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The short novel first semester review
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  • 1. The Short NovelFirst Semester Review
  • 2. Objectives know the titles of the novels we’ve read, author, and year of publication be able to match characters with their description be able to match quotes with characters know the main events of each novel match the quoted selection with the novel from which it comes answer one of three essay questions
  • 3. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai Gogol
  • 4. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John Steinbeck
  • 5. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John SteinbeckHeart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad
  • 6. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John SteinbeckHeart of Darkness, Joseph ConradThe Optimist’s Daughter, Eudora Welty
  • 7. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John SteinbeckHeart of Darkness, Joseph ConradThe Optimist’s Daughter, Eudora WeltyAnimal Farm, George Orwell
  • 8. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John SteinbeckHeart of Darkness, Joseph ConradThe Optimist’s Daughter, Eudora WeltyAnimal Farm, George OrwellThe Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • 9. The Eight NovelsThe Overcoat, Nicolai GogolThe Pearl, John SteinbeckHeart of Darkness, Joseph ConradThe Optimist’s Daughter, Eudora WeltyAnimal Farm, George OrwellThe Great Gatsby, F. Scott FitzgeraldOne Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Alexander Solzhenitsyn
  • 10. The Eight Novels The Overcoat, Nicolai Gogol The Pearl, John Steinbeck Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad The Optimist’s Daughter, Eudora Welty Animal Farm, George Orwell The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Alexander Solzhenitsyn A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens
  • 11. The Overcoat• Nicolai _____, published in _______.• ______ is a clerk who leads a simple life in which he is a small man but content with his work. He goes to __________ the taylor and orders a new coat. When it is finished he makes it the center of his life for a short time, until he loses it to some bearded __________. He seeks the person of _________ for help, but finding none, he catches cold and dies.
  • 12. The Overcoat• Nicolai Gogol, published in 1842.• Akaky is a clerk who leads a simple life in which he is a small man but content with his work. He goes to Petrovich the taylor and orders a new coat. When it is finished he makes it the center of his life for a short time, until he loses it to some bearded robbers. He seeks the person of consequence for help, but finding none, he catches cold and dies.
  • 13. The Pearl• John _________, published in ______.• _____ and ______ live in a hut by the sea with their infant son ________, who gets stung by a ________. The _______ is too expensive, but they find a _______ in the sea. They are celebrated and visited by many neighbors, including the ________. Kino drives away a ________in the night.
  • 14. The Pearl• John Steinbeck, published in 1945.• Kino and Juana live in a hut by the sea with their infant son Coyotito, who gets stung by a scorpion. The Doctor is too expensive, but they find a pearl in the sea. They are celebrated and visited by many neighbors, including the Doctor. Kino drives away a robber in the night.
  • 15. The PearlThe next day they try to sell the pearl, but the ________ try to cheat them. _____ tries to get rid of the pearl, but Kino stops her. Kino fights off robbers, killing one. Their _____ and hut are destroyed. They flee to the capital, but are pursued by _____ trackers. They ascend into the mountains and hide in a ____. Kino kills the trackers, but one fires a shot into the cave, killing _______. They walk back to the village and ____ hurls the pearl back into the sea.
  • 16. The PearlThe next day they try to sell the pearl, but the salesmen try to cheat them. Juana tries to get rid of the pearl, but Kino stops her. Kino fights off robbers, killing one. Their canoe and hut are destroyed. They flee to the capital, but are pursued by three trackers. They ascend into the mountains and hide in a cave. Kino kills the trackers, but one fires a shot into the cave, killing Coyotito. They walk back to the village and Kino hurls the pearl back into the sea.
  • 17. Heart of Darkness• Joseph ______, published in _____• Charles ______ takes a job as a riverboat captain in the ______. He encounters inefficiency and brutality in the Company. The natives suffer ill treatment. He arrives at the Central Station and must stay for several weeks because his boat is sunk (probably by the manager). He wants to go so he can meet ____, who becomes a fascination to him. Many of the Company’s agents dislike _____ out of envy.
  • 18. Heart of Darkness• Joseph Conrad, published in 1903• Charles Marlow takes a job as a riverboat captain in the Congo. He encounters inefficiency and brutality in the Company. The natives suffer ill treatment. He arrives at the Central Station and must stay for several weeks because his boat is sunk (probably by the manager). He wants to go so he can meet Kurtz, who becomes a fascination to him. Many of the Company’s agents dislike Kurtz out of envy.
