• Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren was
a Swedish writer of fiction and
• She is best known for children's
book series featuring Pippi
Roof, and the Six Bullerby
Children (Children of Noisy
Village in the US).
• As of 2013, she is the world's
18th most translated author
and has sold roughly 145 million
• Astrid Lindgren grew up in
Näs, near Vimmerby, Småland
(Sweden) and many of her
books are based on her family
and childhood memories and
• However, Pippi
Longstocking, one of her most
famous books, was set in
• Lindgren was the daughter of
Samuel August Ericsson and
Hanna Johnsson. She had two
sisters and a brother, Gunnar
Ericsson, who eventually
became a member of the
• Lindgren worked as a journalist and
secretary before becoming a full-time
author. She served as a secretary for
the 1933 Swedish Summer Grand Prix.
• In 1944 Lindgren won second prize in a
competition held by Rabén &
Sjögren, a new publishing house, with
the novel Britt-Marie lättar sitt hjärta
(Britt-Marie unburdens her heart).
• A year later she won first prize in the
same competition with the chapter
book Pippi Långstrump (Pippi
Longstocking), which had been
rejected by Bonniers.
• Since then it has become one of the
most beloved children's books in the
world and has been translated into 60
• In 1931, she married her
boss, Sture Lindgren (1898–1952).
• Three years later, in 1934, Lindgren
gave birth to their daughter, Karin.
• The character Pippi Longstocking
was invented for her daughter to
amuse her while she was ill and
• Lindgren later related that Karin
had suddenly said to her, "Tell me a
story about Pippi Longstocking,"
and the tale was created in
response to that remark.
• Nine-year-old Pippi is
unconventional, assertive, and has
superhuman strength, being able to lift her
horse one-handed without difficulty.
• Pippi is portrayed as being a friendly and kind
and naughty girl, but one possessing no
"proper" manners and having no training or
experience in the way one behaves in normal
• She is the daughter of a buccaneer captain who
has been lost at sea, and Pippi tells many “tall
tales” about her travels and adventures with
her father, many of which she admits are lies.
• She has four best friends: two animals (her
horse and a monkey) and two humans, the
neighbor's children Tommy and Annika.
• Pippi Longstocking , which was published in
1945, was an immediate success, and led to
two equally-loved sequels:
• Pippi Goes On Board (1946) - Pippi’s been
treating her friends Tommy and Annika to wild
adventures - like buying and eating seventy-
two pounds of candy, or sailing off to an island
in the middle of a lake to see what it's like to
be shipwrecked. But then Pippi's long lost
father returns, and she might have to leave
• Pippi In The South Seas (1948) - Pippi
receives word from her father, a sea captain
who had seemingly vanished earlier, inviting
him to a tropical island inhabited by natives
over which he now reigns as king. Pippi and
her friends sail to her father's island
kingdom, where they become acquainted with
the natives living there, Pippi being hailed as
• In 1969, Pippi Longstocking was adapted as a
Swedish television series, which ran for
thirteen episodes, and starred Inger Nilsson as
• Later, the television series was re-cut into full-
length movies, redubbed into English, and
shown in the United States on movie
screens, and later on television. These movies
• Pippi Longstocking
• Pippi Goes On Board
• Pippi In The South Seas
• Pippi On The Run
• Recently, Pippi Longstocking has also been
adapted into a full-length animated movie and
a musical live-action movie.
• Author Astrid Lindgren lived into her 90s, dying in
1992 in Sweden.
• But the popularity of her creation, Pippi
Longstocking, has never faded – children all over
the world have fallen in love with this
wild, whimsical wonder child, who has the
strength of ten policemen and is an
unpredictable, but loyal friend.
• In memory of Astrid Lindgren, a memorial
sculpture was created next to her childhood
home, named "Källa Astrid" ("Astrid's Wellspring"
in English). It is situated at the same place where
Astrid Lindgren first heard fairy tales.
• Just 100 metres from "Astrid's Wellspring" is a
museum in her memory. The children's museum
Junibacken, Stockholm, was opened in June
1996, with the main theme of the permanent
exhibition being devoted to Astrid Lindgren: the
heart of the museum is a theme train ride through
the world of Astrid Lindgren's novels.
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