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A thought experimentWhat would the church be like if it were run by and                                              for ....
A thought experiment   What would happen for the next generation?     Do certain theologies work best for certain         ...
Walking away from church (LA Times)Organized religions increasing identification with conservativepolitics is a turnoff to...
So, why this sudden jump in youthful disaffection from organized religion?    The surprising answer, according to a mounti...
For many religious Americans, this alignment of religion and politics was    divinely ordained, a long-sought retort to th...
Just as this generation moved to the left on most socialissues — above all, homosexuality — many prominentreligious leader...
Sociologists Michael Hout and Claude Fischer of UCBerkeley were among the first to call attention to theensuing rise in yo...
Evangelical Protestantism, which saw dramatic growth inthe 1970s and 1980s, has been hit hard by this more recentdevelopme...
Continuing to sound the trumpet for conservative social policy on issues such    as homosexuality may or may not be the ri...
Dave Kinnaman, You Lost Me:“The church is not adequately preparing the next generation tofollow Christ faithfully in a rap...
Letting Go       Letting Come             ?
Needed today:New questions to create conversationsto lead us on a new quest.
Statements  !              ?             Questions
From the place where   But doubts and loveswe are right                           Dig up the worldFlowers will nevergrow  ...
Some Provocative Questions1. The narrative question: What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? Storyline, plotline?2. Th...
4. The Jesus Question: Who is Jesus, andwhy does he matter?5. The Gospel Question: What is the gospel- a message of evacua...
6. The church question: What do wedo about the church?7. The sex question: Can we dealwith issues of sexuality withoutfigh...
9. The pluralism question: Howshould we relate to people of otherfaiths?10. The next step question: How canwe pursue this ...
a new kind of christianity
Question 1:What is the shape of thebiblical narrative?              (A pre-critical question)
Eden                      Heaven       Fall               Salvation              History/              The world          ...
Platonic Ideal                  Platonic Ideal        Fall                    Atonement,                                pu...
Pax Romana                 Pax Romana                                  Civilization, Rebellion                       devel...
Is there analternativeunderstanding?
Eden                      Heaven       Fall               Salvation              History/              The world          ...
Eden                      Heaven       Fall               Salvation              History/              The world         M...
Eden               Fall        Salvation                    ?           Heaven          History/                          ...
sdrawkcab gnidaerRick Warren, Billy Graham, Charles Finney, John Wesley (or Calvin), Luther,Aquinas, Augustine, Paul, Jesu...
Exodus: Liberation & Formation
Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and Reconciliation
Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and                 Mercy        Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and R...
Ge      Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice andn      Mercyesis    Exodus: Liberation & Formation
HUMAN DESTRUCTION  G  e         Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and  n         Mercy  e      HUMAN VIOLENCE  s  i  s  ...
HUMAN DESTRUCTION  G  e         Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and  n         Mercy  e      HUMAN VIOLENCE  s  i  s  ...
every crisis is anopportunity
every crisis is anopportunity
every crisis is anopportunity
every crisis is anopportunity
every crisis is an     opportunity
every crisis is an     opportunity
Question 2The authority question:How does the Bible have authority?
Constitution?                Library?
LEGAL CONSTITUTION          COMMUNITY LIBRARY       Uniformity                 Diversity     Preserve order           Pres...
LEGAL CONSTITUTION          COMMUNITY LIBRARY    Rules to live by          Stories to live by      Submission             ...
Stories in conversation ...             David, Goliath, and the Temple                                  Two Arks          ...
Question 3God and violence
Question 3God and violenceFLATDESCENDINGASCENDING                   TENT
Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 andDeuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice ...
Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles,with his people, for he will avenge theblood of his servants; he will takevengeance o...
Flood concludes: “Paul is making a verydifferent point from the original intent of thesePsalms. In fact, he is making the ...
Letting Come ...Adapting and creating infrastructuresAdapting and creating practicesPrototyping microcosms ...Crystallizin...
A plan for “letting come” in the  American church in the next ten  years
1. Network a maximally  diverse team of  collaborative leaders.- mutual learning, trust, respect,   encouragement- network...
2. Articulate &  disseminate a new  vision - with proposals/  demands - through all  media and a variety of  networked voi...
3. Announce a “bigger”  movement that gathers  the past and present  into a hopeful &  challenging vision for  the future....
4. Create marginal zones/  open spaces for far-  reaching proto-typing.   - faith communities, seminaries,         festiva...
using/avoiding existing polity     creating workable protocols           new economic models             new training mode...
5. Sequester funds for  these new lines of  ministry.
6. Attract new people in  new ways to the new  zone. “Bring in a new day with new                      people.”  New leade...
7a. Expect some legacy entities (eventually) to imitate innovative entities - so prioritize the innovative entities.     (...
7b. Shift from tree model (1 fruit) into garden model (many fruits).
8. Expect to rebrand and  rename just about  everything - to  communicate new  identity and ethos -  thus creating new  di...
Liturgical     Social Action Evangelical   Charismatic
9. Trust and move  authentically with the  Holy Spirit.note difference between being authentic/         orthodox/legitimat...
10. Expect lots of trouble and pain ...    There is no baby without childbirth!
What is mine to do?What do I need right now, where I am?
Christian       Identityin aMulti-FaithWorld
We know how to           do  two things     very well.
We know how to          have  a STRONG-    HOSTILE    CHRISTIAN     IDENTITY.
We have the only way.            STRONG-You are going to hell.            HOSTILEWe are God’s chosen.You worship false god...
We know how to          have   a weak-    benign    CHRISTIAN     IDENTITY.
it doesn’t matter what youbelieve.all religions are the same.all roads lead to god.only sincerity matters.doctrines divide...
strong-hostile     ORweak-benign?         Or???
IDENTITIES       AREFORMED BY    Stories.
SOME promoteviolence.
SOMEPROMOTEPEACE.
WHICH KINDDO WE LIVEBY?
Ivan Illich (Austrian        former priest,  philosopher, social   critic, 1926-2002)
Neither revolution nor reformationcan ultimately change a society,rather you must tell a new powerfultale, one so persuasi...
… one so inclusive that it gathers all thebits of our past and our present into acoherent whole, one that even shinessome ...
CLENCHINGFIST              OR       OPEN HAND
What kind of storydid Jesus tell?
Jesus entered a world like ours -running on stories of  Domination  Revolution  Purification/Scapegoating  Isolation  Compe...
-Domination - Sadducees,Herodians, Romans-Revolution - Zealots-Purification/Scapegoating - Pharisees-Isolation - Essenes-Co...
