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Sourced From: http://oldwayspt.org/programs/mediterranean-foods-alliance/what-mediterranean-diet
Introduction
 The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic
Ocean and is completely surrounded by three main
contine...
Introduction
 Many of these civilisations took advantage and
explored other countries, and in some cases
conquered other ...
Mediterranean Movement
of Viticulture
Importance of Wine
 The trading of wine and viticultural practices made a
huge impact on todays modern society.
 The tra...
Civilisation Influence
 Throughout out the course of history, there has
been four main civilisations that have influence ...
Phoenician
 The Phoenician civilisations were one for the first wine
traders to trade using the Mediterranean sea.
 Wine...
Phoenician Mediterranean
Trading
Sourced From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PhoenicianTrade.png
Phoenician
Influence on
Wine
• Between the period of 1000
BC and 1100 BC the
Phoenician people
intensively traded wine
thr...
Egypt
• It is thought that
Mesopotamians introduced
wine to Egypt.
• It is also thought that the
grapevine was introduce t...
Egyptian Viticulture & Winemaking
• The Egyptian People were the first civilisation to
define free run juice and pressings...
Greece
• Earliest sign of
winemaking was
1600BC
• The Geek wine trading
was one of the most
extensive trading
routes of it...
Greek Trading Routes
Sourced From: http://www.utexas.edu/courses/greeksahoy%21/greek_trade.jpg
Greek Influence on
Winemaking and Viticulture
• The Greek civilisation
had a great influence
on the study of :
• Different...
Gaul & The Celts
• Major trading partners
with the Greeks. This
lead to the introduction
of wine, viticultural
techniques ...
Gaul & The Celts
• On the Left there is a picture showing the land that was claimed to be
apart of Gaul
• On the right han...
Rome
• The Romans believed
that wine was to be
consumed by all
classes of society.
• The trading of wine
became an importa...
Roman Trading Routes
Sourced From: http://regentsprep.org/regents/global/themes/interdependence/images/roman.gif
Romans Influence on
Winemaking and Viticulture
 Many of todays techniques and principles found in
modern winemaking and v...
Romans Influence on Wine
and viticulture
 Many of the European country's that are now
famous for winemaking were establis...
Modern Mediterranean
Trading
 One of the most used shipping areas for the world.
 Main industries are:
1. Merchant Vesse...
Challenges From the
Future
 One of the biggest challenges for the Mediterranean
Sea is the economic crisis which has effe...
References
 Johnson, H., Robinson, J.. (2001). The world atlas of wine. (5th ed.). London, Great Britain: Mitchell
Beazle...
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Mediterranean Trade

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Transcript of "Mediterranean Trade"

