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Bocc Committee Of The Whole March 26, 2009
 

Bocc Committee Of The Whole March 26, 2009

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Situation Assessment presented to Board of County Commissioners

Situation Assessment presented to Board of County Commissioners

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    Bocc Committee Of The Whole March 26, 2009 Bocc Committee Of The Whole March 26, 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • Election Office Update BOCC Committee of the Whole Brian D. Newby Election Commissioner Johnson County, Kansas March 26, 2009
    • Session Objectives Today’s meeting is intended to: • Provide a snapshot of the Election Office and role of the ov de s ps o o e ec o O ce d o e o e Election Commissioner. • Provide a summary of the administration of the 2008 presidential election in Johnson County. • Identify operational considerations for 2010 and 2012 elections. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 2
    • Elections as Public Policy It should be recognized that1,881 TSx Machines Johnson Retrofit Fleet of election issues facing County are public policy issues that require the same consideration by the Board of County Commissioners as other service levels with other agencies. Considerations of election policy and equipment decisions • What are the legal ramifications state and federal—of any ramifications—state federal of service level change? • Will any change limit our service Ice, Go Paper the future? Put Machines on level options in • What is the possibility of stranded investment? • Will action now limit or prevent future cost recovery from federal f d l or state sources? tt ? Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 3
    • Voting is Local Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 4
    • Election Laws/Regulations Elections fall under federal and state oversight: • National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) governs list maintenance activities • Help America Vote Act (HAVA) governs election administration • Election Assistance Commission (EAC) certifies all equipment and approves voting system standards • Uniformed and Overseas Civilian Absentee Voters Act specifies laws for military voters • State statutes detail election requirements •SSecretary of St t Standards clarify and t f State St d d l if d enhance state requirements Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 5
    • National Voter Registration Act • Purpose of the Act: • Increase th number of citizens who register I the b f iti h it • Enhance participation of eligible citizens • Protect the integrity of electoral process gy p • Ensure accurate & current voter registration rolls • Engage government agencies in voter registration: • Assistance Agencies • Department of Motor Vehicles • County Responsibilities: • Maintain an accurate list of voters • Reporting p g Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 6
    • Election Office Responsibilities The Election Office is responsible for conducting a program that makes a reasonable effort to remove names of registrants who have:  Di d Died  Moved to another County or State  Inactive voters removed for failure to vote in two consecutive federal general elections  Requested to be removed  Are no longer eligible to vote 7
    • Election Office Responsibilities 1) Mail two notices non‐forwardable first class mail 2) Transfer of voters to “inactive” status Transfer of voters to  inactive status ‐ Maintain for two full federal election cycles (4 years) ‐ Or through the second general election for federal office  following the date the voter was transferred to inactive. When we conduct a full voter mailing we get thousands of mail pieces to verify. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 8
    • Relevant Legislative Authority 19-3419a. 19 3419a Salaries and car allowance of election commissioners The election commissioners in commissioners. any county shall receive a salary in an amount to be fixed by resolution of the board of county commissioners of the county. The election commissioner shall receive a car allowance in an amount to be fixed by resolution of the b d f th board of county commissioners. t ii 19 3420. 19-3420. Assistant election commissioners; appointment, salary; expenses. The election commissioner shall appoint one assistant, known as assistant election commissioner, who shall receive an annual salary to be fixed by the election commissioner and shall be paid in the same manner as other county officers and employees, and in addition the election commissioner shall certify to the boa d of county commissioners the a ou necessary for clerk hire and expense, which amount shall board o cou y co ss o e s e amount ecessa y o c e e a d e pe se, w c a ou s a be allowed by the board of county commissioners of said county. The board of county commissioners shall also authorize the statutory mileage allowance provided for in K.S.A. 75-3203 for the assistants of the election commissioner, to provide and maintain means of travel within their county. In counties having a population of more than two hundred thousand (200,000) the election commissioner shall g pp ( , ) appoint two (2) assistants, known as assistant election commissioners who shall be paid as provided for in this act. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 9
