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Part 4 switzerland- forum nexus eu class winter 2010-11

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  • 1. Introduction to the European UnionProf. Brian Butler
    Part #4
    Interlaken, Switzerland
  • 2. Prof. Brian David Butler
    About: Brian Butler is a professor of International Finance and European Studies with Forum-Nexus Study Abroad, an academic program which is co-sponsored by the IQS Business School of the Ramon Llull University in Barcelona, and the Catholic University of Milan.  Brian was previously a teacher at the Thunderbird School of Global Management, MBA program in Miami, and was a researcher at the Columbia Business School in New York.  He previously worked for Honda of America Manufacturing in Ohio, and was involved in international trade.
     
    A global citizen, Brian was born in Canada, raised in Switzerland (where he attended international British school), educated in the U.S., started his career with a Japanese company, moved to New, married a Brazilian, and has traveled extensively in Latin America, Asia, Europe and North America. Brian currently lives in Recife, Brazil where he is teaching classes at the university FBV.
    briandbutler@gmail.com
    LinkedIn.com/in/briandbutler
    www.globotrends.com
  • 3. www.GloboTrends.com
    www.globotrends.com
  • 4. Lecture Schedule*
    Sun 26th- Barcelona (Int’l IQ – Hugo & Dr. Carlos)
    Mon 27th - Barcelona (guest lecture + Int’l IQ)
    Tues 28th- Barcelona (BB lecture )
    Wed 29th- Barcelona (BB lecture)
    Train to Paris
    Thur 30th- Int’l IQ + Paris tour
    Fri 31st - Paris (BB lecture)
    New Year’s Eve
    Free Weekend
    Mon 3rd- Paris (BB lecture + IQ)
    Bus to Geneva
    Wed 5th - Interlaken (BB lecture)
    Bus to Venice
    .
    Fri 7th - Venice EXAM midterm
    Sat 8th – On Boat (BB lecture + IQ)
    Sun 9th- On Boat (BB lecture)
    Mon 10th- Athens (BB lecture)
    Tue 11th - Athens (BB lecture + IQ)
    Bus/ Train to Istanbul
    Thu 13th - Istanbul (BB lecture)
    Fri 14th - Istanbul (BB lecture + IQ)
    .
    Sat 15th - Final EXAM
    * Does not include professional visits, *Subject to change, modification without warning
  • 5. Lecture Schedule*
    • Students responsible for content from:
    Prof. Brian’s lectures
    Guest lectures
    Group discussions during class
    Student presentations during class
    International IQ sessions (including map)
    Professional Visits
    Assigned readings – book + supplemental readings
    • Notes:
    • 6. Exam questions may come from any of these sources
    • 7. Recommended exam review – pay attention to my lectures. If there is something I think is important from professional visits, or international IQ sessions, or from the book…we will try to review it again in class.
  • Question:
    Which Western European countries are NOT part of the EU?
  • 8. 3 important Western European countries:
    Switzerland
    Finland
    Iceland
  • 9. Question – why is Switzerland not a member?
  • 10. Basic Info
    Helvetia, how the country was called in ancient times
    Population: 7.3 million.
    GNI per capita PPP: $ 33 168
    Religions: Roman Catholic 42%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 4.3%, others 5.4%, no religion 11%.
    Languages: German 63.7%, French 20.4%, Italian 6.5%, Romansch 0.5%, are official languages, other 9.4%.
    Literacy: 100%. 
    http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/switzerland.htm
  • 11. Good fighters
    Swiss mercenaries continued for centuries to serve in other armies; the Swiss Guard of the Pope is a vestige of this tradition.
  • 12. Neutrality
    Why?
    Cross-roads of Europe
    Between empires
    Roman (Italy)
    Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
    Charlemagne (France / Germany)
    Napoleon
    Hitler
    Hapsburg (Austrian)
    Success fighting Hapsburg’s, loss vs Napoleon
  • 13. Neutrality
    The Cold War enhanced the role of neutral Switzerland and offered the country a way out of its diplomatic isolation after World War II. Economically, Switzerland integrated itself into the American-led Western postwar order, but it remained reluctant to enter supranational bodies. Switzerland did not for many decades join the United Nations, even though Geneva became host to the UN's European headquarters and the country played an active role in many of the UN's specialized agencies. 
    http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Switzerland-history.htm
  • 14. Neutrality
    Switzerland also remained aloof in the face of European integration efforts, waiting until 1963 to join the Council of Europe. It still remains outside the European Union. Instead, Switzerland in 1960 helped form the European Free Trade Area, which did not strive for political union. Following the Cold War, Switzerland joined the Bretton Woods institutions in 1992 and finally became a member of the United Nations in 2002.
    http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Switzerland-history.htm
  • 15. Switzerland - languages
  • 16. Switzerland – landscapes
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. Wider integration
    Geographic expansion
  • 27. Who remembers…
    Review of International IQ lecture by Dr. Hervitz …
    Questions:
    How many countries are in the EU today?
