Amahoro 2012 bible
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Amahoro 2012 bible Amahoro 2012 bible Presentation Transcript

  • The Bible: Library for African Transformation?
  • All of Scripture is inspired by God and isprofitable for teaching, rebuke, correction, andtraining in right living, so that God’s peoplemay be up to the task ahead and have all theyneed to accomplish every good work. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  • The word of God is alive and moving, sharperthan a double-edged sword, piercing to dividebetween soul and spirit joints and marrow, ableto judge the thoughts and will of the heart. (Hebrews 4:12)
  • Around your tables:What is one way the Bible hashelped or blessed you in your life?
  • The Bible is indeed a blessing when properly used ...
  • focus on big issuesempower the powerlessleadstimulate thought
  • The Bible is indeed a blessing when properly used ... but it can be abused.
  • distract from big issuesfocus on big issues impose control over othersempower the powerless misleadlead stop thoughtstimulate thought
  • slaverysciencepoverty
  • the Bible& Slavery
  • The African slave trade spanned 450 years. It involved the kidnapping of 11.5 million Africans. Billions of people today still profit and suffer in the aftermath of it.
  • Leviticus 25:44-46Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land; and they shall be your possession. And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever.
  • Other passages in the Old Testament frequently cited by Old South proslavers--Exodus 21:2-6 (relating to the slavery of poor Hebrews)Deuteronomy 15:16-17 (also relating to the slavery of poor Hebrews)--Genesis 9:26-27 (relating to the curse of Canaan to legitimize racism)“There is nothing, not one word, in the Old Testament to condemn, but very much to establish, enforce, and regulate slavery.” (Proslavery literature, Nellie Norton)
  • New Testament Passages used to support slavery: Ephesians 6:5-8 (exhorting servants to be obedient to their masters) Titus 2:9-10 (also exhorting servants to be obedient to their masters) Colossians 3:22-24 (requiring slaves to obey their masters) “…in the catalogue of sins denounced by the Savior and His Apostles, slavery is not once mentioned … not one word is said by the prophets, apostles, or the holy Redeemer against slavery … the Apostles admitted slaveholders and their slaves to church membership, without requiring a dissolution of the relation.”
  • from a popular book from that period:“… the Bible is a pro-slavery Bible, and God is a pro-slavery God,”“… the North must give up the Bible and religion, or adopt our views of slavery.”
  • Summary of the Biblical Argument:The Oracular Decisions of God have positively declared that the Slave-Trade is intrinsically good and licit, [and that the holding of slaves] is perfectly consonant to the principles of the Law of Nature, the Mosaic Dispensation, and the Christian Law … [Thus slavery has] the positive sanction of God in its support."Raymond Harris, Scriptural Researches on the Licitness of the Slave-Trade.
  • Around your tables:If you could go back into the early 1800’s to counter thisway of using the Bible - also using the Bible, what would you say?
  • the Bible& Slavery
  • the Bible& Science
  • Use of the Bible Against the Copernican TheoryEcclesiastes 1:4-6The Earth abideth forever. The Sunalso riseth, and the Sun goeth downand hasteth to his place where hearose. The wind goeth toward thesouth and turneth about unto thenorth.
  • Psalm 93: 1...the world also is established thatit cannot be moved.Psalm 104:5Who laid the foundation of theEarth, that it should not be removedforever.
  • 2 Kings 20:11And Isaiah the prophet cried unto theLord: and he brought the shadow tendegrees backward by which it hadgone down in the dial of Ahaz.
  • Joshua 10:12-14Then Joshua spoke to the Lord, inthe day that he delivered the Amoritein the sight of the children of Israel,and he said before them: Move not OSun toward Gabaon, nor thou, moon,toward the valley of Ajalon….
  • And the sun and moon stood still, tillthe people revenged themselves oftheir enemies. Is not this written inthe book of the just? So the sunstood still in the midst of the heaven,and hasted not to go down the spaceof one day. There was not before norafter so long a day, the Lord obeyingthe voice of a man, and fighting forIsrael.
