Literature Review Brown’s metacognitive framework
Literature Review Reflective journals http://flickr.com/photos/noellhyman/457816932
Reflective video journals YouTube Linking Feedback Responses Rating System Literature Review http://flickr.com/photos/noellhyman/457816932
Methodology Formative experiment (six-phase methodology) (Reinking and Bradley, 2008)
Phase One Determining the pedagogical goal Planning the intervention Recruiting the participants
Phase Two Creating a “thick description” of the setting using ethnographic methods -description of school setting -student population -teacher technology survey
Phase Three Establishing a baseline -Junior Metacognitive Awareness Inventory -technology attitudes survey -initial interview
Phase Four <ul><li>Implementing the intervention </li></ul><ul><li>-data collection and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>-modifying the intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-factors that enhance or inhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-modifications and effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-unanticipated effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-changes in the environment </li></ul></ul>
Phase Five Post assessment -Junior Metacognitive Awareness Inventory -technology attitudes survey -final interview
Selected References Brown, A. L. (1978). Knowing when, where, and how to remember: A problem of metacognition. Advances in Instructional Psychology, 1 , 77–165. Dewey, J. (1933). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston: DC Heath and Company. Hiemstra, R. (2001). Uses and benefits of journal writing. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education , 90 , 19-26. Hubbs, D.L., & Brand, C.F. (2005). The paper mirror: understanding reflective journaling. Journal of Experiential Education, 28 (1), 60-71. King, F.B., & LaRocco, D.J. (2006). E-Journaling: A Strategy to Support Student Reflection and Understanding. Current Issues in Education [On- line], 9(4). Available: http://cie.ed.asu.edu/volume9/number4/ Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development . Englewood Gliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Moon, J. (1999). Learning journal: A handbook for academics, students and professional development. London: Kogan Page. Paris, S. G., & Winograd, P. (1990). How metacognition can promote academic learning and instruction. In B. F. Jones & L. Idol (Eds.), Dimensions of thinking and cognitive instruction (pp. 15-51). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Selected References Phipps, J. J. (2005). E-journaling: Achieving interactive education online. Educause Quarterly 28(1). Retrieved March 12, 2008 from: http://www.educause.edu/apps/eq/eqm05/eqm0519.asp?print=yes Reinking, D., & Bradley, B.A. (2008). On formative and design experiments : approaches to language and literacy research. New York: Teachers College Press. Reinking, D., & Watkins, J. (2000). A formative experiment investigating the use of multimedia book reviews to increase elementary students’ independent reading. Reading Research Quarterly , 35 , 384–419. Schraw, G., & Dennison (1994). Assessing metacognitive awareness. Contemporary Educational Psychology , 19 , 460– 475. Vygotsky, L. (1986). Thought and language (Rev. ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Walters, J., Seidel, S., & Gardner, H. (1994). Children as reflective practitioners: Bringing metacognition to the classroom. In C. Collins-Block and J. Mangieri (Eds.), Creating powerful thinking in teachers and students: Diverse perspectives . Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.