Schemes<br />Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS)<br />S-I-P’s (Systematic Investment Plans)<br />Concept of Fund of Funds.<br />
  82. 82. Public Provident Fund<br />Fixed Obligation Every Year<br />15 years Lock in<br />Good for Tax Saving<br />Introduces Concept of Forced Saving<br />
  83. 83. Let’s Take a Break…<br />
  84. 84. Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />Step 1:<br />“Decide your Age of Financial Retirement Now.”<br />
  85. 85. Step 2:<br />“Buy Liabilities to the Extent of Need and Not Desire.”<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…Don’t Live Below Your Means<br />
  86. 86. Step 3:<br />“Link Liability Targets to Asset Targets.”<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />
  87. 87. Step 4:<br />“Plan Liability Acquisitions at least a Year in Advance.”<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />
  88. 88. Step 5:<br />“ Increase CASH by Increasing K.A.S.H.”<br />K = Knowledge<br />A = Attitude<br />S = Skills<br />H = Habits<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />
  89. 89. Step 6: <br />“Work Smarter, Make your Money Work Harder.”<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />
  90. 90. Step 7:<br />“ Have Targets for Job Earnings and Freedom Ratio.”<br />Freedom Ratio = Other Income<br /> Monthly Expense<br />Seven Steps To Retire Rich & Young…<br />Lets See what Robert has to say on this one…Life’s Four Quaters<br />
  91. 91. Action Plan…<br />
  92. 92. What is the Average Age <br />when one starts Earning?<br />Let us begin with a little quiz<br />25 Years<br />
  93. 93. What is the Average Retirement Age?<br />60 Years<br />
  94. 94. What is an Average Income of an<br />Middle-Class House-hold?<br />Rs.15,000/- p.m.<br />
  95. 95. How much can a person<br />save on a regular basis?<br />Rs.5,000/- p.m.<br />
  96. 96. If a person can save Rs.5,000/- per month<br />What will be his wealth when he retires?<br />Assuming: <br />He increases his investments by 5%every year<br />Invests in an Asset class that gives returns of 20% <br />
  97. 97. At Age 60 his wealth would have been<br />Rs.27 Crores<br />
  98. 98. THE TRUTH<br />Creating Wealth is Easy<br />We can all be Wealthy <br />
  99. 99. How can you create wealth?<br />Start Saving Early<br />The longer you save, the more you make<br />Save in the Right Asset Class<br />This will dictate how much wealth you create …<br />Save Regularly<br />Even a small amount saved regularly, is good<br />
  100. 100. 27 Crores*<br />4.90 Crores*<br />40 years<br />25 years<br />60 years<br />Starting Early<br />Give time to your investments rather than timing<br />Assumptions: (a) Savings grows at 5% annually (b) Returns assumed at 20% CAGR<br />
  101. 101. Sensex<br />Bank Deposits<br />Company Deposits<br />Inflation<br />Gold<br />Selecting Right Asset Class<br />Equity market (represented by BSE Sensex) has outperformed all other investment avenues <br />
  102. 102. Past Performance (BSE Sensex)<br />In past27 years BSE Sensex has given about 18% returns<br />This is in spite of …<br /><ul><li>Two wars
  103. 103. At least three major financial scandals
  104. 104. Assassination of 2 prime ministers
  105. 105. At least 3 recessionary periods
  106. 106. 10 different governments and
  107. 107. An unfair share of natural disasters</li></li></ul><li>Average Purchase cost <br />will be less<br />Rupee Cost Averaging<br />At higher prices – less units<br />At lower prices – more units<br />Automatic Timing<br />Save Regularly<br />Disciplined Investing through Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) is the ideal way to reduce risk<br />Twin Benefits of Investing Regularly <br />Falling Market <br />Rising Market<br />Market<br />Units Purchased<br />Market<br />Units Purchased<br />
  108. 108. Give Time rather than Timing the Equity market <br />Investing in the BSE Sensex – 25 years<br />16.02%02%<br />16.90%<br />15.07%<br />Fixed investment athighest sensex valueevery year<br />Fixed investment atlowest sensex valueevery year<br />Fixed investment on 1st day of every month<br />Market timing does not matter over the long term<br />Data source: ICRA MFIE<br />
  109. 109. X<br />X<br />X<br />X<br />Wisdom<br /><ul><li>“We do not need to be wealthy to be an investor …But we can be wealthy if we are investors”
  110. 110. The Right way to create wealth … </li></ul>Buying potential big winning stocks <br /> Successfully timing the markets<br /> Following Expert Advisors recommendations<br /> Saving a lot of money <br /><ul><li>Wealth can be successfully created if we just follow the three basic principles ...</li></ul>Starting early and saving for long<br /> Investing in the right asset class<br /> Investing Regularly – big or small<br />
  111. 111. Conclusion<br />So the question is………….<br />What are you going to do with your time and your money?<br />“Only a fool does the same thing over and over again and expect a different result.” – Albert Einstein<br />
  112. 112. Questions…<br />
  113. 113. <ul><li>Wish you good luck.</li></ul>Thank You…<br />