  • 19. Heart of Darkness• Eventually, the boat is repaired, and the ________ goes with Marlow and his crew up river to Kurtz. They find ________ stacked for them, and later are attacked in the night before arriving at Kurtz’s location. Kurtz is found to be a brutal, yet remarkable man. He dies on the return trip. Marlow meets his ______, but tells her his last words were her _____ instead of, “The ______!”
  • 20. Heart of Darkness• Eventually, the boat is repaired, and the manager goes with Marlow and his crew up river to Kurtz. They find firewood stacked for them, and later are attacked in the night before arriving at Kurtz’s location. Kurtz is found to be a brutal, yet remarkable man. He dies on the return trip. Marlow meets his fiancée, but tells her his last words were her name instead of, “The horror!”
  • 21. The Optimist’s Daughter• Eudora _______, published in _____• _____ Hand travels from ________ to _____ _______ to be with her _____(Judge McKelva) as he goes through an eye operation. During the month’s-long recovery, she gets to know her step-mother ____. When the Judge dies, she throws a fit in the hospital and reveals having cheated on the Judge and having had an interest in his _______.
  • 22. The Optimist’s Daughter• Eudora Welty, published in 1972• Laurel Hand travels from Chicago to New Orleans to be with her father (Judge McKelva) as he goes through an eye operation. During the month’s-long recovery, she gets to know her step-mother Fay. When the Judge dies, she throws a fit in the hospital and reveals having cheated on the Judge and having had an interest in his money.
  • 23. The Optimist’s Daughter• Laurel and Fay go to Mt. _____for the funeral. ______is comforted by old friends. Although ____claimed to have only the Judge, her family shows up and her lie is revealed. Laurel confronts her, but feels pity for her. Fay returns to _______, TX with her family. Laurel spends time alone in the old house reflecting on her past. She leaves Mt. Salus with new understanding about life and herself.
  • 24. The Optimist’s Daughter• Laurel and Fay go to Mt. Salus for the funeral. Laurel is comforted by old friends. Although Fay claimed to have only the Judge, her family shows up and her lie is revealed. Laurel confronts her, but feels pity for her. Fay returns to Madrid, TX with her family. Laurel spends time alone in the old house reflecting on her past. She leaves Mt. Salus with new understanding about life and herself.
  • 25. Animal Farm• George ______, published in _____.• Old _____, a boar, inspires the animals of ______ Farm to strive for an animal utopia no longer under human control. Three ____, Snowball, Napoleon, and ________carry on his dream in a philosophy called ________. The animals defeat Farmer ______and rename the place _______ Farm. The farm prospers at first, with Snowball teaching animals to read and Napoleon teaching the principles of animalism.
  • 26. Animal Farm• George Orwell, published in 1945.• Old Major, a boar, inspires the animals of Manor Farm to strive for an animal utopia no longer under human control. Three pigs, Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer carry on his dream in a philosophy called animalism. The animals defeat Farmer Jones and rename the place Animal Farm. The farm prospers at first, with Snowball teaching animals to read and Napoleon teaching the principles of animalism.
  • 27. Animal Farm• At the Battle of ________, Jones reappears, but the animals fight him off. Snowball and Napoleon begin to argue over plans for a ________, and they vie for influence over the other animals. Napoleon uses his _____to chase Snowball off. Now the pigs make all decisions. Napoleon changes his mind and takes up the windmill idea. Any animals allegedly in league with _______ are killed.
  • 28. Animal Farm• At the Battle of Cowshed, Jones reappears, but the animals fight him off. Snowball and Napoleon begin to argue over plans for a windmill, and they vie for influence over the other animals. Napoleon uses his dogs to chase Snowball off. Now the pigs make all decisions. Napoleon changes his mind and takes up the windmill idea. Any animals allegedly in league with Snowball are killed.
  • 29. Animal Farm• Napoleon expands his powers, rewriting history to make ________a villain. Napoleon acts more and more like a human being—sleeping in a ____, drinking ________, and engaging in trade with neighboring farmers. His actions are justified by his propagandist, _______. Mr. Frederick attacks, and _______is wounded in battle. He later falls in repairing the windmill, and Napoleon secretly sells him to a __________in exchange for money to buy whiskey.
  • 30. Animal Farm• Napoleon expands his powers, rewriting history to make Snowball a villain. Napoleon acts more and more like a human being—sleeping in a bed, drinking whiskey_, and engaging in trade with neighboring farmers. His actions are justified by his propagandist, Squealer. Mr. Frederick attacks, and Boxer is wounded in battle. He later falls in repairing the windmill, and Napoleon secretly sells him to a gluemaker in exchange for money to buy whiskey.
