Using APA Style Manual
  for Scholarly Publishing

A painless guide to
In-Text Citations
• Author(s) and year only
• Full citation in Reference List
• Parentheses & punctuation
     – A recent ...
Two Authors: In-Text citation
 • Family name of both authors and year
 each time - except where there is a
 repeated citat...
3-5 Authors: In-Text citation
   • Cite all authors the first time
   • (then) in subsequent citations of this work
     u...
Six or more authors
   • Use only the family name of the first author plus
     „et al.‟ in all citations including the fi...
Corporate/Group/Government
                   Author: In-Text


                   (National Institute of Mental Health [N...
Direct quote in text
• QUOTE MUST BE LESS THAN 40 WORDS TO BE IN TEXT
WITH QUOTATION MARKS!!!
MORE THAN 40 WORDS? Then ind...
No author: In-Text
   • Shorten the title, and add the date
     – Actual title: The benefits of an advanced
       degree...
Personal communication: In-Text
   • J. R. Tolkien (personal communication,
     January 8, 1997)

        – Examples: Con...
Reference List Order
   • Alphabetical order by author

        – Letter by letter: Daigle, B. A. precedes
          Daigr...
Reference List Order: Same Author
   • Smith, F. G. (2001).
   • Smith, F. G. (2004).
   • Smith, F. G. (2005).

   • Sage...
Reference List Order: Same First
                         Author
   • Ebert, H. N., Smith, M., & Alphonse, E. E.
     (200...
Publisher location/information
   • Publisher Location
        – city and state (or province) and country if needed for
  ...
Reference List: Periodicals
       Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (year).
       Title of article. Title of Periodic...
Sample book citation
   • Daigle, J. (2007). A Dictionary of the Cajun
     language. Poitou, France: Maison-Coeur.




Pr...
Sample book citations
   • Tate, C. A guide to phonics-based
     instruction (2nd ed.). Chicago: Tee Rowe
     Price & So...
Reference List: Online Publication
   • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.
     (2000). Title of article. Title...
Periodical: Magazine
   • Author, A., (year, month and date). Title of
        article. Title of Magazine, Volume,
       ...
The End
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A P A C I T A T I O N

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A P A C I T A T I O N

  1. 1. Using APA Style Manual for Scholarly Publishing A painless guide to
  2. 2. In-Text Citations • Author(s) and year only • Full citation in Reference List • Parentheses & punctuation – A recent study of phonics-based instruction (Meade, 2006) compared two separate groups… – Meade (2006) examined the rate of spoken words to …. (King, 2001) (King, 2001, p. 67) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  3. 3. Two Authors: In-Text citation • Family name of both authors and year each time - except where there is a repeated citation in the same paragraph. (Siskel & Ebert, 2001, pp. 27-33) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  4. 4. 3-5 Authors: In-Text citation • Cite all authors the first time • (then) in subsequent citations of this work use the family name of the first author plus „et al.‟ and the year. (Fontenot, Benoit, and Duchene, 2005) Next Cite: (Fontenot et al., 2005, p. 62) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  5. 5. Six or more authors • Use only the family name of the first author plus „et al.‟ in all citations including the first. • Smith et al. (2007) reviewed organization of Science textbooks at the elementary and high school level. • In the reference list, provide the family name and initials of the first six authors, and shorten any remaining authors to „et al.‟ (Jone et al., 2005, pp. 12-41) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  6. 6. Corporate/Group/Government Author: In-Text (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) Next Cite: (NIMH, 2003, p. 52) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  7. 7. Direct quote in text • QUOTE MUST BE LESS THAN 40 WORDS TO BE IN TEXT WITH QUOTATION MARKS!!! MORE THAN 40 WORDS? Then indent and single space as a block quote (without quotation marks) • p. = single page • pp. = multiple pages • Roosevelt (1941) suggested that “the President is not bound by term limits” (p. 47). Tinnes, in a comprehensive overview of the office of the President, argued that a “paradigm shift occurred after WWII and the general public demanded term limits at the highest levels of government” (pp. 49-53). Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  8. 8. No author: In-Text • Shorten the title, and add the date – Actual title: The benefits of an advanced degree from Louisiana State University (2007). – Cite in text as: (“Advanced degrees at LSU,” 2007)… Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  9. 9. Personal communication: In-Text • J. R. Tolkien (personal communication, January 8, 1997) – Examples: Conversation, email, letters – This is not included in works cited Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  10. 10. Reference List Order • Alphabetical order by author – Letter by letter: Daigle, B. A. precedes Daigrepont, A. R. – MacArthur is listed before McAllister Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  11. 11. Reference List Order: Same Author • Smith, F. G. (2001). • Smith, F. G. (2004). • Smith, F. G. (2005). • Sage, P. B. (2005). • Sage, P. B., & Donahue, A. H. (2004). Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  12. 12. Reference List Order: Same First Author • Ebert, H. N., Smith, M., & Alphonse, E. E. (2000) • Ebert, H. N., & Zoey, M. Q. (1999) Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  13. 13. Publisher location/information • Publisher Location – city and state (or province) and country if needed for clarity [Baton Rouge, La.; Paris, Texas, United States] – Well known/Major cities, stand-alone: New York, Chicago, London, Paris, Tokyo, Rome, Boston,… Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  14. 14. Reference List: Periodicals Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xxx(xx), xxx-xxx. Daigle, B., Allan, J., & Boudreaux, A. (2004). Case study of technology application in a special education setting. Journal of Special Education, 79(5), 45-63. Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  15. 15. Sample book citation • Daigle, J. (2007). A Dictionary of the Cajun language. Poitou, France: Maison-Coeur. Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  16. 16. Sample book citations • Tate, C. A guide to phonics-based instruction (2nd ed.). Chicago: Tee Rowe Price & Sons, Inc. Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  17. 17. Reference List: Online Publication • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2000). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, xxx-xxx. Retrieved month day, year, from source. Jindal, B. (2007). Challenges for leadership: A guide to Louisiana politics. International Journal of Democratic Leadership, 55(3), 93- 101. Retrieved July 4, 2007 from http://www.IJDL.com/39847912938475ldkfj Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  18. 18. Periodical: Magazine • Author, A., (year, month and date). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume, Pages. Presented by Brent Daigle, Ph.D. (ABD)
  19. 19. The End
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