20 sayings grammar practice
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20 sayings grammar practice Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Lesson 20Present Subjunctive Active
  • 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
  • 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamo amamusamas amatisamat amant Imperfectamabam amabamusamabas amabatisamabat amabant Futureamabo amabimusamabis amabitisamabit amabunt
  • 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamavi amavimusamavisti amavistisamavit amaverunt Pluperfectamaveram amaveramusamaveras amaveratisamaverat amaverant Future Perfectamavero amaverimusamaveris amaveritisamaverit amaverint
  • 5. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  • 6. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 7. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneo monemusmones monetismonet monent Imperfectmonebam monebamusmonebas monebatismonebat monebant Futuremonebo monebimusmonebis monebitismonebit monebunt
  • 8. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonui monuimusmonuisti monuistismonuit monuerunt Pluperfectmonueram monueramusmonueras monueratismonuerat monuerant Future Perfectmonuero monuerimusmonueris monueritismonuerit monuerint
  • 9. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  • 10. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 11. rego regere rexi rectus Presentrego regimusregis regitisregit regunt Imperfectregebam regebamusregebas regebatisregebat regebant Futureregam regemusreges regetisreget regent
  • 12. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrexi reximusrexisti rexistisrexit rexerunt Pluperfectrexeram rexeramusrexeras rexeratisrexerat rexerant Future Perfectrexero rexerimusrexeris rexeritisrexerit rexerint
  • 13. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  • 14. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 15. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudio audimusaudis auditisaudit audiunt Imperfectaudiebam audiebamusaudiebas audiebatisaudiebat audiebant Futureaudiam audiemusaudies audietisaudiet audient
  • 16. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectaudivi audivimusaudivisti audivistisaudivit audiverunt Pluperfectaudiveram audiveramusaudiveras audiveratisaudiverat audiverant Future Perfectaudivero audiverimusaudiveris audiveritisaudiverit audiverint
  • 17. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  • 18. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 19. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapio capimuscapis capitiscapit capiunt Imperfectcapiebam capiebamuscapiebas capiebatiscapiebat capiebant Futurecapiam capiemuscapies capietiscapiet capient
  • 20. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcepi cepimuscepisti cepistiscepit ceperunt Pluperfectceperam ceperamusceperas ceperatisceperat ceperant Future Perfectcepero ceperimusceperis ceperitisceperit ceperint
  • 21. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  • 22. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 23. Recitation♦imperatives
  • 24. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  • 25. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  • 26. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  • 27. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  • 28. Recitation SIngular Plural M /F N M /F Nbrevis breve breves breviabrevis brevis brevium breviumbrevi brevi brevibus brevibusbrevem breve breves breviabrevi brevi brevibus brevibus
  • 29. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  • 30. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  • 31. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  • 32. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  • 33. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodeviginti eighteen XIX undeviginti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  • 34. Recitation 3rd Person Pronouns; Demonstrative Pronouns (1) Singular Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuteris ea id ei eae eaejus ejus ejus eorum earum eorumei ei ei eis eis eiseum eam id eos eas eaeo eā eo eis eis eis
  • 35. RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2) Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  • 36. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3) Singular Plural M F N M F Nille illa illud illi illae illaillíus illíus illíus illorum illarum illorumilli illi illi illis illis illisillum illam illud illos illas illaillo illā illo illis illis illis
  • 37. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Near to Person Spoken to) (4) Singular Plural M F N M F Niste ista istud isti istae istaistíus istíus istíus istorum istarum istorumisti isti isti istis istis istisistum istam istud istos istas istaisto istā isto istis istis istis
  • 38. Recitation Intensive Pronouns Singular Plural M F N M F Nipse ipsa ipsum ipsi ipsae ipsaipsíus ipsíus ipsíus ipsorum ipsarum ipsorumipsi ipsi ipsi ipsis ipsis ipsisipsum ipsam ipsum ipsos ipsas ipsaipso ipsā ipso ipsis ipsis ipsis
  • 39. Recitation 3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase Form MeaningNom ----Gen. sui of himself, herself, itself, themselvesDat. sibi to/for himself, herself, itself, themselvesAcc. se himself, herself, itself, themselvesAbl. se ibwf himself, herself, itself, themselves
  • 40. Recitation Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson Singular Meaning Plural Meaning1st meus mea meum my (own) noster nostra our (own) nostrum2nd tuus tua tuum your (own) vester vestra your (pl.) (own) vestrum3rd suus sua suum his, her, its, their (own)
  • 41. Latin SayingCáveat emptor.
  • 42. Latin SayingsLet the buyer beware.
  • 43. Grammar QuestionsWhat are the six attributes of a Latin verb?
  • 44. Grammar QuestionsWhat are the six attributes of a Latin verb?conjugation, person, number, tense, voice, mood
  • 45. Grammar QuestionsHow many conjugations are there? How many have we covered?
  • 46. Grammar QuestionsHow many conjugations are there? How many have we covered?There are four conjugations and we have covered all four.
