Work Experience Level 4


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A complete presentation for work experience minor award level 4. This presentation is only half of the resource! The accompanying learner record for student use can be obtained from classroom guidance.

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Work Experience Level 4

  1. 1. Work Experience NFQ Level 4
  3. 3. Introduction (50sec-clickscreentoplayclip)
  4. 4. About Work Experience Go to 1.1 (p1). Fill in the following information about the outline of the course.
  5. 5. Credit Value This minor award is worth 15 credits.
  6. 6. 70 hours (min 10 Days) Work Placement . 80 hours learning – Both directed and self directed Total: 150 Hours. Duration In Hours
  7. 7. Module Aims To provide you with: 1. Personal knowledge. 2. Skills. 3. The capacity to participate in suitable work experience under supervision.
  8. 8. Learning Objectives Go to 1.2 (p2) and write down the following learning objectives of this module.
  9. 9. 1. Exploration To enable you to explore factors affecting different types of work placement opportunities in your locality.
  10. 10. 2. Rights & Responsibilities For you to understand the rights & responsibilities of both employer & employee.
  11. 11. 3. Personal Profile To explore your personal profile and match it to an appropriate work placement.
  12. 12. 4. Planning & Preparation To help you to plan & prepare for successful participation in a work placement.
  13. 13. For you to complete a work experience placement of at least ten days / 70 hours. 5. Complete A Work Placement
  14. 14. 6. Review Your Experience For you to review your experience so as to inform future career choices.
  15. 15. 7. Engaging In Work Etiquette To engage in workplace rules and etiquette.
  16. 16. 8. Development For you to develop language, literacy and numeracy skills related to your work experience.
  17. 17. 9. Learning To take responsibility for your learning.
  18. 18. Assessment Criteria Collection of Work - 60% Skills Demonstration - 40%
  19. 19. Supervisor’s Report Level 4 Work Experience 4N1168 – Employer’s Report Learner’s Name: _______________________ Centre/School Name: ____________________ Tel No:_______________________________ No. of Days Worked: _____________________ Company Name: _______________________ Supervisor’s Name: ______________________ Guidelines: This report forms an important part of the overall assessment of Level 4 Work Experience 4N1168 for certification. It should be completed by a supervisor/manager who has observed the Learner in the workplace and by the Work Experience Assessor from the Learner’s centre. The Workplace Supervisor/Manager should indicate the Learner’s performance by placing a tick for each of the criteria under one of the headings. Criteria Very Good Good Satis- factory Unsatis- factory Supervisor / Assessor Comments Punctuality Please comment on the learner’s progression during the various stages of the Work Experience programme.Working under direction Personal presentation Adherence to health, safety and other relevant regulations Demonstrate effective communication skills Signature of Workplace Supervisor: ___________________________ Date: _____________ Signature of Assessor: _____________________________________ Date: _____________ • Go to Assessment section p55. • Study how the marks are allocated. • This sheet focuses on your ‘Supervisor’s Report’.
  20. 20. 1. Evidence of Planning & Preparation. • Personal Audit • Summary of potential employment & learning opportunities. • A C.V. & Cover Letter. Collection of Work - 60% A collection of work should be produced through- out the duration of this programme module. It should contain the following sections:
  21. 21. Collection of Work - 60% 2. Other Evidence • An investigation into factors influencing work opportunities. • An exploration of future education, training & employment.
  22. 22. Work Experience 4N1168 Learner Marking Sheet Collection of Work 60% Learner’s Name: Learner’s PPSN: Assessment Criteria Maximum Mark Learner Mark Evidence Of Planning & Preparation  A personal audit including personal strengths, interpersonal & work related skills, statement of learning goals and associated action points. (6 marks)  Consideration of life experiences – voluntary/part-time work, courses, hobbies, sporting activities. (6 marks)  A summary of potential employment & learning opportunities that match personal strengths, interests & skills. (6 marks)  A Curriculum Vitae. (6 marks)  A letter of application. (6 marks) 30 Other Evidence  A list of the factors which influence work opportunities locally, to include globalisation, skills bases, economic & population shifts, new technology, features of the public & private sector. (7.5 marks)  A description of the impact of paid & unpaid workforce participation. (7.5 marks)  An identification of the basic rights & responsibilities of employees & employers in a particular work context, to include Health & Safety at work, equality & pay related matters. (7.5 marks)  An exploration of future education, training & employment in light of work experience. (7.5 marks) 30 TOTAL MARKS 60 • Go to Assessment section (p56). • Study how the marks are allocated. • This sheet focuses on your ‘Collection of Work’. Collection of Work - 60%
  23. 23. Skills Demonstration - 40% • While on work experience you will need to demonstrate a range of existing and new skills. This will be evidenced by: • A completed Work Experience Supervisor’s Report. • A daily diary.
  24. 24. Skills Demonstration - 40% • Go to Assessment section p57. • Study how the marks are allocated. • This sheet focuses on your ‘Skills Demonstration’ Work Experience 4N1168 Learner Marking Sheet Skills Demonstration 40% Learner’s Name: Learner’s PPSN: Assessment Criteria Maximum Mark Learner Mark Work Experience Supervisor’s Report  Demonstration of punctuality (4 marks)  Working under direction (4 marks)  Appropriate personal presentation (4 marks)  Adherence to health and safety and other relevant regulations (4 marks)  Demonstration of effective communication skills in the work place, (4 marks) to include:  Taking and clarifying instructions  Appropriate interaction with others 20 Learner’s Account of Work Experience • A daily diary / record of activities and events during work experience (15 marks)  A reflection on the period of work experience including progress made on learning goals and action points set (5 marks) 20 TOTAL MARKS 40 This is to state that the evidence presented in the attached portfolio is complete and is the work of the named learner. Assessor’s Signature: Date: External Authenticator’s Signature: Date:
  25. 25. Grading Distinction: 80% - 100% Merit: 65% - 79% Pass: 50% - 64% Unsuccessful: 0% - 49%
  28. 28. Globalisation Factors Globalisation: How the world has become more and more linked together due to a massive growth in international trade.