We could call these the stories of theclenching fist ...Warrior narrativesConflict narrativesSword narrativesThey tell us wh...
-Domination - We are the exceptional,superior, in-charge, divinely chosen-Revolution - We are the dispossessed,righteous w...
Domination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usIsolation: Us away from themCompetition...
DOMINATION      PURIFICATION               COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION               REVOLUTION   ISOLATION
DOMINATION      PURIFICATION      CONFLICT!               COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION               REVOLUTION   ISOLATION
We could call these the stories of theclenched fist ...Warrior narrativesConflict narrativesSword narratives
Jesus came with an alternative  story:          the good news   of the kingdom* of God.     [*reign, commonwealth, dream, ...
A story of theopen hand ...Gardener narrativePeacemaking narrativePlowshare/Pruning hook narrative
The good news of the kingdom of God    -called people to repentance         (paradigm shift/ radical                     r...
Clenching Fist StoriesDomination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usSelf-preservation...
Jesus’ Open-Hand Narrative of    Creation/Liberation/ReconciliationNOT Domination: Service, NeighborlinessNOT Revolution: ...
NEW CREATION/ RECONCILIATION DOMINATION         PURIFICATION                  COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION                ...
NEW CREATION/ RECONCILIATION DOMINATION         PURIFICATION                  COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION                ...
A STRONG BENEVOLENT IDENTITY  DOMINATION       PURIFICATION                 COMPETITION SELF- PRESERVATION                ...
Hypocrisy:Religions can intentionally or accidentally baptize, support, legitimize, and camouflage the six clenched-fist sto...
Misconception:Our religious differences keep us apart.
Actuality:It is not our religious  differences that keep us  apart, but rather a haunting  religious similarity ... one  t...
Actuality:We build our religious identity through hostile, oppositional narratives ... we know who we are by who we are ag...
RELIGIOUS           RELIGIOUS   DOMINATION                        PURIFICATION                      RELIGIOUS  RELIGIOUS  ...
We often disciple people into the  wrong story … and help them   become “christians” without       challenging their stori...
1. The DOMINATION Jesus who   dominates through cultural   colonization, militarism, and   economic hegemony.2. The REVOLU...
3. The PURIFICATION Jesus who excludes   and shames the impure rather than   graciously including and healing them.4. The ...
We’re tired of …5. The SELF-PRESERVATION Jesus who   complains about how badly “we Christians”   are being treated (and ig...
A weak and benign Christian identity may be less dangerous than a strong and hostile identity ...But there is a better alt...
A strong and benevolentChristian identity centered    on Jesus and his story         (good news) of thekingdom/commonwealt...
We have the only way.         STRONG-You are going to hell.          HOSTILEWe are God’s chosen.You worship false gods.res...
it doesn’t matter what youbelieve.all religions are the same.all roads lead to god.only sincerity matters.doctrines divide...
Because I Follow Jesus, I loveyou.I move toward “the other.”I break down walls of hostility.i stand with you in solidarity...
But how?
The Prayer of theKingdom
O God, whose love makes     us one family, May your unspeakable  Name be revered.
Here on earth may yourkingdom come … on earth  as in heaven may your    dreams come true.
Give us today our bread for          today.And forgive us our wrongs      as we forgive.
Lead us away from the     perilous trial,Liberate us from the evil.
For the kingdom is yours and   yours alone, the power isyours and yours alone, and theglory is yours and yours alone,   no...
Come.Follow Me. Find youridentity in     me ...
which story Do we live       by?
The outcome will depend in largemeasure on the prevailing storiesthat shape our understanding….Perhaps the most difficult y...
[Jesus] dedicated his life tochanging the prevailing stories.         - David Korten, The Great Turning, p. 20, 237, 261
The idea of Jesus as the messianic Christ andfounder of an imperial church was a reconstructionthat did not come to fruiti...
A storyabout ayouthgroup…
Conventional View                   Emerging ViewThe Human       God created the world as perfect,       God created the w...
2 questions:                         Conventional View                   Emerging View From Everything Must Change: Jesus,...
Top Global Problems:High Noon (20)           The Human           Situation: What           we find                        ...
United Nations University: The State of the FutureTop Fifteen Challenges: How can …1. … sustainable development be achieve...
8. … the threat of new and reemerging diseases and immunemicro-organisms be reduced?9. … the capacity to decide be improve...
8 Millennium Development Goals:     1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.     2. Achieve universal primary education.  ...
Copenhagen Consensus Top 10        Global Problems1. Hunger and malnutrition                               Conventional Vi...
Rick Warren’s PEACE Plan1. Plant churches to combat spiritual                             Conventional View               ...
spiritual emptiness corrupt leadership poverty  disease ignorance hunger and malnutrition climate change conflicts Financia...
spiritual emptiness corrupt    leadership poverty diseaseignorance hunger and malnutritionclimate change conflicts Financia...
Societal Machine
Machine: acomplex tool                      Prosperity fashioned to    achieve a       desire.                 Societal Ma...
Prosperity              SecuritySocietal Machine
ProsperityEquity      SecuritySocietal Machine
Prosperity                Equity      Security                Societal MachineThe Ecosystem
HeatSolar Energy                              Prosperity               Resources                                          ...
HeatSolar Energy         The Ecosystem
HeatSolar EnergyThe Ecosystem
Heat        Solar Energy                                  Prosperity       Resources                                      ...
Heat  Solar Energy                            ProsperityResources                                                  Waste  ...
Heat       Solar Energy                                 Prosperity                                                        ...
Heat   Solar Energy                             Prosperity                                                            Wast...
Heat      Solar Energy                                Prosperity                                                          ...
HeatSolar Energy                              Prosperity               Resources                                          ...
HeatSolar Energy                              Prosperity               Resources                                          ...
Heat      Solar Energy                                       Prosperity                     Resources                     ...
Good News of the Commonwealth of GodCreation, Liberation, Reconciliation    DOMINATION             PURIFICATION           ...
Good News of the Commonwealth of GodCreation, Liberation, Reconciliation    DOMINATION             PURIFICATION           ...
The kingdom of God …A God who forgives …A God who includes …A God who notices …A God who serves …A nonviolent God who reco...
Domination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usVictimization: Us in spite of themIsola...
Non-Domination: ServiceNon-Revolution: Nonviolent subversive actionNon-Purification: Eating with outcastsNon-Victimization:...
HeatSolar Energy                              Prosperity               Resources                                          ...
