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Water Management in Citrus County                  Environmental Research                      Interdisciplinary          ...
SWFWMD Background5/17/2011                       2
Counties & WSAs5/17/2011                     3
Basins & Watersheds5/17/2011                         4
Regional Planning Areas5/17/2011                             5
Areas of Responsibility5/17/2011                             6
Water Quality Functions Protect and improve the water  quality to sustain the environment,  economy and quality of life. ...
Natural System Functions Protect and restore systems to their  natural hydrologic and ecologic  functions.   Strategic i...
Flood Protection Functions Minimize flood damage to protect  people, property, infrastructure and  investment.   Strateg...
Water Supply Functions Ensure an adequate supply of water for  all existing and future reasonable and  beneficial uses wh...
What are the Issues? Northern Counties historically were:   Rural   Slow-growing   Had enough groundwater Since the e...
GPCD by Region5/17/2011                    12
GPCD by Northern County5/17/2011                  13
Enhanced Water Conservation To address these issues:   Governing Board extended    Water Use Caution Area public    supp...
Expanded Per Capita Requirements Requirements include:   Per Capita calculations including    population estimation meth...
Enhanced Water Conservation Governing Board authorized rules include:   Water conserving rate structures   Supply-side ...
Public Supply Conservation                      Plan Requirements All water conservation plans for public  Supply WUPs mu...
Per Capita Calculations Compliance Per Capita Rate:                 (1)                     (2)              (3) (WD + I...
National Domestic            Water Use Per Capita                            Source: USGS, Estimated                      ...
Utilities in Citrus County Provide high-quality drinking water to:   Residential population on public supply is 87,779  ...
Citrus County Per Capitas5/17/2011                     21
Conservation Background Water Conservation Programs  were initiated to:   Respond to rapid growth, record    drought con...
Water Conservation Water Conservation Programs  are composed of:   Alternative resources   Codes of Ordinances   Enfor...
Alternative Resources Citrus County Reclaimed Water  Transmission System – Phase I   Will supply public access quality  ...
Alternative Resources Citrus County Reclaimed Water  Transmission System – Phase II   Will supply public access quality ...
Alternative Resources Citrus County Homosassa Regional  Wastewater and Reuse Project   Installed sewer mains from the Me...
Alternative Resources Point of Woods Utilities   Supplies a flow of 0.04 mgd    of public access quality    reclaimed wa...
Alternative Resources Progress Energy Scrubber Offset – FY12   City of Crystal River is projected    to provide ~.784 MG...
Codes of Ordinances Landscape Codes – Ord.# 2008 – A24  Florida Friendly Landscaping (Sec 102-138)      All vegetative ...
Codes of Ordinances Article 2; Sec 66-36 / 66-40: Water  Restrictions and Enforcement   Adopts water use restrictions on...
Water Shortage Orders5/17/2011                           31
Restrictions Enforcement During 2009, 808 Watering Restrictions  Citations were written in Citrus County 5/17/2011       ...
Restrictions Enforcement The restrictions are usually enforced by  Code Enforcement officers.   Uses existing full-time ...
Water Conserving Rates Uses economic incentives as a  key conservation motivator.  Uses an inclining block rate structur...
Distribution System Audits Utilities can actively perform  preventative maintenance on their  potable water distribution ...
Demand-Side Efficiency Evaluations Utilities can provide efficiency  evaluations for their customers.   These demand-sid...
Demand-Side Efficiency Evaluations Regional Irrigation  Evaluation Program  (WRWSA)   250 site-specific single family   ...
Dedicated Staff Utility staff members that are  dedicated to water conservation   Many hire a water conservation and out...
Communications Efforts Watering restrictions schedule published Bill stuffers to communicate timely messages If an acco...
Conservation Education Community Education Grants – $5,000   Water Conservation Month Celebration        Six conservati...
Conservation Education Crystal River/King’s Bay and Rainbow River  Watershed Education    The goal is to minimize furthe...
Conservation Education Mini-Grants for Schools - $12,520  Academy of Environmental Science     Students will create a K...
