Chapman 3 movements
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  • 1. we need a theology ofinstitutions, movements. and Communities
  • 2. congregational grief, shame, and blameclergy grief, shame, and blamegrace for all!
  • 3. Three possible futures: Continuing contraction Conservative resurgence Pregnancy
  • 4. Three possible futures: Continuing contraction - Shrinking numbers - Wrinkling members - Low retention - Low evangelization - Constrained leadership - Secure finances
  • 5. Three possible futures: Conservative resurgence - Immigration fears - Western domination - Terrorism fears/revenge - Playing to bases - New alliances (global, ecumenical)
  • 6. Three possible futures: Pregnancy - Theological reformation - Missional reorientation - Post-national, post-partisan identity/ethos - Spiritual-social movement (Peace, planet, poverty) - New alliances (global, ecumenical)
  • 7. we need a theology ofinstitutions, movements. and Communities
  • 8. CommunitiesFamilies, individuals, and organizations linked to a common environment, collaborating for the common good.
  • 9. Institutions:Organizations which conserve the gains made by past social movements.
  • 10. Social MovementsOrganizations which make proposals or demands to current institutions to make progress towards new gains.
  • 11. Both movements and institutions...Organize for their purposeNeed one anotherAre frustrated with one anotherBenefit or harm communities
  • 12. Without movements ...Institutions stagnate ... Without institutions ...Movements evaporate ...
  • 13. Some movementssuccessfully inject their values into the institutions they challenge Other movementscreate their own institutions, or pass away
  • 14. Vital movementscall people to passionate, sacrificial personal commitment Sustainable institutionscreate loyalty across generations through evocative rituals & traditions
  • 15. Parker Palmer’s 4 stages of social change1. Divided no more2. Communities of congruence3. Going public4. Alternative Rewards
  • 16. From Greg LeffelFaith Seeking Action: Mission and Social Movements
  • 17. Movements unite people to create or resist change. Throughthem, individuals seek a common voice to challenge, social,political, economic and cultural powers; movements, in fact,multiply the power of individual action through their uniqueform of collective, non-institutional power. (47-48)Social movements are non-institutionally organized humancollectives, that put meaningful ideas in play in publicsettings, that actively confront existing powers through thestrength of their numbers and the influence of their ideas,and that grow in size and power by inspiring others to act, inorder to create or resist change (48)A movement is “a segmented, usually polycephalus cellularorganization composed of unites networked by variouspersonal, structural, and ideological ties. (50)
  • 18. It takes collective, non-institutional(or prophetic) power to bring changeto institutions. You can’t change the center/inside/priestly without proposals and pressure from the margins/outside/prophetic.
  • 19. Movements are diagnostic, prognostic,and motivational (51)- They say what’s wrong- They say what’s needed- They motivate and mobilize forconcerted action.
  • 20. Movements are context dependent.In certain periods, fundamental contradictions in a society’s core understanding of itself create the possibility of widespread and socially disruptive change. (52)Movements exploit opportunity:1. An active interest among elites in changingthe political structure2. Conflicts or corruption within elites3. Events that weaken established socialcontrol (war, disaster, economic collapse)
  • 21. Leffel’s 6 Characteristics of Vibrant Social Movements
  • 22. 1. Opportunity StructureCurrent restraining realities ... in tension with ... emerging opportunities.
  • 23. Opportunities:- Problems needing to be solved- Elites who hold power, resist change orpromote negative change- Fissures, Problems among elites thatmake the status quo vulnerable- Values of the movement in conflict withvalues of elites- Potential advocates and allies inacademic, civil society, arts, church,government, business, science, etc.
  • 24. 2. Rhetorical Framing/Conceptual ArchitectureMovement leaders have to make a conceptual and verbalcase for their movement by answering questions like these:How do we redefine reality?How do we disrupt or change current realities?How do we name our grievances? Articulate our positivevision for the way forward?How do we motivate and sustain dissatisfaction with thestatus quo, and affection for our shared vision?How do we justify our aims in terms of 5 lines of moralargument (Jonathan Haidt): justice, compassion, tradition,loyalty, and purity?How is the movement liberating? (liberal)How is the movement conserving? (conservative)
  • 25. 3. Protest (messaging) strategyRaising awareness, attracting growing numbers ofparticipantsCampaigns, tactics, deployments, making demands, publicrelations, sustaining conflict, forcing a crisis, managinginternal tensions, managing stigmatization, showing results,maintaining momentum, not overreacting, definingacceptable level of disruption,- Gaining attention - demonstrations, sit-ins, teach-ins, etc.- Building Networks of Participants and Allies- Wisely Identifying and Engaging Opponents Movements must be convergent (creating broad, vigorous alliances) and insurgent (confronting real problems upheld by elites and the systems that privilege them).
