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The rwandan genocide

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  • 1. The Rwandan Genocide By: Brett, Kelly, Courtney, and Adrienne
  • 2. Background Information
    • GAINED INDEPENDENCE FROM BELGIUM IN 1962
    • OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ARE KINYARWANDA, FRENCH AND ENGLISH  
    • THE CAPITAL CITY IS KIGALI LOCATED IN CENTRAL RWANDA
    • LAND AREA ROUGHLY 26340 KM SQUARED
    • CURRENT 2010 POPULATION ROUGHLY 10 746 311
    • ETHNIC COMPOSITION  90% HUTU, 9% TUTSI AND 1% OTHER
    • 47% OF THE POPULATION IS UNDER THE AGE OF 15
  • 3. Before the Genocide
    • Rwanda was originally ruled by Germany but later by Belgium after World War 1 until Independence.
    • The Belgiums used a “divide and conquer” strategy to rule over Rwanda. The Belgiums favoured the Tutsi Minority and used them to help govern the country.
    • Tutsis were given privileges such as Western style education, which the Hutu Majority was excluded from.
    • In 1926, Belgiums introduced a ethnic identification system .
  • 4. Before the Genocide contd.
    • Educated Tutsi’s began to question Colonial rule
    • Belgiums pulled a “turn face” and began to favour the Hutu majority
    • In the Early 1960’s Belgium organized Elections elect Hutu’s to power
    • In 1962 Belgium Withdraws
  • 5.
    • A picture of Belgium’s former Rwanda, which broke up into Rwanda and Burundi in 1962
  • 6. Before the Genocide contd.
    • After independace from Belgium on July 1 st 1962 , Rwanda was declared an Republic, ruled by the majority Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement, known as Parmehutu . 
    • Gregoire Kayibanda was the first president but was later ousted by Juvenal Habyarimana who ruled from 1973-1994
    • In the 1980’s Tutsi’s who now lived in Uganda began forming the RPF(Rwandan Patriotic Front )
    • Habyarimana used the RPF to gain support from Hutu’s and increase hatred from Tutsis
  • 7. Before the Genocide contd.
    • In 1990, the RPF invaded Rwanda and a civil war broke out againts the Francophone backed Hutus
    • Ethnic tensions began to increase , and the ideology that Tutsi’s wanted to enslave and murder the Hutu’s emerged
    • A cease fire was ordered in 1993
    • On April 6th, 1994 , Rwandan President Habyarimana's plane was shot down near Kigali airport, and the Genocide began
    President Habyarimana
  • 8. The Genocide
    • In a hundred days 800,000 Tutsis were exterminated in Rwanda by Hutus
    • The Hutu extremist radio - RTLM, and also the state supported radio - Radio Rwanda, encouraged the mass murder of the " cockroaches ". These cockroaches were Tutsis and Hutu moderates
    • With the UN not allowed to fire at anyone who wasn't directly shooting at them, there was no one to stop the Hutu extremists from massacring anyone that they wanted.
  • 9.
    • Bodies found in mass graves. Some mass graves contained over 50 000 bodies.
  • 10.
    • Bullet Holes on a school where Hutus raided and murdered hiding Tutsis
  • 11.
    • Thousands of
    • corpses were
    • left to rot
    • in ditches
  • 12. Photographers photographing a molested HUTU after Tutsi’s identified him as a member of the Hutu Death squads called the “Interhamwe” WARNING: THE NEXT SLIDE IF VERY GRAPHIC
  • 13.
    • Decomposing bodies found by Ugandan Fishermen
    • in Lake Victoria.
  • 14. Now a memorial, this is the corner where 10 Belgian UNIMIR soldiers were murdered.
  • 15. The Genocide
    • Most Victims were Killed in their own villages and towns by neighbors usually by being hacked to death by machetes.
    • Those who did not get involved in the murders were often murdered themselves
    • Some massacres that occurred include the massacure at Nyarubuye , where 1500 Tutsis took refuge in a church. The Interahamwe began bulldozing the church, those who tried to escape were hacked to death.
    • Rape was also used as a wepon durring the Genocide, up to 500 000 Tutsi women were raped.
  • 16. International Involvement
    • UN and international involvement was limited due to little national interest.
    • The UN and UNAMIR forces could do nothing but witness the crimes
    • International troops were deployed to evacuate foreigners only.
  • 17. After the Genocide
    • The Rwandan Patriotic front , the Tutsi rebel ground eventually took power of Rwanada and has maintained power for the past 9 years.
    • General Paul Kagame was the leader of the invasion in 1994 , and is now the president of Rwanda. In 2003 Kagame became Rwanda’s first elected president since the genocide. Not only did he win, he received 95% of the votes
  • 18. After the Genocide
    • Rwanda was left with a crisis amongts the children. Many of which were either orphaned or forced to join in the massacre, leaving them with haunting memories.
    • UNICEF has worked with the Rwandan youth to educate and help cope with the Genocide
  • 19. After the Genocide
    • Rwanda now looks towards the future , By promoting forgiveness and tackling Economic growth, Human rights, and Environmental concerns
    • Rwanda is considered a success story after the genocide based on its growth and way of dealing with the Genoicde