Conservation Education Citrus Springs Middle School   Students refurbish the existing land lab with new    Florida-frien...
Conservation Education Citrus County School District Partnership   For K-12 students/educators to implement a    water r...
Retrofit / Rebate Programs Toilet Rebate Programs – Citrus  County Utilities   First phase        190 toilets through u...
Retrofit / Rebate Programs Plumbing retrofit kits   Funded by the WRWSA   Distributed at county events,    Extension Se...
District Utility Outreach5/17/2011                         47
District Utility Outreach5/17/2011                         48
District Utility Outreach Regional assistance effort   Provides utilities expert technical and    regulatory support in ...
Additional Conservation Rain Barrel Workshops   Workshop teaches residents how to    construct and use a rain barrel   ...
Additional Conservation Water C.H.A.M.P.   A free program promoting water conservation    in hotels and motels through a...
Thank You!        For more info:Brent.White@swfwmd.state.fl.us   1-800-423-1476 ext. 4214
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Water Conservation In Citrus County Florida

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Transcript of "Water Conservation In Citrus County Florida"

  1. 1. Water Management in Citrus County Environmental Research Interdisciplinary Colloquium Brent White SWFWMD September 29, 2010 University of South Florida Tampa Campus
  2. 2. SWFWMD Background5/17/2011 2
  3. 3. Counties & WSAs5/17/2011 3
  4. 4. Basins & Watersheds5/17/2011 4
  5. 5. Regional Planning Areas5/17/2011 5
  6. 6. Areas of Responsibility5/17/2011 6
  7. 7. Water Quality Functions Protect and improve the water quality to sustain the environment, economy and quality of life.  Strategic initiatives include:  Water quality monitoring  Water quality maintenance and improvement 5/17/2011 7
  8. 8. Natural System Functions Protect and restore systems to their natural hydrologic and ecologic functions.  Strategic initiatives:  Establishing MFL’s  Recovery to MFL’s  Natural systems:  Identification  Monitoring  Conservation  Restoration 5/17/2011 8
  9. 9. Flood Protection Functions Minimize flood damage to protect people, property, infrastructure and investment.  Strategic initiatives:  Floodplain management  Emergency flood response 5/17/2011 9
  10. 10. Water Supply Functions Ensure an adequate supply of water for all existing and future reasonable and beneficial uses while maintaining the resources and related natural systems.  Strategic initiatives include:  Regional Water Supply Planning  Alternative Water Supplies  Reclaimed Water  Conservation 5/17/2011 10
  11. 11. What are the Issues? Northern Counties historically were:  Rural  Slow-growing  Had enough groundwater Since the early 1990’s:  Northern Counties had higher growth  Residential areas that have more turf  Deed restrictions that conflict with BMPs  Conservation ethic was not strong 5/17/2011 11
  12. 12. GPCD by Region5/17/2011 12
  13. 13. GPCD by Northern County5/17/2011 13
  14. 14. Enhanced Water Conservation To address these issues:  Governing Board extended Water Use Caution Area public supply permittee per capita water use requirements to Northern portion of District  Previously only applied to:  NTBWUCA  SWUCA  Set a unified standard of efficiency for all areas 5/17/2011 14
  15. 15. Expanded Per Capita Requirements Requirements include:  Per Capita calculations including population estimation methodology  Submission of annual per capita water use report & associated data  Refined service area delineation  Inclining block rate structure  150 gpcd phase-in  Calculation of reuse/stormwater credits 5/17/2011 15
  16. 16. Enhanced Water Conservation Governing Board authorized rules include:  Water conserving rate structures  Supply-side water audits  Adoption and enforcement of landscape ordinances  Specific percentages for components of unaccounted-for water loss  Specific water conservation requirements by use type (PS, I/C, AG, Rec/Aes, M/D) 5/17/2011 16
  17. 17. Public Supply Conservation Plan Requirements All water conservation plans for public Supply WUPs must include options for:  Water conserving rate strucutre (ordinance)  Informative billing practices  Florida-friendly™ landscaping BMPs  Rain / Soil moisture sensor (ordinance)  Sub metering for irrigation  Deed restriction limitations  A plan to investigate AWS for irrigation 5/17/2011 17