  • 26. 4. Mobilization Structures & Strategies- Authority and Decision-Making Structures- Transparency/Confidentiality, Communication Plans- Leadership development, Relational Development, ConflictManagement Plans- Coalition development- Resource, Technology, Finance Mobilization andManagement- Evangelism, recruitment, induction- Renewal and Increase of commitment- Awareness of levels of commitment (core, activists,supporters, listeners, opposition, indirect impact, unaware
  • 27. 4. Mobilization Structures & StrategiesJesus and the 12- Intense time of modeling, relationship building and visionsharing- Contagious passion- Periodic sending and returning- Final sending/Succession insured- Warnings of expected trials, failures, conflicts- “Polycephalic” structure - connection without control- Self-organizing units- Welcoming of new leaders (Paul)- Reproducible expansion- Both individual agency and group agency (Paul, Philip,Antioch)- Both planning and spontaneity
  • 28. 5. Movement Culture “Movements are about changing a society’s lifeway; a movement itself becomes an experimental field where anew way of life can be, to some degree,experienced and where the movement’s ideals, values and common vision are put to the test.” (61)
  • 29. 5. Movement culture- Emotional vibe (fun, serious, angry,playful, heady, gutsy, etc.)- Feel of spaces, physical and digital- Songs, slogans- Virtues, values, moral ethos- Dress, Graphics,- Nicknames, terminology- Emotion, motivation, motion
  • 30. 6. Participant BiographyHow does involvement benefit - or harm -participants? How does the movement promoteemotional and social sustainability ... avoidingburnout, squabbles, etc.How does it contribute to personal formation:- character- attitudes- knowledge- recovery from trauma- relationships- renewalWhat do participants gain from being involved?
  • 31. 1. Opportunity Structure2. Rhetorical framing3. Protest (messaging) strategy4. Mobilization strategy5. Movement culture6. Participant Biography
  • 32. Jesus says the kingdom of God is like gardening (anorganic movement) not warfare (institutional action): Itspreads through seeds ... sown into systems to grow. The seeds of the message. The seeds of people who personally embody the message. The seeds of communities who socially embody the message.
  • 33. Jesus seizes the opportunity structureprovided by conflicted elites(Pharisees/Sadducees;Herodians/Zealots) and strugglingmasses (Galilee/Judea)
  • 34. He provides rhetorical framing on hillsides, inhouses, on retreats, in public teach-ins, in debates,through parables, through rituals and practices.He repeats key themes - commonwealth of God,life to the full, life of the ages, liberation - rootedin dynamic tension with tradition.
  • 35. His protest (messaging) strategy includes publicdemonstrations (healings & miracles), teach-ins(sermon on mount), civil disobedience (turningtables), guerilla theatre (exorcisms), festivals(feasts & feedings), naming evil (woes), namingheroes (blessings).
  • 36. He develops a mobilization strategy basedon 3, 12, 70, and multitudes. He entrustsfreely with responsibility and expresses highconfidence in his agents (greater things shallyou do ...)
  • 37. He associates his movement culturewith love, joy, justice, risk, hope,creativity, courage, service,willingness to suffer, nonviolence.
  • 38. He provides his disciples challenge, rest,retreat, encouragement, recovery afterfailures. They testify that their participantbiographies have been forever changed forthe better.
  • 39. we need a theology ofCommunities, institutions and movements
  • 40. What spiritual movement is trying to be bornamong us today?What are its demands/proposals?What role might we play in its emergence?
  • 41. a new spiritual identity
  • 42. NotMilitant Religious RightInstitutional Religious Left
  • 43. NotMilitant Religious RightInstitutional Religious Left But Evangelical passion mixed with progressive social vision of common good, “beloved community”
  • 44. NotConservative anti-science biasOld Liberal anti-spiritual bias
  • 45. NotConservative anti-science biasOld Liberal anti-spiritual bias But Both pro-learning and pro-spirituality
  • 46. NotStrong Hostile IdentityWeak Benevolent Identity in relation to other faiths ...
  • 47. NotStrong Hostile IdentityWeak Benevolent Identity in relation to other faiths ... But Strong, theologically-rooted benevolent spiritual identity as neighbors, peacemakers
  • 48. NotJesus as weaponJesus as embarrassment
  • 49. NotJesus as weaponJesus as embarrassment But Jesus as bringer of good news of the kingdom of God
  • 50. A lot depends on the emergenceLiturgical Social Action Evangelical of Charismaticidentity. this new
  • 51. Movements move with the Holy Spirit.
  • 52. Do not merely try to bring others to where you are, as wonderful as that place might be.But do not leave them where they are either. Instead, go with them to a place neither you nor they have ever been before. Fr. Vincent Donovan (adapted)
  • 53. Where do you see the most momentum?Where do you see the biggest obstacles?What do you “hear” in your heart?
