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T HE  J UDICIAL  D EPARTMENT
Overview <ul><li>What is  judicial power ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the  characteristics  and  scope  of judicial power?...
The Judicial Department <ul><li>Article VIII, Section 1:  Judicial power  will be vested in the  Supreme Court  and  all l...
Judicial Power <ul><li>Generally entails two activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settling  legal controversies </li></ul></u...
Scope of Judicial Power <ul><li>Adjudicating Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The power to settle legal disputes </li></ul></ul...
The Supreme Court <ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Chief Justice and 14 Associate Justices </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Powers of the Supreme Court <ul><li>SC has  jurisdiction  over: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases involving ambassadors and publ...
<ul><li>Assignment of judges to the lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>Order a change of venue for a trial </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Judicial and Bar Council <ul><li>Tasked with  nominating appointees  to the  Judiciary  (SC    3) </li></ul><ul><li>Compo...
Rendering Court Decisions <ul><li>Once a decision is reached, a SC Justice is assigned to write an  opinion </li></ul><ul>...
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The Philippine Judiciary

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Lecture slides on the Philippine Judiciary.

These slides were for an undergraduate course on Philippine Politics and Governance I taught between 2003-2005.

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  • There are three kinds of courts in the country: SUPREME COURT – The highest court of the land REGULAR COURT – Appelate court, Regional Trial Court, etc. QUASI JUDICIAL BODIES – NLRC, SEC, etc. Each court has its own jurisdiction
  • Transcript of "The Philippine Judiciary"

    1. 1. T HE J UDICIAL D EPARTMENT
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is judicial power ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the characteristics and scope of judicial power? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Supreme Court and what are its powers? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Judicial and Bar Council ? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when a court decision is reached ? </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Judicial Department <ul><li>Article VIII, Section 1: Judicial power will be vested in the Supreme Court and all lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial power : the power to apply the laws to contests or disputes concerning legally recognized rights </li></ul><ul><li>Loosely, the judiciary refers to the court system </li></ul>
    4. 4. Judicial Power <ul><li>Generally entails two activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settling legal controversies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determining whether there has been grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction by any branch of government </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Scope of Judicial Power <ul><li>Adjudicating Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The power to settle legal disputes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power of Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to the power of the Supreme Court to interpret and make judgments with respect to the law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incidental Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powers necessary for the discharge of the judicial function </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The Supreme Court <ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Chief Justice and 14 Associate Justices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sits en banc or in divisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By appointment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 years of age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judge or legal practitioner for 15 years </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Powers of the Supreme Court <ul><li>SC has jurisdiction over: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases involving ambassadors and public ministers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petitions for certiorari , mandamus , quo warranto , prohibition & habeas corpus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review judgments of lower courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases involving constitutionality, legality of any tax, reclusion perpetua and errors on questions of law </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Assignment of judges to the lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>Order a change of venue for a trial </li></ul><ul><li>Promulgate rules of court </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint officials of the judiciary and hire employees for the judicial branch </li></ul>Powers of the Supreme Court
    9. 9. Judicial and Bar Council <ul><li>Tasked with nominating appointees to the Judiciary (SC  3) </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative from Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBP Representative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prof. of law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Sector Representative </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Rendering Court Decisions <ul><li>Once a decision is reached, a SC Justice is assigned to write an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>The opinion is certified by the Chief Justice and served to the parties concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Dissentions and abstentions must be explained </li></ul><ul><li>The opinion must explain facts of law </li></ul>
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