Part 2 spain - eu course - summer 2011

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Part 2 spain - eu course - summer 2011

  1. 1. Part #2Welcome to Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain<br />Welcome to the …EU!!<br />Introduction to the European UnionProf. Brian Butler<br />
  2. 2. Prof. Brian David Butler<br />About: Brian Butler is a professor of International Finance and European Studies with Forum-Nexus Study Abroad, an academic program which is co-sponsored by the IQS Business School of the Ramon Llull University in Barcelona, and the Catholic University of Milan.  <br />Brian was previously a teacher at the Thunderbird School of Global Management, MBA program in Miami, and was a researcher at the Columbia Business School in New York.  In Brazil, Brian has taught at FBV in Recife.<br />He previously worked for Honda of America Manufacturing in Ohio, and was involved in international trade.<br /> <br />briandbutler@gmail.com<br />LinkedIn.com/in/briandbutler<br />www.globotrends.com<br />
  3. 3. Student introductions<br />emails - Did you send? <br />email… include: Session? Grad / undergrad? POL/ SOC / BUS<br />So I can: email you the extra reading assignments<br />Wed…Form groups / teams<br />
  4. 4. my slides:<br />www.slideshare.net/briandbutler<br />
  5. 5. Rules / Expectations:<br />Request<br />Closed book, open mind, Please turn off everything except your minds…I want your full attention – this is a “participatory” class <br />No sleeping (if you feel tired, please stand up, go get some water, come back)<br />no laptops (sorry) <br />No blackberries, no iPhones, no iPads, etc, etc…<br />
  6. 6. discussion<br />Travel advice<br />
  7. 7. questions<br />Have you noticed how LATE Spaniards stay up?<br />When do they sleep?<br />Recommendations…<br />
  8. 8. discussion<br />Spain<br />
  9. 9. What’s going on in Spain?<br />Articles read? Observations?<br />What have you noticed? (different, interesting)<br />
  10. 10. comments<br />Lunch hour<br />Dinner<br />“nap time”?<br />
  11. 11. Review <br />Last class,<br />Guest lecture<br />Int’l iq<br />review<br />
  12. 12. Last class we discussed:<br />“Nationalism is dangerous” (in European setting)<br />Q. What was this about? Is “nationalism” dangerous? Why?<br />
  13. 13. Last class we discussed:<br />Last night was 4th of July, a national holiday for Americans. Did anyone celebrate?<br />Q Is US “nationalism” different? Safer?<br />
  14. 14. Other famous days:<br />What does September 11th mean to you?<br />What do you think it means for Catalonians? <br />
  15. 15. The OTHER September 11th<br />The “national” day celebration in Catalonia.<br />With fireworks, parties, celebration<br />Q. What do you think they are celebrating?<br />
  16. 16. The OTHER September 11th<br />Celebrating – LOSS of independence to centralized Spain<br />Is there anywhere else that celebrates the LOSS of independence?<br />
  17. 17. Notes;<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Barcelona<br />
  18. 18. Notes;<br />“The war's end in 1714, with the surrender of the pro-Archduke forces to a Franco-Spanish army, marks a two century long period of greater suppression of Catalan autonomy that mirrored the greater centralization of the various monarchies of the European continent. With the War of the Spanish Succession completed, Spain evolved from a de facto unified kingdom to a centralizedde jure one. The defenders of the city were buried in a cemetery, now a plaza, Fossar de les Moreres, where Catalans gather every 11 September.”<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Barcelona<br />
  19. 19. Review (CONTINUED):<br />We talked about “EU vs US attitudes toward “equality”. <br />Explain the differences, and why important…<br />
  20. 20. Review:<br />EU vs US attitudes toward “equality. <br />US – equal opportunity. <br />EU – equality of living quality<br />
  21. 21. Review;<br />Q. would US accept EU version of socialized health care? Pension? Social benefits?<br />Why / not?<br />
  22. 22. Review:<br />There are 3 capitals of the EU. <br />Where?<br />Why ?<br />
  23. 23. Attitudes toward “state”<br />Q. Is European social model collapsing?<br />If so, why?<br />
  24. 24. questions<br />Q. Should leaders listen more to protests? (Who might be demanding social welfare which is no longer affordable) <br />If you give in to POPULISM in Europe... Is that DANGEROUS? With history of war, hatred, Nazism, fascism, etc... <br />
  25. 25. notes<br />EU as “elite” project<br />“not democratic” = right! No votes for further enlargement, integration<br />Why? Why did leaders lead toward integration IN SPITE of popular opinion AGAINST integration?<br />