  29. 29. Promoted by the World Trade Organisation - an inter-government organisation that supports the free flow of trade around the world. Globalisation Factors
  30. 30. Globalisation Factors Globalisation has been happening slowly for centuries. But it has got faster and faster over the last 50 years. Why? Vikings traded with the Irish in the 8th century.
  31. 31. Reasons for Globalisation
  32. 32. Globalisation Factors Better Transport - larger cargo ships means cheaper transport costs. - better planes / trains / ships mean goods & people can travel more quickly
  33. 33. Globalisation Factors • Freedom of trade - Legal barriers between countries have been removed so trading is made easier.
  34. 34. Globalisation Factors • Better communications - Telephones / internet have created a global village. - Communication between people in different countries much easier.
  35. 35. Globalisation Factors Labour availability Lower wages in developing countries mean costs of production are cheaper.
  36. 36. Globalisation Factors • Go to 2.1 (p3) and explain what Globalisation is. • Then write down four reasons for the explosion in Globalisation giving an example of each.
  37. 37. These are called Multinational Corporations. Freedom of trade means many companies now operate in more than one country. For example, McDonald's. It has around 30,000 restaurants in 119 countries. Multinationals
  38. 38. Multinationals Can you name some multinationals? As a class, complete the quiz on the following slides.
  39. 39. Multinational Logo Quiz
  40. 40. Multinationals Go to 2.2 (p4). • Are any of these companies located in your county / province? • Do you know what they do?
  41. 41. Multinationals • Write down the ones that are. • Include any others not mentioned here. • Include web page evidence of your research here
  42. 42. Irish Multinationals As a class, identify these Irish multinationals.
  43. 43. Multinationals • Go to 2.2a (p4). • List any of these companies located in your county / province. • Do you know what they do? • Include any others not mentioned here. • Include web page evidence of your research here.
  44. 44. Multinational Logo Quiz – Answers Top to bottom: Coca Cola, Audi, Shell, Ryanair Samsung, Kraft, Puma, Dell, Starbucks, Nike, Unilever, Ford, Kraft, Ecosse, Danone, Costa, BMW. Irish: Kingspan, Kerry Group, Fyffes, C&C Group, CRH Plc, Glanbia.
  45. 45. Positive Globalisation Factors Globalisation affects every economy and everybody. But are these effects good or bad?
  46. 46. Positive Globalisation Factors Investment Multinationals create jobs for people in other countries.
  47. 47. Positive Globalisation Factors Sharing Cultures People can try new foods, lifestyles & ideas from these countries. Wealth Creation Multinationals can boost local economies through buying local products & services.
  48. 48. Increased awareness of problems More knowledge of events & issues in far-away parts of the world. For example: Positive Globalisation Factors Melting ice caps in the Arctic
  49. 49. Positive Globalisation Factors Factory collapse in Bangladesh Deforestation in Brazil
  50. 50. • Go to 2.3 (p4) and list three positive effects of globalisation. Positive Globalisation Factors
  51. 51. Negative Globalisation Factors Uneven power relationship Interests of rich countries dominate at the expense of developing countries. Gap between rich & poor is widening.
  52. 52. Negative Globalisation Factors Unethical business practices Multinationals may operate in a less ethical way in developing countries e.g. by polluting the environment. Loss of cultural diversity Everyone becomes more westernised.
  53. 53. Negative Globalisation Factors
  54. 54. Poor working conditions & low wages. Wealth not guaranteed to benefit the local community. Negative Globalisation Factors
  55. 55. Negative Globalisation Factors Profits often sent elsewhere. Eg tax havens. Job losses - Local companies (both home and away) can’t compete & close.
  56. 56. Negative Globalisation Factors
  57. 57. Globalisation Factors • Go to 2.3a (p5). List three negative effects of globalisation. • Discuss how these outcomes have had an impact on your locality. Write a short report on this in 2.4 (p5).
  58. 58. Skills Bases • Get into small groups & go to • In 2.5 (p5) give a brief description of what this scheme is.
  59. 59. Skills Bases • Click on Search for an internship.
  60. 60. Skills Bases • Choose your location. Then pick a job vacancy from those shown. Click on this job. • Go to 2.5a (p6). List the skills needed for this position.
  61. 61. In the past up to 90% of Irish trade was solely with the United Kingdom. Economic Shifts Over time the economy shifted from an agriculture to a knowledge economy.
  62. 62. It began to focus on services and high-tech industries and the economy grew rapidly. Economic Shifts
  63. 63. Turning A Corner 3Mins
  64. 64. Economic Shifts Main Industries: Pharmaceuticals Food Products Chemicals Brewing Medical Devices Computer Hardware & Software
  65. 65. Economic Shifts–Personal Assignment Go to 2.6 (p6). Write down what the Irish economy has changed from, to. Choose a local hi- tech company & write a short report on it. Include extra evidence of your research here.