  • 31. Animal Farm• Years pass, and the pigs become more like human beings. The _______principles of animalism have been reduced to ____: “all animals are ______, but some animals are more ______than others." Napoleon declares his plans to ally with human farmers against the laboring classes of humans and animals. The farm’s name is reverted back to Manor Farm. The common animals can no longer tell between the ________and the pigs.
  • 32. Animal Farm• Years pass, and the pigs become more like human beings. The seven principles of animalism have been reduced to one: “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." Napoleon declares his plans to ally with human farmers against the laboring classes of humans and animals. The farm’s name is reverted back to Manor Farm. The common animals can no longer tell between the humans and the pigs.
  • 33. The Great Gatsby• F. Scott __________, published in ______• Nick Carraway moves to ______Egg, an unfashionable but wealthy area of Long Island. He lives next door to a mysterious and rich man named Jay ______. Nick visits old friends, _____and Tom Buchanan, in the fashionable _____Egg. Tom is having an affair with ______Wilson. Nick accompanies Tom with Myrtle to a party. Nick starts a relationship with Jordan Baker. Nick finally meets Gatsby as one of his parties. He soon learns that Gatsby throws his parties to impress Daisy; every night he stares at the _______light of her dock across the bay.
  • 34. The Great Gatsby• F. Scott Fitzgerald, published in 1925• Nick Carraway moves to West Egg, an unfashionable but wealthy area of Long Island. He lives next door to a mysterious and rich man named Jay Gatsby. Nick visits old friends, Daisy and Tom Buchanan, in the fashionable East Egg. Tom is having an affair with Myrtle Wilson. Nick accompanies Tom with Myrtle to a party. Nick starts a relationship with Jordan Baker. Nick finally meets Gatsby as one of his parties. He soon learns that Gatsby throws his parties to impress Daisy; every night he stares at the green light of her dock across the bay.
  • 35. The Great Gatsby• Gatsby gets Nick to arrange a reunion with Daisy at Nick’s house; though awkward at first, they reestablish their old love and begin an _____. _____grows suspicious; he realizes their affair at a luncheon when Gatsby ______ at Daisy. Tom forces the group to drive to NYC where he ________Gatsby in his suite. Tom tells Daisy Gatsby is a _______, and she realizes her allegiance is to Tom. He sends her back with Gatsby.
  • 36. The Great Gatsby• Gatsby gets Nick to arrange a reunion with Daisy at Nick’s house; though awkward at first, they reestablish their old love and begin an affair. Tom grows suspicious; he realizes their affair at a luncheon when Gatsby stares at Daisy. Tom forces the group to drive to NYC where he confronts Gatsby in his suite. Tom tells Daisy Gatsby is a criminal, and she realizes her allegiance is to Tom. He sends her back with Gatsby.
  • 37. The Great Gatsby• Nick, Jordan and Tom discover Gatsby’s ____in the Valley of _____, where it has struck and killed ______. Nick learns that Daisy was driving, but Gatsby plans to take the ______. Tom tells Myrtle’s husband George that Gatsby was driving. George assumes that the driver was also Myrtle’s ____, and so he finds Gatsby in his pool and shoots him, then shooting himself. Nick moves away. He reflects that just as Gatsby’s dream of Daisy was corrupted by money and dishonesty, the _________dream of happiness and individualism has turned into the mere pursuit of _______. Though Gatsby’s power to transform his dreams into reality is what makes him “_____,” Nick reflects that the era of dreaming—both Gatsby’s dream and the American dream—is over.
  • 38. The Great Gatsby• Nick, Jordan and Tom discover Gatsby’s car in the Valley of Ashes, where it has struck and killed Myrtle. Nick learns that Daisy was driving, but Gatsby plans to take the blame. Tom tells Myrtle’s husband George that Gatsby was driving. George assumes that the driver was also Myrtle’s lover, and so he finds Gatsby in his pool and shoots him, then shooting himself. Nick moves away. He reflects that just as Gatsby’s dream of Daisy was corrupted by money and dishonesty, the American dream of happiness and individualism has turned into the mere pursuit of wealth. Though Gatsby’s power to transform his dreams into reality is what makes him “great,” Nick reflects that the era of dreaming—both Gatsby’s dream and the American dream—is over.