  1. 1. Sourced From: http://oldwayspt.org/programs/mediterranean-foods-alliance/what-mediterranean-diet
  2. 2. Introduction  The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean and is completely surrounded by three main continents; Europe, Africa and Asia.  The name Mediterranean is derived from the Latin meaning of “inland”.  The Mediterranean sea was an important route for merchants and travelers of ancient and modern times.  The connection allowed the trade and cultural exchange between many very important civilisations, such as the Greeks, Egyptians and Romans, to name a few.
  3. 3. Introduction  Many of these civilisations took advantage and explored other countries, and in some cases conquered other civilisations.  One of the major outcomes from the Mediterranean trading was the introduction of Viticulture and Winemaking to Western Europe.  Before such time, much of Western Europe had not been familiar with the art of wine.
  4. 4. Mediterranean Movement of Viticulture
  5. 5. Importance of Wine  The trading of wine and viticultural practices made a huge impact on todays modern society.  The trading of wine enable the opportunities to build trade relationships with other societies.  It was used as a Medicinal product, and used a lot in spiritual ceremonies.  Wine was also used as a trading currency that was used to buy metals, grains and other commodities.
  6. 6. Civilisation Influence  Throughout out the course of history, there has been four main civilisations that have influence the Mediterranean trading of wine products, these are:  Phoenician  Egyptian  Greeks  Gaul and the Celts  Roman
  7. 7. Phoenician  The Phoenician civilisations were one for the first wine traders to trade using the Mediterranean sea.  Wine trading occurred between 2300BC and 65BC.  The Phoenician were considered the most dominant traders of their time and made many trading posts along Sisilly’s coast and other islands. Sourced From: http://www.lost-civilizations.net/phoenicians-overview.html.
  8. 8. Phoenician Mediterranean Trading Sourced From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PhoenicianTrade.png
  9. 9. Phoenician Influence on Wine • Between the period of 1000 BC and 1100 BC the Phoenician people intensively traded wine through out the Mediterranean. • During this time the Phoenician people brought their skills of winemaking and viticulture to other countries, for example Egypt. • This newly found knowledge of wine was the bases of the Mediterranean wine trade.
  10. 10. Egypt • It is thought that Mesopotamians introduced wine to Egypt. • It is also thought that the grapevine was introduce to Egypt from Canaan during the bronze age (3500BC – 500BC). • The Egyptians believed that wine was drunken by gods, kings and nobles. • It was also believed that the five wines constituted canonical set of provision, or “fixed menu”, for the after live Sourced From: http://www.winerackstore.com/wine_rack_history.php
  11. 11. Egyptian Viticulture & Winemaking • The Egyptian People were the first civilisation to define free run juice and pressings. • They also created the the press which was constructed from a sack that was twisted between two poles, as seen in the above picture. • Most of the production, of white and red varieties, were produced near the Nile Delta to allow trading. Sourced From: http://www.winelit.slsa.sa.gov.au/winelore.htm
  12. 12. Greece • Earliest sign of winemaking was 1600BC • The Geek wine trading was one of the most extensive trading routes of its age. There civilisation were trading within the Mediterranean sea and internationally. • Approximately ten million liters were shipped to Gaul each year via Massalia.
  13. 13. Greek Trading Routes Sourced From: http://www.utexas.edu/courses/greeksahoy%21/greek_trade.jpg
  14. 14. Greek Influence on Winemaking and Viticulture • The Greek civilisation had a great influence on the study of : • Different vineyard soils • Vine Propagation • Canopy and Yield management • Blending wines • Maceration • And the sweetening of white and red wines Sourced From: http://www.tapchiruouvang.com/images/cmsfiles/images/making_an cient_roman_wine.jpg
  15. 15. Gaul & The Celts • Major trading partners with the Greeks. This lead to the introduction of wine, viticultural techniques and winemaking techniques. • They were large consumers of wine. • Their large consumption of wine (100,000,000L per year) lead to the creation of the wooden barrel to allow storage. Sourced From: http://romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com/images_t/x_barr el2.jpg
  16. 16. Gaul & The Celts • On the Left there is a picture showing the land that was claimed to be apart of Gaul • On the right hand side there is a picture showing one of the old Gaul wine vessels that were used to transport wine from Northern Italy to Central Gaul. This occurred somewhere between 63BC and 23 AD Sourced From: http://www.athenapub.com/gaul3prz.GIF And http://www.snooth.com/articles/the-history-of-wine-part-ii-wine-storage- barrels/?viewall=1
  17. 17. Rome • The Romans believed that wine was to be consumed by all classes of society. • The trading of wine became an important factor to the Roman economy. • The central trading center for Rome was Pompeii. Sourced From: http://www.theitalianwineconnection.com/Wine_articles/Intermediate_Italia n_Wine_Articles/antique_roman_wine_bottle.jpg
  18. 18. Roman Trading Routes Sourced From: http://regentsprep.org/regents/global/themes/interdependence/images/roman.gif
  19. 19. Romans Influence on Winemaking and Viticulture  Many of todays techniques and principles found in modern winemaking and viticulture were based on the techniques used by the Romans, for example;  De-acidification was used with the aid of chalk or marble dust  White wine was aged on lees to enhance Flavor  And small holes were drilled into the fermenting vessels to release Carbon Dioxide
  20. 20. Romans Influence on Wine and viticulture  Many of the European country's that are now famous for winemaking were established due to the Romans introducing vines to there regions after they had conquered them.  The Romans recorded and observed many of todays pest and disease and made relationships to different species of grape vine and their susceptibility to disease.
  21. 21. Modern Mediterranean Trading  One of the most used shipping areas for the world.  Main industries are: 1. Merchant Vessels - Approximately 370,000,000 tones of oil are transported annually in the Mediterranean Sea 2. Tourism - Attracting approximately one third of the world's international tourists 3. Aquaculture - Currently accounts for 30% of the fish protein consumed worldwide  It has been reported that approximately 220,000 trading vessel cross the Mediterranean Sea each year
  22. 22. Challenges From the Future  One of the biggest challenges for the Mediterranean Sea is the economic crisis which has effected the trading between different nations.  Another challenge that the Mediterranean Sea is facing is the pollution of the water due to an average of 10 oil spills per year, and pollution from shipping vessels. Soured From http://media1.policymic.com/site/articles/3418/photo.jpg
  23. 23. References  Johnson, H., Robinson, J.. (2001). The world atlas of wine. (5th ed.). London, Great Britain: Mitchell Beazley  N.A. (2013, July 25). Phoenicians and wine. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicians_and_wine  N.A. (N.D). Wine & winemaking in ancient egypt. Retrieved from http://panhistoria.com/www/AncientEgyptianVirtualTemple/wine.html  N.A. (2013, May 12). Egyptian wine. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_wine  N.A. (2013, June 03). Ancient greece and wine. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece_and_wine  N.A. (2013, July 30). Greeks in pre-roman gaul . Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greeks_in_pre-Roman_Gaul  N.A. (2013, May 24). Ancient rome and wine. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Rome_and_wine  N.A. (2013, August 09). Mediterranean sea. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Sea  Robinson, J. (1994). The oxford companion to wine. Oxford, Great Britain: Oxford University Press

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