Unit v review
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  • 1. Unit V Review
  • 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
  • 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamo amamusamas amatisamat amant Imperfectamabam amabamusamabas amabatisamabat amabant Futureamabo amabimusamabis amabitisamabit amabunt
  • 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamavi amavimusamavisti amavistisamavit amaverunt Pluperfectamaveram amaveramusamaveras amaveratisamaverat amaverant Future Perfectamavero amaverimusamaveris amaveritisamaverit amaverint
  • 5. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  • 6. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 7. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneo monemusmones monetismonet monent Imperfectmonebam monebamusmonebas monebatismonebat monebant Futuremonebo monebimusmonebis monebitismonebit monebunt
  • 8. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonui monuimusmonuisti monuistismonuit monuerunt Pluperfectmonueram monueramusmonueras monueratismonuerat monuerant Future Perfectmonuero monuerimusmonueris monueritismonuerit monuerint
  • 9. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  • 10. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 11. rego regere rexi rectus Presentrego regimusregis regitisregit regunt Imperfectregebam regebamusregebas regebatisregebat regebant Futureregam regemusreges regetisreget regent
  • 12. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrexi reximusrexisti rexistisrexit rexerunt Pluperfectrexeram rexeramusrexeras rexeratisrexerat rexerant Future Perfectrexero rexerimusrexeris rexeritisrexerit rexerint
  • 13. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  • 14. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 15. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudio audimusaudis auditisaudit audiunt Imperfectaudiebam audiebamusaudiebas audiebatisaudiebat audiebant Futureaudiam audiemusaudies audietisaudiet audient
  • 16. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectaudivi audivimusaudivisti audivistisaudivit audiverunt Pluperfectaudiveram audiveramusaudiveras audiveratisaudiverat audiverant Future Perfectaudivero audiverimusaudiveris audiveritisaudiverit audiverint
  • 17. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  • 18. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 19. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapio capimuscapis capitiscapit capiunt Imperfectcapiebam capiebamuscapiebas capiebatiscapiebat capiebant Futurecapiam capiemuscapies capietiscapiet capient
  • 20. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcepi cepimuscepisti cepistiscepit ceperunt Pluperfectceperam ceperamusceperas ceperatisceperat ceperant Future Perfectcepero ceperimusceperis ceperitisceperit ceperint
  • 21. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  • 22. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 23. Recitation♦imperatives
  • 24. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  • 25. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  • 26. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  • 27. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  • 28. Recitation SIngular Plural M /F N M /F Nbrevis breve breves breviabrevis brevis brevium breviumbrevi brevi brevibus brevibusbrevem breve breves breviabrevi brevi brevibus brevibus
  • 29. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  • 30. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  • 31. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  • 32. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  • 33. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodeviginti eighteen XIX undeviginti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  • 34. Recitation 3rd Person Pronouns; Demonstrative Pronouns (1) Singular Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuteris ea id ei eae eaejus ejus ejus eorum earum eorumei ei ei eis eis eiseum eam id eos eas eaeo eā eo eis eis eis
  • 35. RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2) Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  • 36. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3) Singular Plural M F N M F Nille illa illud illi illae illaillíus illíus illíus illorum illarum illorumilli illi illi illis illis illisillum illam illud illos illas illaillo illā illo illis illis illis
  • 37. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Near to Person Spoken to) (4) Singular Plural M F N M F Niste ista istud isti istae istaistíus istíus istíus istorum istarum istorumisti isti isti istis istis istisistum istam istud istos istas istaisto istā isto istis istis istis
  • 38. Recitation Intensive Pronouns Singular Plural M F N M F Nipse ipsa ipsum ipsi ipsae ipsaipsíus ipsíus ipsíus ipsorum ipsarum ipsorumipsi ipsi ipsi ipsis ipsis ipsisipsum ipsam ipsum ipsos ipsas ipsaipso ipsā ipso ipsis ipsis ipsis
  • 39. Recitation 3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase Form MeaningNom ----Gen. sui of himself, herself, itself, themselvesDat. sibi to/for himself, herself, itself, themselvesAcc. se himself, herself, itself, themselvesAbl. se ibwf himself, herself, itself, themselves
  • 40. Recitation Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson Singular Meaning Plural Meaning1st meus mea meum my (own) noster nostra our (own) nostrum2nd tuus tua tuum your (own) vester vestra your (pl.) (own) vestrum3rd suus sua suum his, her, its, their (own)
