Plymouth Colony

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Plymouth Colony

  1. 1. The Plymouth Colony The Pilgrims come to America
  2. 2. I. Religion in Europe <ul><li>A. Most rulers supported a particular religion. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Known as established church. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Established Church of England is… </li></ul><ul><li>D. The Church of England or the Anglican Church (Protestants)! </li></ul><ul><li>E. King = head of church! </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. Persecution <ul><li>A. (def.) punishment of certain people because of their beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>B. common in England & European countries! </li></ul><ul><li>C. result = people worship in secret! </li></ul><ul><li>D. or, burned at the stake. </li></ul><ul><li>E. imprisoned  </li></ul>
  4. 4. III. Separatists <ul><li>A. Protestants (form of Christianity) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Wanted to be SEPARATE from church of England. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Did the English monarchy like the Separatists? </li></ul><ul><li>D. What do you think happened to the Separatists? </li></ul>
  5. 5. IV. The Pilgrims <ul><li>A. (def.) – anyone who makes a long journey for religious reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>B. 1612 Separatists move to Netherlands. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dutch allow free worship. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Pilgrims miss English way of life! </li></ul><ul><li>E. So what should they do? </li></ul><ul><li>F. Search for a new place to call home. </li></ul>
  6. 6. V. The Journey…. <ul><li>A. September 1620 – 102 people leave Plymouth, England on the Mayflower </li></ul><ul><li>B. ½ Pilgrims….1/2 Strangers on board ship </li></ul><ul><li>An 8 week journey awaits them. </li></ul>
  7. 7. VI. Plymouth <ul><li>A. November 1620 reach Cape Cod. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Wanted to reach Virginia, but needed landfall. </li></ul>
  8. 9. VII. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>A. Framework to govern their colony. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Signed November 11, 1620. (males) </li></ul><ul><li>C. Made laws for “The general good of the colony.” </li></ul>
  9. 10. VIII. Hardships <ul><li>A. Plymouth was once a native village </li></ul><ul><li>B. Natives had been wiped out by disease. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Pilgrims arrive in November….think about it! </li></ul>
  10. 11. VIII. Hardships (cont.) <ul><li>D. “Starving Time.” </li></ul><ul><li>E. fewer than half survive first winter </li></ul><ul><li>F. Governor dies, replaced by William Bradford (leads for next 36 years) </li></ul>
  11. 12. IX. Helpful Natives <ul><li>A. Spring of 1621 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Wapanoag offer to help colonists </li></ul><ul><li>C. Squanto is the MAN! </li></ul><ul><li>D. explains crops, taught how to catch eels, </li></ul><ul><li>E. Thanksgiving- November, 1621 </li></ul>

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