    • Relevant Legislative Authority 19-3424. 19 3424 Powers, authority and duties; ward and precinct boundaries; notices of elections; i i i i i f i printing ballots; election contests; budget. The election commissioner, as a part of his or her official duties shall have and exercise the following powers and authority: (a) Such commissioner shall establish and fix the boundaries of wards and precincts within the county and in all cities the greater part of the population of which is located in said county. Such commissioner shall accept and file nomination and declaration papers of candidates and declarations of party affiliation. () (b) Such commissioner shall give notice by p g y publication in the official county p p , at least fifteen y paper, (15) days before the holding of any election, except as otherwise provided by law, of the time of holding such election, and the officers at that time to be chosen, and any other matters to be voted upon. (c) Such commissioner shall publish notice giving the proper party designation if required by law, law the title of each office, the names and addresses of all persons seeking national and state offices and as certified to such county election officer by the secretary of state, as provided by law, and of all persons from whom nomination papers or declarations have been filed with such election officer as provided by law giving the name and address of each, the title to such office, the day of the election, the hours law, each office election during which the polls will be open and the location of the voting place in each precinct or area, and mail to all persons whose nomination or declaration papers are on file with such election officer, a copy of the first issue containing such publication notice. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 10
    • Relevant Legislative Authority 19-3424 ( 19 3424 (cont). Powers, authority and duties; ward and precinct boundaries; notices of ) i i i i i f elections; printing ballots; election contests; budget. The election commissioner, as a part of his or her official duties shall have and exercise the following powers and authority: (d) Such commissioner shall have charge of the printing of the ballots for all elections to which this act applies held within the county, or held within any city, school district, township or drainage district located in said county. Such commissioner shall conduct negotiations for the letting of the contract to print such ballots and shall let the contract, with the approval of the board of county commissioners. (e) Such commissioner shall be the clerk of the court for the trial of contested elections except national and state elections, and all intentions to contest any election shall be filed with said election commissioner, and shall proceed in accordance with any laws of the state dealing with the subject. On or before July 15 of each year the election commissioner shall certify to the board of county year, commissioners an itemized statement showing the amount necessary to pay the salary of the election commissioner, the deputy election commissioner and other employees in the office of the election commissioner and other expenses of said office during the next ensuing budget year and the county commissioners shall cause the same to be included in the county budget for such ensuing budget year. year 19-3435. Same; how salaries and expenses paid. That the salaries and expenses of the office of the election commissioner as in this act provided, the cost of printing and distributing the ballots and all other expenses connected with county-wide elections whether primary, general or special elections, in counties having an election commissioner, shall be paid by the county. The expense of all drainage commissioner county district elections shall be paid by the drainage district holding such election from the general fund of such drainage district. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 11
    • Relevant Legislative Authority 19-3435a. Election commissioner; salaries and expenses of office; tax levy, use of proceeds. The 19 343 i ii i f ffi f h board of county commissioners in any county having an election commissioner, is hereby authorized to make a tax levy in each year, in such amount as may be necessary in order to provide the necessary fund for the payment of the salaries and expenses of the office of the election commissioner and of election expenses as provided for in K.S.A. 19-3435 and to pay a portion of the principal and interest li id d f i K S A 19 3435 d i fh i i l di on bonds issued under the authority of K.S.A. 12-1774, and amendments thereto, by cities located in the county. Said tax levy shall be in addition to all other tax levies authorized or limited by law and shall not be subject to nor within the aggregate tax levy limit prescribed by K.S.A. 79-1947, or acts amendatory thereof. d h f These are only samples of election legislation. The entire legislation section 25 of Kansas statutes applies to elections and many items in Section 19 apply as well. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 12