  • 41. Recitation Present Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralsim I may be simus we may besis you may be sitis you all may besit hsi may be sint they may be
  • 42. RecitationImperfect Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralessem I might be essemus we might beesses you might be essetis you all might beesset hsi might be essent they might be
  • 43. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive of sumSingular Pluralfúerim fuérimusfúeris fuéritisfúerit fúerint
  • 44. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive of sumSingular Pluralfuissem fuissemusfuisses fuissetisfuisset fuissent
  • 45. Recitation Present Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  • 46. Recitation Present Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamer monear regar capiar audiarameris monearis regaris capiaris audiarisametur moneatur regatur capiatur audiaturamemur moneamur regamur capiamur audiamuramemini moneamini regamini capiamini audiaminiamentur moneantur regantur capiantur audiantur
  • 47. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarem monerem regerem caperem audiremamares moneres regeres caperes audiresamaret moneret regeret caperet audiretamaremus moneremus regeremus caperemus audiremusamaretis moneretis regeretis caperetis audiretisamarent monerent regerent caperent audirent
  • 48. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarer monerer regerer caperer audireramareris monereris regereris capereris audirerisamaretur moneretur regeretur caperetur audireturamaremur moneremur regeremur caperemur audiremuramaremini moneremini regeremini caperemini audireminiamarentur monerentur regerentur caperentur audirentur
  • 49. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  • 50. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus sim monitus, sim rectus, sim captus, sim auditus sima, um sis a, um sis a, um sis a, um sis , a, um sis sit sit sit sit sitamati simus moniti, simus recti, simus capti, simus auditi, simusae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis sint sint sint sint sint
  • 51. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamavissem monuissem rexissem cepissem audivissemamavisses monuisses rexisses cepisses audivissesamavisset monuisset rexisset cepisset audivissetamavissemus monuissemus rexissemus cepissemus audivissemusamavissetis monuissetis rexissetis cepissetis audivissetisamavissent monuissent rexissent cepissent audivissent
  • 52. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus essem monitus, a, essem rectus, a, essem captus, a, essem auditus, essema, um esses um esses um esses um esses a, um esses esset esset esset esset essetamati essemus moniti, ae, essemu recti, ae, essemus capti, ae, essemus auditi, essemae, a essetis a s a essetis a essetis ae, a essetis essent essetis essent essent essent essent
  • 53. Recitation Comparison of 3 Model AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativecertus –a –um cértior (m/f) cértius (n) certíssimus –a –umcertain more certain most certainfortis –e fórtior (m/f) fórtius (n) fortíssimus –a –umbrave braver bravestpotens potentis poténtior (m/f) poténtius potentíssimus –a –um (n)powerful more powerful most powerful
  • 54. Recitation Comparison of 8 Model Adjectives Positive Comparative Superlative1st/2nd miser mísera míserum misérior misérius misérrimus –a –um wretched more wretched most wretched pulcher pulchra pulchrum púlchrior púlchrius pulchérrimus –a –um beautiful more beautiful most beautiful3rd acer acris acre ácrior ácrius acérrimus –a –um sharp sharper sharpest fidelis –e fidélior fidélius fidelíssimus –a –um faithful more faithful most faithful fácilis –e facílior facílius facíllimus –a –um easy easier easiest
  • 55. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativebonus –a -um melior -ius optimus –a -umgood better bestmalus –a –um pejor pejus pessimus –a –umbad worse worstmagnus –a –um major majus maximus –a –umgreat greater greatestparvus –a –um minor minus minimus –a –umsmall smaller smallestmultus –a –um plus pluris n. (noun) plurimus –a -ummuch more mostmulti–ae –a plures plura plurimi –ae –amany more very many, most
  • 56. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativesenex senis senior senius maximus natuold older oldestjuvenis is junior junius minimus natuyoung younger youngest
  • 57. Recitation Regular Comparison of AdverbsPositive Comparative Superlativelatus –a –um látior látius latíssimus –a –umwide wider widestlatē látius latíssimēwidely more widely most widelygravis –e grávior grávius gravíssimus –a –umserious more serious most seriousgráviter grávius gravíssimēseriously more seriously most seriously
  • 58. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdverbsPositive Comparative Superlativebene well mélius better óptimē bestmale badly pejus worse péssimē worstmagnópere greatly magis more máximē mostparum little, not minus less mínimē least enoughmultum much plus more plúrimum mostdiu long (of diútius longer diutíssimē longest time)prope near própius nearer próximē nextsaepe often sáepius more often saepíssimē most often
  • 59. Latin Sayings-multum in parvo-Ánnuit coeptis.-E plúribus unum-Novus ordo seclorum-Cítius Áltius, Fórtius
  • 60. Latin Sayings-multum in parvo much in little-Ánnuit coeptis. He has favored our undertaking.-E plúribus unum One out of many-Novus ordo seclorum New order of the ages-Cítius Áltius, Fórtius Faster, Higher, Stronger
  • 61. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?