  • Contending against Copernicus: Martin Luther in one of his "Table Talks” (1539):People gave ear to an upstart astrologerwho strove to show that the earthrevolves, not the heavens or thefirmament, the sun and the moon....Thisfool wishes to reverse the entire scienceof astronomy; but sacred Scripture tellsus [Joshua 10:13] that Joshuacommanded the sun to stand still, and notthe earth.
  • From Melanchthon:"The eyes are witnesses that the heavensrevolve in the space of twenty-four hours. Butcertain men, either from the love of novelty,or to make a display of ingenuity, haveconcluded that the earth moves; and theymaintain that neither the eighth sphere nor thesun revolves....Now, it is a want of honestyand decency to assert such notions publicly,and the example is pernicious. It is the part ofa good mind to accept the truth as revealed byGod and to acquiesce in it."
  • John Calvin cites Ps. 93:1 in his Commentary on Genesis:"Who will venture to place theauthority of Copernicus above thatof the Holy Spirit?"
  • Around your tables: Why do you think theseChristian leaders could not accept the findings of Copernicus and Galileo?What was their concern or fear?
  • the Bible& Science
  • the Bible& poverty
  • Japan : The Ukita family of Kodaira CityFood expenditure for one week: 37,699 Yen or $317.25
  • Italy: The Manzo family of SicilyFood expenditure for one week: 214.36 Euros or $260.11
  • Germany: The Melander family of BargteheideFood expenditure for one week: 375.39 Euros or $500.07
  • United States: The Revis family of North Carolina. Food expenditure for oneweek $341.98
  • Mexico: The Casales family of CuernavacaFood expenditure for one week: 1,862.78 Mexican Pesos or $189.09
  • Poland: The Sobczynscy family of Konstancin-JeziornaFood expenditure for one week: 582.48 Zlotys or$151.27
  • Egypt: The Ahmed family of CairoFood expenditure for one week: 387.85 Egyptian Pounds or $68.53
  • Ecuador: The Ayme family of TingoFood expenditure for one week: $31.55
  • Bhutan: The Namgay family of Shingkhey VillageFood expenditure for one week: 224.93 ngultrum or $5.03
  • Chad: The Aboubakar family of Breidjing CampFood expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23
  • Jesus said (Matthew 26:11),“The poor you will have withyou always, but you will notalways have me.”
  • Deuteronomy ...
  • Around your tables:Why might some people read the Bible in a way that makes them care about the poor ... and others read it in a way that makes them careless about the poor?
  • the Bible& poverty
  • the Bible & slavery,science, & poverty, & the environment, women, other religions, gay people, albinos, the mentally ill, tribalism, health, prosperity....
  • Is the Bible the box, or is it a door out of the box? Is the Bible a lens - or more like a set of adjustable binoculars?Is the Bible a rule-book full of easy answers- or a library of questions and struggles that challenge us to become more open to God’s wisdom?
  • Three first steps in rediscovering theBible as a library of transformation ...
  • 1. See the Bible as pointing to Jesus, not toitself ... let Jesus’ life and teaching becomethe lens through which we read Scripture. Jesus says (5:39), ‘You study the Scripturesdiligently because you think that in them you possess eternal life. These are the very Scriptures that testify about me…’
  • Jesus said (in Matthew 5) ...Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. To the contrary: I have not come to overturn them but to fulfill them.... You have heard it said ...
  • Jesus said ...Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. To the contrary: I have not come to overturn them but to fulfill them.... You have heard it said ... But I say to you ...
  • Jesus said (Mark 2:17) ...The sabbath was made for human beings, not human beings for the sabbath.So the Son of Man is Lord even over the sabbath ...