HeatSolar Energy                               Prosperity               Resources                                         ...
After John was put inprison, Jesus went intoGalilee, proclaiming the      good news of God.The time has come, he said. The...
4 Crises:   The Human            Situation: What                                Conventional View                         ...
HeatSolar Energy                               Prosperity               Resources                                         ...
The essence of struggle is neither endurance nordenial. The essence of struggle is the decision tobecome new rather than s...
Our God, whose love              makes us one family,            May your unspeakable                Name be revered.Here ...
Give us today our bread for                                 today.           Forgive us our wrongs as we                  ...
For the kingdom is yours and yours alone,the power is yours and yours alone, the glory                    is yours and you...
Conventional View                   Emerging ViewThe Human       God created the world as perfect,       God created the w...
QUESTION 4: JESUSwho is he and why is he so important?                       “vampire Christians”
QUESTION 4: JESUSwho is he and why is he so important?       IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD  (LOGOS), AND THE WORD WAS WITH...
rene girardinsights and contributions- nonviolent theme in the Bible- a narrative of evolution, emergence- deconstruction ...
If love and violence are incompatible, the definition of theLogos must take this into account. The difference betweenthe Gr...
Heidegger is absolutely right to state that there has neverbeen any thought in the West but Greek thought, evenwhen the la...
By cultural Platonism we mean the unexamined convictionthat human institutions have been and are what they arefor all eter...
Behaving in a truly divine manner, on an earth still in theclutches of violence, means not dominating humans, notoverwhelm...
There is no privileged stance from which absolute truthcan be discovered... That is why the Word that states itselfto be a...
Jesus as the non-violent           word of God.   God with and for the                   poor.     God who cares for      ...
What are the questions?1. The narrative question: What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? Storyline, plotline?2. The a...
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Ghost ranch 2012

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2012 gathering with Life in the Trinity Ministries, co-teaching with Suzanne Stabile.

Published in: News & Politics, Spiritual
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  • Transcript of "Ghost ranch 2012"

    1. 1. A thought experimentWhat would the church be like if it were run by and for ...1’s - Perfectionists2’s - Givers3’s - Performers4’s - Romantics5’s - Observers6’s - Devil’s Advocates7’s - Epicures8’s - Bosses9’s - Mediators
    2. 2. A thought experiment What would happen for the next generation? Do certain theologies work best for certain Enneagram types?What happens to the people who don’t fit in the “personality” of a religion, denomination, or congregation?
    3. 3. Walking away from church (LA Times)Organized religions increasing identification with conservativepolitics is a turnoff to more and more young adults. EvangelicalProtestantism has been hit hard by this development.October 17, 2010|By Robert D. Putnam and David E. CampbellThe most rapidly growing religious category today is composed ofthose Americans who say they have no religious affiliation. Whilemiddle-aged and older Americans continue to embrace organizedreligion, rapidly increasing numbers of young people are rejectingit.As recently as 1990, all but 7% of Americans claimed a religiousaffiliation, a figure that had held constant for decades. Today, 17%of Americans say they have no religion, and these new "nones" arevery heavily concentrated among Americans who have come of agesince 1990. Between 25% and 30% of twentysomethings today saythey have no religious affiliation — roughly four times higher thanin any previous generation.
    4. 4. So, why this sudden jump in youthful disaffection from organized religion? The surprising answer, according to a mounting body of evidence, is politics. Very few of these new "nones" actually call themselves atheists, and many have rather conventional beliefs about God and theology. But they have been alienated from organized religion by its increasingly conservative politics.During the 1980s, the public face of American religion turned sharply right.Political allegiances and religious observance became more closely aligned, andboth religion and politics became more polarized. Abortion and homosexualitybecame more prominent issues on the national political agenda, and activistssuch as Jerry Falwell and Ralph Reed began looking to expand religious activisminto electoral politics. Church attendance gradually became the primary dividingline between Republicans and Democrats in national elections.This political "God gap" is a recent development. Up until the 1970s, progressiveDemocrats were common in church pews and many conservative Republicansdidnt attend church. But after 1980, both churchgoing progressives and secularconservatives became rarer and rarer. Some Americans brought their religionand their politics into alignment by adjusting their political views to theirreligious faith. But, surprisingly, more of them adjusted their religion to fit theirpolitics.
    5. 5. For many religious Americans, this alignment of religion and politics was divinely ordained, a long-sought retort to the immorality of the 1960s. Other Americans were not so sure.Throughout the 1990s and into the new century, the increasingly prominentassociation between religion and conservative politics provoked a backlash amongmoderates and progressives, many of whom had previously consideredthemselves religious. The fraction of Americans who agreed "strongly" thatreligious leaders should not try to influence government decisions nearly doubledfrom 22% in 1991 to 38% in 2008, and the fraction who insisted that religiousleaders should not try to influence how people vote rose to 45% from 30%.This backlash was especially forceful among youth coming of age in the 1990s andjust forming their views about religion. Some of that generation, to be sure, helddeeply conservative moral and political views, and they felt very comfortable inthe ranks of increasingly conservative churchgoers. But a majority of theMillennial generation was liberal on most social issues, and above all, onhomosexuality. The fraction of twentysomethings who said that homosexualrelations were "always" or "almost always" wrong plummeted from about 75% in1990 to about 40% in 2008. (Ironically, in polling, Millennials are actually moreuneasy about abortion than their parents.)
    6. 6. Just as this generation moved to the left on most socialissues — above all, homosexuality — many prominentreligious leaders moved to the right, using the issue ofsame-sex marriage to mobilize electoral support forconservative Republicans. In the short run, this tacticworked to increase GOP turnout, but the subsequentbacklash undermined sympathy for religion among manyyoung moderates and progressives. Increasingly, youngpeople saw religion as intolerant, hypocritical, judgmentaland homophobic. If being religious entailed politicalconservatism, they concluded, religion was not for them.
    7. 7. Sociologists Michael Hout and Claude Fischer of UCBerkeley were among the first to call attention to theensuing rise in young "nones," and in our recentbook, "American Grace," we have extended theiranalysis, showing that the association betweenreligion and politics (and especially religionsintolerance of homosexuality) was the singlestrongest factor in this portentous shift. In religiousaffinities, as in taste in music and preference forcolas, habits formed in early adulthood tend toharden over time. So if more than one-quarter oftodays young people are setting off in adult life withno religious identification, compared with aboutone-20th of previous generations, the prospects forreligious observance in the coming decades aresubstantially diminished.
