Harriet Tubman


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Harriet Tubman

  1. 1. Harriet Tubman
  2. 2. Harriet Tubman was born a slave around 1820. But she did not stay a slave. Harriet ran away and then helped other slaves make their way to freedom. She is known for being a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
  3. 3. Tubman's parents were both slaves. This meant that she was a slave as soon as she was born. When she was around five years old, she started working as a house slave. When she was a teenager, she was sent to work in the fields.
  4. 4. She was always ready to stand up for other people. Tubman tried to protect another slave who was going to be punished for running away. While doing this, she was hit in the head with a two-pound weight. The effects would stay with her the rest of her life.
  5. 5. In 1844, she married a free black man, John Tubman. In 1849, Tubman was afraid that she was going to be sold. She decided the best thing to do was to run away. She left one night on foot. A white woman helped her first. At night, she followed the North Star. She made it to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There she found work. She also joined an abolitionist group in the city. This group was working to end slavery.
  6. 6. In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act. This led Tubman to join the Underground Railroad. In 1851, Tubman made her first trip back to the South. She managed to lead her sister and her sister's children to freedom.
  7. 7. Soon, she made another dangerous trip to the South. This time she helped her brother and two other men. After this trip, she went after her husband. When she found him, she learned that her husband had taken another wife. This did not stop her. Instead, she found other slaves and led them to freedom.
  8. 8. From that time until the Civil War, Tubman kept traveling to the South and leading slaves to freedom. She had tricks to help her. She had slaves run away on Saturday nights. This was because the owner couldn't put a notice in the paper until Monday.
  9. 9. Tubman would also turn around and head south if she saw possible slave hunters. No one thought that an escaped slave would run toward the South. This helped to confuse the people looking for them.
  10. 10. Tubman was also said to carry a gun with her. She carried it with her for protection. She also threatened runaway slaves with it if they tried to turn back.
  11. 11. In 1856, the government really wanted to catch her. There was a forty thousand dollar reward if she was caught. Her reputation kept growing. By the time of the Civil War, she had gone south almost twenty times. She had helped close to three hundred slaves. One of her most dangerous trips was when she led her seventy-year-old parents to safety.
  12. 12. She was never caught. She also never lost a slave to hunters or to militia that looked for runaway slaves in the South. Other people were always afraid for her, but she never seemed to be afraid. The idea of being caught never seemed to worry her.
  13. 13. At the end of the Civil War, Tubman married Nelson Davis. They lived in Auburn, New York. In 1908, she built a home for the elderly and the poor. She worked at this home. She was also taken care of there right before she died in 1913.
  14. 14. Tubman was buried in Auburn with military honors. Since her death, she has been honored in many ways. Freedom Park, named in her memory, opened in Auburn in 1994. There has also been a postage stamp with her picture on it.