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Sparta
 

Sparta

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    Sparta Sparta Presentation Transcript

    • The Rise of Sparta Life in one of the great Greek city-states….
    • Sparta S. Central Greece in Peloponnesus Founded by the Dorians
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    • Sparta
      • MAIN IDEA: The Spartans focused on military skills to control the people they conquered.
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    • I. Growing Sparta
        • A. Settled by Dorians around 850 B.C.E.
        • B. During the……
        • C. Growing Sparta = MORE LAND
        • D. Conquer their neighbors.
        • E. Enslave them
        • F.Helots- Enslaved People!
    •  
    • II. Conquerors
      • A. The more land conquered the more HELOTS there were!
          • 1. Eventually they out numbered Spartans citizens 20 to 1
          • 2. Spartans become Scared.
      • B. They must continue to be a very powerful army without any harmful outside influences.
    • II. Spartan Culture
      • A. Wanted to become the strongest people in Greece and take over all others by force!!
        • B. How will they do this??
          • 1.Have only strong people (men)
            • -Kill babies that are not healthy
          • 2. 7 year old boys sent to military camp
            • -Little food, clothing, sleep outside,
              • Practice naked no matter temp.
          • 3. -Marry at 20 years old
            • Visit wives secretly
    • III. Spartan Military
      • A. Military dominates Spartan Society.
      • B. Feared a Helot revolt.
      • C. Why would Helots revolt?
      • D. Spartan Ideology –
        • “ Win on the Battlefield or die.”
    • IV. Spartan Women
          • A. Women were given more freedoms then most Greeks.
          • B. Free to own land
          • C. Expected to be strong as well!
    • V.Preventing Change
        • A. Discourage all foreign visitors
        • B. Did not teach literature, math, theater, or art.
        • C. Why?
        • D. Xenophobia – Fear of foreign people and ways.
    • VI. The Government A. Oligarchy: Power in the hand of the few Kings Members of the Assembly Ephors & Elders
    • Questions for Consideration
      • A. Was the way of life in Sparta fair?
      • B. Would you have enjoyed being a Spartan?