Basic English Check

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Even advanced learners may be making some of these basic English mistakes! Check your English!
And for more material, come visit our websites:
http://elearnrussian.com
http://bintangbahasa.com
http://learnindonesian.org

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Basic English Check

  1. 1. Check Your English! Even if your English is quite advanced, you're probably making a lot of little mistakes that you simply never knew were wrong. We want to help you fix your English and learn to speak like a native! What's wrong in the following dialogue: - What's this? - What? - This. - Oh, that's an iPod. - What? - An iPod. http://elearnrussian.com Page 1 of 20
  2. 2. Did you know the mistake? - What's this? - What? - This. - Oh, that's an iPod. - A what? - An iPod. The first time he says "What?", he's checking to see what you're talking about. He could also have said, "What's what?". The second time you say "What?", you're asking about a thing, an object, a noun and they ALWAYS have to have an 'article' in front. So, you have to say: A what? If you didn't hear him clearly and were simply asking him to repeat what he said, then you could simply say "What?", or "Pardon?", or "Sorry?" Language is about communicating ideas, so you need to make sure others undestand your idea the way you intended it. If you make mistakes, then very often they'll get the wrong idea. http://elearnrussian.com Page 2 of 20
  3. 3. How about this one: - What's this? - It's an umbrella. - And what's this? - That's an unicycle. - A what? - An unicycle. This one should be easy. Note we again said: "A what?" because we've never heard of a unicycle and don't know what it is. That should give away the answer... There's no need to remember any grammar rules just do what's easy and natural. Pay attention to the sound and do what's easy. a apple vs an apple ; sounds like a-napple a yellow banana vs an yellow banana a unicycle, an umbrella ; sounds like 'a yunicycle' and 'an-numbrella' http://elearnrussian.com Page 3 of 20
  4. 4. Here's an interesting check for non-native English speakers to see if you know what we'd say in the following situations. It's extremely basic and is included in our Lesson 1 but most people won't know the answer. Scenario 1: Your phone rings, you answer it, the other person is talking but you don't know who it is; what would you say? (use the simplest expression, remembering this is being learned in Lesson 1 which focused on What's this? What's that? and Who's this? Who's that?) Scenario 2: Your phone rings, you answer it and begin talking and laughing with them and it becomes clear that your friend sitting beside you also knows this person. They become curious and want to know who you're talking to; what would they say? Scenario 3: As in scenario 2, but they ask after you hang up the phone; what would they say? http://elearnrussian.com Page 4 of 20
  5. 5. Scenario 1: Who is this? (and the emphasis is placed on the 'is') Scenario 2: Who is it? Scenario 3: Who was that? (emphasis is placed on 'that') How'd you do? Can you explain this grammatically? I can't, and why bother? It doesn't matter!! The idea is clearly expressed and understood, and with the proper learning method, students will learn such things without even realizing it. How? Because the program develops the physical reflexes and makes them 'automatic'. In the remaining slides, check to make sure you're not making any of these basic mistakes. (In case you're wondering later, the other language shown in these slides is Indonesian.) http://elearnrussian.com Page 5 of 20
  6. 6. Bahasa Inggris Dasar Basic English Apa itu? What's that? (What is that?) What that? what : apa Siapa itu? Who's that? (Who is that?) Who that? that / this : itu / ini Itu apa? What's that? That what? who : siapa That's what? Ini siapa? Who's this? (Who is this?) (he, she, it) is : (dia, itu) ada ( Jangan lupa "to be", dan pertanyaannya nggak bisa Apa itu? What's that? bolak-balik kayak bahasa Indonesia.) Apa? What? Itu. That. a, an* : (indikasi obyek, secara umum) Itu apel. That's an apple. * di depan vokal, pakai 'an' (That is an apple.) (It's an apple.) Apa itu? What's that? What is that? Itu buku. That's a book. That is …. It's a book. It's book. Note: utk pertanyaan jadi terbalik This is ….. This's …. (kedengaran begitu, tapi jangan nulis begitu) That's ….. It's ….. http://elearnrussian.com Page 6 of 20
  7. 7. Who's that? Who is that? Who that? That's Steven Jones. That is Steven. That Steven. He's a doctor. He's doctor. This is a book. ... a (kata benda).. And who's that? That's an apple. ... an (kata benda).. That's Mary Jones. It's a magazine. She's a doctor too. He's a doctor. She's an engineer. She's engineer. Who's that? You're a student. That's Julie and David. I'm an accountant. Punya siapa itu? Whose is that? Who's that? Itu punya Steven. That's Steven's. Whose that? Itu punya Steven Jones. That's Steven Jones'. …Jones's. ' apostrophe It's Steven's book. ( It is Steven's book. ) It's Steven Jones' book. ( It is Steven Jones' book. ) Steven's working. ( Steven is working. ) Steven Jones is working. Steven Jones's working. http://elearnrussian.com Page 7 of 20
