Game MechanicsGame-like Elementsto Add to InstructionFrom http://gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics                     ...
Achievements• A virtual or physical  representation of having    accomplished something.•   Achievements can be easy,    d...
Appointments• Game dynamics in which at a predetermined times/place a user must log-in or participate in game, for positiv...
Behaviorial Momentum•   The tendency of players    to keep doing what they    have been doing.• The point of no stopping, ...
Blissful Productivity•   The idea that playing in a    game makes you happier    working hard, than you    would be relaxi...
Bonuses•   A reward after having    completed a series of    challenges or core    functions.•   Can be from completing   ...
Cascading Information Theory•   The theory(?) that    information should be    released in the minimum    possible snippet...
Combos•   Combinations•   Used often in games to    reward skill through doing a    combination of things.•   This also ca...
Community Collaboration•   The game dynamic wherein    an entire community is    rallied to work together to    solve a ri...
Countdown•   The dynamic in which    players are only given a    certain amount of time to    do something. This will    c...
Discovery• Exploration• something, to be  Players love to discover    surprised.•   Discovery encourages    players to dis...
Epic Meaning• Players will be highly  motivated if they believe  they are working to  achieve something great,  something ...
Flow•   The ultimate motivational    state, where hours go by    in minutes.•   Achieved by balancing    the learner’s cur...
Free Lunch• When a player feels that  they are getting    something for free due to    someone else’s work.•   The player ...
Infinite Gameplay•   Games that do not have    an explicit end.•   Most applicable to casual    games that can refresh    ...
Levels•   Levels are a system by    which players are rewarded    for accumulating points.•   Often features or abilities ...
Loss Aversion•   Loss Aversion is a game    mechanic that influences    user behavior by not    instituting punishment.•  ...
Lottery•   A winner is determined    solely by chance. This    creates a high level of    anticipation.
Ownership•   Ownership is a powerful    Game Dynamic that    creates Loyalty.•   The player feels that s/he    really owns...
Points•   Points are a running    numerical value given for    any single action or    combination of actions.
Progression•   A dynamic in which    success is granularly    displayed and measured    through the process of    completi...
Quests• Quests are obstacles a a             meant to be  journey of player must overcome.
Reward Schedules•   The timeframe and    delivery mechanisms    through which rewards    (points, prizes, level ups)    ar...
Status• The rank or level ofoften  player. Players are                       a  motivated by trying to  reach a higher lev...
Urgent Optimization• Extreme self motivation.• The desire to act  immediately to tackle an  obstacle combined with  the be...
Virality• A game element that  requires multiple people  to play (or that can be  played better with  multiple people).
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Game Mechanics

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This slideshow was initially presented at the 2012 New Media Consortium Summer Conference in Cambridge, MA.

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Game Mechanics

  1. 1. Game MechanicsGame-like Elementsto Add to InstructionFrom http://gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics This presentation by Brett Bixler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  2. 2. Achievements• A virtual or physical representation of having accomplished something.• Achievements can be easy, difficult, surprising, funny, accomplished alone or as a group.• Achievements are a way to give players a way to brag.
  3. 3. Appointments• Game dynamics in which at a predetermined times/place a user must log-in or participate in game, for positive effect.
  4. 4. Behaviorial Momentum• The tendency of players to keep doing what they have been doing.• The point of no stopping, no matter what!http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1jjN-H62U64
  5. 5. Blissful Productivity• The idea that playing in a game makes you happier working hard, than you would be relaxing.• Essentially, we’re optimized as human beings by working hard, and doing meaningful and rewarding work.
  6. 6. Bonuses• A reward after having completed a series of challenges or core functions.• Can be from completing a Combo or just for a specific special task.
  7. 7. Cascading Information Theory• The theory(?) that information should be released in the minimum possible snippets to gain the appropriate level of understanding at each point during a game narrative.
  8. 8. Combos• Combinations• Used often in games to reward skill through doing a combination of things.• This also can add excitement or incentivize doing another action after already having completed one.• Completion of a combo usually comes with the reward of a bonus.
  9. 9. Community Collaboration• The game dynamic wherein an entire community is rallied to work together to solve a riddle, a problem or a challenge. Immensely viral and very fun.
  10. 10. Countdown• The dynamic in which players are only given a certain amount of time to do something. This will create an activity graph that causes increased initial activity increasing frenetically until time runs out, which is a forced extinction.
  11. 11. Discovery• Exploration• something, to be Players love to discover surprised.• Discovery encourages players to discover new things.
  12. 12. Epic Meaning• Players will be highly motivated if they believe they are working to achieve something great, something awe-inspiring, something bigger than themselves.
  13. 13. Flow• The ultimate motivational state, where hours go by in minutes.• Achieved by balancing the learner’s current ability with the difficulty of the current challenge.
  14. 14. Free Lunch• When a player feels that they are getting something for free due to someone else’s work.• The player must feel that they’ve “lucked” into something.
  15. 15. Infinite Gameplay• Games that do not have an explicit end.• Most applicable to casual games that can refresh their content or games where a static (but positive) state is a reward of its own.
  16. 16. Levels• Levels are a system by which players are rewarded for accumulating points.• Often features or abilities are unlocked as players progress to higher levels.• Levelling is one of the highest components of motivation for gamers.
  17. 17. Loss Aversion• Loss Aversion is a game mechanic that influences user behavior by not instituting punishment.• Positive rewards.
  18. 18. Lottery• A winner is determined solely by chance. This creates a high level of anticipation.
  19. 19. Ownership• Ownership is a powerful Game Dynamic that creates Loyalty.• The player feels that s/he really owns a virtual item/ability, thus blurring the line between the game and reality.
  20. 20. Points• Points are a running numerical value given for any single action or combination of actions.
  21. 21. Progression• A dynamic in which success is granularly displayed and measured through the process of completing itemized tasks.
  22. 22. Quests• Quests are obstacles a a meant to be journey of player must overcome.
  23. 23. Reward Schedules• The timeframe and delivery mechanisms through which rewards (points, prizes, level ups) are delivered.
  24. 24. Status• The rank or level ofoften player. Players are a motivated by trying to reach a higher level or status. Also relates to envy.
  25. 25. Urgent Optimization• Extreme self motivation.• The desire to act immediately to tackle an obstacle combined with the belief that we have a reasonable hope of success.
  26. 26. Virality• A game element that requires multiple people to play (or that can be played better with multiple people).
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