The rwandan genocide


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The rwandan genocide

  1. 1. The Rwandan Genocide By: Brett, Kelly, Courtney, and Adrienne
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BELGIUM IN 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ARE KINYARWANDA, FRENCH AND ENGLISH   </li></ul><ul><li>THE CAPITAL CITY IS KIGALI LOCATED IN CENTRAL RWANDA </li></ul><ul><li>LAND AREA ROUGHLY 26340 KM SQUARED </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT 2010 POPULATION ROUGHLY 10 746 311 </li></ul><ul><li>ETHNIC COMPOSITION  90% HUTU, 9% TUTSI AND 1% OTHER </li></ul><ul><li>47% OF THE POPULATION IS UNDER THE AGE OF 15 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before the Genocide <ul><li>Rwanda was originally ruled by Germany but later by Belgium after World War 1 until Independence. </li></ul><ul><li>The Belgiums used a “divide and conquer” strategy to rule over Rwanda. The Belgiums favoured the Tutsi Minority and used them to help govern the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutsis were given privileges such as Western style education, which the Hutu Majority was excluded from. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1926, Belgiums introduced a ethnic identification system . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Before the Genocide contd. <ul><li>Educated Tutsi’s began to question Colonial rule </li></ul><ul><li>Belgiums pulled a “turn face” and began to favour the Hutu majority </li></ul><ul><li>In the Early 1960’s Belgium organized Elections elect Hutu’s to power </li></ul><ul><li>In 1962 Belgium Withdraws </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A picture of Belgium’s former Rwanda, which broke up into Rwanda and Burundi in 1962 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Before the Genocide contd. <ul><li>After independace from Belgium on July 1 st 1962 , Rwanda was declared an Republic, ruled by the majority Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement, known as Parmehutu .  </li></ul><ul><li>Gregoire Kayibanda was the first president but was later ousted by Juvenal Habyarimana who ruled from 1973-1994 </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1980’s Tutsi’s who now lived in Uganda began forming the RPF(Rwandan Patriotic Front ) </li></ul><ul><li>Habyarimana used the RPF to gain support from Hutu’s and increase hatred from Tutsis </li></ul>
  7. 7. Before the Genocide contd. <ul><li>In 1990, the RPF invaded Rwanda and a civil war broke out againts the Francophone backed Hutus </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic tensions began to increase , and the ideology that Tutsi’s wanted to enslave and murder the Hutu’s emerged </li></ul><ul><li>A cease fire was ordered in 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>On April 6th, 1994 , Rwandan President Habyarimana's plane was shot down near Kigali airport, and the Genocide began </li></ul>President Habyarimana
  8. 8. The Genocide <ul><li>In a hundred days 800,000 Tutsis were exterminated in Rwanda by Hutus </li></ul><ul><li>The Hutu extremist radio - RTLM, and also the state supported radio - Radio Rwanda, encouraged the mass murder of the &quot; cockroaches &quot;. These cockroaches were Tutsis and Hutu moderates </li></ul><ul><li>With the UN not allowed to fire at anyone who wasn't directly shooting at them, there was no one to stop the Hutu extremists from massacring anyone that they wanted. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Bodies found in mass graves. Some mass graves contained over 50 000 bodies. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Bullet Holes on a school where Hutus raided and murdered hiding Tutsis </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thousands of </li></ul><ul><li>corpses were </li></ul><ul><li>left to rot </li></ul><ul><li>in ditches </li></ul>
  12. 12. Photographers photographing a molested HUTU after Tutsi’s identified him as a member of the Hutu Death squads called the “Interhamwe” WARNING: THE NEXT SLIDE IF VERY GRAPHIC
  13. 13. <ul><li>Decomposing bodies found by Ugandan Fishermen </li></ul><ul><li>in Lake Victoria. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Now a memorial, this is the corner where 10 Belgian UNIMIR soldiers were murdered.
  15. 15. The Genocide <ul><li>Most Victims were Killed in their own villages and towns by neighbors usually by being hacked to death by machetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who did not get involved in the murders were often murdered themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Some massacres that occurred include the massacure at Nyarubuye , where 1500 Tutsis took refuge in a church. The Interahamwe began bulldozing the church, those who tried to escape were hacked to death. </li></ul><ul><li>Rape was also used as a wepon durring the Genocide, up to 500 000 Tutsi women were raped. </li></ul>
  16. 16. International Involvement <ul><li>UN and international involvement was limited due to little national interest. </li></ul><ul><li>The UN and UNAMIR forces could do nothing but witness the crimes </li></ul><ul><li>International troops were deployed to evacuate foreigners only. </li></ul>
  17. 17. After the Genocide <ul><li>The Rwandan Patriotic front , the Tutsi rebel ground eventually took power of Rwanada and has maintained power for the past 9 years. </li></ul><ul><li>General Paul Kagame was the leader of the invasion in 1994 , and is now the president of Rwanda. In 2003 Kagame became Rwanda’s first elected president since the genocide. Not only did he win, he received 95% of the votes </li></ul>
  18. 18. After the Genocide <ul><li>Rwanda was left with a crisis amongts the children. Many of which were either orphaned or forced to join in the massacre, leaving them with haunting memories. </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF has worked with the Rwandan youth to educate and help cope with the Genocide </li></ul>
  19. 19. After the Genocide <ul><li>Rwanda now looks towards the future , By promoting forgiveness and tackling Economic growth, Human rights, and Environmental concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda is considered a success story after the genocide based on its growth and way of dealing with the Genoicde </li></ul>