  8. 8. this / that : ini / itu (kata nunjuk barang) is it, it's : ini / itu (kata penganti barang yg sudah ditunjuk) (Ingat, kalau sudah ditunjuk, nggak usah ditunjuk lagi dong!) are these / those : ini / itu (kata nunjuk barang) they're : ini / itu (kata penganti barang yg sudah ditunjuk) they are This is a magazine. megazine This's …. These are books. Apa ini? What are these? * these : itu (obyek* spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sini) Itu buku. Those are books. * those : itu (obyek* spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sana) (They're books.) ( They are books. ) * utk obyek, lebih dari satu Bukunya di mana? Where are the books? * they : mereka (obyek atau orang) Ada di mana? (Where are they?) are : ada (dua atau lebih orang / obyek) Ada di sana. They're over there. (They are over there.) is : ada (satu orang / obyek) (Bukunya ada di sana.) (The books are over there.) that those these this http://elearnrussian.com Page 8 of 20
  9. 9. What's that? It's a book. / That's a book. Where is it? (Where's the book?) It's over there. (The book is over there.) Whose are these? They're your brother's. ( They are … ) They're Peter's. They're Charles'. What are those? ( nunjuk lebih dari satu barang ) That's a book, a magazine and a newspaper. ( nunjuk barangnya satu satu ) ( dan jangan lupa pakai 'a' atau 'an' ) He's a student. … is a …… She's an engineer. … is an …… They're doctors. They're …..s. ( They are …..s. ) We're students. We're …..s. ( We are …..s. ) Where is that? Where's it? Herald http://elearnrussian.com Page 9 of 20
  10. 10. Apa ini? What are these? Itu buku. Those are books. Utk kalimat kedua, boleh nunjuk lagi atau nggak, sama aja. They're books. Whose are they? Who's are they? Whose books are they? Whose book are they? They're his. There his. Apa itu? What's that? Itu buku. That's a book. ( It's a book. ) Buku siapa? Whose book is it? Whose book? Harus pakai " is it? " ( Nggak boleh nunjuk lagi! ) Who's book ….? Punya siapa? Whose is it? Who's …? ; Who is …? : siapa ….? Whose …? : punya siapa …? Buku dia. It's his book. Kedengarannya sama, tapi artinya beda sekali. Itu rumah siapa? Whose house is that? Whose house is it? Belum ditunjuk. Rumah saya. That's my house. ( It's my house. ) Whose book is that? Whose is that? http://elearnrussian.com Page 10 of 20
  11. 11. Punya siapa? Whose is it? Who's is it? = Who is is it? Buku siapa? Whose book is it? Who's book is it? = Who is book is it? Punya siapa? Whose are they? Buku siapa? Whose books are they? Ini apa? (Apa ini?) What's this? Ini apa? (Apa ini?) What's this? Itu kamus. It's a dictionary. Itu kamus. It's a dictionary. Punya siapa? Whose is it? Ini punya siapa? Whose is this? Jangan nunjuk 2x. Punya saya? It's mine. Punya saya? It's mine. Ini punya siapa? Whose is this? Punya siapa? Whose is it? Belum ditunjuk. Punya saya? It's mine. Punya saya? It's mine. Ini pensil siapa? Whose pencil is this? Salah !!! Nggak ada "to be". Pensil saya. It's my pencil. Punya saya. It's mine. Punya dia. It's his. It's his pencil. It's hers. It's her pencil. Punya kamu. It's yours. It's your …. Punya kita. It's ours. It's our …. Punya mereka. It's theirs. It's their …. It's they're … ( It is they are ) Whose pencil? My pencil. http://elearnrussian.com Page 11 of 20
  12. 12. Your book is on the table. Your book it's on the table. You're book …. Your book your book is on the table. You're …. You are … You are a book. Benar!?! Salah!!! You are a student. You're a student. your : punya kamu you're : kamu seorang you are Whose books are these? They're my books. their : punya mereka They're mine. they're : mereka ada They're his. They're his …. there : di sana They're hers. They're her …. They're yours. They're your …. They're ours. They're our …. They're theirs. They're their …. http://elearnrussian.com Page 12 of 20
  13. 13. Whose are these? They're your brother's. ( They are … ) They're Peter's. They're Charles'. What are those? ( nunjuk lebih dari satu barang ; barangnya bisa beda2 ) That's a book, a magazine and a newspaper. ( nunjuk barangnya satu satu ) ( dan jangan lupa pakai 'a' atau 'an' ) Whose are they? The book is mine, the magazine is yours, and the newspaper is my dad's. ( The book's mine, the magazine's yours, and the newspaper's my dad's. ) … a book … a, an : 'sebuah' umum (atau benda yang belum disebut) … the book … the : 'sebuah' (benda yang khusus atau sudah ditunjuk) Herald http://elearnrussian.com Page 13 of 20
  14. 14. Siapa itu? Who's this? ( Who are they? ) photo = foto Itu Budi dan Dewi. That's Budi and Dewi. Mereka siapa? Who are they? Mereka ibu bapak temanku. They're my friend's parents. Mereka teman orang tua saya. They're my parents' friends. ( They're friends of my parents. ) Who's this? That's Julie. … a book … Who's she? … the book … She's their daughter. … his book … She's his sister. … her book … She's my friend's sister. ( She is my friend's sister. ) … my book … … your book … She's my parents' friends' daughter. … their book … … our book … … book … http://elearnrussian.com Page 14 of 20