  66. 66. • Now, the modern Irish economy is dependent on trade, industry and investment. • Our main export partners are: Economic Shifts United States 18% UK 17.4% Belgium 15.6% Germany 8.4% Switzerland 8.4% France 5% Source: Wikipedia 2012
  67. 67. • Go to 2.6 (p7) and answer the following questions.  Historically, who was Ireland’s main trading partner?  List Ireland’s top three export partners now. Economic Shifts
  68. 68. On p7 choose a local export company. Write a short report on it & include evidence of your research. Economic Shifts–Personal Assignment
  69. 69. Economic Shifts – Boom! •In Ireland between 1985 and 2002, private sector jobs increased 59%. •Between 1995 and 2007 the economy also benefited from a rise in consumer spending. Eg: •And… Crystal Studded Earphones Helicopter rides to Holy Communions
  70. 70. 100% Mortgages
  71. 71. Economic Shifts – Bust! • The bursting of the American housing bubble in 2006 damaged banks across the world. • This was the start of the financial crisis in Ireland which put the economy into recession. • Unemployment grew to nearly 15% leaving people with little or no disposable income.
  72. 72. Economic Shifts – Disposable Income Disposable income is the money you have left at the end of the month after you have paid all your bills.
  73. 73. Economic Shifts – Disposable Income Increased taxes to pay for increased JSA* Reduced disposable income Retail DownJob Losses Increase in JSA* *Job Seekers Allowance
  74. 74. Economic Shifts – Disposable Income Reduced disposable income Cancelling health insurance More public patients /medical cards Health service under increasing strain Government tax more to pay for Health Service
  75. 75. • In 2.7 (p8), detail how decreasing disposable income affects government spending on things like medical cards or job seekers allowance. Economic Shifts – Disposable Income
  76. 76. • Not all countries did so badly in the economic downturn. • A few managed to grow their economies. • One group showing particular strength were labelled the BRICS countries. Economic Shifts – BRICS Countries
  77. 77. • The BRICS countries are the five major emerging national economies: BRAZIL SOUTH AFRICA INDIA CHINA RUSSIA Economic Shifts – BRICS Countries
  78. 78. Economic Shifts – BRICS Countries
  79. 79. Economic Shifts – BRICS Countries • BRICS countries - Newly industrialised, fast growing economies with influence on global affairs. • In 2013 the five BRICS countries represented almost 3 billion people. • Their combined GDP (*Gross Domestic Product) is around US $16 trillion. *A measurement of the size of a country’s economy.
  80. 80. • Go to 2.8 (p8) and list the BRICS countries. • Then from the following slides pick your nearest BRICS company and write a short report on it on p9. Economic Shifts – BRICS Countries
  81. 81. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FORWARDING CO. LTD Nationality: Russia Address: Unit 2F, Eastlink Business Park, Carrigtwohill, Co. Cork. Sector: Hardware, Information & Communications Technology (ICT). Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  82. 82. CG POWER SYSTEMS IRELAND LTD. Nationality: India Address: Dublin Road, Cavan Sector: Industrial Products & Services Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  83. 83. CORONATION CAPITAL LIMITED Nationality: South African Address: 31-33 The Triangle, Ranelagh, Dublin 6 Sector: Financial Services Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  84. 84. DEEPAK FASTENERS (SHANNON) LTD Nationality: Indian Address: Bay G25-30, Shannon Free Zone West, Co. Clare Sector: Financial Services Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  85. 85. RANBAXY IRELAND LIMITED Nationality: Indian Address: Spafield, Cork Road, Cashel, Co. Tipperary Sector: Pharmaceuticals Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  86. 86. RUSAL AUGHINISH LTD Nationality: Russian Address: Aughinish Island, Askeaton, Co. Limerick Sector: Chemicals Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  87. 87. SATIR EUROPE (IRELAND) COMPANY LIMITED Nationality: China Address: Finnabair Business Park, Dundalk, Co. Louth Sector: Information & Communications Technology (ICT) Economic Shifts – BRICS Companies
  88. 88. • Ireland’s population has grown strongly over the last ten years. • In 2011 it was 4.6 million, up 17% from 2002. • Average age = 36.1 years - relatively young compared to the rest of the EU. Useful website: Population Shifts
  89. 89. Population Shifts - CSO • The Central Statistics Office (CSO) is responsible for the National Census held every five years. • It is an official survey of the population giving a full picture of its social and living conditions. • The Government uses the results for future planning.
  90. 90. Population Shifts - CSO • Ireland has been conducting Censuses of Population since 1821. • This allows developments to be tracked over a long period with great accuracy.
  91. 91. Population Shifts - Project As a class, with the help of your tutor and the following slides, complete the Population shifts project in 2.9 (p9).
  92. 92. Population Shifts For figures for your area from the 2011 census go to: • Click on your County. • Write down the total population.
  93. 93. Population Shifts • Then click:
  94. 94. Population Shifts • Scroll down to Sex, Age & Marital Status. • Add up the total amount of Pre-Schoolers (0-4) in your county. Write it in 2.9 (p9)
  95. 95. Population Shifts •Scroll down to Migration Ethnicity and Religion. •Write down how many Irish nationals make up your county’s population.
  96. 96. Population Shifts • Add together the Non-Nationals in your county. • Which country makes up the largest group? • Write these answers in your table.
  97. 97. Population Shifts • Write in how many people are at work.
  98. 98. Population Shifts • What is the unemployment rate? • Add up the two types of unemployed • Enter this into your table.
  99. 99. Now, compare these figures to 2006. Fill in your answers in 2.9 (p9). Go to • Click on your County. • Write down the total population Population Shifts
  100. 100. Population Shifts • Then, click:
  101. 101. Population Shifts • Scroll down to Persons aged 18 and under…. • Add up and write down the Total Pre Schoolers (Age 0-4). • Add up all totals from Age 000 to Age 004. Write this down in WE xxx
  102. 102. Population Shifts • Scroll down to find the Nationality section. • Write down the total number of Irish Nationals.