  26. 26. notes<br />Eu as “peace project”<br />Q. Is war “natural state” in Europe?<br />Q. Why is “nationalism” dangerous?<br />Discuss – sports rivalries, 4th July celebration, France v Germany<br />
  27. 27. Review & discussion<br />Review Dr. Carlos M lecture<br />
  28. 28. Make sure you know<br />Difference between:<br />Free trade area:<br />Custom union / Common Market<br />Economic and Political Union<br />Not going to review today, read notes<br />
  29. 29. Question<br />“If you have common market… does it make sense to have different currencies?”<br />
  30. 30. Question<br />… “imagine you go to shopping mall… depending on which area… have different currencies… and if currencies change every hour….. crazy.” <br />
  31. 31. Spain – History - <br />Make sure you know….What happened around these dates in Spain & EU:<br />1936-39<br />1939-45 <br />1939-75 <br />1977 <br />1986 <br />1992<br />1999<br /><ul><li>Not going to review today, read notes</li></li></ul><li>Review & discussion<br />Review International IQ<br />
  32. 32. Explain…<br />“Heart of EU... Politically, economically. Was and still is... Alliance France + Germany<br />“UK was and still is = outsider”<br />Q. WHAT DID HE MEAN BY THIS?<br />
  33. 33. Explain…<br />Frictions ...France, UK<br />France never considered UK a real EU country... Still doesn’t<br />EXPLAIN<br />
  34. 34. Explain…<br />Q. What does the term “Eurosceptics” refer to?<br />
  35. 35. Explain…<br />Q. What are the three regions of Spain HH asked you to remember?<br />
  36. 36. Regions in Spain<br />Regions in Spain:Catalonia, Basque country, Andalusia<br />WHERE LOCATED?<br />
  37. 37. Intro<br />Spain intro<br />
  38. 38. Spain<br />Bienvenido a España!<br />“United in diversity” http://bookshop.europa.eu<br />
  39. 39. Question<br />Where are we?<br />Are we in “Spain?”<br /><ul><li>What have you noticed about the language?
  40. 40. What do people from here say?</li></ul>Who can summarize the introduction – speech from dr. Carlos (from the opening ceremony) regarding Spain and Catalonia?<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Historically, why are these mountains important to Spain (war, “cut off” etc)<br />
  43. 43. Where are the major regions of Spain? <br /> - Industrial? Government? Tourism?<br />Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report, Spain, June 2010<br />
  44. 44. Next questions:<br />1. Which regions richest? Poorest?<br />2. Where is unemployment highest?<br />Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report, Spain, June 2010<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46. Spain – today<br />Make sure you know the main cities <br />Bilbao = NORTH!! – Basque country<br />Barcelona – NE port city, near France, Mediterranean<br />Madrid – center, capital<br />Sevilla – south, university town)<br />
  47. 47. (8th–15th centuries)<br />“Medieval Spain was the scene of almost constant warfare between Muslims and Christians.”<br />
  48. 48. What happened around 1492? Which city was the “most” important?<br />
  49. 49. The port of Sevilla in the 1500s. As required by law, all trade with the colonies in the Americas went through this port.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economic_history_of_Spain<br />
  50. 50. Question: If Portugal gets its own country… should Catalonia?<br />
  51. 51. Questions (review from Carlos M lectures)<br />Q. When was Spanish Civil War? (approx)<br />Q. What happened just before the Civil War? Right After? (in Spain, in Europe?)<br />
  52. 52. Spain - History<br />What happened around these dates in Spain & EU:<br />36-39 civil war<br />39-45 wwii<br />39-75 Franco<br />77 – 1st elections<br />Then allowed to apply<br />86 – join<br />Common market 92 (so Spain entered in timely )<br />Common currency 99<br />
  53. 53. Questions:<br />WWI - 1914-1918 <br />(70 million fighting, 9 million combatants killed, more civilians)<br />WWII – 1939-’45 <br />(more than 100 military personnel mobilized, 50-70 million fatalities, including 40-52 million civilians, 13-20 from disease and famine) <br />Cold War – 1946-1991<br />Source: wikipedia<br />