  15. 15. Siapa itu? Who is that? Itu Budi Hartono. That is Budi Hartono. Dewi Santoso istrinya. Dewi Santoso is his wife. Dewi Santoso is wife. Yanti anak perempuannya. Yanti is his daughter. Yanti is her daughter. Abi anak lakinya. Abi is his son. Abi his son. Di mana istrinya? Where is his wife? Where is wife? Dia juga di rumah. She is at home. She is home. Where are their children? Where's their children? Where are they children? They're at home also. They at home also. Their in house also. They home also. Rumahnya di mana? Where's their house? (Where is their house?) where : mana Sana. It's (over) there. the : (indikasi obyek spesifik, atau Rumahnya di sana. Their house is (over) there. obyek yg sudah ditunjuk) there : sana Di mana buku? Where's the book? over there : sana Buku di sini. The book is here. (sering pakai kata 'over' dengan kata 'there') (Di) Sini. It's here. here : sini * It's over here. * (bisa bilang 'over here' kalau orang yg nanya ada 'di situ'.) ('over' berarti 'atas', tapi dalam situasi ini, tidak ada arti.) http://elearnrussian.com Page 15 of 20
  16. 16. What are those? That's a book, a magazine and a newspaper. Where are they? They're over there. ( They are over there. ) What's that? It's a book. Where is it? It's on the table. ( It is on the table. ) The book is on the table. ( the book = it ) The book it's on the table. ( The book the book is on the table. ) Bu! Topi baru saya di mana? Mom! Where's my new hat? Itu di atas meja. It's on the table. Di sini nggak ada bu! It's not here Mom! Not here! Look … : Cari …. ; Coba lihat … Cari di bawah kursi. Look under the chair. See under the chair. Look! : Lihat! Ooh, ini topinya, makasih bu! Ooh, here it is, thanks Mom! Look at that! : Lihat itu! Look at this! : Lihat ini! Herald http://elearnrussian.com Page 16 of 20
  17. 17. Bu, buku saya mana? Mom, where's my book? Itu apa? What's that? ( Ibunya tahu itu yang dia cari. ) Itu buku saya, terima kasih bu. That's my book, thanks Mom. look : lihat (dng perhatikan) look at : melihat Bu, majalah saya mana? Mom, where's my magazine? look for : cari, mencari Itu bukan? Is that it? ( Ibunya tidak tahu kalau itu yang dia cari. ) see : (bisa) lihat, melihat Ya betul, terima kasih bu. Ya, that's it. Thanks Mom. watch : nonton Ini yang kamu cari? Is this what you were looking for? Iya! Ketemu di mana? Yes! Where was it? ( Yes! Where did you find it? ) Ini yang kamu cari tadi. Here's what you were looking for. yang : which ; what Which one do you want? : Mau yang mana? What are you looking for? This is what I …. : Ini yang saya ….. What are you looking at? What I was trying to say was… : Yang saya mau bilang …. What are you watching? http://elearnrussian.com Page 17 of 20
  18. 18. I work in Jakarta but I live in Bekasi. He works in Kalimantan but he lives in Jakarta. I'm working in Jakarta but I'm living in Bekasi. He's working in Kalimantan but he's living in Jakarta. I'm working in Jakarta but I live in Bekasi. He's working in Kalimantan but he lives in Jakarta. Where do you live? Where does he live? Where do they live? Where are you living? Where is he living? Where are they living? http://elearnrussian.com Page 18 of 20
  19. 19. he : dia (laki) she : dia (perempuan) they : mereka it : itu (obyek umum) that : itu (obyek spesifik) (he, she, it) is : (dia, itu) ada they are : mereka ada is : ada (satu orang / obyek) are : ada (dua atau lebih orang / obyek) it : itu (obyek umum, atau sudah ditunjuk) that : itu (obyek spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sana) this : itu (obyek spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sini) * these : itu (obyek* spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sini) * those : itu (obyek* spesifik, lagi ditunjuk, sana) * utk obyek, lebih dari satu * they : mereka (obyek atau orang) are : ada (dua atau lebih orang / obyek) * di depan vokal, pakai 'an'.* di depan vokal, pakai 'an'.* di depan vokal, pakai 'an'. Where's Brian? He's over there. Where's Iwan? He was here…, I don't know where he is now. Ahh, there he is! Where are Julie and David? They're at school. Where are Steven and Mary Jones? Steven is at work and Mary is at home. Where are my books? I don't know. They were here a minute ago. I don't know where they are now. I am he is / she is / it is you are / we are / they are I was he was / she was / it was you were / we were / they were http://elearnrussian.com Page 19 of 20
  20. 20. For more English tips, come visit us at: www.eLearnRussian.com Learn Russian Now!! www.BintangBahasa.com Learn Indonesian Now!! www.ExpressWayLanguages.com Learn a New Language Now!! * di depan vokal, pakai 'an'.* di depan vokal, pakai 'an'.* di depan vokal, pakai 'an'. http://elearnrussian.com Page 20 of 20

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