  103. 103. Population Shifts • Add together how many Non-Nationals make up your county’s population. • Which country makes up the highest group? • Write these down.
  104. 104. Population Shifts • Scroll down to Persons aged 15 and over by principal economic status…. • Write down many how people are employed in your area.
  105. 105. Population Shifts • Write down the unemployment rate for your area. • Add up the two types of unemployed.
  106. 106. Population Shifts • Over 2.8 million people lived in urban areas in Ireland in 2011, an increase of 10.6% since 2006. • Over 1.7 million people lived in rural areas in Ireland in 2011, an increase of 4.6% since 2006. • Record these figures in 2.9 (p10). 62% Urban 38% Rural 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 Urban Total Rural Total 2011
  107. 107. Population Shifts Source:
  108. 108. As a class, brainstorm issues that you think could affect rural communities. Rural Versus Urban Needs Prompts: Rural Transport Broadband Unemployment / Training needs Rural Isolation Services
  109. 109. Urban Regeneration Almost €1 billion has been spent on regeneration & remedial works for local authority estates since 1997. Watch the following videos then answer the questions in 2.9 (p10).
  110. 110. Urban Regeneration • List two regeneration schemes being carried out in Ireland. • You can use the examples given in the videos or use your own. • As a class, discuss whether you think Urban Regeneration Schemes are needed. • Write down your thoughts in 2.9 (p10).
  111. 111. New Technologies
  112. 112. New Technology Factors Prompts: Smart Phones Internet Shopping Fibre Optic High Speed InternetTechnology Getting
  113. 113. New Technology Factors • As a class, brainstorm any new technologies that have affected your lives over the last five years. • Write five down in 2.10 (p10).
  114. 114. New Technology Factors • Have any of these new technologies affected work opportunities in your locality? How? • Use the following prompts if you need them, then write down your thoughts on p11.
  115. 115. New Technology Factors Do you need to be able to use technology to get a job these days? Has poor investment in Broadband services made job creation in rural areas more difficult? Prompts:
  116. 116. New Technology Factors Can good broadband speed help small businesses keep costs down? • For example, working from home • Creation of cheap websites giving access to global customers. Prompts:
  117. 117. Features of The Public Sector
  118. 118. Features of The Public Sector • The public sector provides services on behalf of the Government. • In pairs, list as many public sector bodies as you can think of in 2.11 (p11). • See the next slide for some ideas.
  119. 119. Prompts: • Education • Civil Service • Garda Síochána • Health Service • Irish Defence Forces • Local Government • Education & Training Boards Features of The Public Sector
  120. 120. Features of The Public Sector - Advantages!
  121. 121. Features Of The Public Sector The cost of public sector pay and pensions reached a high of over €18 billion in 2008. The recession forced the Government to cut this spending.
  122. 122. Features Of The Public Sector They did this by an embargo on recruitment and changing pension entitlements to encourage early retirements. This reduced the number of jobs in the public sector. Record this in 2.11 (p11).
  123. 123. Features Of The Private Sector • Private sector businesses are run for profit. • This means maximising income & controlling costs. • Write down the main difference between the public & private sector in 2.12 (p12).
  124. 124. Features Of The Private Sector Unemployment is a consequence of economic downturn in the private sector. Go to 2.12 (p12) and briefly describe how unemployment has affected your locality.
  125. 125. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 % Features Of The Private Sector Irish Unemployment Growth 2000-2012 Source: CSO.
  126. 126. Features Of The Voluntary Sector • Voluntary organisations exist to address a social need rather than to make money. • They are generally non profit making. They reinvest profits to achieve their objectives. • They are staffed in part by volunteers. • Add this information to 2.13 (p12).
  127. 127. List three local voluntary agencies & who they help in 2.13 (p12). Prompts: Features Of The Voluntary Sector Include evidence of any volunteer work you have undertaken in this section.
  129. 129. • Get into small groups. • Using the following prompts, discuss the benefits to the individual & society of taking part in paid work. • Write your answers in 3.1 (p13). Impact Of Paid Workforce Participation
  130. 130. Prompts: Earning, spending, saving income Contributing to society Gaining experience & expertise Impact Of Paid Workforce Participation
  131. 131. Higher Tax take for Government Contributing to the economy Prompts: Decrease in crime, drugs, family disruption Increase in Social Capital – everybody feels better Impact Of Paid Workforce Participation
  132. 132. • People taking part in paid work also provides revenue for the Government through taxes . • Failure to pay your taxes is punishable by law. Impact Of Paid Workforce Participation - Tax
  133. 133. TAX PAYS FOR… Public Infrastructure: e.g. Schools, Hospitals, Roads Welfare Services: e.g. Unemployment Benefit, Pensions Public Services: e.g. Education, Health, Policing, Transport Government: e.g. Debt & Interest, Administration Utilities: e.g. Water, Electricity, Waste Management What Tax Is Used For
  134. 134. What Tax Is Used For
  135. 135. • Go to 3.2 (p14). Write down what tax is used for. • The previous graph shows how much the Government spends on each of those areas. • Pick two departments. • How much tax does each department receive? • What sort of things are paid for by these departments? • Give your opinion on this on p14. What Tax Is Used For
  136. 136. • As a class, brainstorm all the different types of tax you can think of. • List three on p14 and highlight any that you pay. • Use the following prompts to help you if you need them. What Tax Is Used For
  137. 137. Types Of Irish Tax TAX Income VAT Motor / VRT House -hold Stamp Duty Bank Card Levy Plastic Bag LevyExcise on Tobacco & Alcohol Corporation Tax Rates PRSI Universal Social Charge
  138. 138. • Over 1.57 million people volunteer a total of over 465,600 hours per year. • The total estimated contribution of the sector to the Irish economy is €2.5 billion annually.* • Go to 3.3 (p15) and write this down. *Centre for Non-Profit Management, Trinity College, Dublin Impact Of Unpaid Workforce Participation
  139. 139. • For this assignment you will need to prepare a report on how ‘Unpaid Work Benefits Individuals And Society.’ • You could do this by either visiting a voluntary agency yourself or • By hosting a speaker from a voluntary agency to your class. Impact Of Unpaid Workforce Participation - Assignment
  140. 140. • For an individual visit, make contact with the agency to organise a date & time for a meeting. • Then create a list of questions you are going to ask on that visit. • Record all these details in 3.4 (p15). Voluntary Agencies Visit • Begin by choosing one of the agencies you listed in 2.13 (p12).
