0
intellectual   disabilities
Mental retardation is a concept that developed
with history. It has changed through time in
its nature and in its signific...
early   history
         seguin
           itard
early    history
            isolation
 institutionalization




        Georgia Mental Health Institute
eugenics




   Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
eugenics
…Besides, if these feeble-minded children were early selected and carefully
trained, they would become more or le...
eugenics



 1924 Immigration Act
                       “America must remain American”
                                  ...
competing      terms




mental retardation vs. intellectual disabilities
IDEiA   definition
“significantly      sub-average      intellectual
functioning, existing concurrently with deficits
in a...
IDEiA   definition
mild           50 – 70/75

moderate               35-50
severe               20 - 35
profound          ...
prevalence     rates
1% school population
majority male (56%)
Over-representation: African-American Students




         ...
causes
psychosocial
   genetic
environmental
characteristics
      learning difficulty
         social skills
      adaptive behavior
          attention
           me...
multimodal
assessment


    Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
instructional   approaches
think aloud model                       academic skills
advance organizers          functional ...
instructional   environment
play / communication area        quiet areas
                       natural environments
job s...
use of   technology
adapts to curriculum
  removes barriers
addresses specific need


                 Presented by: Brent...
Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
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Intellectual Disabilities

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Transcript of "Intellectual Disabilities"

  1. 1. intellectual disabilities
  2. 2. Mental retardation is a concept that developed with history. It has changed through time in its nature and in its significance. --Blatt (1987)
  3. 3. early history seguin itard
  4. 4. early history isolation institutionalization Georgia Mental Health Institute
  5. 5. eugenics Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  6. 6. eugenics …Besides, if these feeble-minded children were early selected and carefully trained, they would become more or less self-supporting in their institutions, so that the expense of their maintenance would be greatly reduced (Goddard, 1912). henry herbert goddard
  7. 7. eugenics 1924 Immigration Act “America must remain American” Calvin Coolidge Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  8. 8. competing terms mental retardation vs. intellectual disabilities
  9. 9. IDEiA definition “significantly sub-average intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.” Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  10. 10. IDEiA definition mild 50 – 70/75 moderate 35-50 severe 20 - 35 profound below 20
  11. 11. prevalence rates 1% school population majority male (56%) Over-representation: African-American Students Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  12. 12. causes psychosocial genetic environmental
  13. 13. characteristics learning difficulty social skills adaptive behavior attention memory generalization speech / language Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  14. 14. multimodal assessment Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  15. 15. instructional approaches think aloud model academic skills advance organizers functional curriculum generalization life skills inclusion opportunity? self-determination self-advocacy direct instruction community-based instruction transition planning explicit instruction student-centered
  16. 16. instructional environment play / communication area quiet areas natural environments job skills area carrels, tables, desks room facilitates movement grouping arrangements? location of materials flexible class arrangement
  17. 17. use of technology adapts to curriculum removes barriers addresses specific need Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  18. 18. Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
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