    • Johnson County Election Office The Election Office supports Johnson County voters through the Election Office mission statement: Administer the Election Process and Promoting Voter Participation. • Election Commissioner is appointed by the Secretary of State. • All Election Office employees are county employees. • 18.0 FTEs approved • 2.0 FTEs are vacant • Approximately 200 temporary employees work in busy election cycles. • Approximately 1,500-2,200 election workers are needed pp y, , for a full-county election, depending on projected turnout. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 13
    • Voter Registration Transactions Monthly Average Registration Transactions  25,000 21,905 20,000 15,000 13,222 13,090 11,281 10,000 7,904 7,500 5,083 4,771 4,589 4,479 5,000 3,115 , 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Presidential Gubernatorial County Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 14
    • Voter Registration Trendlines County Gubernatorial Presidential 25,000 , 25,000 , 25,000 , 21,905 21 905 20,000 20,000 20,000 13,222 15,000 15,000 15,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 5,083 5,000 5,000 5,000 0 0 0 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 1998 2002 2006 2000 2004 2008 County Gubernatorial Linear (Gubernatorial) Presidential Linear (Presidential) All election years show similar trendlines resulting in an trendlines, average workload increase of 300 percent. In 2009, The election office will process more than 10,000 registration transactions per month. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 15
    • Website/Phone Calls • Th Election Office website is the most visited of all The El i Offi bi i h i i d f ll county websites. • The website has been named “The Gold Standard” by The Kansas City Star and was one of the top-five Government to Citizen websites in the country in 2007 by the Center for Digital Government. • The site’s last refresh was 2006 and is maintained byy an employee who also oversees all payroll, budget, human resource, and facility issues for our office. • The website’s sole purpose is to reduce phone calls, thus reducing costs. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 16
    • Website/Phone Calls October phone call volume was similar in 2008 and 2004, but phone calls on election day in 2008 were 3,600 less than in 2004, suggesting an impact from advance voting and outreach efforts. dt h ff t The Th two websites had more bi hd than one million unique visits, Oct. 3-Nov. 6 Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 17
    • Johnson C Jh County V t t Voters
    • Johnson County, Kansas Population 530,000 530 000 Registered Voters 350,000 350 000 Registered Voters 350,000 Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 18
    • Johnson County, Kansas • Population 530,000 530 000 • Registered Voters 350,000 • 47 percent Republican • 29 percent Unaffiliated • 23 percent Democratic • 1 percent Libertarian and Reform • 284 polling places in November 2008 election. • 4 advance voting locations in November 2008. 2008 • 148 polling places in April 2009. • 1 advance voting location in April 2009. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 19
    • Johnson County Potential Benefits Potential Drawbacks 744,059 800,000 644,559 700,000 , 550,904 600,000 451,086 500,000 513,333 513 333 355,054 400,000 451,191 270,269 385,633 300,000 312,788 200,000 200 000 155,769 173,570 100,000 0 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Population Voter Registration Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Johnson County Election Office, Mid-America Regional Council Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 20
    • 2008 El ti Summary Election S
    • 2008 Snapshot Takeaways from 2008: • Johnson County presidential turnout was more than 78 percent and appears to be the second largest for a community of this size in the country that does not vote exclusively mail-ballot. • Advance voting for that election was more than 50 percent. No g p large community had such a high advance voting share and had more than 75 percent overall turnout. • Johnson County’s Election Office is noted as a top-five county service in terms of citizen satisfaction and a top-five department in terms of employee engagement engagement. • The success in administrating 2008’s elections is not sustainable without significant investment in employees, g py , facilities, and our voters. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 21
    • Johnson County Statistics Registered Voters R it dV t Total V t d T t l Voted Turnout % T t Year JoCoPop Growth% November Growth% November Growth% November Trend 1960 143,792 143 792 77,420 77 420 65,033 65 033 84% 1964 177,137 23% 84,059 9% 72,483 11% 86% 2% 1968 212,245 20% 100,610 20% 88,314 22% 88% 2% 1972 231,933 231 933 9% 120,407 120 407 20% 104,136 104 136 18% 86% -1% 1976 243,953 5% 140,956 17% 117,040 12% 83% -3% 1980 266,489 9% 155,769 11% 125,637 7% 81% -2% 1984 283,666 283 666 6% 169,773 169 773 9% 141,715 141 715 13% 83% 3% 1988 328,537 16% 185,727 9% 155,267 10% 84% 1% 1992 374,801 14% 222,815 20% 197,265 27% 89% 5% 1996 411,635 10% 246,497 246 497 11% 192,202 192 202 -3% 3% 78.0% 78 0% -11% 11% 2000 451,086 10% 312,788 27% 218,486 14% 70% -8% 2004 496,691 10% 348,552 11% 259,599 19% 75% 5% 2008 532,215 7% 364,441 5% 285,001 10% 78.2% 3% Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 22
