Special Education In Context

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Special Education In Context

  1. 1. special education in context
  2. 2. "Special education is not an island. It is merely a subsystem within the larger system of public education -- Skrtic
  3. 3. values undertaking
  4. 4. basic terminology Student FIRST language Exceptionality Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  5. 5. basic terminology Disability
  6. 6. basic terminology Handicap Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  7. 7. basic terminology Developmental Delay
  8. 8. basic terminology At Risk Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  9. 9. special education Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  10. 10. medical vs. educational category 1) Autism 7) multiple disabilities 2) Deaf or blindness 8) orthopedic impairments 3) Developmental delays 9) other health impairments 4) Emotional disturbance 10) specific learning disabilities 5) Hearing impairments 11) speech/language impairments 6) Mental retardation 12) traumatic brain injury 13) visual impairments Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  11. 11. quick facts 2x’s as many males than females over-representation more each year (‘76) autism sped = 12% gen pop ages 6-17 3 out of 4 = ld or speech
  12. 12. wild boy of aveyron Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  13. 13. wild boy of aveyron 1797 Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  14. 14. 1800’s: normalization first school : france & nyc The Moral Treatment, Hygiene, and Education of Idiots and Other Backward Children individualized instruction sequence educational tasks stimulation of senses arranged environment reward correct performance functional skills educated to greatest extent Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  15. 15. 1800’s: normalization work for the blind Perkins institution & Ma asylum for the blind Ma school for idiotic children We should be cautious about establishing such artificial communities...for any children and youth; but more especially should we avoid them for those who have natural infirmity...Such persons spring up sporadically in the community, and they should be kept diffused among sound and normal persons...Surround insane and excitable persons with sane people and ordinary influences; vicious children with virtuous people and virtuous influences; blind children with those who see; mute children with those who speak; and the like..." Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  16. 16. 1800’s: normalization Hartford School for the Deaf (American School for the Deaf) Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  17. 17. early 19th century public schools sporadic
  18. 18. post WWII rapid expansion 1947-1972: 716% increase Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  19. 19. Brown v. Board of Education
  20. 20. Brown v. Board of Education “In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right that must be available to all on equal terms.” - Chief Justice Earl Warren- 1954
  21. 21. federal mandate Education of All Handicapped Children Act (1975) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1990) No Child Left Behind Act (2001) Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004) Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  22. 22. collaboration Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  23. 23. chapter summary terms history current trends Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  24. 24. Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.

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