Lord, inspire us to read your Scriptures and                meditate on them day and night.    We beg you to give us real ...
Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?
Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?1. Parachute option
Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?1. Parachute option2. Gradual appearance and collection optionOral phasesWritten ...
•   J - Yahwist source•   E - Elohist source•   D - Deuteronomist source•   P - Priestly source•   R - "Redactor", editor ...
How to Read the Bible:     4 (or 8?) Options(beyond liberal and conservative)
Literal:Like a newspaper, science text, or work of nonfiction -attempting to tell objective, literal, observable, scientif...
Critical:Questioned. Tested. Scrutinized. Evaluated. Treated as human,                      situated, constructed, and int...
Critical             2. Critical Literal   4. Critical Literary              1. Naive Literal     3. Naive LiteraryNaive  ...
Option 1: Naive LiteralThe Bible is a divine text, akin to a                                                 Textbook     ...
Option 2: Critical LiteralThe Bible is a human text, akin to                                       a collection of myths  ...
Option 3: Naive LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of literary artifacts, akin to ...                          an anthology...
Option 4: Critical LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of human literary artifacts, akinto ...                              ...
Critical             2. Critical Literal   4. Critical Literary              1. Naive Literal     3. Naive LiteraryNaive  ...
Critical             2. Critical Literal              4. Critical Literary                                   Faithful     ...
Option 1: Faithful Naive LiteralThe Bible is a divine text, akin to a                                             Textbook...
Option 2: Faithful Critical LiteralThe Bible is a human text, akin to                                      a collection of...
Option 3: Faithful Naive LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of divine literary artifacts, akinto ...                       ...
Option 4: Faithful Critical LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of human literary artifacts, akinto ...                     ...
Critical             2. Critical Literal              4. Critical Literary                                   Faithful     ...
Why Faithful Critical Literary?1. Takes the text seriously2. Takes art of interpretation seriously3. Takes humans seriousl...
Interpreting the bible   options
Interpreting the bible   options
Interpreting the bible   options
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Interpreting the bible options

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from LTM Workshop March 2013

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Interpreting the bible options

  1. 1. Lord, inspire us to read your Scriptures and meditate on them day and night. We beg you to give us real understanding of what we need, that we may in turn put its precepts into practice. Yet we know that understanding and good intentions are worthless, unless rooted in your graceful love. So we askthat the words of the Scriptures may also be not just signs on a page, but channels of grace into our hearts. --Origen of Alexandria (c.186-254)
  2. 2. Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?
  3. 3. Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?1. Parachute option
  4. 4. Where do the Hebrew Scriptures come from?1. Parachute option2. Gradual appearance and collection optionOral phasesWritten phasesCollection phasesFormalized phaseTranslation phaseReappraisal phases
  5. 5. • J - Yahwist source• E - Elohist source• D - Deuteronomist source• P - Priestly source• R - "Redactor", editor who compiled the sources• DH - "Deuteronomic History": Joshua, Judges, Samuel 1 & 2, Kings 1 & 2• *includes most of the Leviticus• † includes most of the Deuteronomy
  6. 6. How to Read the Bible: 4 (or 8?) Options(beyond liberal and conservative)
  7. 7. Literal:Like a newspaper, science text, or work of nonfiction -attempting to tell objective, literal, observable, scientificfacts. Literary: Like a poem, novel, journal, or movie - attempting toconvey meaningful, mysterious, multi-faceted beauty and truth.
  8. 8. Critical:Questioned. Tested. Scrutinized. Evaluated. Treated as human, situated, constructed, and interpreted.Naive:Taken at face value. Unquestioned. Univocal. Treated asdivine, transcendent, incorrigible, or absolute.
  9. 9. Critical 2. Critical Literal 4. Critical Literary 1. Naive Literal 3. Naive LiteraryNaive Literal Literary
  10. 10. Option 1: Naive LiteralThe Bible is a divine text, akin to a Textbook Instruction manual Objective historical account Audit report Constitution
  11. 11. Option 2: Critical LiteralThe Bible is a human text, akin to a collection of myths a collection of folk tales a collection of propaganda a collection of misinformation
  12. 12. Option 3: Naive LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of literary artifacts, akin to ... an anthology of moralistic fables a collection of magic chants or mantras a source of inspiring stories and quotations
  13. 13. Option 4: Critical LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of human literary artifacts, akinto ... a museum an heirloom quilt a family scrapbook or photo album a refrigerator door or classroom bulletin board a specialized library
  14. 14. Critical 2. Critical Literal 4. Critical Literary 1. Naive Literal 3. Naive LiteraryNaive Literal Literary
  15. 15. Critical 2. Critical Literal 4. Critical Literary Faithful 1. Naive Literal 3. Naive LiteraryNaive Literal Literary
  16. 16. Option 1: Faithful Naive LiteralThe Bible is a divine text, akin to a Textbook Instruction manual Objective historical account Audit report Constitutionthrough which God can speak to us today.
  17. 17. Option 2: Faithful Critical LiteralThe Bible is a human text, akin to a collection of myths a collection of folk tales a collection of propaganda a collection of misinformationthrough which God can speak to us today.
  18. 18. Option 3: Faithful Naive LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of divine literary artifacts, akinto ... a book of moralistic fables a collection of magic chants or mantras a source of inspiring quotations and storiesthrough which God can speak to us today.
  19. 19. Option 4: Faithful Critical LiteraryThe Bible is a collection of human literary artifacts, akinto ... a museum an heirloom quilt a family scrapbook or photo album a refrigerator door a specialized librarythrough which God can speak to us today.
  20. 20. Critical 2. Critical Literal 4. Critical Literary Faithful 1. Naive Literal 3. Naive LiteraryNaive Literal Literary
  21. 21. Why Faithful Critical Literary?1. Takes the text seriously2. Takes art of interpretation seriously3. Takes humans seriously (producers/readers)4. Takes God seriously5. Takes Jesus seriously6. Takes the Spirit seriously7. Takes the living tradition seriously
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