  141. 141. If hosting a class talk, decide: 1. Who will be asked? 2. Who will contact them? 3. When the talk will happen (date & time)? 4. One question each you will ask on the day of the talk. 5. Record these details in 3.4 (p15/16). Voluntary Agencies - Visit
  142. 142. • Why and when it was set up? • What are the aims of the voluntary agency? • How do they achieve these aims? • Outline their sources of funding. • How many people work in the organisation? Voluntary Agency Visit – Sample Questions
  143. 143. Voluntary Agency Visit – Sample Questions • How many people work in the organisation? • List the different roles of the volunteers. • Outline the benefits to the community by the organisation. • Outline the benefits to the individual volunteer.
  145. 145. 1. Health & Safety
  146. 146. • In 4.1 (p14) list three legal responsibilities of the employer. • Then list three legal responsibilities of the employee. Health & Safety Legislation
  147. 147. Health & Welfare At Work Act 2005 Employer Responsibilities Prevent any risky behaviour. Provide adequate safety information, training & supervision Workplace: Good condition. Good access in & out Safe equipment. Prevention of risk from substances / noise. Safety Statement: Complete a Risk Assessment. Report accidents to relevant authority. Have an Emergencies plan. Provide facilities for welfare of employees Provide protective clothing & equipment All safety measures come at no financial cost to employees
  148. 148. Health & Welfare At Work Act 2005 Employee Responsibilities Take reasonable care to protect yourself & others. Not to engage in improper conduct. Co-operate with employers to enable them to comply with regulations. Attend Health & Safety Training Not be under the influence of an intoxicant. Submit an intoxicant test if required. Report: 1) Any work endangering yours or others H & S. 2) Any defects in the workplace. 3) Any contraventions of H & S Regulations.
  149. 149. Reasons To Be Safety Conscious3min12sec
  150. 150. Health & Safety Signs • Go to 4.2 (p15). List five Health & Safety signs. • For each sign, write the: • Type • Meaning
  151. 151. Sign 1 Colour: A red circular band with a diagonal cross bar on a white background; the symbol within the circle is black. Purpose: To indicate that a certain behaviour is prohibited. Meaning:
  152. 152. Sign 2 Colour: A blue circle with a white symbol. Purpose: Indicates that a specific course of action must be taken. Meaning:
  153. 153. Sign 3 Colour: A yellow triangle with a black border and black symbol. Purpose: To warn of any type of hazard. Meaning:
  154. 154. Sign 4 Colour: A green oblong or square with a white symbol or text. Purpose: To provide information about safe conditions. Meaning:
  155. 155. Sign 5 Colour: A red oblong or square with a white symbol. Purpose: To describe the location of fire fighting equipment. Meaning:
  156. 156. 2. Equality
  157. 157. Equality • The Equality Act 2004 deals with discrimination within employment related to any of the nine grounds on the next slide. • Eg: dismissal, equal pay, sexual harassment, access to employment
  158. 158. Equality Act 2004 – 9 Grounds Gender Family Status Race Age Civil Status Disability Religion Sexual Orientation Member of Travelling Community
  159. 159. Equality Go to 4.3 (p16) and write down the nine grounds that inform the Act. List three employer responsibilities under the Act.
  160. 160. EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES Explain procedures to be followed if a harassment complaint is made Monitor & follow up the situation after a complaint is made so that harassment does not recur. Ensure an employee making a complaint is not victimised for doing so Ensure the alleged perpetrator is treated fairly Promote awareness of the organisation’s policy & complaints procedures To minimise harassment through a prevention policy providing good example by treating all in the workplace with courtesy & respect Be vigilant for signs of harassment & take action before a problem escalates Equality Act 2004 - Summary
  161. 161. Equal Opportunities? 50secs
  162. 162. 3. Regulations Relating To Pay
  163. 163. Employment Legislation • Look at the Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 summary on the two next slides. • Go to 4.4 (p17). • List three Employer Responsibilities. • List three Employee Rights.