    8. 8. Evangelical Protestantism, which saw dramatic growth inthe 1970s and 1980s, has been hit hard by this more recentdevelopment. From the early 1970s to the late 1980s thefraction of Americans age 18 to 29 who identified withevangelical Protestantism rose to 25% from 20%, but since1990, that fraction has fallen back to about 17%.Meanwhile, the proportion of young Americans who haveno religious affiliation at all rose from just over 10% as lateas 1990 to its current proportion of about 27%.
    9. 9. Continuing to sound the trumpet for conservative social policy on issues such as homosexuality may or may not be the right thing to do from a theological point of view, but it is likely to mean saving fewer souls.Nevertheless, predictions of the demise of religion in America would be premature.More likely is that as growing numbers of young Americans reject religiousdoctrine that is too political or intolerant for their taste, innovative religiousleaders will concoct more palatable offerings. Jesus taught his disciples to be"fishers of men," and the pool of un-churched moderate and progressive youngpeople must be an attractive target for religious anglers.To be sure, some of these young people will remain secularists. Many of them,however, espouse beliefs that would seem to make them potential converts to areligion that offered some of the attractions of modern evangelicalism without theconservative political overlay.Robert D. Putnam, a professor of public policy at Harvard University, and DavidE. Campbell, a professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame, arethe authors of "American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us."Information about a talk Robert Putnam will be giving on Oct. 21 in Los Angelescan be found zocalopublicsquare.org.
    10. 10. Dave Kinnaman, You Lost Me:“The church is not adequately preparing the next generation tofollow Christ faithfully in a rapidly changing culture.” (p. 21). Thechurch is ...Overprotective—“a creativity killer where risk taking and beinginvolved in culture are anathema” (p. 92).Shallow—“easy platitudes, proof texting and formulaic slogans”Antiscience—“science appears to welcome questions and skepticism,while matters of faith seem impenetrable” (p. 93).Repressive—”Religious rules—particularly sexual mores—feelstifling to the individualist mindset of young adults...”Exclusive—“a culture that esteems open-mindedness, tolerance, andacceptance.”Doubtless—“[M]any feel that the church’s response to doubt istrivial and fact focused, as if people can be talked out of doubting.”
    11. 11. Letting Go Letting Come ?
    12. 12. Needed today:New questions to create conversationsto lead us on a new quest.
    13. 13. Statements ! ? Questions
    14. 14. From the place where But doubts and loveswe are right Dig up the worldFlowers will nevergrow Like a mole, a plow.In the spring. And a whisper will beThe place where we heard in the placeare right Where the ruinedIs hard and trampled House once stood.Like a yard. Israeli poet Yehuda Amichai
    15. 15. Some Provocative Questions1. The narrative question: What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? Storyline, plotline?2. The authority question: What is the Bible, andwhat is it for? How does it have authority?3. The God question: Is God violent? Why doesGod seem so violent and genocidal in so manybible passages?
    16. 16. 4. The Jesus Question: Who is Jesus, andwhy does he matter?5. The Gospel Question: What is the gospel- a message of evacuation ortransformation? Exclusion or inclusion?
    17. 17. 6. The church question: What do wedo about the church?7. The sex question: Can we dealwith issues of sexuality withoutfighting and dividing?8. The future question: Can we find amore hopeful vision of the future?
    18. 18. 9. The pluralism question: Howshould we relate to people of otherfaiths?10. The next step question: How canwe pursue this quest in humility,love, and peace?
    19. 19. a new kind of christianity
    20. 20. Question 1:What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? (A pre-critical question)
    21. 21. Eden Heaven Fall Salvation History/ The world Hell
    22. 22. Platonic Ideal Platonic Ideal Fall Atonement, purification IntoAristotelian Aristotelian Real Real Hades
    23. 23. Pax Romana Pax Romana Civilization, Rebellion development, into colonialism barbarism Barbarian/ assimilation pagan world Destruction, defeat
    24. 24. Is there analternativeunderstanding?
    25. 25. Eden Heaven Fall Salvation History/ The world Hell Minor Adjustment 1: Inclusivism
    26. 26. Eden Heaven Fall Salvation History/ The world Minor Adjustment 2: Universalism
    27. 27. Eden Fall Salvation ? Heaven History/ The worldIs it time for a paradigm shift?
    28. 28. sdrawkcab gnidaerRick Warren, Billy Graham, Charles Finney, John Wesley (or Calvin), Luther,Aquinas, Augustine, Paul, Jesusreading forwardsAdam, Eve, Sarah, Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah, John the Baptist, Mary, Jesus
    29. 29. Exodus: Liberation & Formation
    30. 30. Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and Reconciliation
    31. 31. Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and Reconciliation
    32. 32. Ge Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice andn Mercyesis Exodus: Liberation & Formation
    33. 33. HUMAN DESTRUCTION G e Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and n Mercy e HUMAN VIOLENCE s i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
    34. 34. HUMAN DESTRUCTION G e Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and n Mercy e HUMAN VIOLENCE s i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
    35. 35. every crisis is anopportunity
    36. 36. every crisis is anopportunity
    37. 37. every crisis is anopportunity
    38. 38. every crisis is anopportunity
    39. 39. every crisis is an opportunity
    40. 40. every crisis is an opportunity
    41. 41. Question 2The authority question:How does the Bible have authority?
    42. 42. Constitution? Library?
    43. 43. LEGAL CONSTITUTION COMMUNITY LIBRARY Uniformity Diversity Preserve order Preserve diversity agreement argumentenforcement of conformity encouragement to risk
    44. 44. LEGAL CONSTITUTION COMMUNITY LIBRARY Rules to live by Stories to live by Submission CreativityAnalyze, interpret, argue Enter, inhabit, practice amendments? new acquisitions
    45. 45. Stories in conversation ... David, Goliath, and the Temple Two Arks Pharaoh, Hagar, Solomon Joshua, Jesus, and the Canaanites
    46. 46. Question 3God and violence
    47. 47. Question 3God and violenceFLATDESCENDINGASCENDING TENT
    48. 48. Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 andDeuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice what Paul picks to retain andwhat he chooses to reject: For I tell you that Christ has become a servantof the Jews on behalf of Gods truth, to confirmthe promises made to the patriarchs so that theGentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it iswritten: “I destroyed my foes. They cried forhelp, but there was no one to save them—to theLORD, but he did not answer…. He is the Godwho avenges me, who puts the Gentiles underme…. Therefore I will praise you among theGentiles; I will sing hymns to your name.” (Ps.18:41–49).
