Causes of Loss of Hearing in Children                            Hearing loss can be broken down into                     ...
X-linked hearing loss occurs when the mother carries a recessivetrait for hearing loss in the sex chromosome. In those cas...
In most cases, a hearing aid will help restore hearing to theextent that the child can attend school and function normally...
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Causes of loss of hearing in children

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http://www.smokymtnhearing.com/blog Hearing loss can be broken down into various categories such as sensorineural, conductive or mixed.

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Causes of loss of hearing in children

  1. 1. Causes of Loss of Hearing in Children Hearing loss can be broken down into various categories such as sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural occurs when the inner ear, cranial nerve, or the central processing centers of the brain are damaged. This type of hearing loss is usually permanent and cannot becorrected medically or surgically. Conductive refers to a problemin the ear that interferes with sound, such as earwax buildup, andcan usually be surgically or medically corrected. Mixed is acombination of sensorineural and conductive loss of hearing.There are many different reasons why a child may suffer hearingloss. Some of those are listed below.Hearing loss can be genetic, meaning that it is passed from theparents to the children. Some parents do not have hearingproblems, but carry a recessive gene. If that is the case, thehearing loss generally occurs in one out of every four children.Normally, there is no other deafness in the family, so thepresence of the recessive gene is not expected. In other cases,one or both parents may carry a dominant gene and suffer sometype of hearing loss that has about a 50 percent chance of beingpassed on to their children. Smoky Mountain Hearing Specialists www.SmokyMTNHearing.com Morristown, TN (423) 200-4249 Cleveland, TN (423) 658-1728
  2. 2. X-linked hearing loss occurs when the mother carries a recessivetrait for hearing loss in the sex chromosome. In those cases, thehearing loss will only be passed on to the sons.Premature babies, especially those born before seven monthsgestation, do not have a mature auditory system and can sufferfrom sensorineural loss of hearing. Oxygen deprivation duringbirth and a condition called jaundice may also cause hearing losswithin infants.Infections in the mother prior to birth can cause hearing loss inthe child by damaging the inside of the ear. Such infectionsinclude measles, syphilis, some forms of herpes andtoxoplasmosis. Maternal diabetes can also cause hearingproblems in children.Infections during childhood can damage the inner ear andresulting in hearing loss. Some of those include mumps, measles,chicken pox and bacterial or viral meningitis.Meningitis causes an inflammation of the brain and spinal cordcovering. The hearing nerves become irreversibly affectedresulting in hearing loss. This is the most common after-effect ofmeningitis. The hearing loss can range from mild to profounddeafness. Smoky Mountain Hearing Specialists www.SmokyMTNHearing.com Morristown, TN (423) 200-4249 Cleveland, TN (423) 658-1728
  3. 3. In most cases, a hearing aid will help restore hearing to theextent that the child can attend school and function normally. Thetype of hearing aid will depend on the type and extent of thehearing loss. Behind-the-ear devices are often recommended dueto their durability and to growth and safety issues of the child.This type of hearing aid rests behind the ear and a plastic tuberuns from the device into the ear canal. Children’s hearing aidsare now made using advanced technology and include many newpractical features.If it is suspected that a child is suffering from hearing loss,parents should immediately have their child tested by anaudiologist so that the reason for the loss can be determined andtreatment options explored. It is important to discover the reasonfor the hearing loss. In some cases, lack of treatment can resultin total deafness of the child. Smoky Mountain Hearing Specialists www.SmokyMTNHearing.com Morristown, TN (423) 200-4249 Cleveland, TN (423) 658-1728

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