  164. 164. EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES Ensure adequate rest breaks are taken. Make that decision within 14 days of the public holiday. Keep detailed records of employees’: * start & finishing times * hours worked each day / week * annual leave granted Decide which option an employee can take for a public holiday. Keep these records for 3 years. Organisation of Working Time Act ‘97 - Summary
  165. 165. EMPLOYEE RIGHTS PUBLIC HOLIDAYS 9 per year (see next slide) ANNUAL LEAVE 4 working weeks in a leave year in which the employee works at least 1,365 hours REST 11 hours daily rest per 24 hours 24 hours rest per week preceded by a daily rest period (11 hours). 15 minutes after working 4½ hours. 30 minutes after working 6 hours Working Week Maximum average = 48 hours Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 - Summary
  166. 166. Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 – Public Holidays 1) Christmas Day 2) St. Patrick’s Day 3) First Monday in May 4) First Monday in August 5) January 1st 6) St. Stephen’s Day 7) Easter Monday 8) First Monday in June 9) Last Monday in October The Act provides the following nine public holidays:
  167. 167. Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 – Public Holidays For each public holiday, an employee is entitled to either: (a) a paid day off on the holiday or (b) a paid day off within a month or (c) an extra day’s annual leave or (d) an extra day’s pay as the employer may decide
  168. 168. Organisation of Working Time Act 1997 - Exemptions The Act does not apply to the following: • Members of the Garda Siochana • Member of the Defence Forces • Junior hospital doctors • Transport employees • Sea workers • if you control your own working hours • family employees working on a farm/private house.
  169. 169. Employment Legislation • Look at the Maternity Protection (Amendment) Act 2004 summary on the next slide. • Go to 4.4 (p17). Answer the following: • How long are mothers entitled to take off? • Can fathers avail of maternity leave – when? • What are you entitled to when you return to work?
  170. 170. Fathers are entitled to maternity leave if the mother dies within 40 weeks of the birth. You are entitled to return to work to the same job with the same contract of employment. Your employment conditions cannot be worsened because you have taken maternity leave. Maternity Protection(Amendment)Act 2004 1. 2. Mothers are entitled to 26 weeks’ maternity leave + 16 weeks additional unpaid maternity leave. 3. 1.
  172. 172. Exploring Life Experiences • Voluntary work • Holiday work • Part-time work • Full time work • Working in the home In 5.1 (p19) circle the types of work you have done: Fill in what you were expected to do and the skills the jobs required.
  173. 173. Exploring Life Experiences • If you haven’t worked; have you ever done a course or undertaken any other sort of education? • Do you have a hobby? • Do you play a sport? • What were you expected to do? • What skills did these require? • Fill in your answers in 5.1 (p19).
  174. 174. Careers, Skills & Qualities Checklist • Go to 5.2 (p20). • Read the instructions carefully. • Complete the questions. • When finished, list your top three categories on p25.
  175. 175. • Go to • Log in or create an I.D. if you don’t have one already. Interest Inventory
  176. 176. • Click on Interest Profiler Interest Inventory
  177. 177. • Answer all 56 questions by clicking on your preference. Interest Inventory
  178. 178. Interest Inventory • After answering the last question, you will automatically be given a summary of your top three interest categories:
  179. 179. • Scroll down to and click on the Occupation Matching button. Interest Inventory
  180. 180. • If you want to narrow your search you can choose career areas that interest you. Otherwise click on ‘Search Now’. Interest Inventory
  181. 181. • Occupations that match your interests will be listed. • In 5.3 (p26) write down your top five favourites in ranked order. 1 2 3 4 Interest Inventory
  182. 182. • Do any of these suggestions match up with the results from your previous skills checklist on p25? • Using the last two assessments, pick three careers you’d like to do a work placement in. • List them in 6.1 (p26). Interest Inventory
  183. 183. In 6.2 (p26/7) detail three possible courses linked to your chosen careers. Your search on Careers Portal already contains these links. Possible Educational Opportunities
  185. 185. Finding Work Experience •How will you find a work experience placement? •Go to 7.1 (p28). Write down five different sources of information that could help to find work experience in your local area.
  186. 186. Think Of These? • Friends / Family • Internet job searches: • • • Local employment directory / newspaper • Local SOLAS office • Recruitment Agencies / Fairs • Shop windows / Notice boards • School Work Experience Co- ordinator
  187. 187. Finding Work Experience • A good place to begin searching for work experience is • This will give you information on companies in both your geographical area and the area you would like to work in. • Complete a search to find companies that may take you on for work experience.
  188. 188. Step 1. Search Parameters 1. Enter the area you’d like to work in 2. Enter your geographical area 3. Click ‘Find’
  189. 189. Step 2. Get Your List Of Businesses List of 524 Beauty Salons in Dublin Basic Details on highlighted business
  190. 190. Step 3. Get All Required Information All required Job searching information
  191. 191. Step 4. Record Potential Job Contact Details Record any potential work placement contacts achieved in 7.2 (p28).
  192. 192. Finding Work Experience - Networking Another really good method of finding work experience is through networking. Watch the next video clip to find out why networking works.
  193. 193. Networking - The Best Way Of Finding Work 4min
  194. 194. Networking – Five Reasons 1.People do want to help. 2.Gets you in front of people i.e. interviews. 3.Self-perpetuating. It can build on its self. Always ask for at least two names of people that can help. 4.You gain information about:  Yourself  Your area  Where the jobs are 5.Creates a lasting impression on the people you meet.
  195. 195. Sports & Social Clubs • Being involved in the local community is another way of finding out about jobs. • You get to meet new people. • People in clubs take care of their own. • People in clubs look out for each other. • You are in the loop. • You are part of a network.
  196. 196. Step 4. Record Potential Job Contact Details Record any potential work placement contacts achieved through networking in 7.2 (p28). Between your Golden Pages search, networking and other sources you will need three contacts in total.
  197. 197. How To Write A C.V. 2mins
  198. 198. C.V. Headings  PersonalDetails  Education  WorkExperience  Hobbies&Interests  References • Go to 7.4 (p30). Read through the template. • Fill in your details over the greyed out information. • Type your C.V. on a computer.