  • 54. Christian futures:Mission and Social Justice
  • 55. What is the question taking The Human shape inside the Conventional View God created the world as perfect, Emerging View God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as“spiritual but not religious?” is the story that we find ourselves in? ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined that the entire universe and all it contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness, but humanity is hopelessly lost and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 56. “Can you accept me where I am and gently, wisely lead me The Human Conventional View God created the world as perfect, Emerging View God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as to a better way of life is the story that we find ourselves in? ancestors, Adam and Eve, did not maintain the absolute perfection demanded by God, God has irrevocably determined that the entire universe and all it contains will be destroyed, and the souls of all human beings – groups – have rebelled against God and filled the world with evil and injustice like a terrible disease. God wants to save humanity and heal it from its sickness, but humanity is hopelessly lost and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, so I can play my part exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its in building a better world?” go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 57. spiritual emptiness corrupt leadership poverty disease ignorance hunger and malnutrition climate change emergenciesconflicts Financial InstabilityWater/Sanitation subsidies/tradebarriers population/ migration GLOBAL communicable diseases FOUR education governance/corruption hunger education gender inequality child mortality maternal health environmental sustainability ethnic conflicts terrorism weapons of mass destruction organized crime networks energy demands clean water population growth authoritarian regimes
  • 58. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Framing Story
  • 59. Compiling and integrating thelists of global emergencies... The Human Conventional View God created the world as perfect, Emerging View God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as1. Planet is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves,2. Poverty exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his3. Peace Jesus’ message: How did Jesus respond to the crisis? can God help individuals be happy and successful until then? Jesus says, in essence, “If you want to be among those specifically qualified to escape being forever punished for your contemporaries: living under domination by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and groups – including your own religious leaders - are leading you farther and farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves4. Religion your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 60. How do Presbyterian followers of Christ engage their The Human Conventional View God created the world as perfect, Emerging View God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as communities with each crisis? is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves,1. Planet exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his2. Poverty Jesus’ message: How did Jesus respond to the crisis? can God help individuals be happy and successful until then? Jesus says, in essence, “If you want to be among those specifically qualified to escape being forever punished for your contemporaries: living under domination by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and groups – including your own religious leaders - are leading you farther and farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves3. Peace your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news.4. Religion 1 2 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 61. Planet ... Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 62. Poverty ... Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 63. Peace Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 64. Religion Conventional View Emerging View The Human God created the world as perfect, God created the world as good, but Situation: What but because our primal human beings – as individuals, and as is the story that ancestors, Adam and Eve, did groups – have rebelled against God and we find not maintain the absolute filled the world with evil and injustice ourselves in? perfection demanded by God, like a terrible disease. God wants to save God has irrevocably determined humanity and heal it from its sickness, that the entire universe and all it but humanity is hopelessly lost and contains will be destroyed, and confused, like sheep without a shepherd, the souls of all human beings – wandering farther and farther into except for those specifically lostness and danger. Left to themselves, exempted – will be forever human beings will spiral downward in punished for their imperfection sickness and evil. in hell.1 Basic Since everyone is doomed to Since the human race is in such desperate Questions: What hell, Jesus seeks to answer these trouble, Jesus seeks to answer this questions did questions: how can individuals question: what must be done about the Jesus come to be saved from eternal mess we’re in? The mess refers both to answer? punishment in hell and instead the general human condition and its go to heaven after they die? How specific outworking among his can God help individuals be contemporaries: living under domination happy and successful until then? by the Roman empire, and divided into various competing sects. Jesus’ message: Jesus says, in essence, “If you Jesus says, in essence, “Other people and How did Jesus want to be among those groups – including your own religious respond to the specifically qualified to escape leaders - are leading you farther and crisis? being forever punished for your farther astray. I have been sent by God sins in hell, you must repent of with this good news – that God loves your individual sins and believe humanity, even in its lostness and sin. that my Father punished me on God graciously invites everyone and the cross so He won’t have to anyone to question and reject what they punish you in hell. Only if you have been told and instead follow a new believe this will you go to path. Trust me and become my disciple, heaven when everyone else is and you will be transformed, and you will banished to hell.”2 This is the participate in the transformation of the good news. world, which is possible, beginning right now.”3 This is the good news. 1 Of course, there are many modern western non-religious ontologies and framing stories too, plus Eastern ontologies and framing stories – both religious and irreligious. 2 This reflects a Calvinistic Evangelical protestant version of the message. The popular Roman Catholic version might say, “You must believe in the teachings of the church and follow its instructions, especially those regarding sacraments.” The popular mainline or liberal Protestant
  • 65. HeatSolar Energy Prosperity Resources Waste Equity Security Societal Machine The Ecosystem Framing Story
  • 66. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.Ivan Illich (Austrian former priest, philosopher, social critic, 1926-2002)
  • 67. Neither [violent] revolution nor[political] reformation can ultimatelychange a society, rather you must tella new powerful tale, one sopersuasive that it sweeps away theold myths and becomes the preferredstory …