  18. 18. Per Capita Calculations Compliance Per Capita Rate: (1) (2) (3) (WD + IM – EX –TL) – (SU + GC) – (EM + ST + RW) FP WD: Withdrawals  GC: Golf Courses IM: Imports  EM: Enviro mitigation EX: Exports  ST: Stormwater TL: Treatment Losses  RW: Reclaimed water SU: Significant Users  FP: Functional Pop. 5/17/2011 18
  19. 19. National Domestic Water Use Per Capita Source: USGS, Estimated Use of Water in the United States, 20005/17/2011 19
  20. 20. Utilities in Citrus County Provide high-quality drinking water to:  Residential population on public supply is 87,779  County area is 90% residential - 10% ICI  Crystal River ~ 67% residential - 31% ICI - 2% Rec/Aes Residential water use for 2009 includes*:  Citrus County 8.871 mgd  Florida City Water 0.335 mgd  Rolling Oaks Utilities 1.716 mgd  Walden Woods 0.120 mgd  City of Inverness 1.146 mgd  Gulf Highway Corp 0.068 mgd  Homosassa SWD 0.785 mgd  City of Crystal River 0.750 mgd Total Residential use of 13.791 mgd *2009 SWFWMD Estimated Water Use Report 5/17/2011 20
  21. 21. Citrus County Per Capitas5/17/2011 21
  22. 22. Conservation Background Water Conservation Programs were initiated to:  Respond to rapid growth, record drought conditions and projected future water supply concerns by incorporating cost-effective measures.  To reduce per capita water consumption, leadership positions recognized the potential benefits of increased water use efficiency practices and looked to alternative sources, including water conservation. 5/17/2011 22
  23. 23. Water Conservation Water Conservation Programs are composed of:  Alternative resources  Codes of Ordinances  Enforcing watering restrictions  Water conserving rate structures  Supply-side / Distribution system audits  Demand-side / Efficiency evaluations  Dedicated staff  Communications efforts  Education programs  Retrofit / Rebate programs 5/17/2011 23
  24. 24. Alternative Resources Citrus County Reclaimed Water Transmission System – Phase I  Will supply public access quality reclaimed water from the Meadowcrest WWTP to Black Diamond Ranch for golf course irrigation  Will offset 187,500 gpd of potable water  Project cost of $1,200,000 / $1.54 per Kgal  $510,000 from the Coastal Rivers BB  $90,000 from the Withlacoochee River BB  Went online in February 2010 5/17/2011 24
  25. 25. Alternative Resources Citrus County Reclaimed Water Transmission System – Phase II  Will supply public access quality reclaimed water from the Meadowcrest WWTP to the back 9 at Black Diamond Ranch  Will offset 390,000 gpd of potable water  Project cost of $300,000 / $0.19 per Kgal  $150,000 from the Withlacoochee River Basin Board  Applied for FY2011 Cooperative Funding 5/17/2011 25
  26. 26. Alternative Resources Citrus County Homosassa Regional Wastewater and Reuse Project  Installed sewer mains from the Meadowcrest WWTP to the Riverhaven and Chassahowitzka residential areas  Will eventually eliminate approximately 1,000 septic tanks / Meadowcrest WWTP  Important to the health of the Halls, Homosassa and Chassahowitzka Rivers  Will offset 2 mgd of potable water  Project cost of $16.66 million – 4 phases 5/17/2011 26
  27. 27. Alternative Resources Point of Woods Utilities  Supplies a flow of 0.04 mgd of public access quality reclaimed water to the Point of Woods Country Club for golf course irrigation  Offsets 0.03 mgd of groundwater use  75% use efficiency  Not expected to have any additional flows available until 2025. 5/17/2011 27
  28. 28. Alternative Resources Progress Energy Scrubber Offset – FY12  City of Crystal River is projected to provide ~.784 MGD of reclaimed water @ 2010  Will be used to offset groundwater use in Flue Gas Desulfurization System  Offset is 100% of flow (industrial project)  Projected additional flow of .723 MGD in the future (2030)  Will conclude City of Crystal River wastewater disposal needs 5/17/2011 28
