Government     How a Bill Becomes A Law
and Politics
Who makes law?
Who makes law?
• Any member of the House of Commons or Senate
  may introduce a bill

• Private member’s bill = a bill tha...
The Cabinet
• The Cabinet decides which issues require new
  legislation

• The public service investigates policies and
 ...
Order-in-Council
• The Cabinet can also agree on an Order-in-Council

• Technically they are issued by the Governor Genera...
First Reading
• A formality, introduces
  the bill without debate

• Bill is printed and given
  a number

• “C” for Commo...
Second Reading
• First debate

• The bill is debated
  generally

• A vote is taken on the
  principle of the bill
Committee
• Bill is sent to committee
  for in depth study

• Opportunity for public
  and expert input

• Amendments sugg...
Report Stage
• Committees propose
  amendments

• Amendments are
  considered and voted
  on

• House members debate
  and...
Third Reading
• House accepts or rejects
  the amended bill

• Final opportunity for
  debate

• A vote is held to pass
  ...
Senate
• The bill is sent to the
  Senate

• The process repeats
  through the Senate
Royal Assent
• Also called Formal
  Assent

• Once signed, the bill
  becomes law
How A Bill Becomes Law
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How A Bill Becomes Law

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How A Bill Becomes Law

  1. 1. Government How a Bill Becomes A Law and Politics
  2. 2. Who makes law?
  3. 3. Who makes law? • Any member of the House of Commons or Senate may introduce a bill • Private member’s bill = a bill that does not come from Cabinet • The Cabinet usually controls which bills are introduced
  4. 4. The Cabinet • The Cabinet decides which issues require new legislation • The public service investigates policies and alternatives, and reports to the minister in charge • The minister then reports to Cabinet • A decision is made to introduce a new law, or change and existing one
  5. 5. Order-in-Council • The Cabinet can also agree on an Order-in-Council • Technically they are issued by the Governor General, but in practice the decision is made by Cabinet • These have the force of law without having to pass through Parliament • Often are regulations authorized by existing acts of Parliament
  6. 6. First Reading • A formality, introduces the bill without debate • Bill is printed and given a number • “C” for Commons • “S” for Senate
  7. 7. Second Reading • First debate • The bill is debated generally • A vote is taken on the principle of the bill
  8. 8. Committee • Bill is sent to committee for in depth study • Opportunity for public and expert input • Amendments suggested
  9. 9. Report Stage • Committees propose amendments • Amendments are considered and voted on • House members debate and suggest further changes for the bill
  10. 10. Third Reading • House accepts or rejects the amended bill • Final opportunity for debate • A vote is held to pass the bill in the House
  11. 11. Senate • The bill is sent to the Senate • The process repeats through the Senate
  12. 12. Royal Assent • Also called Formal Assent • Once signed, the bill becomes law

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