    49. 49. Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles,with his people, for he will avenge theblood of his servants; he will takevengeance on his enemies and makeatonement for his land andpeople.” (Deut. 32:43)
    50. 50. Flood concludes: “Paul is making a verydifferent point from the original intent of thesePsalms. In fact, he is making the opposite point—we should not cry out for God’s wrath andjudgment [on the other], because we are allsinners in need of mercy.” He concludes, “Thisis not a case of careless out-of-context proof-texting; it is an artful and deliberate reshaping ofthese verses … from their original cry for divineviolence into a confession of universalculpability that highlights our need for mercy.”
    51. 51. Letting Come ...Adapting and creating infrastructuresAdapting and creating practicesPrototyping microcosms ...Crystallizing vision and intention
    52. 52. A plan for “letting come” in the American church in the next ten years
    53. 53. 1. Network a maximally diverse team of collaborative leaders.- mutual learning, trust, respect, encouragement- networking networks
    54. 54. 2. Articulate & disseminate a new vision - with proposals/ demands - through all media and a variety of networked voices- Theological, ecclesial, missional, spiritual, social, economic, political
    55. 55. 3. Announce a “bigger” movement that gathers the past and present into a hopeful & challenging vision for the future. - telling a new story - social movement theory - theology of movements and institutions - branding
    56. 56. 4. Create marginal zones/ open spaces for far- reaching proto-typing. - faith communities, seminaries, festivals, protests, mission, networks, ordination, governance, liturgies, creeds, confessions“temporary autonomous zones”
    57. 57. using/avoiding existing polity creating workable protocols new economic models new training models new communication models new support/connection modelsnew heroes who embody the new values of the movement
    58. 58. 5. Sequester funds for these new lines of ministry.
    59. 59. 6. Attract new people in new ways to the new zone. “Bring in a new day with new people.” New leaders, new members, new training
    60. 60. 7a. Expect some legacy entities (eventually) to imitate innovative entities - so prioritize the innovative entities. (expect most to ignore or criticize before imitating)
    61. 61. 7b. Shift from tree model (1 fruit) into garden model (many fruits).
    62. 62. 8. Expect to rebrand and rename just about everything - to communicate new identity and ethos - thus creating new diversity and new alliances.
    63. 63. Liturgical Social Action Evangelical Charismatic
    64. 64. 9. Trust and move authentically with the Holy Spirit.note difference between being authentic/ orthodox/legitimate/effective and being thought so!
    65. 65. 10. Expect lots of trouble and pain ... There is no baby without childbirth!
    66. 66. What is mine to do?What do I need right now, where I am?
    67. 67. Christian Identityin aMulti-FaithWorld
    68. 68. We know how to do two things very well.
    69. 69. We know how to have a STRONG- HOSTILE CHRISTIAN IDENTITY.
    70. 70. We have the only way. STRONG-You are going to hell. HOSTILEWe are God’s chosen.You worship false gods.resistance if futile.you will be assimilated - oreliminated.we possess absolute truth.
    71. 71. We know how to have a weak- benign CHRISTIAN IDENTITY.
    72. 72. it doesn’t matter what youbelieve.all religions are the same.all roads lead to god.only sincerity matters.doctrines divide.keep religion private. weak-benignMind/Matter: I don’t, it doesn’t.
    73. 73. strong-hostile ORweak-benign? Or???
    74. 74. IDENTITIES AREFORMED BY Stories.
    75. 75. SOME promoteviolence.
    76. 76. SOMEPROMOTEPEACE.
    77. 77. WHICH KINDDO WE LIVEBY?
    78. 78. Ivan Illich (Austrian former priest, philosopher, social critic, 1926-2002)
    79. 79. Neither revolution nor reformationcan ultimately change a society,rather you must tell a new powerfultale, one so persuasive that it sweepsaway the old myths and becomes thepreferred story …
    80. 80. … one so inclusive that it gathers all thebits of our past and our present into acoherent whole, one that even shinessome light into the future so that we cantake the next step…. If you want tochange a society, then you have to tell analternative story. - attributed to Ivan Illich (Austrian former priest, philosopher, social critic, 1926-2002)
    81. 81. CLENCHINGFIST OR OPEN HAND
    82. 82. What kind of storydid Jesus tell?
    83. 83. Jesus entered a world like ours -running on stories of Domination Revolution Purification/Scapegoating Isolation Competition Victimization/Self-preservation This is remarkably similar to the religious situation in Jesus’ day.
    84. 84. -Domination - Sadducees,Herodians, Romans-Revolution - Zealots-Purification/Scapegoating - Pharisees-Isolation - Essenes-Competition - Wealthy Judeans-Victimization/Self-preservation -Poor Galileans, sinners, lepers,outcasts
    85. 85. We could call these the stories of theclenching fist ...Warrior narrativesConflict narrativesSword narrativesThey tell us who weare.
    86. 86. -Domination - We are the exceptional,superior, in-charge, divinely chosen-Revolution - We are the dispossessed,righteous warriors-Purification/Scapegoating - We are the purewho know who the enemies among us are-Isolation - We are the pure who must remainseparate from the impure.-Competition - We are the fittest who survive,the heroic few who know how to prevail.-Victimization/Self-preservation - We are theoppressed, aggrieved victims who aretherefore virtuous and deserve better.
    87. 87. Domination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usIsolation: Us away from themCompetition: Us competing with them.Victimization: Us in spite of them
    88. 88. DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    89. 89. DOMINATION PURIFICATION CONFLICT! COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    90. 90. We could call these the stories of theclenched fist ...Warrior narrativesConflict narrativesSword narratives
    91. 91. Jesus came with an alternative story: the good news of the kingdom* of God. [*reign, commonwealth, dream, dance, economy, ecosystem, movement, beloved community, network, etc]
    92. 92. A story of theopen hand ...Gardener narrativePeacemaking narrativePlowshare/Pruning hook narrative
    93. 93. The good news of the kingdom of God -called people to repentance (paradigm shift/ radical rethinking), - a new way of life, -a new identity “in Christ”
    94. 94. Clenching Fist StoriesDomination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usSelf-preservation: Us in spite of themIsolation: Us away from themCompetition: Us competing with them.