    • Advance Voting--Presidential 50 percent of voters voted i advance. Th di ib i results i f d in d The distribution l in three distinct elections—in person advance, advance by mail, and in-person at the p p polls. In Person In-Person Advance 86,020 By-Mail Advance 55,585 In-Person Election Day 143,396 Total 285,001* *--provisional votes distributed proportionately to election night totals (In-Person Election Day) (In-Person Advance) (By-Mail Advance) Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 23
    • Advance Voting Almost half of Johnson County’s in-person advance totals were County s in person from non-county owned locations. In-Person Johnson County Election Office 29,695 In-Person Metcalf South 22,883 In-Person Shawnee 18,025 In-Person Johnson County Northeast Office 15,417 Total 86,020 Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 24
    • Polling Places by the Numbers Johnson County Polling Places and Registered Voters Presidential Elections 1996 - 2008 350 400,000 360,000 348,552 348 552 350,000 300 312,788 300,000 250 246,497 1,281 ered Voters Voters per 1,219 250,000 Pollin Places 1,208 Polling Place 200 Voters per Voters per 1,086 Polling Place 200,000 ng Polling Place Voters per Registe 150 Polling Place 150,000 100 100,000 50 50,000 227 259 286 284 0 0 1996 2000 2004 2008 Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 25
    • Freedom Isn’t Free… …But In Johnson County It Almost Is But County, Of the 284 polling places Johnson County utilized in 2008: Total polling place rent, Aug. and Nov. 50 P id Paid 2008, estimated: $5,000 234 Free • Johnson County’s Election Office was able to negotiate $2,000 y g , in total rent at Metcalf South for advance voting in August and November 2006. • 2008 rent for two sites was $30,000. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 26
    • Advance Voting Benefits In-person In person advance voting creates a better voting experience: • Voter convenience—allows voters to vote on their terms. • Election workers are more seasoned—working daily instead of two or three times a year. • V ti machine utilization reduces the county’s overall capital Voting hi tili ti d th t’ ll it l investment. November 2008 Machine Utilization Percentage Each advance voting site reduced the need for 40 polling places and 200 voting machines. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 26
    • 2008 Promotion The Election Office aggressively promoted advance voting. The BOCC approved a requested $223,000, knowing the Election Office might request an additional $90,000 in the summer. $, A polling place awareness program was centered around the JocoPolo creative theme that will include a specific Web site, www.jocopolo.org, and a leveraged , jp g, g corporate sponsors. The extra $90,000— while it would have been well-spent—was not requested due to the success of our outreach agency, Whitworth-Ballou. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 27
    • Federal Service Voters Growth in Federal Service Ballots 2000 Ballo Issued d 1515 1500 1165 1000 ots 530 500 0 2000 2004 2008 Presidential Elections Literally, each of these voters requires the involvement of a staff member to ensure ballots are received and returned . It would be the equivalent of one sales person managing the Fortune 1500 companies. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 28
    • Inflection Points • Investment is needed regardless of advance voting direction Johnson County takes in 2010: – Human Capital issues exist with existing staff load, salaries, and election worker pay. – Physical Capital issues exist in terms of additional voting machines (if more polling places are utilized) or rent (if ad ance voting locations are emphasized). The advance oting emphasi ed) actual Election Office facility either needs repair, expansion, replacement. expansion or replacement Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 29
    • Human Capital Issues • Staffing levels are the same as Staffing they were 14 years ago. y y g Outside • Salaries are not competitive with p smaller Wyandotte County. Equity Internal It l • Positions are not rated equitably within the county. Equity • The last election worker pay Election increase was in 2006; even a $10 Workers increase in 2010 is $30,000 +. $30 000 + Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 30
    • Human Capital Issues Johnson-Wyandotte Election Office Comparison 400,000 National average of voters served per full-time employee is 6,000, 350,000 according to the National Association 300,000 of Election Officials 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 Registered Voters 2008 Voters served per staff Average Salary (2007) Johnson 363,957 22,747 $44,845 Wyandotte 91,183 12,158 $50,502 Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 31
    • Johnson County Govt. Dept. Head Salaries 2007 180,000 160,000 140,000 Average $116,500 120,000 100,000 Elections $92,378 80,000 60,000 60 000 40,000 20,000 20 000 0 32 Source: Kansas City Star website
