Special Education In Context People, Concepts, & Perspectives

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Special Education In Context People, Concepts, & Perspectives

  1. 1. people, concepts, & perspectives Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  2. 2. people first language puts the person before the disability describes what a person has, not what a person is Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  3. 3. encompassing term surpassing what is common, usual, or expected Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  4. 4. impairment loss/reduced function of body part/organ Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  5. 5. disability inability 2 perform activity in usual way Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  6. 6. handicap impairment that substantially limits 1+ major life activities Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  7. 7. developmentally delayed A child, ages birth – 5, who is not achieving new skills in the typical time frame and/or is exhibiting behaviors that are not appropriate for the age level Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  8. 8. at-risk greater-than-usual chance of developing an exceptionality WHY? biological conditions events surrounding birth home environment Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  9. 9. special education specially designed instructional program what does this program consist of?
  10. 10. medical vs. educational category 1) Autism 7) multiple disabilities 2) Deaf or blindness 8) orthopedic impairments 3) Developmental delays 9) other health impairments 4) Emotional disturbance 10) specific learning disabilities 5) Hearing impairments 11) speech/language impairments 6) Mental retardation 12) traumatic brain injury 13) visual impairments Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  11. 11. labels advantages disadvantages Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  12. 12. 2x’s as many males than females more each year (‘76) early intervention sped = 12% gen pop ages 6-17 3 out of 4 = ld or speech autism? 6x’s more than 10 yrs ago
  13. 13. special education history individual & group efforts brown v. board of education Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  14. 14. special education history “In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right that must be available to all on equal terms.” - Chief Justice Earl Warren- Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  15. 15. special education history right to education cases education for all handicapped children act of 1975 free appropriate public education individuals with disabilities education act of 1997 no child left behind of 2001 individuals with disabilities improvement education act of 2004 Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  16. 16. 6 principles of IDEIA Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  17. 17. inclusion practice of educating students with special needs in classroom settings with their non-disabled peers 1 teach, 1 observe 1 teach, 1 support station teaching parallel teaching alternative teaching team teaching Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  18. 18. universal design identifying and eliminating unnecessary barriers to teaching and learning accessible & fair size & space for approach and use flexible straightforward & consistent explicit supportive minimize unnecessary physical effort accommodations: differentiated ins. tolerance for error Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  19. 19. child find ideia requires states to identify, locate, and evaluate all children with disabilities, age birth to 21, who are in need of early intervention or special education services. early intervention individualized family service plan (ifsp) Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  20. 20. must be in effect when student turns 16 based on student strengths results-centered outcome oriented Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  21. 21. people first language terminology ideia categories labels history 6 principles of ideia inclusion universal design child find transition

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