LLOCALOCAL GGOVERNMENTOVERNMENT
OVERVIEWOVERVIEW
• What do we mean by localWhat do we mean by local
government(s)?government(s)?
• What is the rationale b...
REVIEWREVIEW
• Governments are eitherGovernments are either unitaryunitary
oror federalfederal
–Unitary = Centralized unde...
REVIEWREVIEW
• The Philippines is a unitary stateThe Philippines is a unitary state
–Power emanates from a centralPower em...
LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Local governments areLocal governments are
subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate ...
LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Local governments areLocal governments are
subordinate entitiessubordinate entities to ...
LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Local governments areLocal governments are
subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate ...
LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Local governments areLocal governments are
subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate ...
CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS
• Tiers of local authorityTiers of local authority
• Different from fieldDifferent from fie...
DECENTRALIZATIONDECENTRALIZATION
DeconcentrationDeconcentration
–Administrative in natureAdministrative in nature
–Transfe...
RATIONALERATIONALE
• DebureaucratizationDebureaucratization
• SubsidiaritySubsidiarity
• Stakeholdership and Participatory...
RA7160RA7160
• Decentralization in theDecentralization in the
Philippines was effected byPhilippines was effected by
RA716...
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Local Government

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Lecture slide deck on Local Government.

This was for a class on Philippine Politics and Governance that I taught between 2003-2005.

http://brianbelen.blogspot.com

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • Tiers of Local Authority
    Local governments are composed of local government units that form a specific hierarchy (more on that next session)
    Field Organizations v. Local Governments
    Local Governments possess political powers whereas field organizations simply execute administrative functions (decrees/administrative orders)
    General Purpose Authorities
    Local governments perform a gamut of functions, as opposed to field organizations which perform just one
    Municipal corporations
    It possesses both private and public functions  it is created by and for the stakeholders it is meant to serve
    Private: the enactment of its own laws
    Public: the implementation of national policies within its borders
    It is an instrumentality of the national government as well as local governance
  • Strictly speaking, decentralization in terms of local government is more of devolution, although there is a fair bit of deconcentration involved.
  • Debureaucratization
    Decentralization can lessen the bureaucracy (so that people do not have to wait for central government processes to run their course in order to enjoy government services)
    It also helps overcome the divisiveness that arises from the simultaneous operation of separate government agencies
    Subsidiarity
    It empowers local units to take care of their own affairs, which they most likely will be able to do much more effectively on their own
    Stakeholdership and Participatory Governance
    It is a means of giving grassroots communities ownership of their affiars
    It incorporates participation within the government mechanism
    Identity
    - Because LGUs are bound by territory, to some degree they bestow (political) identity to the areas they are meant to represent
    Accountability
    - Since LGUs are within the grasp of community members, much more direct accountability for government administration and services is facilitated
  • Transcript of "Local Government"

    1. 1. LLOCALOCAL GGOVERNMENTOVERNMENT
    2. 2. OVERVIEWOVERVIEW • What do we mean by localWhat do we mean by local government(s)?government(s)? • What is the rationale behindWhat is the rationale behind local governance?local governance?
    3. 3. REVIEWREVIEW • Governments are eitherGovernments are either unitaryunitary oror federalfederal –Unitary = Centralized under aUnitary = Centralized under a national governmentnational government –Federal = Both an overridingFederal = Both an overriding national federal gov’t andnational federal gov’t and autonomous local gov’tsautonomous local gov’ts
    4. 4. REVIEWREVIEW • The Philippines is a unitary stateThe Philippines is a unitary state –Power emanates from a centralPower emanates from a central Executive, Legislature andExecutive, Legislature and JudiciaryJudiciary –Nevertheless, there are still localNevertheless, there are still local governments under this nationalgovernments under this national governmentgovernment
    5. 5. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over a fixedpolitical power over a fixed territoryterritory
    6. 6. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entitiessubordinate entities to nationalto national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over a fixedpolitical power over a fixed territoryterritory
    7. 7. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political powerpolitical power over a fixedover a fixed territoryterritory
    8. 8. LOCAL GOVERNMENTSLOCAL GOVERNMENTS Local governments areLocal governments are subordinate entities to nationalsubordinate entities to national governments that enjoy thegovernments that enjoy the legal authority to exerciselegal authority to exercise political power over apolitical power over a fixedfixed territoryterritory
    9. 9. CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS • Tiers of local authorityTiers of local authority • Different from fieldDifferent from field organizationsorganizations • General purpose authoritiesGeneral purpose authorities • Municipal corporationsMunicipal corporations
    10. 10. DECENTRALIZATIONDECENTRALIZATION DeconcentrationDeconcentration –Administrative in natureAdministrative in nature –Transfer of function toTransfer of function to regional/local institutionsregional/local institutions DevolutionDevolution –Political in naturePolitical in nature –Transfer of power to regional/localTransfer of power to regional/local institutionsinstitutions
    11. 11. RATIONALERATIONALE • DebureaucratizationDebureaucratization • SubsidiaritySubsidiarity • Stakeholdership and ParticipatoryStakeholdership and Participatory GovernanceGovernance • IdentityIdentity • AccountabilityAccountability
    12. 12. RA7160RA7160 • Decentralization in theDecentralization in the Philippines was effected byPhilippines was effected by RA7160RA7160 • The local government code isThe local government code is the framework for localthe framework for local governance in the Philippinesgovernance in the Philippines
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