to Work         Eli Brewer        Vicki Chen   Jason McMillian                 ME176
Motivation!   Los Angeles (LA) urban sprawl!   U.S. Census: Population Change 2000 – 2010                                 ...
Objectives!    Analyze the Metrolink Rail (91 Line) from Downtown Riverside to     Fullerton!    Do a cost/benefit analysi...
Outline!   Baseline Intro. & Analysis!   Car Alternative & Analysis!   Tech. Car Alternative & Analysis!   Business Car Al...
Baseline Case                   Cost:                              ! Double-Decker                     ! Used: $35,000    ...
Metrolink Rail – 91 Line     !     Average Weekday Ridership:                      2,398 passengers     !     84% work com...
Assumptions!   Scope: State Route 91 between Riverside & Fullerton!   Costs/Benefits normalized per train traveler mile!  ...
Some Parameters                  ME176
Baseline Analysis                                (cost per train traveler mile)               User Benefit      User Cost  ...
Alternative Case: Car!   Pros    !Mobility    !Versatility!   Cons    !Cost       !Maintenance       !Ownership       !Ins...
Impact of Congestion!   Riverside-San Bernardino in 2010    !   Extra travel time = 31 hrs/commuter/year    !   Excess fue...
Alternate Case: Automobile!"#$%&()&"*)&%)*+(,()&-.,(/                               0$()&1(2(3%        0$()&4#$%        56...
Alternative Case: Retrofit Tech Rail!    Pros    !        WiFi    !        Increased workspace per person    !        More...
On-Rail WiFi!   Benefit of servicing a finite area.!   WiFi technology is only used for    communication on the train car it...
3G/Satellite!   Pros    !   Cheaper installation    !   Uses existing cellular        towers!   Cons    !   Costly to upgr...
Fiber Network!   Pros    !   High network speed    !   Stable    !   Works underground    !   Easier to upgrade!   Cons   ...
Marketing!   Charging for use $$$/year, $$/month, $/day,    $/2hr, $/min or free to use after watching a    advertisement....
Alternative Analysis: Technology Car (cost per train traveler mile)                   User Benefit         User Cost       ...
Alternative Case: Business Class!    Pros     !       Food and Beverage service     !       Lots of space     !       Comf...
Alternative Analysis: Business Car(cost per train traveler mile)                 User Benefit      User Cost        Public ...
Table ComparisonAlternative              Benefit           Cost1. Baseline              1.883            0.8842. Tech Car  ...
Recommendation!   Assuming that wifi brings in 3% more    ridership, the benefits do outweigh the cost!   Recommend Technolo...
Limitations!   Rail User Benefit-Opportunity to meet new people!   Public Disbenefit-Noise pollution!   Ridership increases ...
Questions?           Eli Brewer          Vicki Chen     Jason McMillian                   ME176
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Metrolink Bca

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A look into the Southern California Metrolink

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Transcript of "Metrolink Bca"