    • Physical Capital Issues The Election Office is mandated as an Advance Voting location. g During the Presidential Election, traffic congestion on Kansas City Road, limited parking in the lot, and voting machine and other deliveries created an unsafe environment for voters, drivers and staff. In addition, advance voting locations take considerable staff time to negotiate leases, often having one lease fall through after a 30 da process onl to start the c cle again Ad ance voting 30-day only cycle again. Advance oting locations receive rent while polling places generally do not. The current facility in its present state cannot handle another Presidential election. Now is the time to commit to securing a facility that will serve future needs or invest heavily into renovations and repairs of this facility. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 33
    • Physical Capital Issues Overhangs to the dock doors were never replaced; equipment becomes wet when loaded in the rain. Employees park in the grass and mud, arriving and leaving ii dl i in the dark. This is the secure ballot drop box that was inadequate in 2008. One of many areas in need of repair in the parking lot. lot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 34
    • Voter Investment Issues Johnson County has arguably the most engaged voters in the nation. These voters have high expectations and their utilization of the Election Office tili ti f th El ti Offi supports those expectations be met. In 2008, the BOCC devoted $230,000 of an approximate $320,000 request for outreach. Th El ti Offi t h The Election Office recognized this was the highest amount ever allocated for any outreach project (not just elections) by the BOCC and did not come back for the remaining amount. However amount However, this higher amount will be necessary for 2012. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 35
    • Considerations for 2010 and 2012 Tough economic times aside investments must be made in aside, elections to maintain service levels and to meet Johnson County’s legal obligations to conduct elections. • Without investment, particularly in human capital, satellite advance voting will have to be scaled back. • However, County-owned facilities cannot handle advance voting now, let alone growth. • Lines would increase at polling places, leading many to leave and not vote. Plus, the increased workload with no pay increase will make it increasingly difficult to obtain election workers. workers • “Splitting shifts,” while now allowed by law, brings about its own cost increases because of additional hiring and training g g expense. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 36
    • Appendix A Election Calendar 2005-2009
    • Johnson County Elections, 2005 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 1 BV 229 2 SH 230 3 GE 231 4 Spring Primary 5 Spring General 6Gardner Parks & Recreation 7 Roeland Pk Ward 4 Merriam City 8 County Tax Question 9 5-City Primary 10 Merriam Recall? A 5-City General B 11 Spring Hill Recalls? (2) Special Elections p Regularly Scheduled Elections g y Primary General Recall Polls Mail Ballot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 37
    • Johnson County Elections, 2006 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 10 5-City Primary 5 City 5-City General 11 Primary – Partisan 12 13 General - Gubernatorial 14 2007 Spring Primary 15 2007 Spring General Special Elections p Regularly Scheduled Elections g y Primary General Recall Polls Mail Ballot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 38
    • Johnson County Elections, 2007 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 14 Countywide Primary Countywide General 15 16 Spring Hill 230 17 DeSoto School District Olathe School District 18 Overland Park 19 20 2008 Spring Primary ? 21 2008 Spring General Special Elections p Regularly Scheduled Elections g y Primary General Recall Polls Mail Ballot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 39
    • Johnson County Elections, 2008 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 19 Overland Park 20 5-City Primary 5 City 5-City General 21 Lenexa 22 23 Primary – Partisan 24 General - Presidential 25 2009 Spring Primary 26 2009 Spring General Special Elections p Regularly Scheduled Elections g y Primary General Recall Polls Mail Ballot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 40
    • Johnson County Elections, 2009 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 25 Spring Primary Spring General 26 27 2010 Spring Primary 28 2010 Spring General Special Elections p Regularly Scheduled Elections g y Primary General Recall Polls Mail Ballot Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 41
    • Appendix B Election Trend Summary