  • 62. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?indicative, imperative, subjunctive
  • 63. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?
  • 64. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?let, might, could, may, should, would
  • 65. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative:subjunctive:
  • 66. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. actual/indicative I want my children to go to school. – potential/subjunctive
  • 67. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in __________ clauses, but also has some uses in __________ clauses.
  • 68. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in subordinate clauses, but also has some uses in independent clauses.
  • 69. GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the ________.
  • 70. GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the infinitive.
  • 71. GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on the ______ stem by adding ___and ___, respectively.
  • 72. GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on the perfect stem by adding eri and isse, respectively.
  • 73. GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses are: _________ questions and __________ questions.
  • 74. GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses are: hortatory questions and deliberative questions.
  • 75. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?
  • 76. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?the 4th principal part + the present subjunctive of sum
  • 77. Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are ________, _____________, and ___________.
  • 78. Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are positive, comparative, and superlative.
  • 79. Grammar QuestionsThe _______ is descriptive only.
  • 80. Grammar QuestionsThe positive is descriptive only.
  • 81. Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison between two persons or things.
  • 82. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative implies a comparison between two persons or things.
  • 83. Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison among more than two persons or things.
  • 84. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative implies a comparison among more than two persons or things.
  • 85. Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be changed into comparatives by adding __, and changed into superlatives by adding ___.
  • 86. Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be changed into comparatives by adding er, and changed into superlatives by adding est.
  • 87. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed from the positive by adding ____and _____to the stem.
  • 88. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed from the positive by adding –ior and –ius to the stem.
  • 89. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a regular __________ _________or ______ noun, but does not show the _ stem pattern.
  • 90. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a regular masculine feminine or neuter noun, but does not show the i stem pattern.
  • 91. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed by adding _________________to the stem.
  • 92. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed by adding –issimus –a –um to the stem.
  • 93. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the regular ______________ noun.
  • 94. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the regular 3rd declension noun.
  • 95. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective _____ _____follow the i-stem pattern of the regular adjective, brevis –e.
  • 96. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective does not follow the i-stem pattern of the regular adjective, brevis –e.
  • 97. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding _______, _, __ (also –rimus or –limus) to the stem.
  • 98. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding issimus, a, um (also –rimus or –limus) to the stem.
  • 99. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the regular ___________________ adjective.
  • 100. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the regular 1st/2nd – declension adjective.
  • 101. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are formed by adding –_____ –_ –___ to the masculine nominative singular.
  • 102. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are formed by adding –rimus –a –um to the masculine nominative singular.
  • 103. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis, similis, and humilis are formed by adding –_____ –_ –__ to the stem.
  • 104. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis, similis, and humilis are formed by adding –limus –a –um to the stem.
  • 105. Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same ____.
  • 106. Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same case.
  • 107. Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs _____ and _______.
  • 108. Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs magis and maxime.
  • 109. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the ______ _________ _______ of the adjective comparative form.
  • 110. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the neuter accusative singular of the adjective comparative form.
  • 111. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by changing the us of the adjective to _.
  • 112. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by changing the us of the adjective to ē.
  • 113. TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.
  • 114. TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.Fugio ne vulnerer.
  • 115. TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.
  • 116. TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.Portas claudamus ut simus tuti.
  • 117. TranslationCredo ut intellegam.
  • 118. TranslationCredo ut intellegam.I believe in order that I may understand.
  • 119. TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.
  • 120. TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.Cedant arma togae.
  • 121. TranslationLet the buyer beware.
  • 122. TranslationLet the buyer beware.Caveat emptor.
  • 123. TranslationRequiescat in pace.
  • 124. TranslationRequiescat in pace.May he rest in peace.
  • 125. TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.
  • 126. TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.Hallowed be thy name.
  • 127. TranslationWhile we live, let us live.
  • 128. TranslationWhile we live, let us live.Dum vivimus, vivamus.
  • 129. TranslationYou may have the body.
  • 130. TranslationYou may have the body.Habeas corpus.
  • 131. TranslationInítium faciamus.
  • 132. TranslationInítium faciamus.Let us make a beginning.
  • 133. TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.
  • 134. TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.The birds fly lest they be captured.
  • 135. TranslationQuis viam servet?
  • 136. TranslationQuis viam servet?Who should guard the road?
  • 137. Practice♦decline the comparative adjective of lenis in the masculine/feminine and neuter♦conjugate ago in the indicative active and passive