  1. 1. to Work Eli Brewer Vicki Chen Jason McMillian ME176
  2. 2. Motivation! Los Angeles (LA) urban sprawl! U.S. Census: Population Change 2000 – 2010 19.1 % 9.3 % 3.1 % (City 2.6%) 41.7 % 5.8 % Ref: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/06071.html ME176
  3. 3. Objectives! Analyze the Metrolink Rail (91 Line) from Downtown Riverside to Fullerton! Do a cost/benefit analysis in comparison with ! Commuting by Car ! Retrofitting for Wi-fi and Tables – Technology Car ! Creating a Business Class CarLA Union Riverside – Downtown Station Commerce Buena Park West Corona Riverside – La Sierra Norwalk/ Santa Fe Springs Fullerton Anaheim North Main Canyon Corona ME176
  4. 4. Outline! Baseline Intro. & Analysis! Car Alternative & Analysis! Tech. Car Alternative & Analysis! Business Car Alternative & Analysis! Table Comparison! Recommendations! Limitations and Improvements to Analysis ME176
  5. 5. Baseline Case Cost: ! Double-Decker ! Used: $35,000 ! Tables ! Refurbished: $435,000 ! Electrical outlets ! New: $2,200,000 seated ! 136-162 ! Cost to user/mi: $0.0156 passengers Ref: http://www.trainweb.org/chris/rotem.html Ref: http://www.sltrib.com/news/ci_9749907 ME176
  6. 6. Metrolink Rail – 91 Line ! Average Weekday Ridership: 2,398 passengers ! 84% work commute ! Average one-way trip length: 36.6 miles ! 83% have car availableLA Union Riverside – Downtown Station Commerce Buena Park West Corona Riverside – La Sierra Norwalk/ Santa Fe Springs Fullerton Anaheim North Main Canyon Corona ME176 Ref: http://www.metrolinktrains.com/pdfs/Facts&Numbers/Fact_Sheets/91L_Demographics_Fact_Sheet_2011.pdf
  7. 7. Assumptions! Scope: State Route 91 between Riverside & Fullerton! Costs/Benefits normalized per train traveler mile! Every person on the Metro represents one less person on the roadway! The “user” is a rider of the Metrolink! The “public” include those in their cars on the freeway as well as those not on the freeway! People can be 40% productive on the baseline train, their productivity would jump a modest 3% with the WiFi, and up to 50% on the Business Class car! Metrolink would recoup any loses within 50 years ME176
  8. 8. Some Parameters ME176
  9. 9. Baseline Analysis (cost per train traveler mile) User Benefit User Cost Public Benefit Public CostTicket Price -- 0.156 -- --Congestion -- -- 5.41 x 10 -4 --Emissions 0.0173 0.000986 1.89 x 10 -6 2.39 x 10 -7Safety 1.04 0.0977 0.00741 --Productivity 0.234 -- -- --Time -- 0.628 -- --Auto 0.573 -- -- --OperationSubsidy 8.23 x 10 -9 8.23 x 10 -9 -- 8.23 x 10 -9Total 1.88 0.883 0.00796 2.47 x 10 -7 ME176
  10. 10. Alternative Case: Car! Pros !Mobility !Versatility! Cons !Cost !Maintenance !Ownership !Insurance !Cost to the user/mile: $0.585 !Safety !Traffic Ref: http://volvo-240.seebyseeing.net/ME176
  11. 11. Impact of Congestion! Riverside-San Bernardino in 2010 ! Extra travel time = 31 hrs/commuter/year ! Excess fuel consumed = 17 gals/commuter/year ! Cost: 31hrs x $16/hr + 17 gal x $4/gal = $564 Ref: http://tti.tamu.edu/documents/mobility-report-2011.pdf ME176
  12. 12. Alternate Case: Automobile!"#$%&()&"*)&%)*+(,()&-.,(/ 0$()&1(2(3% 0$()&4#$% 567,."&1(2(3% 567,."&4#$% !"#$%&()"#% ** ** ** ** +,-.%/0,- ** 12134 ** 5243651*4 78"//",-/ ** 121539 ** 923:651*3 ;<=%&> 121:33 521? ** @2@A651*4 (),BC#0D"&> ** ** ** ** !"8% ** 12E9E ** ** FC&,GH%)<0,- ** 12E39 ** ** I"J" ** ** ** *** FBB%BK<L,) ** ** ** ** M%N!)<"-+<) ** ** ** ** ;CL/"B> ** ** ** ** !,&<O/ 121:33 @2@? 1214?@ @2?:651*E
  13. 13. Alternative Case: Retrofit Tech Rail! Pros ! WiFi ! Increased workspace per person ! More power outlets! Cons ! Cost ! Installation ! Maintenance
  14. 14. On-Rail WiFi! Benefit of servicing a finite area.! WiFi technology is only used for communication on the train car itself to the passengers devices.! There are two primary methods of connected a train to the internet. ! 3G/Satellite enabled ! Fiber network
  15. 15. 3G/Satellite! Pros ! Cheaper installation ! Uses existing cellular towers! Cons ! Costly to upgrade ! Dead zones and underground ! Slow network speed Ref: http://www.icomera.com/rail/ solutions/
  16. 16. Fiber Network! Pros ! High network speed ! Stable ! Works underground ! Easier to upgrade! Cons ! Expensive installation Ref: http://www.wifirail.net/ Ref: http://www.wifirail.net/pages/NewsBartDiffernce.html
  17. 17. Marketing! Charging for use $$$/year, $$/month, $/day, $/2hr, $/min or free to use after watching a advertisement.! Real time advertising based on location.! Train telemetry, surveillance and security would run over the network.! High density of bodies who are potentially bored, looking to be distracted, or needing to be productive. Ref: http://www.wifirail.net/pages/NewsBartDiffernce.html Ref: http://www.icomera.com/rail/solutions/
  18. 18. Alternative Analysis: Technology Car (cost per train traveler mile) User Benefit User Cost Public Benefit Public CostTicket Price -- 0.156 -- --Congestion -- -- 5.62 x 10 -4 --Emissions 0.0173 0.00211 1.28x 10 -4 2.39 x 10 -7Safety 1.04 0.0977 0.00763 --Productivity 0.252 -- -- --Time -- 0.628 -- --Auto 0.573 -- -- --OperationWiFi 0.0223 0.000102 -- ---Train Car -- 0.00789 -- --RetrofitSubsidy 8.23 x 10 -9 8.23 x 10 -9 -- 8.23 x 10 -9Total 1.94 0.891 0.00833 2.47 x 10 -7
  19. 19. Alternative Case: Business Class! Pros ! Food and Beverage service ! Lots of space ! Comfort ! WiFi! Cons ! Cost ! New train car ! Expensive ticket
  20. 20. Alternative Analysis: Business Car(cost per train traveler mile) User Benefit User Cost Public Benefit Public CostTicket Price -- 0.156 -- --Congestion -- -- 5.69 x 10 -4 --Emissions 0.0173 0.00230 2.01 x 10 -6 9.39 x 10 -11Safety 1.04 0.0977 0.00779 --Productivity 0.252 -- -- --Time -- 0.628 -- --Auto 0.573 -- -- --OperationWiFi 0.0223 0.000102 -- ---Added Labor -- 0.00203 -- --New Train Car -- 0.00234 -- --Subsidy 8.23 x 10 -9 8.23 x 10 -9 -- 8.23x 10 -9Total 1.97 0.889 0.00837 8.31x 10 -9
  21. 21. Table ComparisonAlternative Benefit Cost1. Baseline 1.883 0.8842. Tech Car 1.943 0.8993. Business 1.968 1.0224. Driving 0.0977 2.242 Comparison Ratio B(2-1)/C(2-1) 4 B(3-2)/C(3-2) 0.203 B(4-2)/C(4-2) -1.37 ME176
  22. 22. Recommendation! Assuming that wifi brings in 3% more ridership, the benefits do outweigh the cost! Recommend Technology Car ME176
  23. 23. Limitations! Rail User Benefit-Opportunity to meet new people! Public Disbenefit-Noise pollution! Ridership increases of the Technology Car and Business Car are estimates (unknown)! Some statistics are not specific to the Riverside- Fullerton transit ME176
  24. 24. Questions? Eli Brewer Vicki Chen Jason McMillian ME176

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