Sparta

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Sparta

  1. 1. The Rise of Sparta Life in one of the great Greek city-states….
  2. 2. Sparta S. Central Greece in Peloponnesus Founded by the Dorians
  3. 4. Sparta <ul><li>MAIN IDEA: The Spartans focused on military skills to control the people they conquered. </li></ul>
  4. 8. I. Growing Sparta <ul><ul><li>A. Settled by Dorians around 850 B.C.E. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. During the…… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Growing Sparta = MORE LAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Conquer their neighbors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E. Enslave them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F.Helots- Enslaved People! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 10. II. Conquerors <ul><li>A. The more land conquered the more HELOTS there were! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Eventually they out numbered Spartans citizens 20 to 1 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Spartans become Scared. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>B. They must continue to be a very powerful army without any harmful outside influences. </li></ul>
  6. 11. II. Spartan Culture <ul><li>A. Wanted to become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B. How will they do this?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.Have only strong people (men) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Kill babies that are not healthy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. 7 year old boys sent to military camp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Little food, clothing, sleep outside, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice naked no matter temp. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. -Marry at 20 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit wives secretly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 12. III. Spartan Military <ul><li>A. Military dominates Spartan Society. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Feared a Helot revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Why would Helots revolt? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Spartan Ideology – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Win on the Battlefield or die.” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 13. IV. Spartan Women <ul><ul><ul><li>A. Women were given more freedoms then most Greeks. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B. Free to own land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C. Expected to be strong as well! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 14. V.Preventing Change <ul><ul><li>A. Discourage all foreign visitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Did not teach literature, math, theater, or art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Xenophobia – Fear of foreign people and ways. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. VI. The Government A. Oligarchy: Power in the hand of the few Kings Members of the Assembly Ephors & Elders
  11. 16. Questions for Consideration <ul><li>A. Was the way of life in Sparta fair? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Would you have enjoyed being a Spartan? </li></ul>

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