  • 39. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich• __________ Solzhenitzyn, published in _____.• ________wakes at 5am feeling sick. He is serving a sentence in a ______, a forced labor prison camp. This morning he sleeps in and is punished with washing the ______of the warden’s office.He then rushes to breakfast and then sickbay. He is not sick enough, and goes to work with Gang 104. They walk in the ______to the site, the Power Station, where he builds a brick _____in the cold. At dinner he gets ______food.
  • 40. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich• Alexander Solzhenitzyn, published in 1962.• Shukhov wakes at 5am feeling sick. He is serving a sentence in a gulag, a forced labor prison camp. This morning he sleeps in and is punished with washing the floor of the warden’s office.He then rushes to breakfast and then sickbay. He is not sick enough, and goes to work with Gang 104. They walk in the snow to the site, the Power Station, where he builds a brick wall in the cold. At dinner he gets extra food.
  • 41. One Day in the Life of Ivan DenisovichHe is so focused on his work that he nearly misses roll call to leave the site. The gangs arrive late at camp because a ________is missing. He and the gang are mad, but they feel better after beating another gang back to camp. He manages to smuggle a piece of _____into camp through the friskers.Before supper he picks up a _______for another prisoner and gets extra food as a reward. He buys _______after supper. Helping to hide the parcel, he gets more food. He contently goes to _____.
  • 42. One Day in the Life of Ivan DenisovichHe is so focused on his work that he nearly misses roll call to leave the site. The gangs arrive late at camp because a prisoner is missing. He and the gang are mad, but they feel better after beating another gang back to camp. He manages to smuggle a piece of steel into camp through the friskers.Before supper he picks up a parcel for another prisoner and gets extra food as a reward. He buys tobacco after supper. Helping to hide the parcel, he gets more food. He contently goes to sleep.
  • 43. A Christmas Carol• Charles _______, published in _____.• Which stave is this passage found in and whom does it describe: “Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grind- stone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.”
  • 44. A Christmas Carol• Charles Dickens, published in 1843.• Which stave is this passage found in and whom does it describe: “Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grind- stone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.” Stave 1, Ebenezer Scrooge
  • 45. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: "Come in!" exclaimed the Ghost. "Come in! and know me better, man!" Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been; and though the Spirits eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them. "I am the Ghost of Christmas Present," said the Spirit. "Look upon me!"
  • 46. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: "Come in!" exclaimed the Ghost. "Come in! and know me better, man!" Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been; and though the Spirits eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them. "I am the Ghost of Christmas Present," said the Spirit. "Look upon me!“ Stave 3
  • 47. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: "Ghost of the Future!" he exclaimed, "I fear you more than any spectre I have seen. But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear you company, and do it with a thankful heart. Will you not speak to me?" It gave him no reply. The hand was pointed straight before them.”
  • 48. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: "Ghost of the Future!" he exclaimed, "I fear you more than any spectre I have seen. But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear you company, and do it with a thankful heart. Will you not speak to me?" It gave him no reply. The hand was pointed straight before them.” Stave 4
  • 49. A Christmas Carol• Whom does Scrooge speak to directly after this quote: "I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!" Scrooge repeated, as he scrambled out of bed. "The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. Oh Jacob Marley! Heaven, and the Christmas Time be praised for this! I say it on my knees, old Jacob; on my knees!"
  • 50. A Christmas Carol• Whom does Scrooge speak to directly after this quote: "I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!" Scrooge repeated, as he scrambled out of bed. "The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. Oh Jacob Marley! Heaven, and the Christmas Time be praised for this! I say it on my knees, old Jacob; on my knees!“ a boy on the street below
  • 51. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: “Perhaps, Scrooge could not have told anybody why, if anybody could have asked him; but he had a special desire to see the Spirit in his cap; and begged him to be covered. "What!" exclaimed the Ghost, "would you so soon put out, with worldly hands, the light I give? Is it not enough that you are one of those whose passions made this cap, and force me through whole trains of years to wear it low upon my brow!"
  • 52. A Christmas Carol• Which stave is this passage found in: “Perhaps, Scrooge could not have told anybody why, if anybody could have asked him; but he had a special desire to see the Spirit in his cap; and begged him to be covered. "What!" exclaimed the Ghost, "would you so soon put out, with worldly hands, the light I give? Is it not enough that you are one of those whose passions made this cap, and force me through whole trains of years to wear it low upon my brow!"stave 2