Blind & low vision

2,539 views
2,359 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,539
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
298
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Blind & low vision

  1. 1. Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D. blind & low vision
  2. 2. early history Rome Sparta Athens Depends where you are!
  3. 3. early history ward status
  4. 4. early history self emancipation
  5. 5. early history integration
  6. 6. early history Denis Diderot enlightenment
  7. 7. Valentine Haüy (1784) Royal Institute for the Blind
  8. 8. Louis Braille Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D. stitching awl
  9. 9. Louis Braille age 10
  10. 10. Charles Barbier night writing
  11. 11. Louis Braille raised dot system Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  12. 12. Louis Braille corresponds to letters Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  13. 13. Louis Braille Tuberculosis - 1852 Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  14. 14. Louis Braille France recognition - 1854 Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  15. 15. formal education in usa American Printing House (for the Blind) Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  16. 16. formal education in usa early 1900’s public school Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  17. 17. formal education in usa advocacy for integration Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  18. 18. core curriculum 1990’s – National agenda Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  19. 19. legal blindness legal definition 20/200 or worse (even with correction)
  20. 20. legal blindness legal definition 20 degrees field of vision Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  21. 21. legal blindness legal definition (does not equate total blindness) Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  22. 22. Low vision legal definition 20/70 – 20/200 Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  23. 23. Low vision legal definition (AKA partial sight) Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  24. 24. visual acuity legal definition how sharp images are perceived Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  25. 25. visual field legal definition scope one can see without turning head or moving eyes Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  26. 26. IDEIA definition Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  27. 27. lagniappe How well can student use residual vision? Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  28. 28. lagniappe Impact on education Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  29. 29. lagniappe Use of modifications? Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  30. 30. lagniappe Learn with other means than print materials Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  31. 31. prevalence rate .04% school population with visual impairments Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  32. 32. prevalence rate 90% with impairment have functional vision Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  33. 33. the eye Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  34. 34. possible causes external Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  35. 35. possible causes growth, thinning, inflammation Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  36. 36. possible causes Internal (premature birth) Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  37. 37. student characteristics intellectual characteristics
  38. 38. student characteristics delayed skills: play & interaction
  39. 39. student characteristics language & concept development
  40. 40. student characteristics academic achievement
  41. 41. student characteristics limited perceptual abilities
  42. 42. student characteristics perceptual abilities orientation
  43. 43. student characteristics perceptual abilities mobility
  44. 44. student characteristics perceptual abilities wayfinding
  45. 45. student characteristics Impaired psychological & social adjustment
  46. 46. toddler identification lack of visual fixation (parent faces / interesting objects)
  47. 47. toddler identification abnormal eye movement
  48. 48. toddler identification family history
  49. 49. school age identification Snellen chart
  50. 50. school age identification teacher report of behavior
  51. 51. school age common behaviors identification rubbing eyes
  52. 52. school age common behaviors identification squinting
  53. 53. school age common behaviors identification tilt head to see
  54. 54. school age common behaviors identification hold objects close to eyes
  55. 55. school age identification comprehensive assessment
  56. 56. what to teach regular + expanded curriculum Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  57. 57. what to teach self-advocacy Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  58. 58. what to teach self-determination Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  59. 59. expanded curriculum compensatory skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  60. 60. expanded curriculum literacy & braille skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  61. 61. expanded curriculum listening skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  62. 62. expanded curriculum orientation & mobility skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  63. 63. expanded curriculum social interaction skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  64. 64. expanded curriculum independent living skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  65. 65. expanded curriculum recreation & leisure skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  66. 66. expanded curriculum career & transition skills Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  67. 67. instructional strategies same curriculum (with accommodations)
  68. 68. instructional strategies counsel to deal with reaction of others
  69. 69. instructional strategies teach care of
  70. 70. instructional strategies Adaptations for color or visual discrimination problems
  71. 71. instructional strategies provide copy of teacher notes
  72. 72. instructional strategies read aloud
  73. 73. instructional strategies audio of print materials
  74. 74. instructional strategies hands on models manipulatives
  75. 75. instructional considerations assist through touch & sound (more than sight) Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  76. 76. instructional considerations use specialized equipment Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  77. 77. instructional considerations give equal access to core curriculum Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  78. 78. instructional considerations do no rearrange furniture Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  79. 79. instructional considerations appropriate lighting, tactile materials, decrease visual clutter Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  80. 80. instructional technology program to magnify computer screen
  81. 81. instructional technology scan materials for access
  82. 82. instructional technology Braille 2 students who use it
  83. 83. instructional technology captioned videos
  84. 84. instructional technology use of guide dog
  85. 85. instructional technology text to speech program
  86. 86. instructional technology voice recognition software
  87. 87. general classroom considerations request large print in advance Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  88. 88. general classroom considerations Get training on use of optical devices & software Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  89. 89. general classroom considerations encourage peer interactions Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  90. 90. general classroom considerations address emotional & learning needs Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  91. 91. considerations general classroom provide daily cues Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  92. 92. considerations general classroom consult with vision specialist regularly Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  93. 93. general classroom considerations use tactile materials Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  94. 94. general classroom considerations reduce glare on materials Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  95. 95. general classroom considerations speak in normal tones Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  96. 96. general classroom considerations tell student when you leave the room Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  97. 97. general classroom considerations maintain high expectations Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  98. 98. Presented By: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.

×