  • Paul said ...Circumcision doesn’t count for anything. The only thing that matters is faith expressing itself in love. (Galatians 5)
  • Paul said ...... the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. (2 Corinthians 3)
  • Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 andDeuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice what Paul picks to retain andwhat he chooses to reject: For I tell you that Christ has become a servantof the Jews on behalf of Gods truth, to confirmthe promises made to the patriarchs so that theGentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it iswritten: Therefore I will praise you among theGentiles; I will sing hymns to your name.” (Ps.18:41–49).
  • Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles,with his people...
  • Derek Flood graphically displays Paul’s edited quotation of Psalm 18:41-49 andDeuteronomy 32:43 in Romans 15:8-10. Notice what Paul picks to retain andwhat he chooses to reject: For I tell you that Christ has become a servantof the Jews on behalf of Gods truth, to confirmthe promises made to the patriarchs so that theGentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it iswritten: “I destroyed my foes. They cried forhelp, but there was no one to save them—to theLORD, but he did not answer…. He is the Godwho avenges me, who puts the Gentiles underme…. Therefore I will praise you among theGentiles; I will sing hymns to your name.” (Ps.18:41–49).
  • Again, it says, “Rejoice, O Gentiles,with his people, for he will avenge theblood of his servants; he will takevengeance on his enemies and makeatonement for his land andpeople.” (Deut. 32:43)
  • Flood concludes: “Paul is making a verydifferent point from the original intent of thesePsalms. In fact, he is making the opposite point—we should not cry out for God’s wrath andjudgment [on the other], because we are allsinners in need of mercy.” He concludes, “Thisis not a case of careless out-of-context proof-texting; it is an artful and deliberate reshaping ofthese verses … from their original cry for divineviolence into a confession of universalculpability that highlights our need for mercy.”
  • 1. Read Scripture with Jesus as thefocal point ...2. Read Scripture in light of the bigstory ... which is???
  • A key question:What is the shape of thebiblical narrative? What isthe storyline of the Bible? (A pre-critical question)
  • Eden Heaven Fall Salvation History/ The world Hell
  • Platonic Ideal Platonic Ideal Fall Atonement, purification IntoAristotelian Aristotelian Real Real Hades
  • Pax Romana Pax Romana Civilization, Rebellion development, into colonialism barbarism Barbarian/ assimilation pagan world Destruction, defeat
  • Is there analternativeunderstanding?
  • Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  • Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and Reconciliation
  • Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and Mercy Exodus: Liberation & FormationGenesis: Creation and Reconciliation
  • Ge Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice andn Mercyesis Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  • HUMAN DESTRUCTION G e Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and n Mercy e HUMAN VIOLENCE s i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  • HUMAN DESTRUCTION G e Isaiah: Peaceable Kingdom - Justice and n Mercy e HUMAN VIOLENCE s i s HUMAN EXPLOITATION Exodus: Liberation & Formation
  • save, salvation,Saviorrighteousness, peace Different story?forgiveness Different meanings!disciplegood newskingdom of Godword of God
  • 1. Read Scripture with Jesus as thefocal point ...2. Read Scripture in light of the bigstory ... which is God’s unfolding,expanding work of creation,liberation, and reconciliation.
  • 3. Never simply quote a chapter andverse to end a discussion.Instead, put texts in conversation - andjoin the conversation.
  • Stories in conversation ... David, Goliath, and the Temple Two Arks Sarah/Isaac, Hagar/Ishmael Pharoah, Solomon Jacob and Esau Joshua, Jesus, and the Canaanites
  • 1. Read Scripture with Jesus as thefocal point ...2. Read Scripture in light of the bigstory ... which is God’s unfolding,expanding work of creation,liberation, and reconciliation.3. Read the Bible as stories inconversation ... and you are a vitalpart of the conversation!
  • All of Scripture is inspired by God and isprofitable for teaching, rebuke, correction, andtraining in right living, so that God’s peoplemay be up to the task ahead and have all theyneed to accomplish every good work. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  • The word of God is alive and moving, sharperthan a double-edged sword, piercing to dividebetween soul and spirit joints and marrow, ableto judge the thoughts and will of the heart. (Hebrews 4:12)
  • The Bible: Library for African Transformation