Autism Spectrum Disorders

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  • 1. Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • 2. history of autism eugen bleuler autism = temporary schizophrenia resisted contact with the social world delusional thinking withdrawal into fantasy life Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 3. history of autism resistance when held by parents extreme fear reaction / noise specific food preferences normal physical appearance excellent rote memory (?) maintenance of sameness mute / echolalia not spontaneous extreme aloneness atypical play behaviors inability 2 relate 2 others ocd-like behaviors repetitive physical movements leo kanner
  • 4. history of autism Hans Asperger “little professors” Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 5. history of autism Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 6. autism spectrum disorders Autism Asperger Syndrome Rett Syndrome Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Pdd-nos Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 7. 6 items: delays DSM criteria 6 items: social interactions eye contact not accounted by rett disorder facial expression not accounted by childhood disintegrative disorder body posture / gesture lack spontaneous seek shared interest lack social/emotional reciprocity atypical social interaction language/symbolic/imaginative play Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 8. Autism IDEiA is a developmental disability affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally before age 3, that adversely affects a child’s performance. Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D. 1990
  • 9. autism diagnosis spectrum screen 18 /24m lengthy diagnosis no 1 test no single cause Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 10. autism prevalence 1 in 150 race? (no! seen across all ethnic/cultural groups) gender? (yes! More boys than girls) atlanta Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 11. autism why? prevalence thimerosal measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) preventable? expanded criteria Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 12. autism characteristicscommunication cognitive functioning social interactions Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 13. autism characteristics Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 14. autism characteristics Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 15. teaching strategies environment to fit the student specific limits immediate feedback eye contact (when possible) combined strategies games teach skills high structure visual cues spectrum gear to interests Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 16. behavior strategies “One of the characteristics of fad treatments is that they are discussed in the media and on the internet, where many parents can be exposed to them,” (Snow) fad treatment Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 17. behavior strategies discrete trial: Direction, behavior, consequence FBA ABA Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 18. Lagniappe abstract avoid vague questions uneven skills don’t take it personal they don’t manipulate avoid vague questions behavior to survive be literal avoid verbal overload assume nothing when assessing skills Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.
  • 19. Presented by: Brent Daigle, Ph.D.