  199. 199. How To Write A C.V. • Remember! • Customise your C.V. to the work placement you are applying for. • Put more focus on skills, experiences and education that are relevant to the job you are applying for.
  200. 200. How To Write A Cover Letter 2mins
  201. 201. Contacting Companies - Cover Letter • Go to 7.5. (p32/3). Use the template to write your own draft cover letter. • Then type it up using a computer.
  202. 202. How To Write A Cover Letter • Remember! • Customise your Cover Letter to the work placement you are applying for, e.g.  Find the person’s name  Use the same language as in the advert if applicable.
  203. 203. Good Phone Skills 2min40sec
  204. 204. Go to 7.3 (p29). Prepare a basic phone script for making contact with a company. For example… Contacting Companies – By Phone
  205. 205. Receptionist: Hello, FAB Face and Beauty You: May I speak to Jane Smith please. Receptionist: Who’s calling? You: John Murphy Receptionist: One moment please. Jane Smith: Hello, Jane Smith speaking You: Hello Ms Smith, my name is John Murphy. I would like to undertake a work experience placement with your Company and wondered if this were possible? MORE AFTER JANE SMITH?? Contacting Companies – By Phone
  206. 206. Contacting Companies – By Phone Have your personal details ready and any information such as dates, length of placement, basic requirements of placement ready. It is always a good idea to do a couple of practice role plays in class first.
  207. 207. Insurance Letter • Most employers will look for insurance cover before you are accepted for a work experience placement. • Your school / centre should provide this for you. Ask your tutor for an insurance letter. • A copy should be kept in your Appendix section.
  208. 208. How To Impress • The following slides contain statements on how to impress in your work experience placement. • In class, discuss these statements and find an example of each. • Go to 7.6 (p34) and write down the four areas that you should focus on in your work experience. • Make sure to include evidence of this in your Work Experience Diary.
  209. 209. You will be assessed on your Timekeeping Skills in your Supervisor’s report.
  210. 210. 2) Have good personal presentation You will be assessed on your personal presentation in your Supervisor’s report.
  211. 211. You will be assessed on your Communication Skills in your Supervisor’s report.
  212. 212. The Most Important Skill - Communication 1min54sec
  213. 213. Body Language At Work 1min40sec
  214. 214. You will be assessed on your adherence to regulations in your Supervisor’s report.
  215. 215. GOAL SETTING
  216. 216. Why Writing Down Your Goals Is Important 3min25sec
  217. 217. Goal Setting Ideas • Learn more about the sector. • Learn about the aspects of a particular job. • Make some useful professional contacts. • Using the following prompts, decide on three goals you would like to achieve on your work experience. • List these in 7.7 (p34).
  218. 218. • Complete some occupational training. • Understand what motivates me. • Identify my strengths and weaknesses. • Develop my numerical skills. • Develop my planning & organising skills. Goal Setting Ideas
  219. 219. Goal Setting Ideas • Develop my problem- solving skills. • Develop my creativity. • Develop my teamwork skills. • Develop my initiative. • Develop my decision making skills.
  220. 220. Specific Measureable Actionable Realistic Timely Goal Setting – SMART system • To help you achieve the goals you have written down, tailor them with the SMART system. • Watch the next video for an explanation.
  221. 221. SMART Goals
  222. 222. SMART Goals – Example So, for example, to improve your Customer Service skills you could consider these questions to help achieve your goal:
  223. 223. SMART Goals – Example Identify which Customer Service skills to improve, e.g. good communications skills or active listening skills. You could get feedback on your performance. Look to work shadow someone who is strong in this area. Will the person you want to work shadow be available during your work experience period? Will there be enough time to improve your skills during your work experience period? S. M. A. R. T.
  224. 224. Goal Setting – SMART System In order of importance, write down your three SMART work experience goals in 7.7 (p34/5). Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Timely
  226. 226. Before You Begin…
  227. 227. Coping Strategies Class Discussion • For the following six slides, read through each of the situations you might find yourself in on your work experience. • Discuss what you should do in each case.
  228. 228. Work Situation 1 You are sick and can’t make it to work. What do you do?
  229. 229. Work Situation 2 You absolutely hate the work experience & don’t feel you are learning anything. What do you do?
  230. 230. Work Situation 3 You are late on your first day and your boss gets annoyed & shouts at you. What do you do?
  231. 231. Work Situation 4 You are asked to go and get a ‘sky hook’ from the store room. When you return without it everyone is laughing at you. What do you do?
  232. 232. Work Situation 5 You are being bullied, or you are made to feel uncomfortable by somebody you work with. What do you do?
  233. 233. Work Situation 6 Your contact person is not available. What do you do?
  234. 234. DIARY / JOURNAL
  235. 235. Diary Of A Tattooist – Part 1
  236. 236. Diary / Journal • You will need to maintain a workplace diary / journal which describes, reflects on and analyses experiences in the workplace. • The questions that follow in the diary pages are to help you fill in basic information when compiling your journal.
  237. 237. Learner Account of Work Placement How to present your Work Placement Diary • The Diary may be presented using a variety of media. • Typed, oral, graphic, audio, visual or any combination of these. • Any audio or video evidence must be provided on CD, DVD, USB or Tape. • Take as many photographs as possible (with permission).
  238. 238. The Diary • Go to 8.1. (p37-47) and complete your personal reflection diary daily while on your work placement. You should focus in particular on: • Your thoughts and feelings about the day. • Plans for the next day, especially what you can do differently to improve your work experience.
  239. 239. Diary Of A Tattooist – Part 2
  240. 240. The Diary Day 1 • Were you on time? Why? • Who did you meet on arrival? • Were you given a supervisor? • How many people are you working with? • What jobs did you do on the first day? • Were you able to do them? Why? • What were your thoughts and feelings about the day?