    95. 95. Jesus’ Open-Hand Narrative of Creation/Liberation/ReconciliationNOT Domination: Service, NeighborlinessNOT Revolution: ReconciliationNOT Purification: Welcome/Hospitality/InclusionNOT Self-preservation: Pursuit of common goodNOT Isolation: Incarnation ... Penetration ... IdentificationNOT Competition: Generosity, Self-Giving
    96. 96. NEW CREATION/ RECONCILIATION DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    97. 97. NEW CREATION/ RECONCILIATION DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITIONSELF-PRESERVATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    98. 98. A STRONG BENEVOLENT IDENTITY DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITION SELF- PRESERVATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    99. 99. Hypocrisy:Religions can intentionally or accidentally baptize, support, legitimize, and camouflage the six clenched-fist stories.They can cover up a wolf-ish, clenched- fist message in open- hand, sheep’s language.
    100. 100. Misconception:Our religious differences keep us apart.
    101. 101. Actuality:It is not our religious differences that keep us apart, but rather a haunting religious similarity ... one thing we all hold in common.
    102. 102. Actuality:We build our religious identity through hostile, oppositional narratives ... we know who we are by who we are against.
    103. 103. RELIGIOUS RELIGIOUS DOMINATION PURIFICATION RELIGIOUS RELIGIOUS SELF- COMPETITION PRESERVATION RELIGIOUS REVOLUTIONRELIGIOUS ISOLATION
    104. 104. We often disciple people into the wrong story … and help them become “christians” without challenging their stories. In such a way, the Christian religion can become the most dangerous story, not the most healing and liberating story.
    105. 105. 1. The DOMINATION Jesus who dominates through cultural colonization, militarism, and economic hegemony.2. The REVOLUTION/REVENGE Jesus who is planning revenge on his enemies.We believe Jesus proclaims the power of love, not the love of power.
    106. 106. 3. The PURIFICATION Jesus who excludes and shames the impure rather than graciously including and healing them.4. The ISOLATION Jesus who invites people to withdraw into a “holy bubble” of a “nice christian subculture” awaiting evacuation. We believe Jesus calls us to incarnation and transformation, not condemnation and evacuation.
    107. 107. We’re tired of …5. The SELF-PRESERVATION Jesus who complains about how badly “we Christians” are being treated (and ignores the atrocities we’ve committed).6. The COMPETITION Jesus who promises blessings and prosperity without a mission or a cross. We believe Jesus taught the joy of being a blessing, not the happiness of getting blessed, the joy of giving over receiving.
    108. 108. A weak and benign Christian identity may be less dangerous than a strong and hostile identity ...But there is a better alternative:
    109. 109. A strong and benevolentChristian identity centered on Jesus and his story (good news) of thekingdom/commonwealth of God.
    110. 110. We have the only way. STRONG-You are going to hell. HOSTILEWe are God’s chosen.You worship false gods.resistance if futile.you will be assimilated -or eliminated.
    111. 111. it doesn’t matter what youbelieve.all religions are the same.all roads lead to god.only sincerity matters.doctrines divide. weak-benignkeep religion private.
    112. 112. Because I Follow Jesus, I loveyou.I move toward “the other.”I break down walls of hostility.i stand with you in solidarity. strong-you are made in God’s image.i am your servant. benevolentI practice human-kindness.
    113. 113. But how?
    114. 114. The Prayer of theKingdom
    115. 115. O God, whose love makes us one family, May your unspeakable Name be revered.
    116. 116. Here on earth may yourkingdom come … on earth as in heaven may your dreams come true.
    117. 117. Give us today our bread for today.And forgive us our wrongs as we forgive.
    118. 118. Lead us away from the perilous trial,Liberate us from the evil.
    119. 119. For the kingdom is yours and yours alone, the power isyours and yours alone, and theglory is yours and yours alone, now and forever. Amen. (Hallelujah … Amen)
    120. 120. Come.Follow Me. Find youridentity in me ...
    121. 121. which story Do we live by?
    122. 122. The outcome will depend in largemeasure on the prevailing storiesthat shape our understanding….Perhaps the most difficult yetessential aspect of this work is tochange our stories…. Thus, thetrue believers of the New Rightgained power not by theirnumbers, which were relativelysmall, but by their ability tocontrol the stories … - David Korten, The Great Turning, p. 20,
    123. 123. [Jesus] dedicated his life tochanging the prevailing stories. - David Korten, The Great Turning, p. 20, 237, 261
    124. 124. The idea of Jesus as the messianic Christ andfounder of an imperial church was a reconstructionthat did not come to fruition until nearly threecenturies after his crucifixion, when the emperorConstantine embraced Christianity and made it theofficial religion of the Roman Empire. Christianityhas served empire ever since, lending morallegitimacy to unconscionable violence andoppression in the name of the man whose life wasdevoted to teaching love and compassion. - David Korten, The Great Turning, p. 259
    125. 125. A storyabout ayouthgroup…
    126. 126. Conventional View Emerging ViewThe Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, butSituation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and asis the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God andwe find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injusticeourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperateQuestions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer thisquestions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about theJesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both toanswer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects.Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people andHow did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religiousrespond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther andcrisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too,plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious.2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular RomanCatholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow itsinstructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
    127. 127. 2 questions: Conventional View Emerging View From Everything Must Change: Jesus, Global Crises, and a The Human Situation: What God created the world as perfect, but because our primal is the story that we find ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute God created the world as good, but human beings – as individuals, and as groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? Revolution of Hope perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined that the entire universe and all it contains will be destroyed, and like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness, but humanity is hopelessly lost and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1What are the top global Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under dominationproblems? happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, What does the message of Jesus heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. say to those problems? 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
    128. 128. Top Global Problems:High Noon (20) The Human Situation: What we find Conventional View God created the world as perfect, but because our primal is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute Emerging View God created the world as good, but human beings – as individuals, and as groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost andUnited Nations University (15) contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and itsCopenhagen Consensus (10) go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin.Millennium Development Goals (8) that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too,PEACE plan (5) plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
    129. 129. United Nations University: The State of the FutureTop Fifteen Challenges: How can …1. … sustainable development be achieved for all?2. … everyone have sufficient clean water without Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God andconflict? we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd,3. … population growth and resources be brought into the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1balance? Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its4. … genuine democracy emerge from authoritarian go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people andregimes? How did Jesus respond to the crisis? want to be among those specifically qualified to escape being forever punished for your sins in hell, you must repent of your individual sins and believe groups – including your own religious leaders - are leading you farther and farther astray. I have been sent by God with this good news – that God loves humanity, even in its lostness and sin.5. … policymaking be made more sensitive to global long- that my Father punished me on the cross so He won’t have to punish you in hell. Only if you believe this will you go to heaven when everyone else is God graciously invites everyone and anyone to question and reject what they have been told and instead follow a new path. Trust me and become my disciple, and you will be transformed, and you willterm perspectives? banished to hell.”2 This is the good news. participate in the transformation of the world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.6. … the global convergence of information and 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestantcommunications technologies work for everyone?7. … ethical market economies be encouraged to helpreduce the gap between rich and poor?