  54. 54. The dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1936–1975)<br />In 1936 (just after the Great Depression)…. Spain was plunged into a bloody civil war. The war ended in a nationalist dictatorship, led by Francisco Franco which controlled the Spanish government until 1975. Spain was officially neutral during World War II, although many Spanish volunteers fought on both sides. <br />Spain remained officially neutral in World Wars I and II, but suffered through a devastating Civil War (1936–1939). During Franco's rule, Spain remained largely economically and culturally isolated from the outside world, but began to catch up economically with its European neighbors.<br /> The death of Franco in 1975 resulted in the return of the monarchy headed by Prince Juan Carlos. <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Spain<br />
  55. 55. Civil War – to dictatorship<br />he war, which cost between 300,000 to 1,000,000 lives, ended with the destruction of the Republic and the accession of Francisco Franco as dictator of Spain. <br />Franco amalgamated all the right wing parties into a reconstituted Falange and banned the left-wing and Republican parties and trade unions.<br />The conduct of the war was brutal on both sides, with massacres of civilians and prisoners being widespread. After the war, many thousands of Republicans were imprisoned and up to 151,000 were executed between 1939 and 1943. Many other Republicans remained in exile for the entire Franco period.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Spain<br />
  56. 56. Dictatorship<br />Q. As result of Dictatorship, for how long was Spain basically ISOLATED country?<br />When did Spain join the EU (EEC)? <br />
  57. 57. Dictatorship<br />How many countries were members at the time Spain joined?<br />Was Spain a net contributor or beneficiary of funds at the time? How about now?<br />
  58. 58. The dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1936–1975)<br />In 1936 (just after the Great Depression)…. Spain was plunged into a bloody civil war. The war ended in a nationalist dictatorship, led by Francisco Franco which controlled the Spanish government until 1975. Spain was officially neutral during World War II, although many Spanish volunteers fought on both sides. <br />Spain remained officially neutral in World Wars I and II, but suffered through a devastating Civil War (1936–1939). During Franco's rule, Spain remained largely economically and culturally isolated from the outside world, but began to catch up economically with its European neighbors.<br /> The death of Franco in 1975 resulted in the return of the monarchy headed by Prince Juan Carlos. <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Spain<br />
  59. 59. Civil War – to dictatorship<br />he war, which cost between 300,000 to 1,000,000 lives, ended with the destruction of the Republic and the accession of Francisco Franco as dictator of Spain. <br />Franco amalgamated all the right wing parties into a reconstituted Falange and banned the left-wing and Republican parties and trade unions.<br />The conduct of the war was brutal on both sides, with massacres of civilians and prisoners being widespread. After the war, many thousands of Republicans were imprisoned and up to 151,000 were executed between 1939 and 1943. Many other Republicans remained in exile for the entire Franco period.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Spain<br />
  60. 60. Spanish Civil War<br />The ruins of Guernica after the bombing.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II<br />
  61. 61. Spanish Civil War<br />Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso, in response to the bombing of Guernica, Basque Country, by German and Italianwarplanes at the behest of the SpanishNationalist forces, on 26 April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernica_(painting)<br />
  62. 62. Course introduction<br />Ok, enough about history (for now)…<br />
  63. 63. SPAIN <br />CRISIS ISSUES<br />
  64. 64. Key points to highlight…<br />Dual structure – labor market<br /><ul><li>Who can explain?
  65. 65. Why important for crisis?</li></ul>Dual structure – banking market<br /><ul><li>Banks / cajas (caixas)
  66. 66. Who can explain?
  67. 67. Why important for crisis?
  68. 68. EXAM material!!</li></li></ul><li>Questions <br />Should a country make laws that make it easier to fire people? Should labor laws protect workers from being fired? Is one week notice enough? Does the company need to justify “why” they fire you?<br />
  69. 69. Questions <br />If you were an owner of a company… would you be MORE or LESS willing to hire a worker… if you knew it was DIFFICULT to lay them off during recession?<br />
  70. 70. Questions <br />Unintended consequences…<br />What might be the results of strict labor-laws? (on labor markets in Spain, other EU)<br />
  71. 71. Questions <br />Jobless recovery<br />“structural” unemployment<br />Law of “unintended consequences”<br />

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