  241. 241. The Diary Day 2 • Is your supervisor happy with your personal presentation / appearance? Why? • List the jobs you did. • Were you given enough direction to carry out those tasks? - what did you do if you didn’t understand? • How can you fit achieving your goals into your work experience placement?
  242. 242. The Diary Day 3 • How did you feel going in to work? • List the jobs you did. • Are there any Health & Safety rules? • What responsibilities as an employee do you have under those rules? • What were your thoughts and feelings about the day?
  243. 243. The Diary  List the jobs you did.  Think about how you are communicating with others - is this working?  How are you getting on with the people you work with?  Name the different roles of staff directly around you.  What could you differently to improve your work experience? Day 4
  244. 244. The Diary Day 5 • List the jobs you did. • Have you made any progress on achieving your goals? • For your first week, how was your: 1) Timekeeping 2) Personal Presentation 3) Ability to complete tasks • What was the worst part of the first five days? • How can you improve this for next week?
  245. 245. Diary Of A Tattooist – Part 3
  246. 246. The Diary Day 6 • List the jobs you did. • How are you getting on with your supervisor? • Are your given tasks equal, above or below your skill level? Explain. • Do you do what is asked of you well? Why? • How are you getting on with your colleagues? • Do you feel part of the team? Why?
  247. 247. The Diary Day 7 • List the jobs you did. • Do you think you have a suitable personality for this line of work? Explain. • Do your skills fit this line of work? Why? • Do you think you need further education? • Describe a time when you communicated well.
  248. 248. The Diary Day 8 - The Interview Interview one person from your workplace and ask them about: • The demands of the job. • What is important to them in their work? • What is the most enjoyable part of their job? • What is the worst part of their work? • What job specific skills do they have?
  249. 249. The Diary Day 8 - The Interview • Are there opportunities for in-house training? • Can you get promotion easily? • Can you identify possible career opportunities for me in this organisation? • What formal training or further education would you recommend?
  250. 250. The Diary Day 9 • List the jobs you did. • Is there anything you haven’t done that you would like to do to achieve your goals? • How are you going to implement this for your last day? • What were your thoughts & feelings about the day?
  251. 251. The Diary Day 10 • What have you learned about yourself during the ten days? • List all the skills you demonstrated during your work experience. • Did you achieve your goals? Why? • What was the worst thing about the ten days? • What was the best?
  252. 252. Diary Of A Tattooist – Part 4
  254. 254. REVIEW
  255. 255. How To Write A Thank You Letter 1min46sec
  256. 256. Thank You Letter Go to 9.1. (p49). Use the template to create your own letter. Type it up and post it to your Work Experience Supervisor.
  257. 257. Diary Of A Tattooist – Part 5
  258. 258. Work Experience Placement – Review • Go to 9.2. (p50) and answer the following: • Overall, how useful did you feel your placement was: Very useful Useful A Little Bit Useful Not Useful Not At All Useful
  259. 259. Work Experience Placement – Review • What went well? • What could have been done differently? • What did you learn on your placement?
  260. 260. Work Experience Placement – Review • Look at your previously stated goals in 7.8 (p34). • Then go to 9.3. (p51). • Did you achieve your goals? Yes? No? Why?
  262. 262. Future Training & Employment • Look back over your interview from Day 8 (p44/5) of your placement. • Can you identify a job opportunity from your work placement? • If not choose a job you would like to do from your work placement. • What qualifications do you need to do this job?
  263. 263. Future Training & Employment Investigate these qualifications further in Qualifax. is a database containing detailed information about all courses in Ireland.
  264. 264. Click on ‘Search all Courses’ Qualifax - Course Search
  265. 265. Click on the ‘Award Name’ arrow. Select ‘Level 5 Certificate (Level 5 NFQ)’ from the drop down menu. Qualifax - Course Search
  266. 266. Select the Province and / or County you want to study in from the drop down menu. Qualifax - Course Search
  267. 267. Insert any Keywords that are relevant to the area you want to study. Future Training & Employment
  268. 268. Click on ‘Search’. Qualifax - Course Search
  269. 269. Click on any course title that interests you. Qualifax - Course Search
  270. 270. List three courses in 10.1 (p51) that you could study to give you this qualification. Qualifax - Course Search
  271. 271. Future Training & Employment • If investigating an Apprenticeship, go to • Click on Training.
  272. 272. Future Training & Employment • Click on Apprenticeships.
  273. 273. Future Training & Employment • Click on Curriculum. • This will give you all the information needed to fill in the next table.
  274. 274. • Choose one course / apprenticeship and investigate it further in 10.2 (p52). Future Qualifications Question Answer 1. Course / apprenticeship Code (if applicable) Level 2. Which college, centre or company offers this qualification? 1. 2. 3. How many years of study? 4. Minimum requirements? 5. Costs of course / apprenticeship 6. Yearly living expenses 7. Do I qualify for a grant? 8. Subjects I will study
  275. 275. Future Qualifications In 10.3 (p53) evaluate how this course / apprenticeship meets your needs: • Do enjoy the subject / content? • Do want to spend that much time studying? • How will you finance it? Can you get a grant? • Where is the course / apprenticeship located? • Do you want to do this course / apprenticeship?
  276. 276. Finishing Off Your Appendix could include the following as evidence: 1. CV 2. Cover Letter 3. Insurance Letter 4. Job Finding Strategy Correspondence, e.g. Emails 5. Photos of Placement 6. Company Literature 7. Any other information that you consider relevant.
  277. 277. Bibliography