    130. 130. 8. … the threat of new and reemerging diseases and immunemicro-organisms be reduced?9. … the capacity to decide be improved as the nature of workand institutions change? Conventional View Emerging View10. … shared values and new security strategies reduce ethnic The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to saveconflicts, terrorism, and the use of weapons of mass God has irrevocably determined that the entire universe and all it contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – humanity and heal it from its sickness, but humanity is hopelessly lost and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves,destruction? Basic exempted – will be forever punished for their imperfection in hell.1 Since everyone is doomed to human beings will spiral downward in sickness and evil. Since the human race is in such desperate11. … the changing status of women help improve the human Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among hiscondition? Jesus’ message: can God help individuals be happy and successful until then? Jesus says, in essence, “If you contemporaries: living under domination by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious12. … transnational organized crime networks be stopped from respond to the crisis? specifically qualified to escape being forever punished for your sins in hell, you must repent of your individual sins and believe leaders - are leading you farther and farther astray. I have been sent by God with this good news – that God loves humanity, even in its lostness and sin.becoming more powerful and sophisticated global enterprises? that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will13. … growing energy demands be met safely and efficiently? banished to hell.”2 This is the good news. participate in the transformation of the world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.14. … scientific and technological breakthroughs be 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestantaccelerated to improve the human condition?15. … ethical considerations become more routinelyincorporated into global decisions?
    131. 131. 8 Millennium Development Goals: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. 2. Achieve universal primary education. The Human Conventional View God created the world as perfect, Emerging View God created the world as good, but 3. Promote gender equality and empower Situation: What we find ourselves in? but because our primal is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined human beings – as individuals, and as groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and women. contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – except for those specifically exempted – will be forever punished for their imperfection confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into lostness and danger. Left to themselves, human beings will spiral downward in sickness and evil. 4. Reduce child mortality. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its 5. Improve maternal health. Jesus’ message: go to heaven after they die? How can God help individuals be happy and successful until then? Jesus says, in essence, “If you specific outworking among his contemporaries: living under domination by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and 6. Combat HIV/AIDs, malaria, and other How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and diseases. the cross so He won’t have to punish you in hell. Only if you believe this will you go to heaven when everyone else is banished to hell.”2 This is the anyone to question and reject what they have been told and instead follow a new path. Trust me and become my disciple, and you will be transformed, and you will participate in the transformation of the 7. Ensure environmental sustainability. good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 8. Develop a global partnership for 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant development
    132. 132. Copenhagen Consensus Top 10 Global Problems1. Hunger and malnutrition Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice2. Climate change ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined that the entire universe and all it contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness, but humanity is hopelessly lost and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into3. Conflicts except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this4. Financial Instability questions did Jesus come to answer? questions: how can individuals be saved from eternal punishment in hell and instead go to heaven after they die? How can God help individuals be question: what must be done about the mess we’re in? The mess refers both to the general human condition and its specific outworking among his contemporaries: living under domination5. Water and Sanitation happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God6. Subsidies and Trade Barrierssins in hell, you must repent of your individual sins and believe that my Father punished me on the cross so He won’t have to punish you in hell. Only if you with this good news – that God loves humanity, even in its lostness and sin. God graciously invites everyone and anyone to question and reject what they have been told and instead follow a new7. Population/Migration believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.8. Communicable Diseases 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its9. Education instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant10. Governance and Corruption
    133. 133. Rick Warren’s PEACE Plan1. Plant churches to combat spiritual Conventional View Emerging ViewemptinessThe Human Situation: What we find ourselves in? God created the world as perfect, but because our primal is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined God created the world as good, but human beings – as individuals, and as groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness,2. Equip servant leaders to combat that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1corrupt leadership Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination3. Assist the poor through happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loveshumanitarian aid (poverty) your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the4. Care for the sick to combat disease good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its5. Educate the next generation to instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestantcombat ignorance
    134. 134. spiritual emptiness corrupt leadership poverty disease ignorance hunger and malnutrition climate change conflicts Financial Instability Water/Sanitation subsidies/trade barriers population/ migration communicable diseases education governance/corruption hungereducation gender inequality child mortality maternal health environmental sustainability ethnic conflicts terrorism weapons of massdestruction organized crime networks energy demands clean water population growth authoritarian regimes
    135. 135. spiritual emptiness corrupt leadership poverty diseaseignorance hunger and malnutritionclimate change conflicts Financial Instability Water/Sanitation subsidies/trade barriers GLOBAL population/ migration CRISES communicable diseases education FOUR governance/corruption hunger education gender inequality child mortality maternal healthenvironmental sustainability ethnic conflicts terrorism weapons of mass destruction organized crimenetworks energy demands clean water population growth authoritarian regimes
    136. 136. Societal Machine
    137. 137. Machine: acomplex tool Prosperity fashioned to achieve a desire. Societal Machine
    138. 138. Prosperity SecuritySocietal Machine
    139. 139. ProsperityEquity SecuritySocietal Machine
    140. 140. Prosperity Equity Security Societal MachineThe Ecosystem
    141. 141. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem
    142. 142. HeatSolar Energy The Ecosystem
    143. 143. HeatSolar EnergyThe Ecosystem
    144. 144. Heat Solar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The EcosystemCrisis 1. A Prosperity System that can’t stop growing beyondenvironmental limits, resulting in multi-faceted environmentalcrises. (The crisis of the planet.)
    145. 145. Heat Solar Energy ProsperityResources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem
    146. 146. Heat Solar Energy Prosperity Waste Resources Equity Security Societal Machine2. An Equity System that can’t keep pace with the growinggap between the rich minority and the poor majority,resulting in suffering, resentment, and fear. (The crisis ofpoverty.)
    147. 147. Heat Solar Energy Prosperity WasteResources Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem
    148. 148. Heat Solar Energy Prosperity Waste Resources Equity Security Societal Machine3. A Security System that arms rich and poor with more andmore catastrophic weapons, resulting in vicious cycles ofcrime, mass migration, terrorism and anti-terrorism. (Thecrisis of peace.)