  • 47. Grammar QuestionsHow many persons? How many have we covered?
  • 48. Grammar QuestionsHow many persons? How many have we covered?There are three persons and we have covered all three.
  • 49. Grammar QuestionsHow many numbers? How many have we covered?
  • 50. Grammar QuestionsHow many numbers? How many have we covered?There are two and we have covered both.
  • 51. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses? How many have we covered?
  • 52. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses? How many have we covered?There are six and we have covered all six.
  • 53. Grammar QuestionsHow many voices? How many have we covered? What are they?
  • 54. Grammar QuestionsHow many voices? How many have we covered? What are they?There are two, we have covered both, and they are active and passive.
  • 55. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they? How many have we covered?
  • 56. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they? How many have we covered?There are three: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive. We have covered the first two.
  • 57. GrammarThe subjunctive has two voices and four tenses; the future and future perfect are missing from the subjunctive.
  • 58. GrammarThe subjunctive has two voices and four tenses; the future and future perfect are missing from the subjunctive.The subjunctive is very common in Latin, but infrequent in English, where it is expressed by words such as let, may, might, should, could, and would.
  • 59. GrammarThe difference between indicative and subjunctive:indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions
  • 60. GrammarThe difference between indicative and subjunctive:indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school.
  • 61. GrammarThe difference between indicative and subjunctive:indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. – actual/indicative
  • 62. GrammarThe difference between indicative and subjunctive:indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. – actual/indicative I want my children to go to school.
  • 63. GrammarThe difference between indicative and subjunctive:indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. – actual/indicative I want my children to go to school. – potential/subjunctive
  • 64. Grammar In the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs. Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  • 65. Grammar In the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs. Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  • 66. GrammarIn the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs.Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending. 1st In the 1st amem conjugation, ames substitute e for a. amet amemus ametis ament
  • 67. GrammarIn the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs.Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending. 2nd In the 2nd moneam conjugation, add a. moneas moneat moneamus moneatis moneant
  • 68. Grammar In the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs. Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending. 3rdIn the 3rd conjugation regamsubstitute a for regasvowels iou. regat regamus regatis regant
  • 69. GrammarIn the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs.Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending. 3rd io In the 3rd io conjugation capiam add a. capias capiat capiamus capiatis capiant
  • 70. GrammarIn the chart you see the present subjunctive active for all the model verbs.Notice that present subjunctive is formed by changing or adding the vowel directly before the personal ending. 4th In the 4th conjugation audiam add a. audias audiat audiamus audiatis audiant
  • 71. Grammar You can learn the vowels of the present subjunctive by remembering this sentence: We beat a liar. 1st 2nd 3rd 4th (3rd io)1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  • 72. GrammarThe meaning of the subjunctive is determined by the context, but we will memorize these in the chart: Person Singular Plural 1st I may love we may love 2nd you may love you all may love 3rd he, she, it may love they may love
  • 73. GrammarHortatory SubjunctiveOften the subjunctive expresses an exhortation, indirect command, or a strong wish, usually translated by let, may, and let/may: Oremus Let us pray. (exhortation) Vincas May you overcome. (strong wish) Veniat Let him come. / (indirect command) May he come. (strong wish)
  • 74. GrammarHortatory SubjunctiveOften the subjunctive expresses an exhortation, indirect command, or a strong wish, usually translated by let, may, and let/may: Oremus Let us pray. (exhortation) Vincas May you overcome. (strong wish) Veniat Let him come. / (indirect command) May he come. (strong wish)
  • 75. GrammarHortatory SubjunctiveOften the subjunctive expresses an exhortation, indirect command, or a strong wish, usually translated by let, may, and let/may: Oremus Let us pray. (exhortation) Vincas May you overcome. (strong wish) Veniat Let him come. / (indirect command) May he come. (strong wish)
  • 76. GrammarHortatory SubjunctiveOften the subjunctive expresses an exhortation, indirect command, or a strong wish, usually translated by let, may, and let/may: Oremus Let us pray. (exhortation) Vincas May you overcome. (strong wish) Veniat Let him come. / (indirect command) May he come. (strong wish)
  • 77. Practice♦Translatemittamus
  • 78. Practice♦TranslateLet us send.
  • 79. Practice♦TranslateJaciat.
  • 80. Practice♦TranslateLet him (her) throw.
  • 81. Practice♦Translateteneat
  • 82. Practice♦TranslateLet him (her) hold.
  • 83. Practice♦Translatedormias
  • 84. Practice♦TranslateMay you sleep.
  • 85. Practice♦Translatelaborent
  • 86. Practice♦TranslateLet them work.
  • 87. Practice♦TranslateLet us build a city.
  • 88. Practice♦TranslateUrbem struamus.
  • 89. Practice♦Conjugate muto in the indicative active and indicative passive.
  • 90. Practice♦Conjugate laudo, video, dico, facio, and venio in the present subjunctive active.