16 sayings grammar practice

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  • 1. Lesson XVIDemonstrative Adjective and Pronoun hic haec hoc
  • 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses passive
  • 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  • 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 5. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  • 6. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 7. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  • 8. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 9. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  • 10. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 11. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  • 12. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 13. Recitation♦imperatives
  • 14. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  • 15. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  • 16. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  • 17. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  • 18. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  • 19. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  • 20. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  • 21. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  • 22. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodevigenti eighteen XIX undevigenti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  • 23. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  • 24. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his hisWithout the final c in the singular forms, hic haec hoc is verysimilar to the Naughty Nine and is ea id.
  • 25. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his hisWithout the final c in the singular forms, hic haec hoc is verysimilar to the Naughty Nine and is ea id. The only surprisingfeature is the haec in the feminine nom. s. and neuter pl.
  • 26. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his hisRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. Notice how easythe genitive and dative singular forms are.
  • 27. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haec horum harum horum his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his hisRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. Notice theregularity in the ablative singular forms.
  • 28. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haec horum harum horum his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haec his his hisRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. Notice thatwithout the c, the accusative singular forms follow the 1st/2nddeclension pattern.
  • 29. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haec horum harum horum his his his hos has haec his his hisRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. The genitive,dative, and ablative plural forms are regular.
  • 30. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haec hos has haecRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. By now theselast few forms are a cinch.
  • 31. Grammar Singular Plural M F N M F NRecite hic haec hoc across as you did is ea id. Know theseforms well. Recite them 5 times every day this week.
  • 32. Grammar♦Demonstrative pronouns point out persons or things as both adjectives and pronouns.
  • 33. Grammar♦Demonstrative pronouns point out persons or things as both adjectives and pronouns. Hic haec hoc points out that which is close to the speaker in time, place, or thought.
  • 34. Grammar♦As adjectives, all demonstrative pronouns commonly precede the noun they modify, and hic haec hoc obeys the adjective agreement rule.
  • 35. Grammar♦As adjectives, all demonstrative pronouns commonly precede the noun they modify, and hic haec hoc obeys the adjective agreement rule.Hic vir est fortis. This man is brave.
  • 36. Grammar♦As adjectives, all demonstrative pronouns commonly precede the noun they modify, and hic haec hoc obeys the adjective agreement rule.Hic vir est fortis. This man is brave.Haec femina est pulchra. This woman is beautiful.
  • 37. Grammar♦As a pronoun hic haec hoc obeys the pronoun agreement rule.
  • 38. Grammar♦As a pronoun hic haec hoc obeys the pronoun agreement rule.Hic est fortis. This (one) is brave. (antecedent is male).
  • 39. Grammar♦As a pronoun hic haec hoc obeys the pronoun agreement rule.Hic est fortis. This (one) is brave. (antecedent is male).Haec est pulchra. This (one) is beautiful. (antecedent is female)
  • 40. Practice♦Decline hic haec hoc
  • 41. Practice♦TranslateHaec sunt utilia.
  • 42. Practice♦TranslateThese things are useful.Haec sunt utilia.
  • 43. Practice♦TranslateHaec terra mea est.
  • 44. Practice♦TranslateThis is my land.Haec terra mea est.
  • 45. Practice♦TranslateI am fighting with this sword.Hoc gladio pugno.
  • 46. Practice♦TranslateIn hac viā ámbulo.
  • 47. Practice♦TranslateI am walking in this road.In hac viā ámbulo.
  • 48. Practice♦Conjugate jacio in all 6 tenses of the active and passive.