    • Election Business Drivers Johnson County 2 Residents Have High Expectations 1 Each Election is Unique q April 7, 2005 7 But Are Satisfied B A S i fi d The next election won’t be like the With Elections last, which wasn’t like the last. Johnson County Elections exist in a constantly 2005 Community Survey The Election Office’s changing, dynamic environment. reputation is strong and by among the Top 5 in citizen ETC Institute satisfaction. 3 Johnson County’s Growth …While Generating Staffing Needs 4 Creates Scale Issues… Johnson County’s Election Office is extremely County s efficient, administering more voters per employee Johnson County will be the metropolitan than any other large Kansas county. area’s most populated county by 2030. Growth drives new registration, new districts, and precinct development, as well as election support issues. Even issues Voters Served Per Staff Member in Kansas Election Commissioner Counties Vt S d P St ff M b i K El ti C ii C ti small needs are magnified in the budget 70000 because of the large number of polling locations and voters. 60000 50000 5 Voters Served 40000 63278.875 30000 57945.3125 Election Activists Impact Operations 43683.9 20000 36688.625 34225.8 Security and operating procedures have been enhanced or added, 26381.25 23086.8 22868.66667 10000 generating additional workload for each election, as well as increasing i ddi i l kl d f hl i ll i i staff time spent with the Kansas Legislature on election issues. 0 Voters Served Per Staff Member in 2004 Voters Served Per Staff Member in 2005 Johnson Sedgwick Shawnee Wyandotte Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 43
    • Election Business Drivers 7 Privacy, Identity Theft 6 Grow As Voter Concerns Recruitment of Polling Locations and Election Workers is Becoming Difficult Voters are reacting to frequent identity theft reports by refusing to sign ballot Creativity has been needed to maintain the nearly 300 envelopes and questioning record and “Another week, another polling locations and recruit and retain 1,500+ election website security. Election Office few million confidential workers. responses to these issues have new records lost” lost budget implications. InfoWorld headline June 10, 2005 Voter Outreach Is Needed Advance Voting Takes Pressure Off HAVA 9 and Required q Polling Sites, But Infrastructure Sites 2002 Has Become Stressed Legislation drives budget needs for voter 8 education and an annual county-wide The Election Office cannot physically support mailing. Even a simple postcard costs advance voting without facility improvements. $100,000 or more to produce and mail. More satellite locations are needed to respond to p the advance voting increases. Transparency vs. Public Safety 10 Voters want and deserve election processes that are transparent. Many laws and processes have been created to preserve 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 voter confidentiality and secure the overall election administration. 9 0 ,0 0 0 Technology such as You Tube, camera phones, and web blogs enable hl h b h d b bl bl 3 6 ,5 3 5 8 0 ,0 0 0 voters to test the boundaries between open government and election 7 0 ,0 0 0 4 2 ,2 5 0 6 0 ,0 0 0 security. Voters 5 0 ,0 0 0 5 7 ,2 3 6 4 0 ,0 0 0 6 1 ,6 1 5 3 0 ,0 0 0 3 7 ,0 9 0 2 0 ,0 0 0 1 4 ,4 1 4 4 1 0 ,0 0 0 0 1996 2000 2004 P re si d e n ti a l E le c ti o n Ye a r In P e rs o n B y M a il Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 44
    • Appendix C Voting Machine Technology
    • Voting Technology Johnson County has used voting machines as the primary method for more than 40 years, since 1966. • Voters authorized the county to purchase voting machines. machines • For most under the age of 65, voting on machine, rather than paper, has been the method of voting the entire time they have voted in Johnson County. • Johnson County moved to touch-screen voting machines in y g 2001 and implemented them in 2002. • These machines were bought from Global Election Systems, a company acquired by Diebold shortly after Johnson County’s 2001 equipment purchase. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 46
    • Future of Voting Technology Adoption of new technology is primarily out of Johnson County’s control. • Since the adoption of the Help America Vote Act, all Act equipment developed for elections must be federally certified. • The current process has taken more than 3 years. • Systems in Kansas must be certified by the state and also follow the Election Assistance Commission’s Voluntary Voting y g Systems Guidelines, considered mandatory in Kansas. • These guidelines take several years to be adopted and even more time before they are implemented, putting significant changes to elections at least 10 years away. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 47
    • Paper or Plastic? Johnson County was the first community to use touch screen touch-screen voting machines at polling locations. Now, Johnson County is one of the last communities to use paperless touch-screen machines. Many communities are again using paper ballots. hi M iti i i b ll t Paper Perception Reality • The potential for fraud is what drove the use • Less susceptible to fraud. of voting machines. Voter intent questions come to the forefront, leaving more elections decided by courts and governing bodies. • Few ballot printing vendors, use of natural • Elections are cheaper. p resources, and transportation costs of heavy items, along with human resources, make this significantly more operationally expensive. • We live in a 10 o’clock news society. Voter • People can wait a few days for results. p y and candidate expectations are that most or all results will be available by the nightly news. Any change—to paper-based touch screen machines or paper scanning at the polls— would require additional capital investment of more than $2 million. Johnson ld i ddi i l i li f h illi h County’s voting machine fleet of 2,100 machines is worth about $5 million. Brian D. Newby, March 26, 2009 48