    Who were the founding countries?
    In which year did the others join?
  • 28. Simple way to remember:
    Founded- in the 50's
    3 rounds - '73, '81 and '86
    end of cold war - '89-'91
    3 more rounds- '95, '04 and '07
  • 29. Founder Countries of EEC
    Question:
    * what happened in Europe 10 years before?
    1958
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 30. Simple way to remember:
    Founded - in the 50's
    ‘50 - Treaty of Paris -
    '57 - Treaty of Rome - 6 founding members of the EEC - European Economic Community  -  BENELUX + France + W. Germany + Italy
  • 31. 1st enlargement: 1973
    Question:
    * Why did UK wait so long?
    1973
    1958
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 32. Simple way to remember:
    3 rounds - '73, '81 and '86
    '73 -
    UK (finally admitted after 2 failed attempts), 
    Ireland (tied to the UK), and
    Denmark (also lots of trade with the UK)
  • 33. 2nd Enlargement: 1981
    Question:
    * What happened in Greece just before 1981?
    1973
    1958
    1981
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 34. Simple way to remember:
    3 rounds - '73, '81 and '86
    '73 -
    UK (finally admitted after 2 failed attempts), 
    Ireland (tied to the UK), and
    Denmark (also lots of trade with the UK)
    '81 - 
    Greece (after fall of dictatorship in '70s)
  • 35. 3rd Enlargement: 1986
    Question:
    * What happened in Spain & Portugal just before 1986?
    1973
    1958
    1986
    1981
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 36. Simple way to remember:
    3 rounds - '73, '81 and '86
    '73 -
    UK (finally admitted after 2 failed attempts), 
    Ireland (tied to the UK), and
    Denmark (also lots of trade with the UK)
    '81 - 
    Greece (after fall of dictatorship in '70s)
    '86 - 
    Spain & Portugal (after fall of Franco's dictatorship in '70s)
  • 37. Notes about Spain…
    Spain dictatorship ‘36-75 (approx 40 years)
    Catalonia (Barcelona) – language repressed, culture
    Nowadays… calls for greater autonomy
  • 38. 4th Enlargement: 1995
    1995
    Question:
    * What happened in Europe around 1989 -91?
    1973
    1958
    1986
    1981
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 39. Simple way to remember:
    End of cold war - 
    '89 - Berlin Wall comes down
    '91 - USSR collapse
  • 40. Simple way to remember:
    3 more rounds -  '95, '04 and '07
    '95 - three "neutral" countries from cold war (neither aligned with West, nor with USSR)
    Austria
    Sweden
    Finland
    (not Norway!... who says "no way" to the EU in referendum)
  • 41. 5th Enlargement: 2004
    1995
    Question:
    • What happened in Europe around 1999-02?
    • 42. What about the US in ‘01?
    1973
    2004
    1958
    Cyprus
    1986
    Malta
    1981
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 43. Simple way to remember:
    3 more rounds -  '95, '04 and '07
    '04 - the BIG one - 10 new countries join -- 8 former communist + 2 islands 
    easy way to remember;  3 big ones, 3 
    "Twins"- Slovenia & Slovakia (similar sounding names, flags, and sized countries... both of which later joined the Eurozone)
    "Triplets" - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania  (the three Baltic States  countries that used to apart of USSR, just north of Poland, near St. Petersburg Russia)
    "Big ones" - Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary
    Small Islands -  Cyprus, Malta
  • 44. 6th Enlargement: 2007
    1995
    Question:
    • Why didn’t Romania & Bulgaria join in 2004 with all the rest?
    1973
    2004
    1958
    2007
    Cyprus
    1986
    Malta
    1981
    Slide created by: Jan Fidrmuc, Brunel University
  • 45. Simple way to remember:
    3 more rounds -  '95, '04 and '07
    '07 - the two Eastern European countries that didn't get in in '04
    Romania
    Bulgaria (weren't ready in '04, so  just in '07)
  • 46. Simple way to remember:
    Founded- in the 50's
    3 rounds - '73, '81 and '86
    end of cold war - '89-'91
    3 more rounds- '95, '04 and '07