  29. 29. Codes of Ordinances Landscape Codes – Ord.# 2008 – A24  Florida Friendly Landscaping (Sec 102-138)  All vegetative plantings must strictly adhere to the guidelines for "Florida-friendly™ Landscaping" as promulgated by the University of Florida Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences  Rain Sensor Ordinance (Sec 102-138)  If irrigation is to be accomplished by an automatic irrigation system, such system shall at all times have an operating rain sensing device or ground moisture detector. 5/17/2011 29
  30. 30. Codes of Ordinances Article 2; Sec 66-36 / 66-40: Water Restrictions and Enforcement  Adopts water use restrictions on lawn and landscape watering, as imposed by the Southwest Florida Water Management District pursuant to F.A.C. 21.031(6)  Provides a duty to enforce the restrictions  Determines penalties for water restriction violations  Sets administrative procedure for citations  Creates a uniform ordinance applicable in all unincorporated areas of the county 5/17/2011 30
  31. 31. Water Shortage Orders5/17/2011 31
  32. 32. Restrictions Enforcement During 2009, 808 Watering Restrictions Citations were written in Citrus County 5/17/2011 32
  33. 33. Restrictions Enforcement The restrictions are usually enforced by Code Enforcement officers.  Uses existing full-time officers on staff  Training is required Schedule is commonly once per week, over five days, based upon the last digit of your address.  Fees may include: $100 – First offense $250 – Second offense $500 – Third & subsequent offense 5/17/2011 33
  34. 34. Water Conserving Rates Uses economic incentives as a key conservation motivator.  Uses an inclining block rate structure  Fixed charges do not encourage conservation  Studies show demand decreases with increases in price.  Lowers water use without decreasing revenues  Prices in lower blocks can usually be reduced and prices in higher blocks are increased. 5/17/2011 34
  35. 35. Distribution System Audits Utilities can actively perform preventative maintenance on their potable water distribution system.  These supply-side efforts include:  Pressure monitoring  Meter replacement program  Meters replaced every 8 – 10 years  Many utilities using AMR/AMI  Reducing non-accounted for water use  District requirement is < 10 percent  If higher, then must produce plan to reduce 5/17/2011 35
  36. 36. Demand-Side Efficiency Evaluations Utilities can provide efficiency evaluations for their customers.  These demand-side efforts include:  Irrigation system evaluations  System engineering  Application improvements  Florida-friendly landscaping™  High water use alert systems  AMR/AMI metering Non-residential facility water audits Payback periods for recommendations 5/17/2011 36
  37. 37. Demand-Side Efficiency Evaluations Regional Irrigation Evaluation Program (WRWSA)  250 site-specific single family residential irrigation system evaluations  Incorporation of Florida-friendly™ landscaping  Performed by EPA certified irrigation auditors  Soil moisture / Rain sensors included  Projected to save 60,000 gpd or 21.9 mgy  Total project cost of $200,000  $2.22 per 1,000 gallons saved 5/17/2011 37
  38. 38. Dedicated Staff Utility staff members that are dedicated to water conservation  Many hire a water conservation and outreach coordinators to manage projects  Uses code enforcement officers for watering restrictions enforcement  Many in the region also participates in the Withlacoochee River Water Supply Authority  The purpose is to evaluate the potable water needs of the Withlacoochee Region, prepare plans that would provide for those needs and help the local governments in the region provide for future water supply through regional cooperation. 5/17/2011 38
  39. 39. Communications Efforts Watering restrictions schedule published Bill stuffers to communicate timely messages If an account spikes, utilities can notify the customer depending on meter reading schedule. Frequently updated Web sites Water Conservation Month Proclamation 30-minute does and don’ts presentation on local government television In 2008, District staff reached 2,400 Citrus County citizens and distributed over 1,200 pieces of info conservation items. 5/17/2011 39
  40. 40. Conservation Education Community Education Grants – $5,000  Water Conservation Month Celebration  Six conservation outreach programs  Provides hands-on education on the local watershed and the effect of human impact  Our Changing Nature Coast Workshops  Sponsored by the Gulf Archeology Research Institute  Two workshops in Crystal River and Yankeetown  Educated the community on how to identify healthy and stressed ecosystems in a coastal community. 5/17/2011 40