    149. 149. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem
    150. 150. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Framing Story
    151. 151. Heat Solar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine4. The Failure of the World’sReligions to provide a framing storycapable of healing the societal Framing Storymachine - i.e. Good News. (Thecrisis of purpose.)
    152. 152. Good News of the Commonwealth of GodCreation, Liberation, Reconciliation DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITION VICTIMIZATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    153. 153. Good News of the Commonwealth of GodCreation, Liberation, Reconciliation DOMINATION PURIFICATION COMPETITION VICTIMIZATION REVOLUTION ISOLATION
    154. 154. The kingdom of God …A God who forgives …A God who includes …A God who notices …A God who serves …A nonviolent God who reconciles …A God who heals …A God who transcends boundaries …A God who sides with the poor …A God who is present …A God bigger than organized religion …
    155. 155. Domination: Us over themRevolution: Us versus themPurification: Us versus some of usVictimization: Us in spite of themIsolation: Us away from themCompetition: Us competing with them. Kingdom of God/New Creation/ Reconciliation: Some of us for all of us.
    156. 156. Non-Domination: ServiceNon-Revolution: Nonviolent subversive actionNon-Purification: Eating with outcastsNon-Victimization: Your faith has saved you!Non-Isolation: Physicians come to the sickNon-Accumulation: Seek first God’s kingdom and justice Kingdom of God/New Creation/ Reconciliation: Love God, love neighbor, love enemy, proclaim good news
    157. 157. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Domination, Revolution, Purification, Isolation, Victimization, Competition?
    158. 158. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Good News of the Kingdom of God?
    159. 159. After John was put inprison, Jesus went intoGalilee, proclaiming the good news of God.The time has come, he said. The kingdom of God has come near.Repent and believe the good news! Mark 1:15
    160. 160. 4 Crises: The Human Situation: What Conventional View God created the world as perfect, but because our primal is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did Emerging View God created the world as good, but human beings – as individuals, and as groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost andPlanetary crisis (Prosperity) contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – except for those specifically exempted – will be forever punished for their imperfection in hell.1 confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into lostness and danger. Left to themselves, human beings will spiral downward in sickness and evil. Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both toPoverty crisis (Equity) answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin.Peace-making crisis (Security) that my Father punished me on the cross so He won’t have to punish you in hell. Only if you believe this will you go to heaven when everyone else is banished to hell.”2 This is the God graciously invites everyone and anyone to question and reject what they have been told and instead follow a new path. Trust me and become my disciple, and you will be transformed, and you will participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.Purpose crisis (Spirituality/story) 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
    161. 161. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Good News of the Kingdom of God
    162. 162. The essence of struggle is neither endurance nordenial. The essence of struggle is the decision tobecome new rather than simply to become older. Itis the opportunity to grow either smaller or largerin the process. There is, then, a gift hidden in thetravails of forced change. It is the gift of beginningagain: conversion. - Sister Joan Chittister, Scarred by Struggle, Transformed by Hope, p. 22
    163. 163. Our God, whose love makes us one family, May your unspeakable Name be revered.Here on earth may your commonwealth come…On earth, as in heaven, may your dreams come true.
    164. 164. Give us today our bread for today. Forgive us our wrongs as we forgive.Lead us away from the perilous trial,Liberate us from the evil.
    165. 165. For the kingdom is yours and yours alone,the power is yours and yours alone, the glory is yours and yours alone, Now and forever. Amen.
    166. 166. Conventional View Emerging ViewThe Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, butSituation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and asis the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God andwe find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injusticeourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperateQuestions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer thisquestions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about theJesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both toanswer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects.Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people andHow did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religiousrespond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther andcrisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too,plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious.2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular RomanCatholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow itsinstructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
    167. 167. QUESTION 4: JESUSwho is he and why is he so important? “vampire Christians”
    168. 168. QUESTION 4: JESUSwho is he and why is he so important? IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD (LOGOS), AND THE WORD WAS WITH GOD AND THE WORD WAS GOD ... THE WORD BECAME FLESH AND DWELT AMONG US. (JOHN 1)
    169. 169. rene girardinsights and contributions- nonviolent theme in the Bible- a narrative of evolution, emergence- deconstruction of atonement theory- uniqueness and universality of Christ- proper apocalypticism- a sense of what has gone wrong and why- a sense of what is real and good, and why
    170. 170. If love and violence are incompatible, the definition of theLogos must take this into account. The difference betweenthe Greek Logos and the Johannine Logos must be anobvious one, which gets concealed only in the tortuouscomplications of a type of thought that never succeeds inridding itself of its own violence. (270)
    171. 171. Heidegger is absolutely right to state that there has neverbeen any thought in the West but Greek thought, evenwhen the labels were Christian. Christianity has no specialexistence in the domain of thought. Continuity with theGreek Logos has never been interrupted... everything isGreek and nothing is Christian. (273)
    172. 172. By cultural Platonism we mean the unexamined convictionthat human institutions have been and are what they arefor all eternity, that they have little need to evolve andnone whatsoever to be engendered.... It is quite evident how a universal Platonism manages toobscure any phenomena that contradict it. (TH 59)
    173. 173. Behaving in a truly divine manner, on an earth still in theclutches of violence, means not dominating humans, notoverwhelming them with supernatural power; it means notterrifying and astonishing them in turn, through the sufferingsand blessings on can confer; it means not creating differencebetween doubles and not taking part in their disputes. ‘Godis no respecter of persons.’ He makes no distinctionbetween ‘Greeks and Jews, men and women, etc.’ This canlook like complete indifference and can lead to theconclusion that the all-powerful does not exist, so long as histranscendence keeps him infinitely far from us and ourviolent undertakings. But the same characteristics arerevealed as a heroic and perfect love once thistranscendence becomes incarnate in a human being andwalks among men, to teach them about the true God and todraw them closer to Him. (234)
    174. 174. There is no privileged stance from which absolute truthcan be discovered... That is why the Word that states itselfto be absolutely true never speaks except from theposition of a victim in the process of being expelled....[F]or two thousand years this Word has beenmisunderstood, despite the enormous amount of publicityit has received. (435)
    175. 175. Jesus as the non-violent word of God. God with and for the poor. God who cares for creation.
    176. 176. What are the questions?1. The narrative question: What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? Storyline, plotline?2. The authority question: What is the Bible, andwhat is it for? How does it have authority?3. The God question: Is God violent? Why doesGod seem so violent and genocidal in so manybible passages?
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