Great Compromise

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Great Compromise

  1. 1. Understanding the Virginia and New Jersey Plans The Great Compromise
  2. 2. I. Main Idea <ul><li>Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 had to compromise on key issues in order to complete a new constitution. </li></ul>Compromise
  3. 3. II.The Virginia Plan <ul><li>A. Proposed three separate branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial). </li></ul><ul><li>B. Congress would consist of two houses – House of Representatives and the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>In both houses representation based on population. </li></ul><ul><li>Small states feared this plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  4. 4. III.The New Jersey Plan <ul><li>A. Proposed three branches of government. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Congress would consist of only one house. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Each state would have one vote regardless of population. </li></ul>
  5. 5. IV.The Great Compromise <ul><li>A. Proposed by Roger Sherman (Conn.) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Called for a two-house legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Lower House = House of Representatives (seats based on population). </li></ul><ul><li>D. Upper House = Senate </li></ul><ul><li>E. All states have equal representation (2 senators per state). </li></ul><ul><li>F. What a Great Compromise! </li></ul>

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