  41. 41. Conservation Education Crystal River/King’s Bay and Rainbow River Watershed Education  The goal is to minimize further water quality impacts that result from landscaping, specifically fertilizer  Project includes training and workshops for residents and landscape professionals. Florida-friendly™ landscaping Demo Garden  Located at the Dunnellon library  A resource for residents seeking information about incorporating Florida-friendly landscaping in their own yards 5/17/2011 41
  42. 42. Conservation Education Mini-Grants for Schools - $12,520  Academy of Environmental Science  Students will create a K-5 book describing the need to protect the environment.  Water conservation posters describing ways to conserve water to be posted throughout the County.  Citrus Springs Elementary  Students “create” their own cities and learn about water conservation, flood protection and natural systems. 5/17/2011 42
  43. 43. Conservation Education Citrus Springs Middle School  Students refurbish the existing land lab with new Florida-friendly™ plants and chart the water use.  Students will learn about the importance of the Floridan aquifer system and visit Rainbow Springs to see the aquifer as it appears near the surface. Forest Ridge Elementary School  Students will learn about efficient irrigation using rain barrels. Inverness Primary School  Students will use native plants to learn about life cycles, the water cycle and water conservation. 5/17/2011 43
  44. 44. Conservation Education Citrus County School District Partnership  For K-12 students/educators to implement a water resources education program  Envirothon – Provided funding for classroom supplies, registration fees, subs and transportation for high school students to participate in local, regional and state Envirothon competitions.  Summer Camp Program – Provided funding for 75 students to attend a one-week session at the Marine Science Station in Citrus County. Consists of hands- on study of water resources and its concepts. 5/17/2011 44
  45. 45. Retrofit / Rebate Programs Toilet Rebate Programs – Citrus County Utilities  First phase  190 toilets through utility credits  Estimated savings is 4,344 gpd  $1.13 per Kgal saved  Second Phase  Rebated 243 toilets to date.  Estimated savings is 5,138 gpd  $1.25 per Kgal saved 5/17/2011 45
  46. 46. Retrofit / Rebate Programs Plumbing retrofit kits  Funded by the WRWSA  Distributed at county events, Extension Service classes and by requesting from utility offices.  Estimated savings is 7,300 gpd  Cost Efficiency is $0.27 per Kgal Efficient Washing Machines  Up to a $100 rebate offered  Must be a Water-Sense rated  Savings is 16.3 gpd per washer 5/17/2011 46
  47. 47. District Utility Outreach5/17/2011 47
  48. 48. District Utility Outreach5/17/2011 48
  49. 49. District Utility Outreach Regional assistance effort  Provides utilities expert technical and regulatory support in preparing for future demands, impacts and planning needs  Specific issues may include:  Per capita reduction  Water supply planning / AWS  Demographic specific programs  Rate structure analysis  Ordinance language assistance  Project funding opportunities 5/17/2011 49
  50. 50. Additional Conservation Rain Barrel Workshops  Workshop teaches residents how to construct and use a rain barrel  Available to all Citrus County residents  $5.00 fee to attend/  Receive free barrel at end Rain Sensor Giveaways  Available to all Citrus County Residents  Homeowner installs  Inspected after installation  Can save up to 100 gpd 5/17/2011 50
  51. 51. Additional Conservation Water C.H.A.M.P.  A free program promoting water conservation in hotels and motels through a towel and linen reuse program  26 properties within Citrus County Water PRO  A free program for restaurants to educate staff and patrons on the need to conserve water.  Conduct a self-audit to receive a free high-efficiency spray valve  15 participants in Citrus County 5/17/2011 51
  52. 52. Thank You! For more info:Brent.White@swfwmd.state.fl.us 1-800-423-1476 ext. 4214
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